This tag is concerned with the usage of the glyphs ( and ), known as parentheses (singular parenthesis) in American English and as brackets in British English.

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1answer
170 views

The grammar restriction of dash and parentheses

This is a follow-up to my previous question. The answerer mentioned that when parentheses are used for inserting contents in a sentence, the grammar flexibility is assumed to be higher. If that is ...
2
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0answers
28 views

Where to put the periods: full parenthetical sentence at end of sentence? [duplicate]

I already know where to put the period when there is a note in parentheses at the end of a sentence. However, I would like to know what to do in the case where there is a full sentence, or multiple ...
2
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1answer
50 views

lists set off by parentheses

Do parenthetical lists need "e.g." preceding the list, such as: "I am building a model of the house with key attributes (height, style, color) considered for comparison with other development areas."
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1answer
694 views

Which tense should a verb take when parentheses could alter the tense?

In the following sentence I'd like to convey that "I don't know what space an item currently takes up or what space it will take up at some undefined future time". I contracted the sentence using ...
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3answers
124 views

Can you end a sentence in parentheses? [closed]

I am a supporter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).
1
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1answer
137 views

Manage abbreviations before parantheses at the end of a sentence

There are already topics very close to my question, but not quite there. Does anyone know what to do about this: We review our accounts p.a. (at the end of the year). Normally, without the text ...
2
votes
1answer
203 views

Period in or outside the Parenthesis?

I have seen a few tips regarding the placement of periods before or after the closing parenthesis, but none of them solves my issue. A general rule of thumb-if the words inside the parentheses form a ...
0
votes
1answer
313 views

How to paraphrase this sentence? [closed]

I am told that these three sentences imply the same meaning and I can put them together: any idea pleas! Still, domy and duny products have not been evaluated to date with respect to the most ...
0
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1answer
95 views

Is the usage of parentheses correct? [closed]

Growth solves (nearly) all problems. The above sentence can be taken to mean "Growth solves nearly all problems" or "Growth solves all problems". But, is the usage of parentheses correct? If ...
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2answers
220 views

Parenthetic Apposition or not?

Please settle a debate for me. Here is the sentence in question: Excessive, incorrect, use of the word "like" is unbelievably irritating. The criticism is against the comma following the word ...
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1answer
2k views

What should I do when two clauses that must be in parenthesis sit next to each other in my sentence?

I'm writing my thesis dissertation and in the results section I'm showing my results with this sentence: A small correlation between hit position and time was found for SS2 ($r=-0.143, ...
3
votes
1answer
206 views

Reference to word or phrase that has previously appeared in parentheses

Consider the following sentence: There are three options (Halifax, Winnipeg and Saskatoon). Of the three, Winnipeg is the best choice because of X, Y and Z. The sentence is pretty ...
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1answer
1k views

Lowercase Letter in Brackets [duplicate]

Please look at the following sentence with the bracketed lowercase letter. “Doctor Rogers' thesis states that ‘[p]atients often display psychosomatic symptoms.’ ” Is the author decapitalizing the ...
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2answers
1k views

Parenthesis and quotations having punctuation before AND after them [closed]

I'll have to come up with some examples to show you my question: I know if a sentence is inside either, the punctuation is inside (I also know I use a lot of comma splices. I think of the way the ...
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2answers
5k views

When to choose em dash over parenthesis for parenthetical phrases?

According to Wikipedia: The em dash, m dash, m-rule, or "mutton" (—) often demarcates a break of thought or some similar interpolation stronger than the interpolation demarcated by parentheses ...
1
vote
1answer
398 views

Double parentheses ((. . .))

I wonder why the author used two parentheses in the sentence below: While touring the Center for Agrobiotechnology at Monterrey Tech, its director, Guy Cardineau, a scientist from Arizona, ...
8
votes
4answers
476 views

Should enclosing commas be treated as parentheses?

I just read the following in Dan Ariely's book Predictably Irrational, [...] Zoe, and the other kids to whom I offered the same deal, was completely blinded by [...] p. 57 To me it would have ...
2
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4answers
2k views

Usage of brackets/parentheses [closed]

When and how do we use the different kinds of brackets/parentheses — (){}[] — while writing English (not code)?
1
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1answer
297 views

Is it alright to have a sentence with a parenthetical remark that has an “i.e.” and an “etc.”?

An example would be "The first field is the number (i.e. A001, A013, etc.) in accordance with..." The actual details of the sentence do not matter, it is the parentheses that is being referenced in my ...
1
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1answer
158 views

What punctuation mark should I use? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is the proper use of [square brackets] in quotes? What do brackets in a quote mean? When I add information beside a word in a Bible verse, what bracket should I ...
2
votes
3answers
997 views

How do you punctuate around parentheses?

Which of these punctuation examples is more correct? On December 7, 1941, ("a date which will live in infamy") Japan bombed Pearl Harbor. On December 7, 1941 ("a date which will live in ...
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votes
6answers
14k views

Number agreement when using “(s)” for optional plural

I have a question about the following construction and which instance is correct. Selecting an appropriate study topic(s). Selecting appropriate study topic(s). When it is both singular ...
0
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0answers
42 views

“a” vs. “an” when the following word is in a bracket [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: “A/An” preceding a parenthetical statement Let's say I send a text to someone saying: Can you get me a coffee? Over here, I use a as the following word doesn't ...
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2answers
466 views

Is it correct to use multiple brackets in a sentence? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is it acceptable to nest parentheses? Sometimes I want to explain something a bit further twice or more in the same sentence, and I usually find it awkward to use or not ...
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1answer
229 views

Best way to phrase a sentence with parenthesis [closed]

I'm not sure exactly how to ask this question without giving an example, so here it is. What's the best way to phrase something like this: Found 3 errors (and gave 2 suggestions) for 'Some Book' ...
1
vote
2answers
903 views

Parenthetical statements in direct speech

In some novels, I have often seen parenthetical statements used within direct-speech. e.g. from War and Peace Page 1 Non, I warn you, if you don't say this means war — if you still defend all ...
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3answers
6k views

What is the optional plural form of a word that ends in “‑y”?

