This tag is concerned with the usage of the glyphs ( and ), known as parentheses (singular parenthesis) in American English and as brackets in British English.

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Usage of Parenthetical Plural

I am trying to rewrite two sentences like the following into a single sentence using a parenthetical plural: 1: The rule will add an assertion. 2: The rule will add assertions. Combining ...
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33 views

Sequential (and nested) parenthetical sentences and phrases

According to MLA and APA, sequential parenthetical citations should be separated by a semi-colon, so: "John Avery and George Marshall both say that capitalism has existed in America since the ...
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26 views

Shortening a frequently used phrase in a paper

What is the correct term for referring to something as X throughout the remainder of a paper/article? For instance, I'm writing a mock memorandum to a client in a tax class I'm taking and I would like ...
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3answers
27 views

The use of a comma, bracket or nothing?

Firstly, as far as I am aware, 'unjustifiability' is not an actual English word. However, is it ok to use it within the contexts of a philosophy essay? The The Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy on ...
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42 views

Capitalization with parentheses at the beginning of a slide bullet point

Which is correct for a bullet point in a slide presentation? (Continuous) Application deployment or (Continuous) application deployment This is not a title, but just a fragment ...
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3answers
58 views

Two periods required?

When a sentence ends with a parenthetical statement which itself ends with a period, does the sentence also need a period? Example: I love eating vegetables (carrots, peas, etc.). The two ...
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52 views

How to know when to use dashes or commas or braces when describing something in the middle of a sentence?

For example, you have a sentence like this: But let’s pluck a word at random from the vocabulary tree: lambaste. Let’s say whenever you encounter this word, the first four letters, l-a-m-b, ...
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19 views

'A' or 'an' against optional (bracketed) part? [duplicate]

If I have a statement : "She provides a (easy) path to information," should I use a or an ? I know I could re-write the optional adjective to be something that starts with a consonant sound, i.e.? ...
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148 views

Parentheses for alternatives in statement

I often come across a use of parentheses where the parentheses refer to an "alternative layer" of a statement. An example might be helpful here: "Hence, changes in employment that increase ...
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Are we taught to use parentheses in the wrong way and too often? [closed]

I'm finding a lot of questions and answers in general on SE are very liberal in using parenthesis to wrap secondary information within sentences which leads to broken flow and reduced readability. ...
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50 views

“A” or “an” with adjective in parenthesis [duplicate]

Which of the following two forms is correct? (And if there's no agreement about that, which one is more common?) a (optional) parameter an (optional) parameter The problem is that the choice ...
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53 views

Parentheses or quotations for English name (foreigner)? [closed]

My English name is Michael (my name is Minh, so Michael and Minh have some similarity). Should I put my name as: Minh "Michael" Nguyen or Minh (Michael) Nguyen (on a résumé, business card, email ...
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83 views

Showing possession when the noun is defined by a word in parentheses

Document Title: Plaintiff's Interrogatories to Defendant There are multiple plaintiffs. We typically define the plaintiff as, "Plaintiffs (Smith) want to object...etc." and this particular plaintiff ...
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143 views

(Parentheses (inside parentheses)) [duplicate]

As you saw in the title, parentheses inside parentheses don't look too good. But, gramatically speaking, is it correct to do this? For example: Go to this site (you should probably check it out, ...
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119 views

When referencing attached documents at the end of a sentence in parenthesis do you capitalize the first letter? [duplicate]

The aging reports are used by management to determine what files should be worked on first (see aging reports attached).
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105 views

How to conjugate a verb with multiple subjects [closed]

Say you have the following sentence: Alice (and her family) [some present-tense inflection of the verb be]. . . . How do you conjugate be here? It refers both to Alice and "her family". Thus ...
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54 views

Have I corrected this sentence properly? [closed]

Could anyone clarify that I have corrected the following sentence properly? Original sentence: The day will kick off with a variety of stalls for everyone to enjoy from 10am-12pm including cakes, ...
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284 views

Use of brackets in legal writing

I see in legal writing the use of double brackets in a quote to indicate part of the quote is deleted, such as: "All work [] makes Johnny a very dull boy." I thought the correct way to do this quote ...
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75 views

quotes and brackets

I'm programming a parser for a new language, and need a word which references all kinds of quotes and brackets: "" '' <> () [] {} Up to now I always used "quotes and brackets", but is there ...
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What indefinite article to use when there is an adjective in parenthesis? [duplicate]

When using a or an before a noun should you take into account any additional information provided in parenthesis? For example, is it better to say "I would like a (emerald) necklace" or "I would like ...
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1answer
42 views

Add parentheses when using alternative content? [duplicate]

Would you add parentheses in the first place when you write alternative content? Example: "This car has a(n) (optional) navigation system." or "This car has a (optional) navigation system." ? ...
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42 views

How to use articles in parentheses?

Do I need to use an article for the option word in parentheses? If you want to create a new design of a handle (flag), the outer diameter of the casing can be changed in the place of possible ...
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2answers
172 views

How to correctly capitalize words inside of brackets/parentheses in article names and book titles?

