Questions about past participle forms of verbs.

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2answers
37 views

Laid vs. Lain in This Sentence [on hold]

Which past participle would fit best in the following sentence? I've always struggled with this one. The idea that had presented itself during the meeting had plagued him all night, and he'd ____ ...
0
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2answers
38 views

What are the differences between the following sentences

When the statement is written... When the statement has written... Is the first sentence using "written" as an adjective? Is the second sentence using the perfect-present tense? Do the two ...
0
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3answers
41 views

Verb Tenses - Context Examples

To help me to understand verb tenses better, I have created the following conversations between Sophia and John. What are the ways for Sophia to ask the questions in the "Perfect" tense and "Perfect ...
0
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0answers
25 views

Past participle of “let <object> <verb>” [migrated]

The situation is where the phrase "let " is being used after "have", such that it is being used as a past participle. Such as: I should have let her know I should have let her known or ...
4
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3answers
753 views

What is the meaning of using a past participle after 'of'?

I'm reading The Go-Giver. There is a sentence: Now some character he'd never heard of had underbid and outperformed him. I expected after of in above sentence will be V-ing, but the author ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

Is “intrigued” an adjective or past participle in “I was intrigued when you called me”?

I've found dictionary entries supporting both situations: for adjective: http://www.ldoceonline.com/dictionary/intrigued for verb: http://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/intrigue I'd go ...
0
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3answers
43 views

Why does the Past Tense not include Past Participles?

If I say, "The cat ate the fish," then that's in the active voice and the past simple tense (I think). If, however, I say, "The fish was eaten by the cat," then that's in the passive voice, but I ...
0
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2answers
72 views

Was/were comes with 2nd form or first? [closed]

How was is used in sentences with first form or with second ? For example what is correct: I was not fractured ? or I was not fracture ? Similarly in another example: I was failed or I was fail ? ...
0
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2answers
52 views

Using “held” for future events

I feel like I've seen cases where the verb "held" is used for a future event, as in I will attend the World English Conference held on January 10-15, 2017. And I found the same sentence in an ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

“Who having” vs “who has”—which construction is it?

This sentence is from George Eliot: Blessed is the man, who having nothing to say, abstains from giving wordy evidence of the fact. I would like to know why did she use "having" instead of ...
0
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0answers
37 views

Had + past participle or Would Have + past participle?

I would like to know which sentence is grammatically correct and why? If I am talking about a hypothetical case and I want to know what would happen if something have occurred. For example: I turned ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

Past Perfect - Which one is right?

Which variation of this sentence is correct? The meeting had gone on for hours and finished ten minutes ago when the partners left. The meeting had gone on for hours and had finished ten minutes ...
0
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2answers
59 views

The way the past participle is used in these sentences

First, this is the meaning I am trying to put in writing: She could not tolerate the sight of them as they were being put to death. And I want the progressive aspect to be clear. Which of ...
0
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2answers
123 views

“Satisfied with” vs. “satisfied by” vs. “satisfied in”

He was satisfied with his test result. He was satisfied by his test result. He ws satisfied in his test result. Is there any difference between these?
1
vote
2answers
120 views

Is “Due” a Participle?

The word "due" is a funny little thing.  The etymology is that the Latin debere produced the Anglo-French dever which has the participle form deu.  In effect, English borrows (or has ...
0
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0answers
40 views

should have + past participle (only to talk about things that didn't really happen in the past?)

i am aware of the usage of could, may, should have + past participle to mean something that was possible to happen but did not. But could it be used to mean something that one wasn't sure of doing ...
0
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1answer
50 views

When present form of verb is used instead of past or past participle form of verb?

Travis , Tammy , and Shane, from Composition 115, spring semester , were sitting together on a leather bench in the sleekly lit lobby of my apartment building. The three of them had attended the same ...
6
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6answers
3k views

“I have strived” vs “I have striven”

In a college application essay, I am trying to write the sentence along the lines of: I have always strived to achieve my goals. Should I say strived or striven? According to this article at ...
2
votes
2answers
100 views

Winston Churchill, John Wooden or anonymous?

Success is never final and failure never fatal. It's courage that counts. This quote has been usually credited to Winston Churchill. [Reference] Q #1: Should it be been usually or usually ...
3
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4answers
1k views

“low educated”? “poorly educated”? Other

Sample sentence: "In contrast, low educated women who are employed in low-fertility countries are more likely to decide against second childbirth than those who are not employed." That sounds ...
0
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1answer
48 views

Which clauses with phrases

Can which clause modify participle phrases? Which clause is usually used for summarizing or explaining the clause before it. 1 His wife was stunning, which was always his pride. 2 I left ...
0
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2answers
63 views

Oliver Twist: “who had known better times”

In the first chapter, Oliver asks for more, Oliver is moved to new poorhouse and there is a line which talks about a tall guy. One tall boy, who had known better times, was heard to say that, ...
0
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2answers
117 views

“Has yet to win” vs. “has yet won”?

I was doing some SAT English problems and came across this one: Find the error in the sentence, or state that there is no error. Each possible error is in parentheses. Chess players find that ...
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2answers
92 views

Participles that are active or seem active

Both types of participles are also often used as pure adjectives (see Types of participles above). Here present participles are used in their active sense ("an exciting adventure", i.e. one ...
6
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2answers
350 views

British English spelling: “gripped” or “gript”?

