This tag is concerned with the usage of the glyphs ( and ), known as parentheses (singular parenthesis) in American English and as brackets in British English.

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How to format a parenthetical citation in a parenthetical phrase?

Specifically, in APA style. I'm talking about this, for example: ...where there has been a long history (artefacts have been found (Smith, 2006)) of such matters... Is it okay to have double ...
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11 views

Parentheses: period and comma placement [duplicate]

This is a sentence (with parentheses). This is a sentence (with parentheses.) This is a sentence. (with parentheses) Which example is correct? Does this apply to commas as well, or any other ...
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41 views

Do sentences need to remain grammaticaly correct if text in parentheses is ignored? [duplicate]

This question is best explained by an example. Ignore the mathematical context, it doesn't really matter. ... as x tends to 0, the point P slides towards P', so cos x (and hence 1/cos x) both have ...
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26 views

Parentheses preceding the subject? [closed]

I've been thinking about the following pattern for some time: Linseed oil... soaks into the (visible and microscopic) pores When I was a kid, this wasn't the way I was taught to use parentheses: ...
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36 views

Is there an accepted convention on using parenthesis around multiple paragraphs?

Years ago, I remember reading a novel (I think it was The Three Musketeers, maybe?) that had a few paragraphs inside parenthesis, and it followed the convention for a multiple paragraph quotation: ...
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37 views

Using parentheses with possessive pronoun

The following statements makes sense It is impossible to doubt that you exist. It is impossible to doubt that your mind exists. However, if I were to add parentheses to the first statement ...
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24 views

Using em-dash instead of parentheses and commas [duplicate]

Let's say I have the following sentence: "I didn't like the cake (the cookies were better), but I absolutely hated the egg rolls." Would it be grammatically correct (and colloquially okay, to someone ...
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43 views

Parenthetical prefix in a title: capitalize the word following the parenthetical?

For the title of a paper, I'm including a parenthetical prefix. Should the word that attached to the parenthetical be capitalized? For example, which of the following is correct? "The Migration of ...
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78 views

Is there a name for this type of markup in writing?

In writing there are often little inline snippets to add to the meaning of the sentence - for example: There are many problems here, e.g. too fat; too stupid; smells bad. The elephant is a ...
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2answers
117 views

Use of two sets of parentheses, side by side

I have a sentence that uses two sets of parentheses, side by side: Thank you for your letter of October 27, 2015 in which you outlined questions regarding the development of the new Pima Animal ...
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31 views

Dash or parentheses in bulleted list

I have the a bulleted list with one of the bullets having additional things listed within it: .....including: - Bulk purchase and distribution of essential coffee inputs to members - fertilizer, ...
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1answer
30 views

Parenthesis/Insertion after “or”

Is it valid in English to use a construction like: Fog consists of tiny water droplets or, rarely, ice crystals. If not, how can I elegantly solve this problem?
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46 views

Usage of a word in parenthesis to provide optional meaning

I've seen my boss writing stuff like: The use of (micro-)structures to study the behavior... and in this sentence, the word micro is meant to be optional to the meaning of the phrase. But I ...
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134 views

Parenthetical elements

Why is it acceptable sometimes for writers to enclose an independent clause--a clause which could stand by itself as its own sentence--in dashes and parentheses, yet this can't be done with commas? An ...
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1answer
33 views

What is the correct usage of the question mark when using a parenthesies

Is this the correct use of the question mark? Should it be at the end outside of the ). See example below How do we deliver it? (to the learner)
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21 views

Period usage when abbreviating at the end of a sentence [duplicate]

Regarding the following expression, we can realize that the period character is of dual functionality in its nature: partly denoting the abbreviation, partly being used to end the sentence. I like ...
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1answer
43 views

Capitalisation and parentheses

What is the general rule concerning capitalisation of a word in parentheses that immediately follows the first word of a sentence and acts a "clarifier" for this first word? In other words, the word ...
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4answers
615 views

What is the point of using Parentheses around only part of a word

I sometimes see parentheses around only part of a word. What does this mean? An example...Someone typed the phrase "mission (im)possible. I am unsure what the significance is of putting parentheses ...
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105 views

Using colon, list and parentheses

This is an interesting structure: it has a colon, it's a list, and it boasts parentheses too. But I have doubts about the structure; is the second sentence below grammatically right? Do you have ...
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4answers
289 views

“), or ,”) in the middle of a sentence? [duplicate]

I think commas are typically placed after closed parentheses and within quotation marks. This creates a dilemma when all three are used together. Example one: You may like snelms (or "snail helms,") ...
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1answer
41 views

Punctuation and parenthesis

Just saw this. Shouldn't it have the period (full-stop) after the parenthesis? Like the magazine? Take it with you. (Don’t worry, we’ll give the next passenger a new copy)
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192 views

Should I use double punctuation inside and outside parentheses? [duplicate]

Which one of the following sentences is correct (or more acceptable): Honor your creativity and write down anything that comes to mind (no matter how silly!). Honor your creativity and ...
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2answers
50 views

comma or parentheses?

I have another thorny little sentence: "The level is determined on the basis of the placement (community outpatient or STRP) and on the program’s assessment of the patient’s performance and risk." ...
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1answer
141 views

Can it be correct to have a bracket as its own sentence?

Is it correct English to have a sentence, and then a bracketed sentence as its own sentence? If you don't get what I mean, here's an example: The garden set on fire. (Even the fence set on fire). ...
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2answers
62 views

What rule prevents this usage of commas: “this research, see references [1] and [2], has shown some success”?

