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0
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1answer
59 views

Word order of participial modifiers and proper nouns

This is a follow-up to this earlier question. I want to say that I met a person and they were drunk at the time. Which should I use: I saw intoxicated John. I saw the intoxicated John. I saw John ...
1
vote
3answers
65 views

Infinitive of purpose or “for verb-ing”

The chambers inside the pyramid were closed (to/for) visitors (to clean and repair/for cleaning and repairing). Which is the correct alternative in both the brackets, and why? Please explain in ...
8
votes
1answer
108 views

“IT projects gone awry…” Qualifying a reduced relative clause rule

"IT projects gone awry because they were conceived on too massive a scale, and good money thrown after bad, are financial nuisances far from unique to the Beeb." ['Beeb' = BBC] I've been trying to ...
3
votes
1answer
680 views

Use of “very” to modify verb participles used as adjectives - correct or not and why?

I have seen several obituaries with this kind of wording: "He is very missed." It looks and sounds wrong, perhaps because "very" can modify adjectives ("He is very tall") and adverbs ("He walks very ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

Is it grammatical to say “I saw her dropping the ticket” as opposed to “I saw her drop the ticket”? [duplicate]

What is the difference between using the past tense and the present participle, since both sentences indicate the speaker witnessed the action of the ticket being dropped?
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4answers
993 views

“I'm not being” or “I'm not been”?

I'm not been able to make up my mind or I'm not being able to make up my mind? Which one is the correct sentence? Why is it correct and why is the other one incorrect? Edit 10/09/2012: ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Participles Modifying Direct Objects

Here's a simple question: Is is possible for a participle -- past or present -- to modify a direct object? "You deserve every ounce of respect garnered." Is this correct? My reasoning is based on the ...
2
votes
2answers
251 views

progressive forms: participle or gerund?

Progressive forms of verbs consist of a form of to be + participle. At least that is what most English grammars say or they are imprecise and speak of ing-form. My question is what follows after the ...
-2
votes
3answers
644 views

preposition + participle phrases

I think you always see sentences like these: Asked whether he intended to return soon(when he was asked), he replied that he would be away for about three months. or Squeezed by ice(as the steamer ...
4
votes
18answers
2k views

What is the word meaning “going on and on for miles and miles”?

Edit: I was walking down an intolerably long sidewalk one day, and every time a mounted another hill, I saw more of it seeming to stretch out before me. It got me to thinking: is there a word for ...
9
votes
6answers
1k views

“Poison” is to “poisoned” as “venom” is to what?

As the title says, poison is to poisoned as venom is to what? I tried looking up venomed but it means something different. Is there such a word?
0
votes
2answers
41 views

Is this participle or gerund? [closed]

"Disturbed, she consulted her doctor about the symptoms."
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Can a present participle follow a subject?

Which is correct, and why? some days we went on adventures — him maneuvering our scooter, me resting my chin … or some days we went on adventures — he maneuvering our scooter, I resting my ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Can a participle contain a comparison to other object?

Can a participle contain a comparison to another object in the same sentence? For example, is the following sentence grammatically correct? "I can't see any vehicle moving at higher speed that ...
0
votes
2answers
92 views

Participles? Present participles? Are they nouns too? [duplicate]

A participle is just a infinitive verb + ing right? A participle is also used as an adjective a lot of the time right? For ex: "She looks at the rising sun". The present participle here is an ...
1
vote
2answers
84 views

Is this a participle or verb? [closed]

From what I understand, a participle is: "...a form of a verb that is used in a sentence to modify a noun or noun phrase, and thus plays a role similar to that of an adjective or adverb[1] (some ...
0
votes
2answers
339 views

Can a past participle phrase stand at the end of a sentence?

For a present participle phrase, I've seen: Seeking advice from the pros, she visited the website. She visited the website, seeking advice from the pros. For a past participle phrase, ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

What is the correct use of present participle and “by” in a sequence of actions?

When writing a sequence of actions that happen after each other I get regularly confused about the correct use of the present participle. For example in: A: I prefer learning by gaining an ...
6
votes
2answers
386 views

Participial clause?

On ELL a user has asked how to parse the emphasized -ing form in this sentence from Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone: Harry swung at it with the bat to stop it from breaking his nose, and ...
0
votes
1answer
210 views

“All that is needing” vs. “all that is needed”

I've read the following quote from Game of Thrones: Opening your eyes is all that is needing. The heart lies and the head plays tricks with us, but the eyes see true. English is not my mother ...
18
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6answers
3k views

When can the -ing form of a verb be placed before a noun?

My native-speaker's grammatical intuition tells me that: There is a sleeping man under the tree. is fine but There is a fishing man by the river bank. is wrong. Why? I've thought about ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

Advanced rules for shortening relative clauses with a participle?

Once again, a problem encountered while marking German pupils' exams. We teach them the following rules: A present participle can be used to shorten an active relative clause: The boy who ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

“Melted” vs “molten”

Is there any difference (e.g. regionality) between the two forms of the past participle of melt (melted and molten)?
3
votes
2answers
406 views

Is “hanging bats” a participial phrase, gerund phrase, or simple noun phrase?

In the sentence "Hanging bats populate most of the caves in North America," what is the role of "hanging bats"? I believe it is a simple noun phrase containing the participle "hanging" (which ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Why do non-native English speakers get the present participle wrong?

