Linguistic categories explaining how words are used. Examples are the verb, the noun, the pronoun, the adjective, the adverb, the preposition, the conjunction, and the interjection.

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-2
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1answer
39 views

…has been built, rigged, and laden in the dockyard [on hold]

What is "laden" in the phrase. Also, is it a verb or adjective? ...has been built, rigged, and laden in the dockyard...
8
votes
9answers
16k views

Is “architect” a verb and a noun?

I hear the word architect used as a verb in the technical field and now more often in other industries and groups, for example: We need to architect a better solution to the problem. I am ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Is this a prepositional phrase?

I'm trying to remember the grammatical term used to describe this part of speech. The term "prepositional phrase" comes to mind, but I think it might be something different. It's the part of a ...
17
votes
7answers
56k views

Is “yesterday” a noun?

Are words like "yesterday" and "tomorrow" considered nouns, adjectives, or even adverbs? I'm getting mixed signals from several references. In a case like "I have an important meeting tomorrow," it ...
6
votes
3answers
680 views

“There is to be no drinking beer today” What is the status of “no” and “beer” here?

There's no doubting her sincerity. There's no telling what she's done. There's no guessing which way they'll bolt. There's to be no drinking beer today. There's no telling her. The word no is ...
1
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3answers
10k views

What is a difference between “what if” and “if”

My English teacher asked me what's the difference between what if and if last week. I can't search anything about that. What only I know is what if is a question sentence. And if is a general(?) ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Can colours be used as an adverb?

I am trying to understand which syntactic role the word red has in this sentence: We could colour the walls red. My first thought was it being an adverb, but I have never heard someone saying ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Is 'I don't know' an adjective? [closed]

Other than being an interjection, does 'I don't know' serve as an adjective?
0
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1answer
98 views

Am I right in thinking that I'm using “opposite” as both a noun and an adjective?

I am using the word opposite in two ways: 1) To refer to something that has an opposite; 'heat' is an opposite because it has an opposite, 'cold', whereas 'three' is not an opposite because there is ...
1
vote
3answers
317 views

Is the “of” in “a lot of” a preposition?

Is "of" in "a lot of time" a preposition? I am working on a task about the identification of prepositions and their objects. I am not sure about "a lot of", and for some reason it seems unbreakable.
0
votes
1answer
37 views

If “nice” is an adjective, what kind of word is “niceness”?

Say you have the adjective "nice". If something is nice, then it has the quality of niceness. What type of word is "niceness"? Is it still an adjective?
0
votes
1answer
44 views

What is the sentence starter, “as a result”? Is it a transitional word?

What part of speech is "as a result"? Is it transitional or a conjunction or neither.
1
vote
3answers
97 views

Collocation 'bolt upright'

What part of speech is the word 'bolt' in the adverb 'bolt upright'?
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Proper punctuation when using “as is” to make a comparison

I'm wondering what the proper punctuation is when using "as is" to make a comparison. Example: "Venus and Mars are planets, as is Earth when referring to the whole world." I've noticed in this ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

What part of speech would these words be considered as?

I am trying to figure out what part of speech the bolded words are: Spanish is spoken in parts of South America and, Football is played in America.
0
votes
0answers
19 views

compound words and their uses [duplicate]

When using compound words, their mean can still be retained when "de-compounding" them in one of two ways. The first way: bookstore = store of books For this compound word, one just adds an ...
4
votes
2answers
126 views

Are pronouns nouns?

In the Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (Huddleston & Pullum 2002) and many other grammars, the English pronouns are viewed as a subcategory of the English nouns. In other grammars, such ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Proper nouns : Which parts of speech commonly surround proper nouns

I am building an automated system to seek out the proper nouns from a piece of text. I have some algorithms available to me that can correctly determine the POS tag of a word in some text. The problem ...
5
votes
1answer
111 views

“Bright” Part of speech

"Bright" is listed in the OED as an adjective. However, in front of a color being used as an adjective, it performs as an adverb since adverbs(not adjectives) modify adjectives. Ex. "The bright ...
2
votes
2answers
60 views

What is “that” in “The Mouse that Roared”? e.g [closed]

I can't figure out if "that" in this construction is a conjunction, a preposition, or what, and therefore whether it should have an intial cap in headline style.
5
votes
2answers
81 views

Why do nouns and verbs which are stressed differently all exhibit the same variation?

I recently stumbled upon an interesting quirk regarding words that are both nouns and verbs. They seem to all follow the same stress pattern. Here are a few examples: NOUNS I have a really long ...
1
vote
3answers
78 views

What part of speech is 'as' in this sentence?

Science doesn't fare as well for pessimists. They not only have lower levels of happiness compared to optimists, but research shows that people with negative thoughts are 3 times as likely to ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

Postpositions in English and “ago”

I was informed earlier today that the word ago is actually a postposition and the only one of its kind in English. Is this correct? If so, why do dictionaries not use this classification and prefer ...
1
vote
2answers
68 views

“Where is the cat?” - What part of speech is the word “where”?

In the sentence, "Where is the cat?", what part of speech is the word "where"?
0
votes
0answers
58 views

No one made above a B today — adverbial or ellipsis

So as I was watching a movie, there was this sentence: No one made above a B today. It stimulated my curiosity greatly. "Make" is supposed to be a transitive verb in this sentence, and therefore ...
0
votes
1answer
154 views

Looking for a collection of alternate words - not a thesaurus

I'm looking for a database of alternate words, not like a thesarus, but as they're listed in a dictionary. E.G. not "terrible" => "bad, awful" etc but "terrible" => "terribly". Is there a specific ...
-2
votes
2answers
53 views

parts of speech the word 'that' can belong to [closed]

Is the THAT in the following sentence a conjunction? There is strong evidence that Zika is spreading fast all over Brazil.
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Reflexive pronoun: direct object or predicate noun?