I am reviewing a journal paper and the authors constantly use sentences of the sort "this research, see references [1] and [2], has shown some success" It seems to me this is ungrammatical, and that ...
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92 views

punctuating more than one sentence within em dashes and parentheses midsentence

I cannot recast the following sentence. Is it punctuated correctly, i.e., the ending period, midsentence, before the second em dash? The department's philosophy -- When in doubt, let them out. ...
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301 views

Parenthesis and apostrophes

If there is a noun, then parenthesis or a comma, where should a 's go? For example: The dog (who was very big)'s ears perked up. or The dog's (who was very big) ears perked up. or The ...
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118 views

Usage of Parenthetical Plural

I am trying to rewrite two sentences like the following into a single sentence using a parenthetical plural: 1: The rule will add an assertion. 2: The rule will add assertions. Combining ...
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2answers
268 views

Sequential (and nested) parenthetical sentences and phrases

According to MLA and APA, sequential parenthetical citations should be separated by a semi-colon, so: "John Avery and George Marshall both say that capitalism has existed in America since the ...
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1answer
206 views

Shortening a frequently used phrase in a paper

What is the correct term for referring to something as X throughout the remainder of a paper/article? For instance, I'm writing a mock memorandum to a client in a tax class I'm taking and I would like ...
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3answers
43 views

The use of a comma, bracket or nothing?

Firstly, as far as I am aware, 'unjustifiability' is not an actual English word. However, is it ok to use it within the contexts of a philosophy essay? The The Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy on ...
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3answers
109 views

Capitalization with parentheses at the beginning of a slide bullet point

Which is correct for a bullet point in a slide presentation? (Continuous) Application deployment or (Continuous) application deployment This is not a title, but just a fragment ...
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3answers
89 views

Two periods required?

When a sentence ends with a parenthetical statement which itself ends with a period, does the sentence also need a period? Example: I love eating vegetables (carrots, peas, etc.). The two ...
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1answer
163 views

How to know when to use dashes or commas or braces when describing something in the middle of a sentence?

For example, you have a sentence like this: But let’s pluck a word at random from the vocabulary tree: lambaste. Let’s say whenever you encounter this word, the first four letters, l-a-m-b, ...
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19 views

'A' or 'an' against optional (bracketed) part? [duplicate]

If I have a statement : "She provides a (easy) path to information," should I use a or an ? I know I could re-write the optional adjective to be something that starts with a consonant sound, i.e.? ...
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3answers
196 views

Parentheses for alternatives in statement

I often come across a use of parentheses where the parentheses refer to an "alternative layer" of a statement. An example might be helpful here: "Hence, changes in employment that increase ...
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110 views

Are we taught to use parentheses in the wrong way and too often? [closed]

I'm finding a lot of questions and answers in general on SE are very liberal in using parenthesis to wrap secondary information within sentences which leads to broken flow and reduced readability. ...
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1answer
193 views

“A” or “an” with adjective in parenthesis [duplicate]

Which of the following two forms is correct? (And if there's no agreement about that, which one is more common?) a (optional) parameter an (optional) parameter The problem is that the choice ...
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1answer
1k views

Parentheses or quotations for English name (foreigner)? [closed]

My English name is Michael (my name is Minh, so Michael and Minh have some similarity). Should I put my name as: Minh "Michael" Nguyen or Minh (Michael) Nguyen (on a résumé, business card, email ...
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1answer
470 views

Showing possession when the noun is defined by a word in parentheses

Document Title: Plaintiff's Interrogatories to Defendant There are multiple plaintiffs. We typically define the plaintiff as, "Plaintiffs (Smith) want to object...etc." and this particular plaintiff ...
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3answers
9k views

(Parentheses (inside parentheses)) [duplicate]

As you saw in the title, parentheses inside parentheses don't look too good. But, gramatically speaking, is it correct to do this? For example: Go to this site (you should probably check it out, ...
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1answer
517 views

When referencing attached documents at the end of a sentence in parenthesis do you capitalize the first letter? [duplicate]

The aging reports are used by management to determine what files should be worked on first (see aging reports attached).
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300 views

How to conjugate a verb with multiple subjects [closed]

Say you have the following sentence: Alice (and her family) [some present-tense inflection of the verb be]. . . . How do you conjugate be here? It refers both to Alice and "her family". Thus ...
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1answer
127 views

Have I corrected this sentence properly? [closed]

Could anyone clarify that I have corrected the following sentence properly? Original sentence: The day will kick off with a variety of stalls for everyone to enjoy from 10am-12pm including cakes, ...
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1answer
2k views

Use of brackets in legal writing

I see in legal writing the use of double brackets in a quote to indicate part of the quote is deleted, such as: "All work [] makes Johnny a very dull boy." I thought the correct way to do this quote ...
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1answer
133 views

quotes and brackets

I'm programming a parser for a new language, and need a word which references all kinds of quotes and brackets: "" '' <> () [] {} Up to now I always used "quotes and brackets", but is there ...
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1answer
111 views

Add parentheses when using alternative content? [duplicate]

Would you add parentheses in the first place when you write alternative content? Example: "This car has a(n) (optional) navigation system." or "This car has a (optional) navigation system." ? ...
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1answer
62 views

How to use articles in parentheses?

Do I need to use an article for the option word in parentheses? If you want to create a new design of a handle (flag), the outer diameter of the casing can be changed in the place of possible ...
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2answers
2k views

How to correctly capitalize words inside of brackets/parentheses in article names and book titles?

How do I correctly capitalize words inside of brackets/parentheses in names and titles? A few examples: Captain America (untold stories) Captain America (Untold Stories) Madonna (written ...
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357 views

Period placement in a sentence containing both parantheses and quotes

Which of the following is correct: (This is a "test"). (This is a "test.") (This is a "test".)