Linguistic categories explaining how words are used. Examples are the verb, the noun, the pronoun, the adjective, the adverb, the preposition, the conjunction, and the interjection.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
8answers
207 views

Word for a phrase that is very commonly used to describe something [on hold]

What is a word to describe a phrase such as "Anything can happen", which is often made in reference to baseball. This is frequently said, but "platitude" and "cliche" aren't the right terms. What ...
12
votes
0answers
1k views

“They are Australian” vs “They are Australians” [migrated]

On the very first page of "Essential Grammar in Use" book of R.Murphy. He wrote Those people aren't English. They're Australian. My question are Is this sentence grammatically correct? What ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Is it possible for a sentence to have a direct object and predicate adjective?

In school, I was taught that action verbs have direct objects and linking verbs have predicate adjectives or nominatives; however, some verbs seem to use both simultaneously. For example, in "I made ...
13
votes
9answers
1k views

Is “times” really a plural noun?

In the question What part of speech are "plus", "times", and "minus", we discover that plus is a preposition, and are left to assume that so is times, in phrases such as ...
2
votes
3answers
85 views

Why is the “to” in “we may see the price to rise” is wrong?

My friend is trying to tell me that the use of "to" in the sentence "we may see the price to rise" (meaning "we expect the price to rise" or "we may see the price rise") is correct. I'm fairly certain ...
4
votes
1answer
54 views

What syntactic function does 'us' have here?

We (subject) need (verb) you (object) to meet (infinitive) us (object?) at the library (prepositional phrase) at 7 (prepositional phrase) tonight (adverb). What type of object is "us"?
1
vote
2answers
81 views

What are these “[verb]-ing” forms called? [duplicate]

How would you describe the bolded words here? They don't intuitively seem like present participles to me, but I might be wrong.   List X can be created by appending the contents of List B to ...
4
votes
2answers
55 views

What part of speech is the phrase “Notwithstanding the foregoing?”

In a contract document I'm reading, I found the following sentence: Notwithstanding the foregoing, your employment is also subject to the following terms: My question concerns the phrase, ...
0
votes
2answers
63 views

which is more correct? “of my own age” or “of my same age”

I really faced that problem a lot. So, I want to end these frustrations and make it clear for me in order to improve my English Thanks in advance.
1
vote
2answers
74 views

Collocation 'bolt upright'

What part of speech is the word 'bolt' in the adverb 'bolt upright'?
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Is there a name for the irregular spelling difference between some nouns and verbs?

Most words that have a noun-form and a verb-form (noun/verb pairs) have identical spelling, e.g. a jump (n.), to jump (v.). However, some words have different spelling: advice (n.), advise (v.) ...
0
votes
2answers
88 views

Enumeration of different parts of speech

I assume it is bad style but I'm not sure whether it is grammatically incorrect to have an enumeration with different parts of speech (for example a prepositional phrase and an adjective) like: "He ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Proper nouns : Which parts of speech commonly surround proper nouns

I am building an automated system to seek out the proper nouns from a piece of text. I have some algorithms available to me that can correctly determine the POS tag of a word in some text. The problem ...
4
votes
4answers
205 views

Can “Christmas” be used as an adjective?

I was just wondering whether I can write Christmas-colored stockings Christmas can be a modifier like Christmas gift, but can it be used as an adjective?
10
votes
4answers
426 views

Is “now” a “preposition”?

My question starts from this question which asks about difference between currently and right now, which is not that complicated. However, in the middle of exchanging comments, I found a few points ...
1
vote
2answers
56 views

Part of speech of “that” [closed]

In the phrase: He demonstrated that he was true What word class does that belong to? In general, which word classes can it belong to? For example, relative pronoun, determiner, ... THX
4
votes
3answers
134 views

Is “keep off” considered a phrasal verb, as in “keep off the grass”?

Or is "off" simply a preposition in this case? If it's a phrasal verb, would it still be considered so in the phrase: Keep your hands off her.
13
votes
8answers
670 views

“Cry foul” - is foul a noun?

Is the the word "foul" in the saying "cry foul" a noun, an adjective or an adverb? I had a disagreement with my teacher, where I think it's a noun. As in screaming "Foul!", saying that the action is ...
1
vote
2answers
77 views

Is “Due” a Participle?

The word "due" is a funny little thing.  The etymology is that the Latin debere produced the Anglo-French dever which has the participle form deu.  In effect, English borrows (or has ...
14
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the grammatical function of 'Celsius' in “ten degrees Celsius”?

In this sentence: Iron melts at around 770 degrees Celsius, 1,400 degrees Fahrenheit. What is the grammatical function of the words 'Celsius' and 'Fahrenheit' ?
5
votes
2answers
113 views

Is “which” a preposition? Because because

Backstory: Back in 2013 the American Dialect Society appointed because Word of the Year. People had begun using a new syntax: noun-phrases and adjectives could now follow because. In response Geoffrey ...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

What type of word is “certain”?

What type of word is "certain"? As in the sentence: "John wants to own a certain piano which used to belong to a famous pianist." I have looked for some information. It tends to be classified as an ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Graduate or Graduated student [duplicate]

Should I say that I was awarded the Dean's Award for the Best Graduated Student or Deans's Award for the best Graduate? Also, is it "for the best..." or "as the best..." I'm talking about someone who ...
4
votes
1answer
52 views

In “Never speak ill of friends”, what part of speech is 'ill'?

Is ill here a noun, and thus the object of speak; is it an adjective, or an adverb modifying speak?
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Why do some words change inflection when used differently?

Are there rules that determine if a word changes inflection depending on its part of speech? Some words seems to change inflection whether a noun or a verb, while others are pronounced the same. I ...
1
vote
2answers
86 views

Is the “of” in “a lot of” a preposition?

