The subject of a verb in passive voice is the recipient of the action, and would be the object if the verb were active.

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Passive Voice vs Present Perfect Passive Voice

Neither Jeremy nor his friends have been informed about the accident by the traffic police. Why is the present perfect passive voice (have been informed) used in the sentence? Is it correct to use ...
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“based on” usage

I'm a little bit confused when I use a sentence like "It is divided based on glasses of milk". I'm not sure that it is used as an adverb or in the passive voice? Thanks.
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He is believed to (Passive)

What is grammatically right? A famous athlete is believed to be hurt on a road accident last night. A famous athlete is believed to have been hurt on a road accident last night.