In the sentence: He considered himself wise. I would parse this as He - subject considered - transitive verb himself - direct object wise = object complement adjective My kids ask ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the grammatical function of “never”?

What is the grammatical function of "never" in the following sentence? You will have to do something you've never done. Is it an adverb? My father disagrees with this. In "I have studied" vs. ...
32
votes
6answers
3k views

What is the lexical class of the word 'worth' when used in a sentence like “Is this apple worth $3?”

The question "Not worth the paper it's printed on" - wrong meaning? got me thinking about what part of speech, or lexical class, the word 'worth' takes? A comment in "Is it worth ...
1
vote
2answers
101 views

Is “crazy” a noun?

The traditional grammar taught us that only noun, noun phrase or its equivalent, e.g., to infinitive or gerund (in traditional grammatical sense) could be a subject of a sentence. Now, I watched a ...
0
votes
3answers
309 views

What part of speech is “righteous” in this sentence?

I'm wondering about the word class. It does not mean to make righteous just, but to declare or pronounce righteous. As far as I know the word "righteous" or "just" is an adjective. But in the ...
1
vote
7answers
302 views

Word for a phrase that is very commonly used to describe something [closed]

What is a word to describe a phrase such as "Anything can happen", which is often made in reference to baseball. This is frequently said, but "platitude" and "cliche" aren't the right terms. What ...
1
vote
3answers
2k views

Is “on” part of a verb phrase in “Put Item on Hold?”

For an interface I'm working on, there's a command available to a user called "Put Item On Hold." Or possibly it should be "Put Item on Hold," since the style guide I'm using says that prepositions ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Is it possible for a sentence to have a direct object and predicate adjective?

In school, I was taught that action verbs have direct objects and linking verbs have predicate adjectives or nominatives; however, some verbs seem to use both simultaneously. For example, in "I made ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

In this sentence, what parts of speech are the words 'next' and 'last'?

Could someone please tell me what the word 'next' and 'last' are? I mean the word class. 'it's your turn next ish' 'I read the letters last ish' Thank you!
13
votes
9answers
1k views

Is “times” really a plural noun?

In the question What part of speech are "plus", "times", and "minus", we discover that plus is a preposition, and are left to assume that so is times, in phrases such as ...
13
votes
8answers
734 views

“Cry foul” - is foul a noun?

Is the the word "foul" in the saying "cry foul" a noun, an adjective or an adverb? I had a disagreement with my teacher, where I think it's a noun. As in screaming "Foul!", saying that the action is ...
2
votes
3answers
92 views

Why is the “to” in “we may see the price to rise” is wrong?

My friend is trying to tell me that the use of "to" in the sentence "we may see the price to rise" (meaning "we expect the price to rise" or "we may see the price rise") is correct. I'm fairly certain ...
4
votes
1answer
63 views

What syntactic function does 'us' have here?

We (subject) need (verb) you (object) to meet (infinitive) us (object?) at the library (prepositional phrase) at 7 (prepositional phrase) tonight (adverb). What type of object is "us"?
1
vote
2answers
119 views

What are these “[verb]-ing” forms called? [duplicate]

How would you describe the bolded words here? They don't intuitively seem like present participles to me, but I might be wrong.   List X can be created by appending the contents of List B to ...
4
votes
2answers
80 views

What part of speech is the phrase “Notwithstanding the foregoing?”

In a contract document I'm reading, I found the following sentence: Notwithstanding the foregoing, your employment is also subject to the following terms: My question concerns the phrase, ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Is there a name for the irregular spelling difference between some nouns and verbs?

Most words that have a noun-form and a verb-form (noun/verb pairs) have identical spelling, e.g. a jump (n.), to jump (v.). However, some words have different spelling: advice (n.), advise (v.) ...
1
vote
2answers
119 views

Enumeration of different parts of speech

I assume it is bad style but I'm not sure whether it is grammatically incorrect to have an enumeration with different parts of speech (for example a prepositional phrase and an adjective) like: "He ...
0
votes
2answers
121 views

which is more correct? “of my own age” or “of my same age”

I really faced that problem a lot. So, I want to end these frustrations and make it clear for me in order to improve my English Thanks in advance.
11
votes
4answers
730 views

Is “now” a “preposition”?

My question starts from this question which asks about difference between currently and right now, which is not that complicated. However, in the middle of exchanging comments, I found a few points ...
14
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the grammatical function of 'Celsius' in “ten degrees Celsius”?

In this sentence: Iron melts at around 770 degrees Celsius, 1,400 degrees Fahrenheit. What is the grammatical function of the words 'Celsius' and 'Fahrenheit' ?
13
votes
3answers
16k views

Is “of ” necessary in “all of ”?

Listen to all your fans vs Listen to all of  your fans OR Name all the states vs Name all of  the states What part of language is of  in these examples? Is it necessary or ...
20
votes
6answers
3k views

How can I prove a word is a noun?

When I read a sentence, I can identify nouns. But now I need to give proof that they are indeed nouns, and that is where it goes wrong. I can think of one or two things sometimes (like combining it ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Graduate or Graduated student [duplicate]

Should I say that I was awarded the Dean's Award for the Best Graduated Student or Deans's Award for the best Graduate? Also, is it "for the best..." or "as the best..." I'm talking about someone who ...