Linguistic categories explaining how words are used. Examples are the verb, the noun, the pronoun, the adjective, the adverb, the preposition, the conjunction, and the interjection.

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1answer
858 views

Are both the “special” and the “needs” in “special needs” adjectives?

In the sentence, "she is a special needs child" (referring to someone with a disability), what parts of speech are the words "special needs"? Are both adjectives on their own, or do they only form an ...
3
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2answers
180 views

A question about this here adjective

I have already seen these here questions: Can "here" be an adjective? What part of speech does “here” have in “I am here”? but they don't appear to me to answer the question I am about to ...
3
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2answers
1k views

Adjectives versus Noun Adjuncts [duplicate]

What determines whether something is a "noun adjunct" or just a garden-variety adjective? Does it matter in any meaningful way? Here is my hypothesis, but I can't find any authoritative source to ...
3
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2answers
332 views

Telling if a word is a verb in the imperative mood

I'm working on a static analysis tool for the documentation in the Python programming language (PEP257). For this, I need to check if the first word in a documentation string is a verb in the ...
3
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4answers
4k views

How do I identify “infinitive clauses/phrases” and “subjects”?

In sentences such as the following, there is (as I understand it) an infinitive clause and an infinitive phrase. Which part is the infinitive clause and which part is the infinitive phrase? And what ...
3
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1answer
352 views

What is the part of speech of a word that refers to the word itself

If I say: Some words that I like are: "desk", "lovely", and "enticingly". What parts of speech are the quoted words? Used in a typical sentence they'd be: noun, adjective, and adverb ...
3
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2answers
992 views

Gerund Phrase as Subject

Is it acceptable to use a gerund phrase as the subject of a sentence? More generally, can a gerund phrase be used interchangeably with other nouns? For example: Understanding history enhances ...
3
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1answer
71 views

What type of word is “certain”?

What type of word is "certain"? As in the sentence: "John wants to own a certain piano which used to belong to a famous pianist." I have looked for some information. It tends to be classified as an ...
3
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2answers
218 views

“Now that x, y,” vs. “Now x, y” (“Now” in dependent clauses): British vs. American English

I have noticed that British English speakers tend not to use that after now in certain dependent clauses where American English speakers will almost certainly use it. BE version of two examples: ...
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4answers
2k views

Is “messaging” a noun, a verb, or an adjective?

In the cruel jargon of software, it is common to see the phrase "messaging system", as if "messaging" were an adjective. Yet if I am "brushing" my teeth, it's a verb. There is an act of "brushing", ...
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3answers
7k views

When is “here” an adverb or a noun?

In the sentence "I hope you are all paying attention, here is a sentence I made earlier", is here an adverb or a noun? I think it is a noun, but if I substitute a noun or a pronoun for here, the ...
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2answers
3k views

Is 'this this' correct?

The ability to echo words and still make a meaningful statement has always bugged me. Take this example sentence: "Thank you for bringing this issue to my attention. We will take care of this this ...
2
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3answers
712 views

They call me “Tater Salad.” What is the part of speech of “Tater Salad”?

What is the part of speech of "Tater Salad" in the sentence 'They call me "Tater Salad."'? What about "crazy" in "They call me crazy."? For that matter, is "me" the object of the verb "call" in both ...
2
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4answers
346 views

What is the general term that describes subjects and objects? (direct, indirect and prepositional objects)

John gave Jack money with enthusiasm. John is the subject, Jack the indirect object, money the direct object, and enthusiasm a prepositional object. Is there a general term that describes the ...
2
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3answers
561 views

fun - part of speech [closed]

Compared to other languages, English is in practice pretty indifferent with regards to parts of speech. The lines are often blurry. I'm curious about the following phrase: It's fun. Usually, ...
2
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2answers
931 views

What's the part of speech of the noun after 'twice'?

