Parallelism is about balancing similar words, phrases, or clauses identified by similarity in its grammatical structure. The application of parallelism in sentence construction can sometimes improve writing style, clearness, and readability.

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Preferred way to apostrophise in case of dual or multiple ownership by distinct entities [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: “Nikki's and Alice's X” vs. “Nikki and Alice's X” Consider describing the wedding of X and Y. If I want to avoid the overly-formal ...
9
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2answers
2k views

How to combine in a sentence two verb–preposition pairs that have the same object?

Examples: Data can be imported to and exported from the application. Data can be imported and exported from the application. Data can be imported to the application and exported from it. ...
7
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2answers
453 views

“Nikki's and Alice's X” vs. “Nikki and Alice's X”

Which option is grammatical? There will be readings from Nikki Giovanni’s and Alice Walker’s writings. There will be readings from Nikki Giovanni and Alice Walker's writings. Saying it ...
6
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3answers
4k views

How many articles should go in “Merry Christmas and Happy New Year!”?

On the very first Christmas card it was written as "A Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year..." http://www.phrases.org.uk/meanings/christmas-card-sayings-and-phrases.html In Wiktionary that same ...
6
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2answers
658 views

What's the rule for writing sentences with parallel clauses?

I've sometimes seen very nicely written sentences that have 2 clauses: the first is a full sentence, while the second, which is supposed to have a similar structure, was shorten into a special ...
6
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1answer
104 views

Grammar rules for parellelism in comparisons and variations according to verb placement

I'm an academic editor in the field of medicine and I often come across complex comparisons. My question is specifically regarding how the placement of the verb affects the the parallelism of the ...
5
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1answer
303 views

How do I refer to two things together that have different adjectives?

I want to express these two facts: there is a front view; and there is a side view. Which of the following are valid ways of referring to the two views together? a front and side view; a ...
4
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2answers
495 views

“Lots of milk and sugar” or “lots of milk and (lots) of sugar”

When asking how someone wants their tea, they reply: "lots of milk and sugar". Is that to be interpreted as "Lots of milk and sugar" or "lots of milk and (lots) of sugar" according to the rules of ...
4
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2answers
338 views

When should I repeat the definite article?

I am a bit confused about the rule of setting the definite article in a sentence when it is associated to two nouns. The beginning and end of the channel. The beginning and the end of the ...
3
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3answers
215 views

What sentence parts needs to be repeated here?

What of the following is right? "We need to find out..." "...how to lower the costs or how to produce more." "...how to lower the costs or to produce more." "...how to lower the costs or produce ...
3
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3answers
183 views

Parallelism with “in order to”

Which of the following is grammatically correct, or are they both gramatically correct? We use this product in order to increase work efficiency and to streamline testing. We use this product in ...
3
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3answers
528 views

Is the sentence “The world is getting smaller and international connections tighter.” grammatically correct?

Is following sentence grammatically correct? The world is getting smaller and international connections tighter. What kind of construct is this? Parallel structure?
3
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1answer
338 views

What is the present participle of “stop, drop, and roll”?

In a verb phrase, such as stop, drop, and roll, how do I conjugate this in the present participle? Stopping, dropping, and rolling? Stop, drop, and rolling?
2
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3answers
276 views

Is it “thousands of postmen and women” or “thousands of postmen and -women”?

Is it "thousands of postmen and women" or "thousands of postmen and -women"? Is the use of a hyphen correct in the latter case?
2
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2answers
261 views

Proper usage of pronouns

As an ESL student, sometimes I wonder whether I use too many pronouns. For example: She grabbed her purse, she took some money and then she went to buy some groceries. After that she returned ...
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3answers
2k views

Use of the word “that” in formal tone, technical writing

I need help settling a disagreement. I have read many posts about the word "that" — probably too many, since I have gotten myself confused! In this first example, there are two subordinate clauses, ...
2
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3answers
444 views

“To do this or do that” or “to do this or *to* do that”?

I saw on the bottom of an email: To change your email preferences or unsubscribe from certain messages, click here. Is that correct or should it be: To change your email preferences or to ...
2
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2answers
233 views

Does a helping verb have to be followed by the main verb to form a complete sentence?

A friend wrote: "I just feel that now is a good time to reiterate that pluralization does not require an apostrophe." In reply I wrote: Sometimes it does. "Mind your Ps and Qs" doesn't need ...
2
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1answer
147 views

Does this sentence have too many subjunctives?

Does this sentence have too many subjunctives? If it please the king, let it be decreed that they be destroyed, and I will pay 10,000 talents of silver into the hands of those who have charge ...
2
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1answer
126 views

How to say “A has X, and B has X” in a single clause

How can we say Mike has an apple, and Jane has an apple in a single clause? Can I say Both Mike and Jane have an apple or Mike and Jane each have an apple? They sound fine to me but ...
2
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1answer
123 views

Parallel structures when dealing with two items

Is there a need to make the sentence below parallel? Whether you are looking for a place to leave items or want to manage your inventory . . . I find that if it's converted to the more parallel ...
2
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1answer
215 views

Does this sentence call for an additional “for”?

