Linguistic categories explaining how words are used. Examples are the verb, the noun, the pronoun, the adjective, the adverb, the preposition, the conjunction, and the interjection.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

3
votes
4answers
113 views

“Opportunities of” vs “opportunities for;” which one is correct and why?

The sentence is "I was privileged with ample opportunities (for vs of) one on one interactions with my writing teachers." Would it be more appropriate to use for or of in this situation? What ...
2
votes
2answers
36 views

Is “unaided” an adjective or an adverb?

The Oxford Learner's Dictionary lists "unaided" as an adjective. You can see it here. However, in two of the examples listed there: Did she produce this work unaided? He can now walk unaided. ...
10
votes
5answers
7k views

How many different parts of speech can the f-word be used as?

In an "interesting" thread of comments we began to look at the word fuck in several different uses. Most of them were interjections and verb uses as would be expected. But, perhaps dialectally, the ...
0
votes
2answers
69 views

What online resource can I use to find sentences that use a word in a specific part of speech?

I recall there is an online service that lets you search for a word (like "sky") and shows you sentences that use that word but you can filter by part of speech (the noun "sky" vs. the verb "to sky"). ...
3
votes
2answers
883 views

Gerund Phrase as Subject

Is it acceptable to use a gerund phrase as the subject of a sentence? More generally, can a gerund phrase be used interchangeably with other nouns? For example: Understanding history enhances ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

“All of” + possessives

May I ask a question about the correct use of all of? As far as I understood from a previous post, of must be used when followed by a pronoun. What happens with possessives? In this example: ...
2
votes
2answers
165 views

Pronunciation of “compact” across English dialects, when used as different parts of speech

Googling suggests that compact has the stress on the last syllable when used as an adjective and on the first syllable when used as a noun. Is this common for all English dialects or are there ...
6
votes
9answers
11k views

Is “architect” a verb and a noun?

I hear the word architect used as a verb in the technical field and now more often in other industries and groups, for example: We need to architect a better solution to the problem. I am ...
0
votes
2answers
649 views

What parts of speech are in the sentence, “He went to the moon”?

What parts of speech are in this sentence: He went to the moon. I’m confused about part of speech to assign to “to the moon”.
5
votes
2answers
80 views

What the heck is “not”, anyway?

Consider the following sentences: Enough are present to form a quorum. Not enough are present to form a quorum. M-W and Wiktionary both label enough as a pronoun in this usage, but they also ...
5
votes
1answer
49 views

What is the name of the phrase that repeats the preceding noun?

I, Motes, don't know this. "Motes" is? I think it starts with an 'A'.
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Postpositions in English and “ago”

I was informed earlier today that the word ago is actually a postposition and the only one of its kind in English. Is this correct? If so, why do dictionaries not use this classification and prefer ...
6
votes
3answers
6k views

The grammatical function of “How”

What is the grammatical function of "how" in this sentence: He told us how to do it.
0
votes
2answers
72 views

What part of speech is the word “excess” [closed]

I am learning English grammar. I have come across the parts of speech: noun, adjective, adverb, and preposition. But I could not decide on what part of speech 'excess' is in the sentence below: " ...
1
vote
1answer
119 views

What part of speech is “know” in “let us know”? [closed]

What part of speech is "know" in: Let us know. "You" is the implied subject, "let" is the verb, and "us" is the indirect object. But I'm confused about "know" - what is its grammatical ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

“Come home.” — other adverbs which refer to the noun versions of themselves?

In the phrase Come home. the word 'home' is playing the role of adverb, and essentially means 'to or towards home'. It is interesting to me that it has a rather recursive definition; are there ...
1
vote
4answers
35k views

“As of late” or “as of lately”?

The title pretty much summarizes my question. For example, in the following sentence She has developed an accent while living overseas, which as of late(ly) became more pronounced. I usually ...
104
votes
19answers
22k views

Is “women men girls love meet die” a valid sentence?

Is "women men girls love meet die" a valid sentence? If so, what does it mean? The sentence shows up in academic papers about the "Sausage Machine" for natural language processing. (A google will ...
2
votes
2answers
701 views

Can a “who” act as both a pronoun and a conjunction at the same time?

Example: I will sue the person who murdered my neighbour. In the preceding example, should we treat who as a relative pronoun, a conjunction, or both?
11
votes
5answers
3k views

What part of speech are non-human “interjections” like “oink” and “bang”?

As a spin-off from this comment: If a human exclaims something like "ouch!", I believe it's considered an interjection. But if a pig exclaims "oink!", what is the part of speech? And if a bell goes ...
-1
votes
1answer
73 views

What part of speech is “touch” in the phrase “sense of touch”? [closed]

Is it just a noun, or is there a more precise name? It seems like an object of the preposition, but I'm not sure.
1
vote
1answer
55 views

how can Use the title 'Mr'

Use of titles in English language, can we use title Mr if we use the designation like Secretary Sports Mr Saleem Akhtar, etc, or we skip it. i am asking in reference to make a news report or news ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

Expressions starting with 'as' - does 'as' imply a rhetorical obviousness?

Being a non-native speaker I might have the wrong instinct about this, but I feel a common theme in the following expressions: as God is my witness as I hope to be saved as you value your life To ...
9
votes
3answers
6k views

Is “of ” necessary in “all of ”?

Listen to all your fans vs Listen to all of  your fans OR Name all the states vs Name all of  the states What part of language is of  in these examples? Is it necessary or ...
19
votes
6answers
1k views

How can I prove a word is a noun?

