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1
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2answers
142 views

using both Past Simple and Past Perfect in the same paragraph

Is there a rule about consistency within a paragraph, of using past tense and past participle in alternate sentences? In my writing class, I notice some writers mix the two freely. Since I see this ...
-5
votes
2answers
58 views

“Escaped” and “retired”

I want to check if what I know is correct or not. We can say "escaped prisoners". In this phrase, "escaped" works as a pre-modifier of "prisoner". But, we cannot use it as a post-modifier like "the ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Looking forward to follow vs. following

I was reading this today: We look forward to following your progress. Am I correct in thinking that it is missing a be or that -ing should be removed? So We look forward to be following your ...
-1
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2answers
56 views

Confused: I have a tendency to begin sentences after semicolon by using verbs in the participle. What am I doing wrong?

From the marker of my essay: The author has a tendency to begin sentences after semicolon by using verbs in the participle. bold is the problem. I have made up some sentences which demonstrate this ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Participle clauses with past participles

I have read many times that "participle clauses with past participles have a passive meaning" but I came across this sentence which made me confused.Is this sentence grammatically correct? ...
0
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1answer
39 views

Participle phrases

When I was studying participle phrases, I came across a sentence on a grammar teaching website, which I find trustful.The sentence is : Opening the envelope, I found two concert tickets. And ...
0
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4answers
66 views

Survey Question

I have drafted an internal employee survey focused around "inclusion". One of the questions has been vetoed incorrect by my supervisor, while I maintain that the original is grammatically correct. ...
2
votes
2answers
49 views

to be + past participle

I wanted to ask a lot of questions concerning this phrase: I always consult with my children who are affected by the decisions to be made. What role does the particle "to" perform in this phrase? ...
6
votes
3answers
962 views

Why call them infinite/finite verbs?

The infinite, in my understanding, means huge/countless. So in what sense can we call a verb huge/countless?
1
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0answers
24 views

'watch her run' vs 'watch her running' [duplicate]

QUESTION 1 I'm trying to figure out the seemingly subtle difference(s) between a sentence modified by a bare infinitive and one modified by a participle phrase. What do you get out of these: I ...
4
votes
1answer
114 views

Is there a better term for “perfect infinitive”, “perfect participle” or “perfect gerund”?

BACKGROUND There are grammar terms such as 'present perfect' and 'past perfect' as in: She has learned English for 10 years. [present perfect] She had learned English when she was little. ...
3
votes
2answers
5k views

What is the difference between “blurry” and “blurred”?

The two quotes below discuss the same topic. Terry's tortured season took a surreal twist on Tuesday when a blurry image resembling him appeared on cigarette packets in India. GUARDIAN A ...
4
votes
3answers
520 views

progressive forms: participle or gerund?

Progressive forms of verbs consist of a form of to be + participle. At least that is what most English grammars say or they are imprecise and speak of ing-form. My question is what follows after the ...
2
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4answers
2k views
3
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8answers
3k views

“Visualized” equivalent adjective for audio

Are there such words as "audiolized" or "audibilized"? EDIT: Merriam-Webster has the word Audibilized indexed with no definition! What I was trying to achieve was to say that something is an ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

grammatical elements in 'as + ing'?

In dictionary, I see phrases in the form of 'as + ing' quite many times, for example, attribute : regard something as being caused by (something or someone) Is 'as' here a preposition or ...
1
vote
1answer
892 views

“Heard my mom cry/crying”, “leave the door lock/locked”

Two simple examples: a. I heard my mom cry. b. I heard my mom crying. a. Please leave the door lock always. b. Please leave the door locked always. Which one, a or b, is right?
0
votes
1answer
57 views

A question regarding a parallel

I came across a very neat parallel, but I wonder if I can use the structure today without setting off alarm in an editor's head. A stretch of a series is any piece taken out of it, and not having ...
3
votes
3answers
500 views

Existential sentence…in the passive voice?

Now, a friend over the internet wanted me to explain the passive voice to him. He began by providing his story's "readability statistics" of Microsoft Word, which said that 7% of his sentences were ...
1
vote
3answers
86 views

is “imperative” correct here

I am writing a piece of software related to meetings. Participants are invited to a meeting using a button which the command "invite" is written to be pressed by the person who wished to do the ...
1
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3answers
279 views

Infinitive of purpose or “for verb-ing”

The chambers inside the pyramid were closed (to/for) visitors (to clean and repair/for cleaning and repairing). Which is the correct alternative in both the brackets, and why? Please explain in ...
0
votes
1answer
94 views

Is the participle clause in “the marlin left a blood trail attracting sharks” correct? [closed]

I'm writing a summary of the novel "The old man and the sea". And I'm trying to use participle clauses (a subject that I'm currently learning). I've learnt that you can use a participle clause to ...
0
votes
1answer
135 views

Word order of participial modifiers and proper nouns

This is a follow-up to this earlier question. I want to say that I met a person and they were drunk at the time. Which should I use: I saw intoxicated John. I saw the intoxicated John. I saw John ...
8
votes
1answer
153 views

“IT projects gone awry…” Qualifying a reduced relative clause rule

"IT projects gone awry because they were conceived on too massive a scale, and good money thrown after bad, are financial nuisances far from unique to the Beeb." ['Beeb' = BBC] I've been trying to ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Use of “very” to modify verb participles used as adjectives - correct or not and why?

