This tag is concerned with the usage of the glyphs ( and ), known as parentheses (singular parenthesis) in American English and as brackets in British English.

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9
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4answers
21k views

Where does the question mark go — inside or outside the parentheses?

I know that when brackets enclose part of a sentence, the full stop goes outside. I tripped over this morning. I was distracted by a plane (which turned out to be Superman). If it's a full ...
-2
votes
1answer
33 views

Have I corrected this sentence properly? [closed]

Could anyone clarify that I have corrected the following sentence properly? Original sentence: The day will kick off with a variety of stalls for everyone to enjoy from 10am-12pm including cakes, ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Use of brackets in legal writing

I see in legal writing the use of double brackets in a quote to indicate part of the quote is deleted, such as: "All work [] makes Johnny a very dull boy." I thought the correct way to do this quote ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

In my example, did I use brackets correctly?

I know the rules of this site state to only ask questions to get direct answers, but I'm hoping I could still get a little suggestion on what to do. I'm writing a research paper, so the context is ...
4
votes
1answer
52 views

quotes and brackets

I'm programming a parser for a new language, and need a word which references all kinds of quotes and brackets: "" '' <> () [] {} Up to now I always used "quotes and brackets", but is there ...
1
vote
2answers
70 views

quoting and punctuating a quote within parentheses

How do I make sure to punctuate my quotes within parentheses correctly? For example: Joe did not demonstrate insight into how he might alter his behavior to improve his social interactions (e.g., ...
17
votes
3answers
5k views

Parentheses vs. double commas vs. dashes to provide additional detail

When do you use commas and when do you use parentheses to provide more detail about something? For example: The suspect, Tom Wilson, is now being charged with murder. The suspect (Tom Wilson) is ...
10
votes
4answers
3k views

When a sentence uses an optional plural, should the rest of the sentence treat it as singular or plural?

Consider the following sentence: We assume that the individual(s) possesses some general knowledge of the rules of football. Is "possesses" correct there? Should it be "possess"? Is the rule ...
8
votes
5answers
4k views

Number agreement when using “(s)” for optional plural

I have a question about the following construction and which instance is correct. Selecting an appropriate study topic(s). Selecting appropriate study topic(s). When it is both singular ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

What indefinite article to use when there is an adjective in parenthesis? [duplicate]

When using a or an before a noun should you take into account any additional information provided in parenthesis? For example, is it better to say "I would like a (emerald) necklace" or "I would like ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Condensing information which uses the same sentence structure via parentheses

Suppose I want to unify the following definitions into one sentence An X system is given by its X representation A Y system is given by its Y representation A Z system is given by its Z ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

Parentheses around more than one paragraph

Does English allow one to put parentheses around more than one paragraph? Example: Paragraph 1. (Paragraph 2. Paragraph 3.) Paragraph 4. (Of course, this is just a simple example. ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Add parentheses when using alternative content? [duplicate]

Would you add parentheses in the first place when you write alternative content? Example: "This car has a(n) (optional) navigation system." or "This car has a (optional) navigation system." ? ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

How to use articles in parentheses?

Do I need to use an article for the option word in parentheses? If you want to create a new design of a handle (flag), the outer diameter of the casing can be changed in the place of possible ...
2
votes
2answers
59 views

How to correctly capitalize words inside of brackets/parentheses in article names and book titles?

How do I correctly capitalize words inside of brackets/parentheses in names and titles? A few examples: Captain America (untold stories) Captain America (Untold Stories) Madonna (written ...
61
votes
8answers
3k views

“A/An” preceding a parenthetical statement

When a/an precedes a parenthetical aside (sometimes seen in informal/conversational writing), should the vowel rule depend on the first word in parentheses, or the next word in the "regular" flow of ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Period placement in a sentence containing both parantheses and quotes

Which of the following is correct: (This is a "test"). (This is a "test.") (This is a "test".)
46
votes
14answers
2k views

If an insertion in parentheses ends with a smiley, how do I distinguish between the two?

I know smileys are not part of written language (yet), and any questions about them are irrelevant to linguistics and are kind of not serious. So take my question with a smiley then. It bugs me ...
0
votes
3answers
144 views

Capital letter in parentheses after full stop [closed]

I am writing up a project and I am wondering whether or not I would capitalize the first letter in brackets where the brackets are the start of the sentence. For example, consider the following: I ...
0
votes
1answer
15 views

In my example, did I use parentheses correctly? [closed]

As mentioned before, Table 1 is evidence that alcohol consumption was reduced by 9.2% (with statistical significance at the 1% level). Should I remove or leave the parentheses?
0
votes
1answer
25 views

In my example, do I need parentheses?

(ϕ_1 ) ̂ is the first stage (the estimated effect of the MLDA on alcohol consumption). (ρ_1 ) ̂ is the reduced form (the estimated effect of the MLDA on either overall deaths, motor vehicle ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

In my example, can I use parentheses in such a way?

This is for writing a research paper. Some of the different regressions include higher polynomial orders with (or without) the birthday variable
1
vote
1answer
139 views

Can or should you use two ellipsis points in one large quote?

So if i were to quote an author and I want to add a later part to an earlier part by putting it in the middle of the first quote? an example : The researcher, led by Woo-Suk Hwang, insist they ...
-1
votes
1answer
90 views

Use of Parentheses

Am I correct in refusing to use parentheses around the area code for my telephone number? Those three digits are not at all incidental.
7
votes
4answers
16k views

In which cases is a comma/period placed inside or outside of parentheses?