Hello what is the correct British English spelling of the word 'gripped' or 'gript'? According to Dictionary.com: gript verb 1. a past participle and simple past tense of grip. verb ...
-1
votes
1answer
402 views

Is 'gotten' a proper/legitimate word? [duplicate]

According to what I was taught as school, the past tense of 'get' is 'got' and 'gotten' is "an American corruption and, therefore, is not a proper word". Example: "Should auld acquaintance be ...
0
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2answers
230 views

Using “done” instead of “did”

How does it work the use of the past participle done instead of the past tense did? Where is this form used? Only in southern U.S.? How often?
1
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1answer
130 views

It is about Gerunds and present participle [duplicate]

Please clarify if what I have mentioned below is correct. I like painting. - Gerund? I like painting pictures. - Present participle?
1
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2answers
1k views

What is the difference between “broke” and “was broken”?

What is the difference between "broke" and "be broken" in the following? The pot broke as I kicked it. The pot was broken as I kicked it.
0
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2answers
53 views

being mocked vs mocked after a noun [closed]

In the sentence: To please others, people being mocked or teased may suppress their actual feelings which can result in stress to him. what if I change it to To please others, people mocked or ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

The past tense of 'input' [duplicate]

What is the past tense of the word 'input'? It doesn't sound right to me in this sentence but I am not really sure what should be used. They inputted the password in the database yesterday. What ...
2
votes
1answer
30 views

“camping” vs. “camped” under a bridge [closed]

If you were to describe a group of poor illegal immigrants who live in tents under a bridge, would you say that they are "camping" under a bridge, or that they are "camped" under a bridge? If I write ...
0
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3answers
214 views

Why does “written” become the past participle in this sentence?

Consider the following sentence: Harry Potter is the best book ever written. The word "written" is the past participle, but why? I believe it's the passive voice, but I have a friend who ...
2
votes
2answers
307 views

Past Participle as Adverb

I just read the following sentence from a German native speaker: We have to do this coordinated. I am also German native speaker, so this sentence sounds like a straight translation of Wir ...
1
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2answers
70 views

VP-deletion in a sentence

What part of a verb phrase is omitted in the following sentence? Nearly a million people lived there, making do, as they always had [VP deletion], with candles, torches and lanterns. At ...
0
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2answers
216 views

Is the phrase “English Spoken Classes” correct?

I saw an advert for "English Spoken Classes". While reading it, I thought that it was incorrect and should instead read "English Speaking Classes". A quick search on Google returned results for ...
1
vote
3answers
109 views

“All opened files” or “all open files”?

I am not sure when I am supposed to use "open" vs "opened". Isn't "opened" the past participle form? Therefore should I talk about "the opened file"? I feel "the open file" sounds more right...
0
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2answers
78 views

Hyphenation of a multiple adverb-past participle phrase

I am editing a research article, and I came across a phrase that I am having some trouble hyphenating: "the detoxification of both endogenous and exogenous derived acetaldehyde." My thought is that ...
0
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2answers
205 views

What is the tense used in a phrase such as “He is trapped”?

I've read that the -ed suffix usually indicates a "past participle" (as in "I was trapped"), but: I'm not sure what part-of-speech "trapped" functions as in the phrase. Indicating present state ...
-2
votes
1answer
112 views

Is 'walked' the correct tense in this paragraph? [closed]

The next folder she opened contained something that neither of them had expected: five photos of Emily’s brother. They had been taken while James walked through a glass door.
0
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1answer
54 views

a better term for “Energy Imbalance Market”

These are how I understand the meaning of the phrases Energy imbalanced market: Trading of energy in a market where supply of energy is imbalanced. Energy imbalance market: Trading of ...
5
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1answer
554 views

Origin of irregular ending “-ught” for past simple and participle

There is a little group of irregular verbs in English that follow a similar pattern, having "-ught" as their ending for past simple and for participle. These verbs are among the group of most used ...
0
votes
1answer
124 views

Participle clauses with past participles

I have read many times that "participle clauses with past participles have a passive meaning" but I came across this sentence which made me confused.Is this sentence grammatically correct? ...
0
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1answer
96 views

Temporal Clause for Past Participle

I was wondering if there is a difference between reduced temporal clause with gerund and reduced temporal clause with past participle, and which one is used in formal setting? For example: Sentence ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

to be + past participle

I wanted to ask a lot of questions concerning this phrase: I always consult with my children who are affected by the decisions to be made. What role does the particle "to" perform in this ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

Struck vs Stricken

Is struck or stricken correct in these sentences? The house was stricken / struck by lightning. The house had been stricken / struck by lightning. He was stricken / struck by grief, cancer, etc. ...
14
votes
4answers
5k views

What is the past tense form of s--t [closed]

Are shit, shat, and shitted all correct and fine to use as the past tense of shit? After a little bit of searching it seems that they are, with shat being Old English. Is any form more common in ...
1
vote
1answer
128 views

Infinitive vs. “ing” + past particle [duplicate]

Among the earliest telescopes were Galilean telescopes, modeled after the simple instruments built by Galileo, the first person having used telescopes to study the stars and planets. I know ...
0
votes
1answer
115 views

What does “spurned” modify in “I am walking out of a room to the jeers of a woman spurned”

I am walking out of a room to the jeers of a woman spurned. Which word does the past participle modify in this context? Does it mean that I was spurned while walking out of the room, or am I out ...
4
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3answers
7k views

Use didn't leave yet, or haven't left yet? Can we use ''YET'' in past tense or not? [closed]

My knowledge of English grammar is very basic. I learned English mostly from movies and a lot of times I choose a specific way to say something in English based on intuition or the feeling that it ...