He could earn twice his present salary at the new job. Twice two is four. Merriam-Webster says ‘twice’ followed by a noun is an adverb. In this case, is the noun still called a noun or something ...
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4answers
43k views

“As of late” or “as of lately”?

The title pretty much summarizes my question. For example, in the following sentence She has developed an accent while living overseas, which as of late(ly) became more pronounced. I usually ...
2
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2answers
929 views

Can a “who” act as both a pronoun and a conjunction at the same time?

Example: I will sue the person who murdered my neighbour. In the preceding example, should we treat who as a relative pronoun, a conjunction, or both?
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2answers
1k views

What does “just between you and me” function as?

We are trying to figure out the parts of speech in the following sentence and have been stumped by the first phrase: Just between you and me, those boots aren't cool this year. I say ...
2
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3answers
5k views

What are the parts of speech of “at” and “least” in “at least”?

As in “It travels faster than sound at least.” After considering the alternative at the very least, I'm thinking at is a preposition, and least is — well, stumping me. Can we have it be as normal, a ...
2
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2answers
585 views

checking parts of speech pattern of this sentence

I wonder if the following sentence is grammatically correct. Foobar is a novel, set in a scenic landscape of farmland and ancient woodland on the banks of the River Foo. I suppose the word "set" ...
2
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1answer
2k views

What is the defiant “HMPH!” sound called?

What's the name of the sound a child makes after an angry, declarative and usually defiant statement. Parent: John, you can't take a cookie out of the cookie jar. Child: Yes, I can! HMPH!
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1answer
152 views

What's the name for a part of speech which is not quite rhetorical, but not expected to be answered directly, either?

What's the name for a part of speech which is not quite rhetorical, but not expected to be answered directly, either? I know the word exists, it refers to greetings such as "How are you" and similar. ...
2
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2answers
500 views

What is/are the part(s) of “out of” in the phrase “move out of the way”?

In the phrase “move out of the way”, what is the part of speech of the word “out”? of the word “of”?
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2answers
892 views

'to' / 'rather than' / 'but' [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Which is correct: “prefer X to Y” or “prefer X over Y”? I prefer walking to taking the bus I prefer walking rather than taking the bus ...
2
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3answers
174 views

Can “those” be used in “those good at writing” or “those who …”?

Can "those" be used in "those good at writing" or "those who ..." to refer to a group of people shared the same attribute described by the phrase after "those"? If it is possible (since I have found ...
2
votes
1answer
166 views

“…three years in.” What does it mean when placing 'in' at the end of a sentence?

I read on Gabriel Weinberg's recent blog: "Startups are a long-term game. My best advice is to treat entrepreneurship as a career path, but it is easier said than done absent some amount of ...
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2answers
2k views

Is “12:30” (the time of day) an abstract noun?

Nothing else to add, I just want to make sure.
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2answers
6k views

What part of speech are the words in the phrase “as well as”?

In the sentence: My car as well as my lap top were stolen last night. What part of speech are the words in the phrase as well as? I believe the first as is the preposition of the phrase, that ...
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2answers
2k views

What part of speech is the “be + verb” here? What tense are these sentences in?

I shall have him be killed. She is to be stoned for adultery. What are the constructions be +verb called, grammatically? I feel like the above sentences are very adjectival in nature, more ...
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2answers
70 views

Is “unaided” an adjective or an adverb?

The Oxford Learner's Dictionary lists "unaided" as an adjective. You can see it here. However, in two of the examples listed there: Did she produce this work unaided? He can now walk unaided. ...
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2answers
2k views

Part of speech: “I am disappointed with”

In a construction such as, "John is disappointed with Alice", what part of speech is disappointed with? It appears to me that the "am" is a linking verb. Similarly, "Jessica is sad", it seems to me ...
2
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1answer
3k views

What are the parts of speech in “he's fifty years old”? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Adjective Pluralization He's a fifty-year-old man. He's fifty years old. I'm fine with the first of these two sentences, in which "fifty-year-old" is a ...
2
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2answers
511 views

What's the grammatical function of “not” and “to” in this sentence?

