Questions about past participle forms of verbs.

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which construction is it?

This sentence is from George Eliot: Blessed is the man, who having nothing to say, abstains from giving wordy evidence of the fact. I would like to know why did she use Having instead of Has? is it ...
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2answers
37 views

Past Participle of Outbound? [on hold]

I was just wondering is there a past participle of outbound? Outbounded sounds incorrect or is there another word I should use. The usage is in the context of "we had 4 outbound packages today"? Any ...
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0answers
25 views

Had + past participle or Would Have + past participle?

I would like to know which sentence is grammatically correct and why? If I am talking about a hypothetical case and I want to know what would happen if something have occurred. For example: I turned ...
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1answer
62 views

Past Perfect - Which one is right?

Which variation of this sentence is correct? The meeting had gone on for hours and finished ten minutes ago when the partners left. The meeting had gone on for hours and had finished ten minutes ...
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1answer
32 views

The way the past participle is used in these sentences

First, this is the meaning I am trying to put in writing: She could not tolerate the sight of them as they were being put to death. And I want the progressive aspect to be clear. Which of ...
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2answers
84 views

“Satisfied with” vs. “satisfied by” vs. “satisfied in”

He was satisfied with his test result. He was satisfied by his test result. He ws satisfied in his test result. Is there any difference between these?
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2answers
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Is “Due” a Participle?

The word "due" is a funny little thing.  The etymology is that the Latin debere produced the Anglo-French dever which has the participle form deu.  In effect, English borrows (or has ...
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37 views

should have + past participle (only to talk about things that didn't really happen in the past?)

i am aware of the usage of could, may, should have + past participle to mean something that was possible to happen but did not. But could it be used to mean something that one wasn't sure of doing ...
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44 views

When present form of verb is used instead of past or past participle form of verb?

Travis , Tammy , and Shane, from Composition 115, spring semester , were sitting together on a leather bench in the sleekly lit lobby of my apartment building. The three of them had attended the same ...
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“I have strived” vs “I have striven”

In a college application essay, I am trying to write the sentence along the lines of: I have always strived to achieve my goals. Should I say strived or striven? According to this article at ...
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2answers
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Winston Churchill, John Wooden or anonymous?

Success is never final and failure never fatal. It's courage that counts. This quote has been usually credited to Winston Churchill. [Reference] Q #1: Should it be been usually or usually ...
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4answers
513 views

“low educated”? “poorly educated”? Other

Sample sentence: "In contrast, low educated women who are employed in low-fertility countries are more likely to decide against second childbirth than those who are not employed." That sounds ...
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45 views

Which clauses with phrases

Can which clause modify participle phrases? Which clause is usually used for summarizing or explaining the clause before it. 1 His wife was stunning, which was always his pride. 2 I left ...
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58 views

Oliver Twist: “who had known better times”

In the first chapter, Oliver asks for more, Oliver is moved to new poorhouse and there is a line which talks about a tall guy. One tall boy, who had known better times, was heard to say that, ...
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2answers
89 views

“Has yet to win” vs. “has yet won”?

I was doing some SAT English problems and came across this one: Find the error in the sentence, or state that there is no error. Each possible error is in parentheses. Chess players find that ...
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2answers
84 views

Participles that are active or seem active

Both types of participles are also often used as pure adjectives (see Types of participles above). Here present participles are used in their active sense ("an exciting adventure", i.e. one ...
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2answers
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British English spelling: “gripped” or “gript”?

Hello what is the correct British English spelling of the word 'gripped' or 'gript'? According to Dictionary.com: gript verb 1. a past participle and simple past tense of grip. verb ...
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1answer
231 views

Is 'gotten' a proper/legitimate word? [duplicate]

According to what I was taught as school, the past tense of 'get' is 'got' and 'gotten' is "an American corruption and, therefore, is not a proper word". Example: "Should auld acquaintance be ...
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169 views

Using “done” instead of “did”

How does it work the use of the past participle done instead of the past tense did? Where is this form used? Only in southern U.S.? How often?
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1answer
118 views

It is about Gerunds and present participle [duplicate]

Please clarify if what I have mentioned below is correct. I like painting. - Gerund? I like painting pictures. - Present participle?
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2answers
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What is the difference between “broke” and “was broken”?

What is the difference between "broke" and "be broken" in the following? The pot broke as I kicked it. The pot was broken as I kicked it.
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2answers
52 views

being mocked vs mocked after a noun [closed]

In the sentence: To please others, people being mocked or teased may suppress their actual feelings which can result in stress to him. what if I change it to To please others, people mocked or ...
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0answers
31 views

The past tense of 'input' [duplicate]

What is the past tense of the word 'input'? It doesn't sound right to me in this sentence but I am not really sure what should be used. They inputted the password in the database yesterday. What ...
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1answer
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“camping” vs. “camped” under a bridge [closed]

If you were to describe a group of poor illegal immigrants who live in tents under a bridge, would you say that they are "camping" under a bridge, or that they are "camped" under a bridge? If I write ...
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3answers
189 views

Why does “written” become the past participle in this sentence?