I have seen several obituaries with this kind of wording: "He is very missed." It looks and sounds wrong, perhaps because "very" can modify adjectives ("He is very tall") and adverbs ("He walks very ...
1
vote
1answer
189 views

Is it grammatical to say “I saw her dropping the ticket” as opposed to “I saw her drop the ticket”? [duplicate]

What is the difference between using the past tense and the present participle, since both sentences indicate the speaker witnessed the action of the ticket being dropped?
1
vote
4answers
2k views

“I'm not being” or “I'm not been”?

I'm not been able to make up my mind or I'm not being able to make up my mind? Which one is the correct sentence? Why is it correct and why is the other one incorrect? Edit 10/09/2012: ...
1
vote
1answer
489 views

Participles Modifying Direct Objects

Here's a simple question: Is is possible for a participle -- past or present -- to modify a direct object? "You deserve every ounce of respect garnered." Is this correct? My reasoning is based on the ...
-2
votes
3answers
846 views

preposition + participle phrases

I think you always see sentences like these: Asked whether he intended to return soon(when he was asked), he replied that he would be away for about three months. or Squeezed by ice(as the steamer ...
4
votes
18answers
2k views

What is the word meaning “going on and on for miles and miles”?

Edit: I was walking down an intolerably long sidewalk one day, and every time a mounted another hill, I saw more of it seeming to stretch out before me. It got me to thinking: is there a word for ...
9
votes
6answers
1k views

“Poison” is to “poisoned” as “venom” is to what?

As the title says, poison is to poisoned as venom is to what? I tried looking up venomed but it means something different. Is there such a word?
0
votes
2answers
77 views

Is this participle or gerund? [closed]

"Disturbed, she consulted her doctor about the symptoms."
1
vote
1answer
82 views

Can a present participle follow a subject?

Which is correct, and why? some days we went on adventures — him maneuvering our scooter, me resting my chin … or some days we went on adventures — he maneuvering our scooter, I resting my ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

Can a participle contain a comparison to other object?

Can a participle contain a comparison to another object in the same sentence? For example, is the following sentence grammatically correct? "I can't see any vehicle moving at higher speed that ...
0
votes
2answers
130 views

Participles? Present participles? Are they nouns too? [duplicate]

A participle is just a infinitive verb + ing right? A participle is also used as an adjective a lot of the time right? For ex: "She looks at the rising sun". The present participle here is an ...
1
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2answers
102 views

Is this a participle or verb? [closed]

From what I understand, a participle is: "...a form of a verb that is used in a sentence to modify a noun or noun phrase, and thus plays a role similar to that of an adjective or adverb[1] (some ...
0
votes
2answers
458 views

Can a past participle phrase stand at the end of a sentence?

For a present participle phrase, I've seen: Seeking advice from the pros, she visited the website. She visited the website, seeking advice from the pros. For a past participle phrase, ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

What is the correct use of present participle and “by” in a sequence of actions?

When writing a sequence of actions that happen after each other I get regularly confused about the correct use of the present participle. For example in: A: I prefer learning by gaining an ...
6
votes
2answers
485 views

Participial clause?

On ELL a user has asked how to parse the emphasized -ing form in this sentence from Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone: Harry swung at it with the bat to stop it from breaking his nose, and ...
0
votes
1answer
450 views

“All that is needing” vs. “all that is needed”

I've read the following quote from Game of Thrones: Opening your eyes is all that is needing. The heart lies and the head plays tricks with us, but the eyes see true. English is not my mother ...
18
votes
6answers
4k views

When can the -ing form of a verb be placed before a noun?

My native-speaker's grammatical intuition tells me that: There is a sleeping man under the tree. is fine but There is a fishing man by the river bank. is wrong. Why? I've thought about ...
3
votes
3answers
5k views

Advanced rules for shortening relative clauses with a participle?

Once again, a problem encountered while marking German pupils' exams. We teach them the following rules: A present participle can be used to shorten an active relative clause: The boy who ...
4
votes
2answers
8k views

“Melted” vs “molten”

Is there any difference (e.g. regionality) between the two forms of the past participle of melt (melted and molten)?
3
votes
2answers
489 views

Is “hanging bats” a participial phrase, gerund phrase, or simple noun phrase?

In the sentence "Hanging bats populate most of the caves in North America," what is the role of "hanging bats"? I believe it is a simple noun phrase containing the participle "hanging" (which ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Why do non-native English speakers get the present participle wrong?

I see people saying things like this: With a new infusion of cash it allows to make the film. ...instead of... With a new infusion of cash it allows making the film. I can't find a ...
2
votes
3answers
701 views

Four-word phrase stress

I'm interested to learn why the following four-word phrases have stress on different words. "Little Red Riding Hood" (stress is on little and riding) "Infamous National Rifle Association" ...
27
votes
3answers
40k views
3
votes
1answer
4k views

Is there a difference between saying a place is “well-lighted” versus “well-lit” or is it just stylistic? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What's the difference between “well-lighted” and “well-lit”? I feel that "well-lit" means there is enough light whereas "well-lighted" ...
0
votes
1answer
4k views

“Continuing” vs. “continued”

So, just a few minutes ago we had this question asking whether one could substitute ongoing availability with continuing availability and what the difference would be, if any. Apart from the question ...
2
votes
2answers
451 views

Order of participial adjective

I'm proof-reading a thesis by one of my friends and there's some recurring construct which I always mark as false but I'd like to check with you. In the comments I was told that the example I ...