I see people saying things like this: With a new infusion of cash it allows to make the film. ...instead of... With a new infusion of cash it allows making the film. I can't find a ...
2
votes
3answers
582 views

Four-word phrase stress

I'm interested to learn why the following four-word phrases have stress on different words. "Little Red Riding Hood" (stress is on little and riding) "Infamous National Rifle Association" ...
24
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3answers
26k views

What's the difference between a gerund and a participle?

What is the difference between a gerund and a participle?
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Is there a difference between saying a place is “well-lighted” versus “well-lit” or is it just stylistic? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What's the difference between “well-lighted” and “well-lit”? I feel that "well-lit" means there is enough light whereas "well-lighted" ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

“Continuing” vs. “continued”

So, just a few minutes ago we had this question asking whether one could substitute ongoing availability with continuing availability and what the difference would be, if any. Apart from the question ...
2
votes
2answers
343 views

Order of participial adjective

I'm proof-reading a thesis by one of my friends and there's some recurring construct which I always mark as false but I'd like to check with you. In the comments I was told that the example I ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Participle phrase — what can it modify?

Must a participial phrase always modify the subject of a sentence, or can it modify the object?
1
vote
0answers
120 views

Is a “perfect participle” right? [closed]

Suppose I've received a document from my colleague and then I want to make a report to my chief in which I want to mention it. Would the following construction be correct? According to the ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

When is it correct to start a sentence with a participial phrase?

Spending an hour in the beauty salon, Melissa got a facial with a steam mist. Are there cases where starting with a participial phrase is not correct?
9
votes
5answers
1k views

What does “This being…” mean here?

This being Silverlight, you’d expect there to be some way to get the XAML representation of the selected text—and you’d be right. What does the clause 'This being Silverlight', and especially ...
20
votes
9answers
7k views

Can anyone give me a grammatical explanation as to why “that being said” is proper English?

A certain pedant is claiming that beginning a sentence with "That being said" is grammatically incorrect owing to the apparent logical contradiction in claiming that something in the past (e.g. the ...
9
votes
1answer
418 views

What is this ‘-ing’ structure?

Consider the following sentence: The Bactrian camel is well adapted to the extreme climate of its native Mongolia, having thick fur and underwool that keep it warm in winter and also insulate ...
5
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4answers
3k views

“Sour cream” versus “soured cream”

Does anyone besides my husband insist on adding an -ed to sour cream? Etymonline dates "sour cream" to 1855, but has no mention of "soured", so I don't think this is analogous to "iced tea" or "ice ...
2
votes
2answers
410 views

Dangling Participial Phrase [closed]

Here’s the original: The veterinarian was caught off guard when, regaining consciousness, we were again attacked by the cat. My rewrite of this sentence is either: The veterinarian was ...
4
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5answers
911 views

How do you create the adjective form of an irregular verb such as “read”?

If I understand correctly, some adjectives can be derived from verbs. For example, an interested person is someone who is interested in me, and an interesting person is someone who is interesting to ...
2
votes
2answers
347 views

What is the correct form of “advance” in the sentence: “My advance search”?

Which form is correct? My advance search. My advanced search. I ask this in comparison to "simple" that does not have a 'ed' form. My simple search.
2
votes
2answers
310 views

checking parts of speech pattern of this sentence

I wonder if the following sentence is grammatically correct. Foobar is a novel, set in a scenic landscape of farmland and ancient woodland on the banks of the River Foo. I suppose the word "set" ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the difference between “blurry” and “blurred”?

The two quotes below discuss the same topic. Terry's tortured season took a surreal twist on Tuesday when a blurry image resembling him appeared on cigarette packets in India. GUARDIAN A ...
2
votes
2answers
241 views

“Connection to/with the server was/has been lost”

Which one is correct? Connection to the server was lost. Connection to the server has been lost. Also, should to or with be used with server?
3
votes
1answer
7k views

Past participle of “fly” [closed]

In a song by Coldplay, Paradise, I found the sentence Away she flied. I'm Italian, and I was not sure that flied could be a form of the verb fly or some other word unknown to me. I looked it up in the ...
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votes
2answers
570 views

*Compared to*: Preposition or dangling participle? [closed]

I got these examples from the COCA. Which, if any, strike you as prepositions? Compared to ICS alone, there was a significantly greater improvement in FEV1 with the addition of LABA. Compared to ...
1
vote
5answers
192 views

Is “Linux-dependent” right?

I have a C program which depends on Linux system libraries. Which is right: This program is Linux-dependent. This program is Linux-depending. Google search gives me some examples of the ...
6
votes
3answers
854 views

Past participle of a verb created from an acronym

Standard GPL would require that those applications be GPL'd (or compatible licensing), whereas LGPL requires only the library's source to be made available. Is the use of words like GPL'd common ...
4
votes
1answer
237 views

Is “workingest” used as often and casually as “hardest working” and “the most hard working (or industrious)”?

I found the phrase America is “the workingest nation” on earth in the following sentence of Time magazine’s (November 14) article titled “Whatever happened to upward mobility.” For the first time ...
6
votes
3answers
728 views

superlative + -ing participle + noun ok?

Is it always ok to have a superlative hyphenated with a present participle ending in -ing acting as an adjective (so long as the superlative describes the base verb of the participle)? For example: ...
26
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2answers
1k views

What is the name for the process which turned “iced cream” into “ice cream”?

There are several words (mostly related to food) which are shortenings of their historical forms. For example, the cold treat ice cream was originally known as iced cream in the 1680s. The -ed ending ...