Consider the following sentence: Harry Potter is the best book ever written. The word "written" is the past participle, but why? I believe it's the passive voice, but I have a friend who ...
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2answers
274 views

Past Participle as Adverb

I just read the following sentence from a German native speaker: We have to do this coordinated. I am also German native speaker, so this sentence sounds like a straight translation of Wir ...
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63 views

VP-deletion in a sentence

What part of a verb phrase is omitted in the following sentence? Nearly a million people lived there, making do, as they always had [VP deletion], with candles, torches and lanterns. At ...
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180 views

Is the phrase “English Spoken Classes” correct?

I saw an advert for "English Spoken Classes". While reading it, I thought that it was incorrect and should instead read "English Speaking Classes". A quick search on Google returned results for ...
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3answers
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“All opened files” or “all open files”?

I am not sure when I am supposed to use "open" vs "opened". Isn't "opened" the past participle form? Therefore should I talk about "the opened file"? I feel "the open file" sounds more right...
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2answers
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Hyphenation of a multiple adverb-past participle phrase

I am editing a research article, and I came across a phrase that I am having some trouble hyphenating: "the detoxification of both endogenous and exogenous derived acetaldehyde." My thought is that ...
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2answers
178 views

What is the tense used in a phrase such as “He is trapped”?

I've read that the -ed suffix usually indicates a "past participle" (as in "I was trapped"), but: I'm not sure what part-of-speech "trapped" functions as in the phrase. Indicating present state ...
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1answer
104 views

Is 'walked' the correct tense in this paragraph? [closed]

The next folder she opened contained something that neither of them had expected: five photos of Emily’s brother. They had been taken while James walked through a glass door.
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1answer
54 views

a better term for “Energy Imbalance Market”

These are how I understand the meaning of the phrases Energy imbalanced market: Trading of energy in a market where supply of energy is imbalanced. Energy imbalance market: Trading of ...
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1answer
507 views

Origin of irregular ending “-ught” for past simple and participle

There is a little group of irregular verbs in English that follow a similar pattern, having "-ught" as their ending for past simple and for participle. These verbs are among the group of most used ...
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1answer
115 views

Participle clauses with past participles

I have read many times that "participle clauses with past participles have a passive meaning" but I came across this sentence which made me confused.Is this sentence grammatically correct? ...
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0answers
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What is the rule and the exception for doubling consonants in the past participle? [duplicate]

The general rule when constructing the past participle for multisyllable verbs is that the last consonant is doubled if the last syllable is stressed: admit -> admitted program -> programmed ...
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1answer
84 views

Temporal Clause for Past Participle

I was wondering if there is a difference between reduced temporal clause with gerund and reduced temporal clause with past participle, and which one is used in formal setting? For example: Sentence ...
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2answers
1k views

to be + past participle

I wanted to ask a lot of questions concerning this phrase: I always consult with my children who are affected by the decisions to be made. What role does the particle "to" perform in this ...
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1answer
4k views

Struck vs Stricken

Is struck or stricken correct in these sentences? The house was stricken / struck by lightning. The house had been stricken / struck by lightning. He was stricken / struck by grief, cancer, etc. ...
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4answers
4k views

What is the past tense form of s--t [closed]

Are shit, shat, and shitted all correct and fine to use as the past tense of shit? After a little bit of searching it seems that they are, with shat being Old English. Is any form more common in ...
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1answer
120 views

Infinitive vs. “ing” + past particle [duplicate]

Among the earliest telescopes were Galilean telescopes, modeled after the simple instruments built by Galileo, the first person having used telescopes to study the stars and planets. I know ...
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109 views

What does “spurned” modify in “I am walking out of a room to the jeers of a woman spurned”

I am walking out of a room to the jeers of a woman spurned. Which word does the past participle modify in this context? Does it mean that I was spurned while walking out of the room, or am I out ...
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Use didn't leave yet, or haven't left yet? Can we use ''YET'' in past tense or not? [closed]

My knowledge of English grammar is very basic. I learned English mostly from movies and a lot of times I choose a specific way to say something in English based on intuition or the feeling that it ...
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2answers
143 views

Correct usage of the verb “tense”

Are you tense? I read this question in a book and was debating if it was a correct usage of the verb 'tense'. I believe the correct usage should be Are you tensed? Am I right about this?
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“She had lost her consciousness last night at pub after having several cocktails”. Is this sentence grammatical?

She had lost her consciousness last night at the pub after having several cocktails. Is the use of had (the past perfect tense) right here?
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Is it possible to use had to + past participle?

I always think that the proper use of this construction is, for example: 'After the death of her grandfather, she had to take over his duties on the farm'. This is a sentence from my paper, which ...
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4answers
554 views

Past passive tense for smite without connoting infatuation, or an alternative

TL;DR: What is the past tense of smite in the passive voice? Is there an alternative word or series of words with the intended nuance? I am trying to find an alternative to the past passive tense for ...
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2answers
205 views

Ellipsis in “can and have occurred”

The side effects can and have occurred. The omitted verb is an infinitive (occur) but the written verb is a past participle (occurred). Is this sentence grammatically correct and suitable for ...
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1answer
113 views

Correct usage of past participle?

I'm not a native English speaker, and yesterday I entered a [short] debate with a French guy (again, not native English speaker) who insisted that "the task was scheduled" is not valid from a ...
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Why “broke” and not “broken” in “If it ain't broke, don't fix it”?

If it ain't broke, don't fix it an idiom says. Why isn't it If it ain't broken, don't fix it On the other hand the lyrics of a song "Victory" played by a band "Deliverance" are as follows: ...