When I read a sentence, I can identify nouns. But now I need to give proof that they are indeed nouns, and that is where it goes wrong. I can think of one or two things sometimes (like combining it ...
3
votes
2answers
225 views

Telling if a word is a verb in the imperative mood

I'm working on a static analysis tool for the documentation in the Python programming language (PEP257). For this, I need to check if the first word in a documentation string is a verb in the ...
4
votes
7answers
1k views

What is the difference between a part of speech and a syntactic function / grammatical relation?

What is the difference between a part-of-speech and a function? In other words: What is a part of speech. (e.g. noun) What is a grammatical function. (e.g. head, subject) [read "grammatical ...
2
votes
3answers
5k views

When is “here” an adverb or a noun?

In the sentence "I hope you are all paying attention, here is a sentence I made earlier", is here an adverb or a noun? I think it is a noun, but if I substitute a noun or a pronoun for here, the ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

“Data card deposited with Jon Doe.” Is this sentence correct?

"Data card deposited with Jon Doe." Vs "Data card deposited to Jon Doe." which is the correct sentence? Situation is that some device has been returned to the concerned department personnel.
0
votes
2answers
279 views

Is there a verb form for 'Logistics'?

Is there a verb form for 'Logistics'? We logistic your growth. Does this sentence make sense in English?
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Is 'this this' correct?

The ability to echo words and still make a meaningful statement has always bugged me. Take this example sentence: "Thank you for bringing this issue to my attention. We will take care of this this ...
0
votes
0answers
119 views

What is the grammatical function of “in my opinion”?

In phrases such as "X is better than Y in my opinion" what is the grammatical function of the phrase "in my opinion"? I know that prepositional phrases can function as adverbs or adjective depending ...
7
votes
1answer
200 views

Why does Pinker classify these words as prepositions in *The Sense of Style*?

In his recent book, The Sense of Style, Steven Pinker explains permissible uses of commas and writes this sentence And when the writer pinpoints the coherence relation he has in mind with an ...
2
votes
3answers
203 views

fun - part of speech [closed]

Compared to other languages, English is in practice pretty indifferent with regards to parts of speech. The lines are often blurry. I'm curious about the following phrase: It's fun. Usually, ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

How do I identify “infinitive clauses/phrases” and “subjects”?

In sentences such as the following, there is (as I understand it) an infinitive clause and an infinitive phrase. Which part is the infinitive clause and which part is the infinitive phrase? And what ...
3
votes
2answers
103 views

A question about this here adjective

I have already seen these here questions: Can "here" be an adjective? What part of speech does “here” have in “I am here”? but they don't appear to me to answer the question I am about to ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

'dynamical' vs. 'dynamic'

The adjective 'dynamical' is widely used in astronomy, perhaps science in general, but it seems like it has the exact same meaning and usage as 'dynamic', and further, seems to be the same part of ...
9
votes
5answers
2k views

Parts of speech and functions: “Bob made a book collector happy the other day”

Having been bamboozled by various questions and answers on this site, I'd like to know what are the parts of speech (POS) and grammatical functions of the words and phrases in the following sentence: ...
1
vote
1answer
162 views

What kind of noun is “iPhone”? [duplicate]

I've always found it a bit peculiar that Apple's marketing refers to iPhone without an article. There is a question here which discusses why it feels more natural to use an article, but I'm wondering ...
3
votes
2answers
682 views

Adjectives versus Noun Adjuncts [duplicate]

What determines whether something is a "noun adjunct" or just a garden-variety adjective? Does it matter in any meaningful way? Here is my hypothesis, but I can't find any authoritative source to ...
6
votes
4answers
952 views

Is this noun used as an adjective?

I read this recently in The Economist: At the end of the summit, the French and European officials had claimed a points victory over the Germans by getting them to agree more firmly to a ...
14
votes
4answers
722 views

Grammatical role of “the hell”?

I’m wondering exactly which grammatical role the word hell takes on in expressions such as Get the hell out of here the hell in this case seems to modify the phrasal verb to get out (get out ...
1
vote
1answer
160 views

Can 'to' in 'to + verb' be an adverb?

The 'to infinitive' has the structure to + verb as in to go, to eat, to ride, etc. The word 'to' is thought to be a preposition. However, since a preposition needs an object and a verb cannot be an ...
0
votes
2answers
111 views

Is there a word for “types of nouns”?

I know "parts of speech" is used to mean nouns, adjectives, verbs, etc., but is there a word or phrase for "types of nouns" that would include subject, direct object, indirect object, etc.?
0
votes
1answer
80 views

Part of Speech, adverb or adjective? [closed]

From a part of Pollyanna written by Elenor Porter: "There ain't no tellin'," sobbed Nancy. "She lay back that white an' still she might easy be dead; but Miss Polly said she wa'n't dead--an' ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the defiant “HMPH!” sound called?

What's the name of the sound a child makes after an angry, declarative and usually defiant statement. Parent: John, you can't take a cookie out of the cookie jar. Child: Yes, I can! HMPH!
1
vote
2answers
126 views

Subject of 'asking' in: 'sent a letter asking'

In the sentence ... The client sent me a letter asking if we could change the information for them. ... what is the semantic/syntactic subject of the verb asking? Are there any tests we can do ...
0
votes
2answers
116 views

Part of speech of “that”?

In this sentence: Its shape resembles that of a kangaroo’s hind foot. What part of speech would that be?
6
votes
5answers
9k views

What part of speech does “here” have in “I am here”?

What part of speech does here have in the following sentence? I am here. I say that in that sentence, here must be an adverb because: It modifies the verb am by describing where I am. Am is a ...
4
votes
3answers
291 views

Are modal verbs and auxiliary verbs actually verbs?

A friend recently told me that "can" is a rare verb without an infinitive. I have since looked it up and discovered it is an auxiliary verb. In my mind it modifies a "proper" verb in much the same way ...