Are there cases where a period is placed inside parentheses? In which cases the period (or a comma) should be placed inside the parentheses?
1
vote
2answers
62 views

Is it appropriate to use a colon in this situation?

For example: I did a quick search and found the following, but I am still confused: List item 1 List item 2 etc. Is it appropriate to still use the colon after adding the statement , but I am ...
9
votes
4answers
6k views

When to write the word “parenthetically”

I understand that if you're speaking a phrase in which you would write parentheses, you can say the word parenthetically. But when should you write the word parenthetically? I came across this ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

proper placement of question mark in regards to parentheses [duplicate]

here is the sentence (you didn't really think I was going to suggest you just drink eggnog and eat latkes all month, did you)?
-1
votes
1answer
85 views

Comma after quotation in parentheses [duplicate]

I have a quote in parentheses, and I was wondering whether the comma should go inside the quotation marks or after the closing parenthesis: Now, with weapons like Laser Lipstick (“gives a whole ...
-3
votes
1answer
87 views

Assigning a name in parentheses - do authorities consider it kosher?

I have often seen constructions like, Your best friend(Jim) called today. Six hundred square feet of space on the second floor of 921 County Lane, corresponding to the area shown crosshatched in ...
6
votes
4answers
4k views

Using i.e. in parentheses

When a writer uses parentheses to define a phrase or clarify a word in a sentence, is it appropriate also to use i.e. in the parentheses? That use seems redundant to me.
0
votes
2answers
59 views

Parentheses surrounding footnote body [closed]

It's unbelievably hard to find relevant information online, as almost every Google search just gives pages of advice and questions regarding citations and referencing styles. If I use a footnote in ...
12
votes
3answers
6k views

What does an exclamation mark inside parentheses “(!)” mean?

What does an exclamation mark inside parentheses "(!)" mean? I saw this in a book review I was reading and I didn't understand what the use of it was. Can someone help me?
0
votes
1answer
118 views

The grammar restriction of dash and parentheses

This is a follow-up to my previous question. The answerer mentioned that when parentheses are used for inserting contents in a sentence, the grammar flexibility is assumed to be higher. If that is ...
10
votes
4answers
1k views

How to deal with irregular plural(s)?

What happens if you have a written phrase like We were looking at the same poster(s). but with a noun that has an irregular plural? E.g. with baby/babies, would this be the correct form? We ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

When to choose em dash over parenthesis for parenthetical phrases?

According to Wikipedia: The em dash, m dash, m-rule, or "mutton" (—) often demarcates a break of thought or some similar interpolation stronger than the interpolation demarcated by parentheses ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Where to put the periods: full parenthetical sentence at end of sentence? [duplicate]

I already know where to put the period when there is a note in parentheses at the end of a sentence. However, I would like to know what to do in the case where there is a full sentence, or multiple ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

lists set off by parentheses

Do parenthetical lists need "e.g." preceding the list, such as: "I am building a model of the house with key attributes (height, style, color) considered for comparison with other development areas."
2
votes
4answers
988 views

How to understand “like it or not”?

This is from the transcript of a podcast. How many times has it happened to you: you’re sitting around watching a rerun of Friends and you think: Man, if only I could catch a whiff of that ...
1
vote
1answer
212 views

Which tense should a verb take when parentheses could alter the tense?

In the following sentence I'd like to convey that "I don't know what space an item currently takes up or what space it will take up at some undefined future time". I contracted the sentence using ...
1
vote
1answer
982 views

What should I do when two clauses that must be in parenthesis sit next to each other in my sentence?

I'm writing my thesis dissertation and in the results section I'm showing my results with this sentence: A small correlation between hit position and time was found for SS2 ($r=-0.143, ...
-3
votes
3answers
102 views

Can you end a sentence in parentheses? [closed]

I am a supporter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).
1
vote
1answer
100 views

Manage abbreviations before parantheses at the end of a sentence

There are already topics very close to my question, but not quite there. Does anyone know what to do about this: We review our accounts p.a. (at the end of the year). Normally, without the text ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

Period in or outside the Parenthesis?

I have seen a few tips regarding the placement of periods before or after the closing parenthesis, but none of them solves my issue. A general rule of thumb-if the words inside the parentheses form a ...
0
votes
1answer
228 views

How to paraphrase this sentence? [closed]

I am told that these three sentences imply the same meaning and I can put them together: any idea pleas! Still, domy and duny products have not been evaluated to date with respect to the most ...
11
votes
1answer
505 views

Writing the most important part of a sentence (at the end, between parentheses)

I've seen this writing style several times, where the most important part of a sentence - or a twist - is put at the end between parentheses. This is typically used in titles and gives the sentence an ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

Is the usage of parentheses correct? [closed]

Growth solves (nearly) all problems. The above sentence can be taken to mean "Growth solves nearly all problems" or "Growth solves all problems". But, is the usage of parentheses correct? If ...
8
votes
3answers
3k views

What are the correct ways to express parenthetical comments?

I've seen parenthetical comments that are inserted mid-sentence (like this) and I've also seen parenthetical comments that are inserted after the terminal punctuation symbol of a sentence. (Like ...
4
votes
2answers
177 views

Parenthetic Apposition or not?

Please settle a debate for me. Here is the sentence in question: Excessive, incorrect, use of the word "like" is unbelievably irritating. The criticism is against the comma following the word ...
3
votes
1answer
150 views

Reference to word or phrase that has previously appeared in parentheses

Consider the following sentence: There are three options (Halifax, Winnipeg and Saskatoon). Of the three, Winnipeg is the best choice because of X, Y and Z. The sentence is pretty ...