Parallelism is about balancing similar words, phrases, or clauses identified by similarity in its grammatical structure. The application of parallelism in sentence construction can sometimes improve writing style, clearness, and readability.

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“Any salary or compensation or experience certificate” vs. “any salary certificate or compensation certificate or experience certificate”

How should I write this? ... shall not be eligible for any salary or compensation or experience certificate if the Trainee fails to co-operate with XYZ for the exit formalities ... shall not ...
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2answers
59 views

Parallelism question: “it is… yet is” vs. “it is… yet it is”

Florida’s Gainesville-Hawthorne State Trail, a mixed-use recreation trail paved over an old rail bed, is a curious paradox: it is not only completely man-made but also designed exclusively for ...
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38 views

“He has a PS4 and an Xbox One” or “he has a PS4 and Xbox One”?

Which one is grammatically correct? If both are correct, in what context is either used?
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1answer
75 views

Faulty parallelism?

It was more an inventive construction than based on serious historical research. Is it an example of faulty parallelism "construction/based", or is it acceptable if spoken with emphasis on ...
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50 views

“The time and place” or “the time and the place”

A. He still hasn't told us the time and place of the meeting. B. He still hasn't told us the time and the place of the meeting. Q1: Which of the above sentences is correct and why? More ...
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72 views

Parallel structure “both from A and B” grammatically correct?

Can I write this? His results, derived both from research and observation, are critical for the project. Or will I have to write either of these? His results, derived both from research and ...
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1answer
76 views

Does this sentence use parallel structure?

Does the following sentence make use of parallel structure: "Thus, Soyster’s diction most definitely exemplifies how he views himself in a dreary and pitiful manner and Mairs’s diction, contrariwise ...
2
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1answer
106 views

Does this sentence have too many subjunctives?

Does this sentence have too many subjunctives? If it please the king, let it be decreed that they be destroyed, and I will pay 10,000 talents of silver into the hands of those who have charge ...
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1answer
85 views

How to combine in a sentence two verb–preposition pairs that have the same TWO objects?

How could one combine succinctly two verbs with the same two objects with different prepositions? For example, if I can either add gifts to a box and remove gifts from the box, what would be the most ...
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3answers
171 views

Parallelism with “in order to”

Which of the following is grammatically correct, or are they both gramatically correct? We use this product in order to increase work efficiency and to streamline testing. We use this product in ...
3
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2answers
156 views

When should I repeat the definite article?

I am a bit confused about the rule of setting the definite article in a sentence when it is associated to two nouns. The beginning and end of the channel. The beginning and the end of the ...
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1answer
253 views

Parallel structures problem with their prepositions and helping verbs

This might clear it up. It is not about reducing the consumption of sugars or carbohydrates but about moderating the consumption of them. Does this work correctly? Another example: Any ...
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1answer
55 views

Repeat “on” in a list?

Consider the following sentences. My question is: which one is grammatically correct? (If neither is, what is the correct formulation?) [the name of a chapter], in which he summarizes his past ...
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1answer
193 views

Does an adjective apply to both nouns when joined with 'and'?

Can you grab the blue shirts and socks? Is the above sentence stating that both the shirts and the socks are blue? Or only the shirts? At this stage, I am leaning towards the earlier (only the ...
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3answers
4k views

How many articles should go in “Merry Christmas and Happy New Year!”?

On the very first Christmas card it was written as "A Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year..." http://www.phrases.org.uk/meanings/christmas-card-sayings-and-phrases.html In Wiktionary that same ...
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2answers
2k views

How to combine in a sentence two verb–preposition pairs that have the same object?

Examples: Data can be imported to and exported from the application. Data can be imported and exported from the application. Data can be imported to the application and exported from it. ...
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1answer
739 views

Preposition use: multiple prepositions to the same noun [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to combine in a sentence two verb + preposition pairs that have the same object? Which of the following sentences is correct? I listen, go, read and learn ...
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1answer
36 views

Should you use two definite articles in “the Wigner-Ville and Li-Katar distributions”?

Which one is right? the Wigner-Ville and Li-Katar distributions the Wigner-Ville and the Li-Katar distributions Assume that both Wigner-Ville and Li-Katar are distributions.
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2answers
178 views

Comparison grammar: repeating the main verb vs. using a helper verb

Is the following grammatically correct? Corporation X spends a larger percentage of its revenue on insurance than Corporation Y does on employee salaries. Should it not be: Corporation X ...
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1answer
85 views

Adverb or adjective?

In this sentence, is "declining" an adverb? Gerund (noun that uses a verb + ing form)? Or adjective? The university's board of trustees, being worried over declining student enrollments and ...
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1answer
91 views

Parallelism question with adverbs

I'm trying to understand the parallelism error in this sentence: "The university's board of trustees, being worried over declining student enrollments and their failing to secure additional funding ...
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1answer
86 views

Is the second “to” grammatical in “I plan to help build and then to start”?

I wrote this sentence: I plan to help build a strategic vision for Arabic digital content and then to start implementing that vision. I want to produce value-added information in a specific ...
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2answers
77 views

How can I use “a” with “or”

I want to use a with or. Which of these two sentences is the correct one? Do you want a full time or half time? Do you want a full time or a half time?
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1answer
197 views

(GRE) Parallel Structures

The following is a sample question taken from the revised version of the ETS-administered Graduate Record Examination (GRE). I normally try hard to understand the logic behind selecting the choices ...
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2answers
189 views

Does a helping verb have to be followed by the main verb to form a complete sentence?