I guess “optional plural” is the correct term. I’m referring to things like It can be found at the following location(s). Please pick up your ticket(s). But how do I do that to a word that ends ...
7
votes
5answers
8k views

Which would you place in parentheses: the expansion or the abbreviation? [closed]

When dealing with abbreviations, should you parenthesize the abbreviation or its expansion? I have seen it both ways. Can anyone make a good case for preferring one style over the other?
5
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2answers
250 views

Does use-mention distinction warrant breaking conventions?

Does use-mention distinction sometimes warrant breaking the following capitalization and punctuation conventions? American convention recommends placing punctuation within quote marks. Sentences ...
4
votes
4answers
5k views

How to read parentheses equation [closed]

I have problems with reading mathematical equations in which there are parentheses; could anybody help me? For example: (x−a) (x+b) = 5 (x−a) + 2 (a+10) = z 2 + (10−a) d ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

Comma placement following a coordinating connector

Is there a de jure standard in print media for comma placement following a coordinating connector? The situation is perilous, but if we are prepared to act promptly, there is still one chance of ...
1
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4answers
7k views

How do I deal with quotation marks, parenthesis and period all at the end of a sentence? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Where does the period go when using parentheses? I have never seen this particular issue addressed; I looked around and couldn't see anything that specifically addresses ...
3
votes
1answer
412 views

Entire sentence in parentheses

I am formatting a new book for my company and ran into a problem. There is a sentence that reads: Before beginning, watch Part I in the DVD series, God & the History of Art. (If available as ...
2
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0answers
63 views

Dot and parenthesis at the end of line/sentence, how to deal? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Where does the period go when using parentheses? If I had a parenthesis at the end of the sentence, do I put the dot before or after it? For example, do I write: I ...
2
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1answer
2k views

Multiple sentences inside parenthesis

I have read the few questions about punctuations in parenthesis, but I think none of them answers my question. I've looked at: Where does the question mark go — inside or outside the parentheses? In ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Using correct indefinite article before (in-line) parentheses [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: “A/An” preceding a parenthetical statement This is rather question of readability: Which article should be preferred? There is an (seemingly) easy ...
2
votes
3answers
282 views

Conventions for parenthetical inclusion of articles

Somewhat related: "A/An" preceding a parenthetical statement When writing mathematics, one sometimes wants to write things like x is not contained in (the closure of) the space Y. The ...
3
votes
1answer
145 views

How does one parenthetically amend a noun in a sentence so that both the singular and plural form are included?

In a complex sentence with two subjects, each taking separate actions, the second subject is item (singular), which I want to amend to item(s) with a parenthetical s. How do I direct the rest of the ...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

Parentheses around more than one paragraph

Does English allow one to put parentheses around more than one paragraph? Example: Paragraph 1. (Paragraph 2. Paragraph 3.) Paragraph 4. (Of course, this is just a simple example. ...
5
votes
2answers
20k views

Exclamation mark before closing parenthesis [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Where does the question mark go — inside or outside the parentheses? Consider this: Even a fool gets to be young once (but not twice!). Do you understand? The ...
2
votes
1answer
264 views

Two parenthesized sentences in direct sequence

Is it permissible/good style to have two parenthesized sentences in direct sequence, such as in the following example? However, this could lead to problems with A (for given B) (though not ...
9
votes
4answers
44k views

Where does the question mark go — inside or outside the parentheses?

I know that when brackets enclose part of a sentence, the full stop goes outside. I tripped over this morning. I was distracted by a plane (which turned out to be Superman). If it's a full ...
0
votes
1answer
916 views

“—” vs. “;” vs. “,” vs. “()” — what's the difference? [closed]

All of these punctuation marks seem to have the same purpose. Is there any general guideline for picking one for each use case?
3
votes
8answers
426 views

Nested parentheticals — restructuring for clarity

It's widely known that the name "JavaScript" is trademarked by Oracle (formerly a trademark of Sun, formerly a trademark of Netscape). What was formerly a trademark of Netscape? Sun? Oracle? ...
4
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2answers
460 views

Changing plurality in parentheses

If a set of parentheses lies between a subject and its verb, and the parentheses contain an substitutive subject whose singularity/plurality disagrees with the original subject, whose ...
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5answers
10k views

When to write the word “parenthetically”

I understand that if you're speaking a phrase in which you would write parentheses, you can say the word parenthetically. But when should you write the word parenthetically? I came across this ...
2
votes
1answer
309 views

Parentheses vs. commas vs. hyphen or dash in a list of people

In a list of people published in a bulletin, which is correct? We continue in prayer for: Amy B.(cancer), T. Jones(nephew of Tim), Lillie (on the death of her brother), Sally(Nursing Home), ...
4
votes
2answers
13k views

How do you make a word like “parent(s)” possessive? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is the correct possessive for nouns ending in s? "Please submit your and your parent(s)' federal tax returns." Is the possessive of "parent(s)'" correctly ...
6
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3answers
14k views

Singular or plural verb when pluralisation is used in parentheses [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: When a sentence uses an optional plural, should the rest of the sentence treat it as singular or plural? Which is correct? Buy an apple from the vendor(s) that are ...
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0answers
137 views

If parentheses close the sentence, where should period be? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: In which cases is a comma/period placed inside or outside of parentheses? Consider the following sentence: Now, it is highly attributable that professionally I never ...