Is "of" in "a lot of time" a preposition? I am working on a task about the identification of prepositions and their objects. I am not sure about "a lot of", and for some reason it seems unbreakable.
0
votes
1answer
75 views

Am I right in thinking that I'm using “opposite” as both a noun and an adjective?

I am using the word opposite in two ways: 1) To refer to something that has an opposite; 'heat' is an opposite because it has an opposite, 'cold', whereas 'three' is not an opposite because there is ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

'Really!' Is it still an adverb?

I understand that 'really' is an adverb when it is describing an adjective in a sentence but what if it was an exclamation as in 'Really! I had no idea that was the case.' What part of speech would it ...
24
votes
2answers
3k views

What part of speech is “down” in “Put your pencils down”?

I need to know what down in this specific sentence means. I don't know if it is a preposition or an adverb.
0
votes
0answers
42 views

What type of prose poetry is this?

When I use the first line as a metaphor/imagery and the second line as its literal translation, as in this oversimplified example: She is my coffeehouse She restores my energy or even ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

What kind of question is this?

When someone asks a question strictly to impart knowledge, as in: Or do you presume on the riches of his kindness and forbearance and patience, not knowing that God’s kindness is meant to lead ...
1
vote
4answers
98 views

Part of speech: “each” in “they each gave me a kiss”

Which part of speech is "each" in this sentence? They each gave me a kiss. Some thoughts: The dictionary says "each" can be an adjective, pronoun or adverb. Adverb? That sounds plausible by ...
0
votes
2answers
126 views

What part of speech is the word “sleep?” [closed]

What part of speech is the word "sleep" in this sentence? You should have eight hours of sleep each night.
0
votes
3answers
185 views

What part of speech is “asleep” in “sound asleep”?

My husband was sound asleep. According to Merriam Webster, the word "sound" in "sound asleep" is an adverb. What part of speech, then, is "asleep"? ("Asleep" can only be an adjective or adverb, and ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

What part of speech is “Commemorates”?

I know that "Commemorate" is a verb, but what part of speech is "Commemorates"? (What part of speech is it when you add the 's' to the end?)
1
vote
0answers
67 views

What part of speech is “on” in the phrase “Bring it on home (to me)”?

If I had to guess I'd say it's an adverb, modifying the verb "bring," but it seems like it could also be interpreted as a preposition with "home" as the object. Both? Neither? Thanks for any help.
1
vote
2answers
276 views

her: a determiner or a pronoun?

Her has two forms: Possessive form of 'she': This is her pen; She is her mother Object form of 'she': Give it to her; I know her For simplicity, please let me refer to the first form of her as ...
2
votes
2answers
70 views

Is “unaided” an adjective or an adverb?

The Oxford Learner's Dictionary lists "unaided" as an adjective. You can see it here. However, in two of the examples listed there: Did she produce this work unaided? He can now walk unaided. ...
5
votes
2answers
95 views

What the heck is “not”, anyway?

Consider the following sentences: Enough are present to form a quorum. Not enough are present to form a quorum. M-W and Wiktionary both label enough as a pronoun in this usage, but they also ...
5
votes
1answer
76 views

What is the name of the phrase that repeats the preceding noun?

I, Motes, don't know this. "Motes" is? I think it starts with an 'A'.
1
vote
1answer
1k views

What part of speech is “know” in “let us know”? [closed]

What part of speech is "know" in: Let us know. "You" is the implied subject, "let" is the verb, and "us" is the indirect object. But I'm confused about "know" - what is its grammatical ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

“Come home.” — other adverbs which refer to the noun versions of themselves?

In the phrase Come home. the word 'home' is playing the role of adverb, and essentially means 'to or towards home'. It is interesting to me that it has a rather recursive definition; are there ...
109
votes
19answers
23k views

Is “women men girls love meet die” a valid sentence?

Is "women men girls love meet die" a valid sentence? If so, what does it mean? The sentence shows up in academic papers about the "Sausage Machine" for natural language processing. (A google will ...
1
vote
1answer
101 views

how can Use the title 'Mr'

Use of titles in English language, can we use title Mr if we use the designation like Secretary Sports Mr Saleem Akhtar, etc, or we skip it. i am asking in reference to make a news report or news ...
-1
votes
1answer
171 views

What part of speech is “touch” in the phrase “sense of touch”? [closed]

Is it just a noun, or is there a more precise name? It seems like an object of the preposition, but I'm not sure.
1
vote
3answers
183 views

What online resource can I use to find sentences that use a word in a specific part of speech?

I recall there is an online service that lets you search for a word (like "sky") and shows you sentences that use that word but you can filter by part of speech (the noun "sky" vs. the verb "to sky"). ...
0
votes
2answers
103 views

Expressions starting with 'as' - does 'as' imply a rhetorical obviousness?

Being a non-native speaker I might have the wrong instinct about this, but I feel a common theme in the following expressions: as God is my witness as I hope to be saved as you value your life To ...
20
votes
6answers
3k views

How can I prove a word is a noun?

When I read a sentence, I can identify nouns. But now I need to give proof that they are indeed nouns, and that is where it goes wrong. I can think of one or two things sometimes (like combining it ...
0
votes
0answers
80 views

“Data card deposited with Jon Doe.” Is this sentence correct?

"Data card deposited with Jon Doe." Vs "Data card deposited to Jon Doe." which is the correct sentence? Situation is that some device has been returned to the concerned department personnel.
0
votes
0answers
267 views

What is the grammatical function of “in my opinion”?

In phrases such as "X is better than Y in my opinion" what is the grammatical function of the phrase "in my opinion"? I know that prepositional phrases can function as adverbs or adjective depending ...