A friend wrote: "I just feel that now is a good time to reiterate that pluralization does not require an apostrophe." In reply I wrote: Sometimes it does. "Mind your Ps and Qs" doesn't need ...
2
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1answer
97 views

Parallel structures when dealing with two items

Is there a need to make the sentence below parallel? Whether you are looking for a place to leave items or want to manage your inventory . . . I find that if it's converted to the more parallel ...
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234 views

When can you omit words in a parallel strucutre?

First of all, I am not a native English speaker, so this is always confusing. I wrote the following sentence: Due to its hydrophobic property, beta-carotene in carrots is more easily absorbed ...
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2answers
26k views

How to use the “not only . . . but also” construction? [closed]

I’m trying to create the following phrase: It is important not only to ____ but also to ____ in general. But the way I’ve written it above doesn’t sound that good to me. Since I’m not a native ...
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3answers
452 views

When telling a story and describing objects in the story, should the objects be referred to in past tense or present tense? [closed]

When describing objects in telling a story, should the objects be referred to in past tense or present tense, if the effects of the story still hold true on them? Since it is a story it should be in ...
2
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3answers
756 views

Dropping the second “the” in sentences: the X and the Y vs. the X and Y

Is there any difference between these two examples? 1. (Both) the Senate and the House of Representatives are legislative bodies. 2. (Both) the Senate and House of Representatives are ...
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2answers
158 views

“Between a mother and daughter” vs. “between a mother and a daughter”

What is the difference in meaning between these two sentences? The relationship between a mother and daughter. The relationship between a mother and a daughter. I know both are ...
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3answers
1k views

Use of the word “that” in formal tone, technical writing

I need help settling a disagreement. I have read many posts about the word "that" — probably too many, since I have gotten myself confused! In this first example, there are two subordinate clauses, ...
2
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1answer
150 views

Does this sentence call for an additional “for”?

I'm confronted with two compelling options: I want to be at least partially responsible for getting them to think differently, or inspiring them to earnestly investigate new topics. I want to ...
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2answers
163 views

“I would like to go to a youth center to help and (to) work with teenagers”

Which is correct? I would like to go to a youth center to help and work with teenagers. I would like to go to a youth center to help and to work with teenagers. The question is whether ...
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1answer
128 views

US English - need for determiners (a/an) in each item of a list (already parallel)

I have been all over every grammar site I can find (including this one) and cannot find a definitive answer. I am looking for a rule that says in a list of singular nouns, each noun must have its own ...
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283 views

Use of “in” vs. “with”?

If one has an interest in something and a fascination with something which one of the next is correct? I've always had an interest and fascination in something or I've always had an interest ...
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2answers
87 views

“Event is raised when maintenance occurs or scheduled” vs. “or is scheduled”

Which sentence is correct? Event is raised when maintenance occurs or scheduled. Event is raised when maintenance occurs or is scheduled.
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1answer
193 views

Enumeration that starts with “in the”

What is grammatically correct? I participated in the math club, in the cycling club and in the computer game design club. or I participated in the math club, the cycling club and the ...
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2answers
656 views

Repeating “to” in a list of verbs connected by “and”

"This group’s main duties are to carry out information systems audits in Colombian banks and to make research and develop new regulations on information technologies and systems in the banking ...
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1answer
281 views

How do I refer to two things together that have different adjectives?

I want to express these two facts: there is a front view; and there is a side view. Which of the following are valid ways of referring to the two views together? a front and side view; a ...
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240 views

Grammaticality of linking two questions like “how often” and “why” together

I would like to ask the postage department the questions like "how often the packages got lost in the mail" and "why the packages got lost in the mail". While it is absolutely correct in Russian to ...
2
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1answer
125 views

How to say “A has X, and B has X” in a single clause

How can we say Mike has an apple, and Jane has an apple in a single clause? Can I say Both Mike and Jane have an apple or Mike and Jane each have an apple? They sound fine to me but ...
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3answers
157 views

Use of both adjective and verb in place of object clauses

I've been trying to assemble this sentence, but something feels wrong with every option I've come up with. This has made me frustrated and lack motivation to go on this way. or: This has ...
3
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1answer
321 views

What is the present participle of “stop, drop, and roll”?

In a verb phrase, such as stop, drop, and roll, how do I conjugate this in the present participle? Stopping, dropping, and rolling? Stop, drop, and rolling?
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448 views

Use of prepositions in strings of conjunctions

When one wants to list various cases/classes/categories/types of objects in a string of conjunctions, is it preferable (or even mandatory) to keep on using (the same) preposition in front of each one ...
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69 views

“To Sam and to Tom” vs. “to Sam and Tom”

Which would be correct? Or are they equivalent? I present this award to Sam and to Tom. I present this award to Sam and Tom.
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3answers
272 views

Is it “thousands of postmen and women” or “thousands of postmen and -women”?

Is it "thousands of postmen and women" or "thousands of postmen and -women"? Is the use of a hyphen correct in the latter case?
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245 views

How to avoid repetition of “due to” [closed]

I want to say that something has happened due to several reasons. So I used word due to to say the reason but due to comes respectively. I avoided it in my 2nd sentence. Would it be ok? Missing of ...
2
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2answers
232 views

Proper usage of pronouns

As an ESL student, sometimes I wonder whether I use too many pronouns. For example: She grabbed her purse, she took some money and then she went to buy some groceries. After that she returned ...
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71 views

Objects with and

In a daily I read (name has been changed): Mr X takes a holiday with his divorced wife and daughter. Is this correct? Here, doesn't divorced qualify both wife and daughter here?