What's the grammatical function of not and to in this sentence? It is legitimate for Slovenia not to allow the merger. How do I analyse the verb phrase? Allow is the headword, but what are not ...
2
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2answers
217 views

Pronunciation of “compact” across English dialects, when used as different parts of speech

Googling suggests that compact has the stress on the last syllable when used as an adjective and on the first syllable when used as a noun. Is this common for all English dialects or are there ...
2
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1answer
3k views

The difference between “parts of speech”, “word classes”, “word categories”?

As a foreign language speaker, I find it hard to distinguish these terms. I've searched on the net; on wikipedia, on grammar.about.com, and some other pages, yet still having difficulties. One just ...
2
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1answer
1k views

What is the function of “doing” in “when doing something”?

Can anyone please explain if "doing" in "When doing something" is a base+ing verbal, or a present participle used as a verb in an elliptical sentence, or something else entirely. Here's an example of ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

How can I identify the role of an infinitive in a sentence?

Infinitives may function as nouns, adjectives or adverbs. Since infinitives are derived from verbs, they do express actions or states of being. However, there is some difficulty in identifying the ...
2
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3answers
114 views

the function of “as” in the following sentence

"But so far, we haven't seen a groundswell of private donations as we often see in major disasters." In the sentence above, is "as" a conjunction or a relative pronoun? I ask this question ...
2
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2answers
75 views

Is there a pre-defined way to describe this grammatical mistake?

I'm wondering if there's a dictionary defined expression for expressions like: "There are many facets to the world in which we live in". One of those "in"s is redundant. But I'm curious if there's a ...
2
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3answers
82 views

Why is the “to” in “we may see the price to rise” is wrong?

My friend is trying to tell me that the use of "to" in the sentence "we may see the price to rise" (meaning "we expect the price to rise" or "we may see the price rise") is correct. I'm fairly certain ...
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vote
4answers
3k views

What is the name of the difference between “doesn't” and “don't”?

I came across a phrase like this today, which is obviously incorrect: The car don't run. The correct version of this would be: The car doesn't run. I wanted to explain the issue to ...
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2answers
463 views

What is the part of speech for words suffixed with “ity”?

This may be a dumb question, but I am bad at grammar (software engineer). Example: practical becomes practicality, equal becomes equality The dictionary calls them nouns, but nouns are defined as ...
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vote
4answers
385 views

Decomposing “fingerprint”

I somehow ended up in a small argument about the first part of the compound word "fingerprint". The other person insists that the first word "finger" is an adjective, which I cannot agree with. ...
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2answers
482 views

The use of the word “what” [closed]

Which of the two following sentences is or are correct? Excessive logging of forests in the past century has resulted in what becomes known as deforestation. Excessive logging of forests in the past ...
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1answer
838 views

How to identify adjectives [closed]

I’m revisiting/studying about adjectives in “Adjectives” at Capital Community College Guide to Grammar and Writing. First I learn that articles are adjectives, but then there follows a paragraph in ...
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3answers
819 views

Grammatical analysis of “feared drowned”

What is the precise meaning of "feared drowned" in http://www.deccanchronicle.com/channels/nation/south/6-gitam-students-feared-drowned-rushukonda-326. I got the intended meaning, but I am confused ...
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2answers
234 views

Analysing “So amazed he cannot speak” [closed]

In the sentence: "So amazed he cannot speak", is "amazed" an adjective?
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4answers
969 views

Is there a term for the phenomenon where the same word forms more than one part of speech?

Is there a term for e.g. the lexical symbol "duck"? It is both a verb and a noun, in contemporary use having no apparent connection, and so would appear to be represent two words. Then, is the a ...
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2answers
80 views

What are these “[verb]-ing” forms called? [duplicate]

How would you describe the bolded words here? They don't intuitively seem like present participles to me, but I might be wrong.   List X can be created by appending the contents of List B to ...