How do I correctly capitalize words inside of brackets/parentheses in names and titles? A few examples: Captain America (untold stories) Captain America (Untold Stories) Madonna (written ...
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190 views

Period placement in a sentence containing both parantheses and quotes

Which of the following is correct: (This is a "test"). (This is a "test.") (This is a "test".)
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796 views

Capital letter in parentheses after full stop [closed]

I am writing up a project and I am wondering whether or not I would capitalize the first letter in brackets where the brackets are the start of the sentence. For example, consider the following: I ...
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1answer
27 views

In my example, did I use parentheses correctly? [closed]

As mentioned before, Table 1 is evidence that alcohol consumption was reduced by 9.2% (with statistical significance at the 1% level). Should I remove or leave the parentheses?
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29 views

In my example, do I need parentheses?

(ϕ_1 ) ̂ is the first stage (the estimated effect of the MLDA on alcohol consumption). (ρ_1 ) ̂ is the reduced form (the estimated effect of the MLDA on either overall deaths, motor vehicle ...
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69 views

In my example, did I use brackets correctly?

I know the rules of this site state to only ask questions to get direct answers, but I'm hoping I could still get a little suggestion on what to do. I'm writing a research paper, so the context is ...
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74 views

In my example, can I use parentheses in such a way?

This is for writing a research paper. Some of the different regressions include higher polynomial orders with (or without) the birthday variable
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261 views

Can or should you use two ellipsis points in one large quote?

So if i were to quote an author and I want to add a later part to an earlier part by putting it in the middle of the first quote? an example : The researcher, led by Woo-Suk Hwang, insist they ...
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157 views

quoting and punctuating a quote within parentheses

How do I make sure to punctuate my quotes within parentheses correctly? For example: Joe did not demonstrate insight into how he might alter his behavior to improve his social interactions (e.g., ...
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169 views

Use of Parentheses

Am I correct in refusing to use parentheses around the area code for my telephone number? Those three digits are not at all incidental.
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77 views

Is it appropriate to use a colon in this situation?

For example: I did a quick search and found the following, but I am still confused: List item 1 List item 2 etc. Is it appropriate to still use the colon after adding the statement , but I am ...
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116 views

Comma after quotation in parentheses [duplicate]

I have a quote in parentheses, and I was wondering whether the comma should go inside the quotation marks or after the closing parenthesis: Now, with weapons like Laser Lipstick (“gives a whole ...
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Assigning a name in parentheses - do authorities consider it kosher?

I have often seen constructions like, Your best friend(Jim) called today. Six hundred square feet of space on the second floor of 921 County Lane, corresponding to the area shown crosshatched in ...
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70 views

Parentheses surrounding footnote body [closed]

It's unbelievably hard to find relevant information online, as almost every Google search just gives pages of advice and questions regarding citations and referencing styles. If I use a footnote in ...
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139 views

The grammar restriction of dash and parentheses

This is a follow-up to my previous question. The answerer mentioned that when parentheses are used for inserting contents in a sentence, the grammar flexibility is assumed to be higher. If that is ...
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25 views

Where to put the periods: full parenthetical sentence at end of sentence? [duplicate]

I already know where to put the period when there is a note in parentheses at the end of a sentence. However, I would like to know what to do in the case where there is a full sentence, or multiple ...
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43 views

lists set off by parentheses

Do parenthetical lists need "e.g." preceding the list, such as: "I am building a model of the house with key attributes (height, style, color) considered for comparison with other development areas."
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395 views

Which tense should a verb take when parentheses could alter the tense?

In the following sentence I'd like to convey that "I don't know what space an item currently takes up or what space it will take up at some undefined future time". I contracted the sentence using ...
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3answers
111 views

Can you end a sentence in parentheses? [closed]

I am a supporter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).
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109 views

Manage abbreviations before parantheses at the end of a sentence

There are already topics very close to my question, but not quite there. Does anyone know what to do about this: We review our accounts p.a. (at the end of the year). Normally, without the text ...
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137 views

Period in or outside the Parenthesis?

I have seen a few tips regarding the placement of periods before or after the closing parenthesis, but none of them solves my issue. A general rule of thumb-if the words inside the parentheses form a ...
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250 views

How to paraphrase this sentence? [closed]

I am told that these three sentences imply the same meaning and I can put them together: any idea pleas! Still, domy and duny products have not been evaluated to date with respect to the most ...
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85 views

Is the usage of parentheses correct? [closed]

Growth solves (nearly) all problems. The above sentence can be taken to mean "Growth solves nearly all problems" or "Growth solves all problems". But, is the usage of parentheses correct? If ...
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190 views

Parenthetic Apposition or not?

Please settle a debate for me. Here is the sentence in question: Excessive, incorrect, use of the word "like" is unbelievably irritating. The criticism is against the comma following the word ...
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What should I do when two clauses that must be in parenthesis sit next to each other in my sentence?

I'm writing my thesis dissertation and in the results section I'm showing my results with this sentence: A small correlation between hit position and time was found for SS2 ($r=-0.143, ...
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167 views

Reference to word or phrase that has previously appeared in parentheses

Consider the following sentence: There are three options (Halifax, Winnipeg and Saskatoon). Of the three, Winnipeg is the best choice because of X, Y and Z. The sentence is pretty ...
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697 views

Lowercase Letter in Brackets [duplicate]

Please look at the following sentence with the bracketed lowercase letter. “Doctor Rogers' thesis states that ‘[p]atients often display psychosomatic symptoms.’ ” Is the author decapitalizing the ...
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810 views

Parenthesis and quotations having punctuation before AND after them [closed]

I'll have to come up with some examples to show you my question: I know if a sentence is inside either, the punctuation is inside (I also know I use a lot of comma splices. I think of the way the ...