I'm confronted with two compelling options: I want to be at least partially responsible for getting them to think differently, or inspiring them to earnestly investigate new topics. I want to ...
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3answers
79 views

Definite article repetition in lists

Which would be correct: The fridge, the shelves, the walls, the floor, and John himself, were all covered in foam. The fridge, shelves, walls, floor, and John himself, were all covered in ...
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1answer
97 views

Correct usage of “help” and parallelism

I want to combine "A helps B to Verb1." and "A helps C to Verb2." into one sentence. However, "A helps B Verb1." and "A helps C Verb2." are also correct sentences. ("to" can be omitted.) So, my ...
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3answers
1k views

Dropping the second “the” in sentences: the X and the Y vs. the X and Y

Is there any difference between these two examples? 1. (Both) the Senate and the House of Representatives are legislative bodies. 2. (Both) the Senate and House of Representatives are ...
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252 views

Grammaticality of linking two questions like “how often” and “why” together

I would like to ask the postage department the questions like "how often the packages got lost in the mail" and "why the packages got lost in the mail". While it is absolutely correct in Russian to ...
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2answers
79 views

How can I use “a” with “or”

I want to use a with or. Which of these two sentences is the correct one? Do you want a full time or half time? Do you want a full time or a half time?
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3answers
71 views

“Let A be a set, [let] B [be] a group”

Math proves often start with "let". For example: Let A be a set. This is easy. But what about introducing several things in that manner? Let A be a set, B be a group, and C be a number. ...
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1answer
214 views

Does an adjective apply to both nouns when joined with 'and'?

Can you grab the blue shirts and socks? Is the above sentence stating that both the shirts and the socks are blue? Or only the shirts? At this stage, I am leaning towards the earlier (only the ...
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3answers
438 views

Repeat the preposition in an “or” phrase, or not?

Which is correct (or better) English: "Choose lace in neutral pastel tones or also in grey or black" "Choose lace in neutral pastel tones, in grey or in black" "Choose lace in neutral ...
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3answers
655 views

past perfect tense with the conjunction “and”

Among those on his right was Bob, the guy that had days earlier started the lease and so began the first... OR Among those on his right was Bob, the guy that had days earlier started the ...
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1answer
822 views

Preposition use: multiple prepositions to the same noun [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to combine in a sentence two verb + preposition pairs that have the same object? Which of the following sentences is correct? I listen, go, read and learn ...
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192 views

Parallel structure “both from A and B” grammatically correct?

Can I write this? His results, derived both from research and observation, are critical for the project. Or will I have to write either of these? His results, derived both from research and ...
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3answers
570 views

When telling a story and describing objects in the story, should the objects be referred to in past tense or present tense? [closed]

When describing objects in telling a story, should the objects be referred to in past tense or present tense, if the effects of the story still hold true on them? Since it is a story it should be in ...
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3answers
243 views

Two-part verbs — how to “factorize” a noun

What is the correct way to punctuate the following sentence? X can be explained by and obtained out of Y. X can be explained by, and obtained out of, Y.
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1answer
583 views

What is the correct way to write this long sentence? [closed]

Is the following sentence grammatically correct? My abilities to work as a part of a team, to lead a group of people, to have the courage to admit my mistakes and learn from them are the best ...
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1answer
222 views

(GRE) Parallel Structures

The following is a sample question taken from the revised version of the ETS-administered Graduate Record Examination (GRE). I normally try hard to understand the logic behind selecting the choices ...
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1answer
85 views

“The existing and proposed manuals” vs. “the existing and the proposed manuals”

Which one of the following is correct? A comparison between the existing and proposed manuals is as follows. A comparison between the existing and the proposed manuals is as follows. Do ...
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3answers
52 views

parallel sentence construction

"I have, and always will trust you." Do you read this as I have trust you and I always will trust you? The following is suggested by another member on SE: "I have, and always will... trust you." ...
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1answer
557 views

Faulty parallelism?

It was more an inventive construction than based on serious historical research. Is it an example of faulty parallelism "construction/based", or is it acceptable if spoken with emphasis on ...
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1answer
91 views

Is the second “to” grammatical in “I plan to help build and then to start”?

I wrote this sentence: I plan to help build a strategic vision for Arabic digital content and then to start implementing that vision. I want to produce value-added information in a specific ...
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3answers
280 views

When can you omit words in a parallel strucutre?

First of all, I am not a native English speaker, so this is always confusing. I wrote the following sentence: Due to its hydrophobic property, beta-carotene in carrots is more easily absorbed ...
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2answers
40k views

How to use the “not only . . . but also” construction? [closed]

I’m trying to create the following phrase: It is important not only to ____ but also to ____ in general. But the way I’ve written it above doesn’t sound that good to me. Since I’m not a native ...
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3answers
582 views

Use of prepositions in strings of conjunctions

When one wants to list various cases/classes/categories/types of objects in a string of conjunctions, is it preferable (or even mandatory) to keep on using (the same) preposition in front of each one ...
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2answers
479 views

Do I need to add “to” in every clause in a this sentence?

Working in the field helps us to learn how to apply theories to solve real-world problems, to apply […], and to […]. Are the "to" after each comma necessary?
0
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2answers
94 views

“Event is raised when maintenance occurs or scheduled” vs. “or is scheduled”

Which sentence is correct? Event is raised when maintenance occurs or scheduled. Event is raised when maintenance occurs or is scheduled.
0
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3answers
130 views

“Who or where leave that to”

I was writing an email where I needed to return an item to a person who was not in the office the following day. So I came up with the following and I wonder if it's the the correct way of getting ...
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1answer
68 views

Is parallel structure actually necessary? If so, why? If not, why bother teaching it? [closed]

I know parallel structure makes things look and sound better. But there are sentences that lack symmetry that are still grammatically correct. I stole an example from a worksheet: The class valued ...
0
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1answer
132 views

How to combine in a sentence two verb–preposition pairs that have the same TWO objects?

How could one combine succinctly two verbs with the same two objects with different prepositions? For example, if I can either add gifts to a box and remove gifts from the box, what would be the most ...
0
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2answers
227 views

Comparison grammar: repeating the main verb vs. using a helper verb

Is the following grammatically correct? Corporation X spends a larger percentage of its revenue on insurance than Corporation Y does on employee salaries. Should it not be: Corporation X ...