A participle is a form of a verb that is used in a sentence to modify a noun, noun phrase, verb or verb phrase, and thus plays a role similar to that of an adjective or adverb.

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Participial clause?

On ELL a user has asked how to parse the emphasized -ing form in this sentence from Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone: Harry swung at it with the bat to stop it from breaking his nose, and ...
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1answer
794 views

“All that is needing” vs. “all that is needed”

I've read the following quote from Game of Thrones: Opening your eyes is all that is needing. The heart lies and the head plays tricks with us, but the eyes see true. English is not my mother ...
3
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1answer
2k views

Use of “very” to modify verb participles used as adjectives - correct or not and why?

I have seen several obituaries with this kind of wording: "He is very missed." It looks and sounds wrong, perhaps because "very" can modify adjectives ("He is very tall") and adverbs ("He walks very ...
3
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3answers
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Advanced rules for shortening relative clauses with a participle?

Once again, a problem encountered while marking German pupils' exams. We teach them the following rules: A present participle can be used to shorten an active relative clause: The boy who ...
2
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3answers
906 views

Four-word phrase stress

I'm interested to learn why the following four-word phrases have stress on different words. "Little Red Riding Hood" (stress is on little and riding) "Infamous National Rifle Association" ...
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1answer
6k views

“Continuing” vs. “continued”

So, just a few minutes ago we had this question asking whether one could substitute ongoing availability with continuing availability and what the difference would be, if any. Apart from the question ...
2
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2answers
615 views

Order of participial adjective

I'm proof-reading a thesis by one of my friends and there's some recurring construct which I always mark as false but I'd like to check with you. In the comments I was told that the example I ...
19
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6answers
5k views

When can the -ing form of a verb be placed before a noun?

My native-speaker's grammatical intuition tells me that: There is a sleeping man under the tree. is fine but There is a fishing man by the river bank. is wrong. Why? I've thought about ...
9
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1answer
668 views

What is this ‘-ing’ structure?

Consider the following sentence: The Bactrian camel is well adapted to the extreme climate of its native Mongolia, having thick fur and underwool that keep it warm in winter and also insulate ...
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4answers
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“I'm not being” or “I'm not been”?

I'm not been able to make up my mind or I'm not being able to make up my mind? Which one is the correct sentence? Why is it correct and why is the other one incorrect? Edit 10/09/2012: ...
2
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2answers
447 views

Dangling Participial Phrase [closed]

Here’s the original: The veterinarian was caught off guard when, regaining consciousness, we were again attacked by the cat. My rewrite of this sentence is either: The veterinarian was ...
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3answers
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preposition + participle phrases

I think you always see sentences like these: Asked whether he intended to return soon(when he was asked), he replied that he would be away for about three months. or Squeezed by ice(as the steamer ...
2
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2answers
585 views

checking parts of speech pattern of this sentence

I wonder if the following sentence is grammatically correct. Foobar is a novel, set in a scenic landscape of farmland and ancient woodland on the banks of the River Foo. I suppose the word "set" ...
9
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6answers
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“Poison” is to “poisoned” as “venom” is to what?

As the title says, poison is to poisoned as venom is to what? I tried looking up venomed but it means something different. Is there such a word?
2
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2answers
303 views

“Connection to/with the server was/has been lost”

Which one is correct? Connection to the server was lost. Connection to the server has been lost. Also, should to or with be used with server?
3
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1answer
11k views

Past participle of “fly” [closed]

In a song by Coldplay, Paradise, I found the sentence Away she flied. I'm Italian, and I was not sure that flied could be a form of the verb fly or some other word unknown to me. I looked it up in the ...
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2answers
812 views

*Compared to*: Preposition or dangling participle? [closed]

I got these examples from the COCA. Which, if any, strike you as prepositions? Compared to ICS alone, there was a significantly greater improvement in FEV1 with the addition of LABA. Compared to ...
1
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5answers
207 views

Is “Linux-dependent” right?

I have a C program which depends on Linux system libraries. Which is right: This program is Linux-dependent. This program is Linux-depending. Google search gives me some examples of the ...
4
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1answer
328 views

Is “workingest” used as often and casually as “hardest working” and “the most hard working (or industrious)”?

I found the phrase America is “the workingest nation” on earth in the following sentence of Time magazine’s (November 14) article titled “Whatever happened to upward mobility.” For the first time ...
6
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3answers
1k views

superlative + -ing participle + noun ok?

Is it always ok to have a superlative hyphenated with a present participle ending in -ing acting as an adjective (so long as the superlative describes the base verb of the participle)? For example: ...
5
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4answers
6k views

“Sour cream” versus “soured cream”

Does anyone besides my husband insist on adding an -ed to sour cream? Etymonline dates "sour cream" to 1855, but has no mention of "soured", so I don't think this is analogous to "iced tea" or "ice ...
3
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1answer
6k views

Is there a difference between saying a place is “well-lighted” versus “well-lit” or is it just stylistic? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What's the difference between “well-lighted” and “well-lit”? I feel that "well-lit" means there is enough light whereas "well-lighted" ...
3
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2answers
136 views

Will the comma suffice to indicate whether the subject or the object is being modified?

There are two separate meanings I'm trying to convey with the following two sentences: 1) "I painted my brother sitting against the wall." 2) "I painted my brother, sitting against the ...
9
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5answers
2k views

What does “This being…” mean here?

This being Silverlight, you’d expect there to be some way to get the XAML representation of the selected text—and you’d be right. What does the clause 'This being Silverlight', and especially ...
27
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2answers
3k views

What is the name for the process which turned “iced cream” into “ice cream”?

There are several words (mostly related to food) which are shortenings of their historical forms. For example, the cold treat ice cream was originally known as iced cream in the 1680s. The -ed ending ...
1
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1answer
904 views

“Heard my mom cry/crying”, “leave the door lock/locked”

Two simple examples: a. I heard my mom cry. b. I heard my mom crying. a. Please leave the door lock always. b. Please leave the door locked always. Which one, a or b, is right?
5
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1answer
1k views

Looking forward to follow vs. following [duplicate]

I was reading this today: We look forward to following your progress. Am I correct in thinking that it is missing a be or that -ing should be removed? So We look forward to be following your ...
4
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3answers
660 views

The wild flowers looked like a soft orange blanket _______ the desert

The wild flowers looked like a soft orange blanket ______ the desert. A. covering B. covered C. cover D. to cover I chose C. I thought that 'looked' is a past participle and 'cover' would ...
3
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2answers
4k views

Participle phrase — what can it modify?

Must a participial phrase always modify the subject of a sentence, or can it modify the object?
2
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2answers
615 views

What is the correct form of “advance” in the sentence: “My advance search”?

Which form is correct? My advance search. My advanced search. I ask this in comparison to "simple" that does not have a 'ed' form. My simple search.
8
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3answers
2k views

Why do non-native English speakers get the present participle wrong?

I see people saying things like this: With a new infusion of cash it allows to make the film. ...instead of... With a new infusion of cash it allows making the film. I can't find a ...
6
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1answer
5k views

Works as expected vs. is working as expected

Which one of these is the correct one? The registers testcase checks that the module's register interface works as expected. The registers testcase checks that the module's register interface is ...
4
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5answers
1k views

How do you create the adjective form of an irregular verb such as “read”?

If I understand correctly, some adjectives can be derived from verbs. For example, an interested person is someone who is interested in me, and an interesting person is someone who is interesting to ...
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2answers
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To use “to” or not to? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Gerund or infinitive: When to use which? You like to read books. You like reading books. The second second sentence seems to be better than the first. Why is ...
22
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9answers
13k views

Can anyone give me a grammatical explanation as to why “that being said” is proper English?

A certain pedant is claiming that beginning a sentence with "That being said" is grammatically incorrect owing to the apparent logical contradiction in claiming that something in the past (e.g. the ...
4
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3answers
709 views

Is this use of present participle grammatically correct?

We are a Zhongguancun-based English training school looking for native English speakers from the US and Canada. If you are interested in this position. Please send your CV and photo to [email ...
6
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3answers
1k views

Why call them infinite/finite verbs?

The infinite, in my understanding, means huge/countless. So in what sense can we call a verb huge/countless?
4
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1answer
1k views

Participle phrase; is the grammar correct?

Beatrice, nine, sent a letter to the actor asking for piracy lessons to help lead a mutiny against the teachers. What does the asking participle phrase act as? Why is participle phrase used ...
0
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1answer
172 views

About 'wh + participle' and 'you guys'

we wanted to share some of what you'll see now on foursquare while out exploring your city. Is the bolded text a clause with ellipsis or a participle phrase? If a phrase, is the while a ...
2
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4answers
3k views

What's the difference between a preposition and a participle? [closed]

See title. I really have nothing else to add!
0
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2answers
420 views

How to associate a participle with an exact word in a sentence like 'List of items'?

I have a problem with a sentence "A list of items grouped by category". There are two possible ways to understand this sentence: (A list of items) that is grouped by category A list of (items that ...
1
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2answers
1k views

Is that an adverbial participle? Should there be a comma?

I found the following sentence: In part of my spare time, I work on fun projects. I am not sure as to whether there should be a comma. If it is there, then this obeys some rules, for example on ...
4
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1answer
3k views

“otherwise directed” vs. “directed otherwise”?

I've seen conflicting usage of the two phrases below, and I wonder which is grammatically correct and why: Do something unless directed otherwise. Do something unless otherwise directed.
5
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3answers
10k views

“I don't bother to do” vs “I don't bother doing”

Which one of these sentences is correct? I don't bother to study. I don't bother studying.
7
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3answers
2k views

Past participle of a verb created from an acronym

Standard GPL would require that those applications be GPL'd (or compatible licensing), whereas LGPL requires only the library's source to be made available. Is the use of words like GPL'd common ...
3
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8answers
4k views

“Visualized” equivalent adjective for audio

Are there such words as "audiolized" or "audibilized"? EDIT: Merriam-Webster has the word Audibilized indexed with no definition! What I was trying to achieve was to say that something is an ...
5
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1answer
2k views

When is it correct to start a sentence with a participial phrase?

Spending an hour in the beauty salon, Melissa got a facial with a steam mist. Are there cases where starting with a participial phrase is not correct?
27
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3answers
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What's the difference between a gerund and a participle?

What is the difference between a gerund and a participle?