Questions about modifiers.

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Postmodification using participle: Is it grammatical?

I am a Japanese teacher of English who is making a teaching material for my students. I would like to know whether the following usage would be totally accepted in school grammar. To put my question ...
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3answers
56 views

Ambiguous modifier at the end of this sentence? [closed]

We review recurrent neural networks in computer science, a simple class of learning algorithms that permit feedback between the different nodes in the network. I have two questions: Is the ...
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3answers
39 views

Is that “the most” or just “most” to be used for a superlative of an adverb?

I wonder whether to use the determinant "the" when it is to be used for superlative of an adverb as follows: (A) These neurons innervate most densely to layer 1. (B) These neurons innervate ...
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0answers
29 views

Modifier placement/ Dangling modifier

Is there any misplacement in the use of the modifier in any sentence? which one looks better & why? Manifesting their delight, People of our neighbouring countries, after the hard-fought ...
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1answer
26 views

they interrogated Harry, nervous…/ dangling/misplaced clause

a. They interrogated Harry, exhausted. b. They interrogated Harry, nervous. c. They interrogated Harry, nervous because he thought they had found his gun. d. They interrogated Harry, nervous and ...
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0answers
31 views

In what way do these adverbial prepositional phrases modify the verb?

Adverbial prepositional phrases usually answer one of these questions: when, how, where, and why. Furthermore, if the phrase is movable it’s a good sign that the phrase is adverbial. I am also aware ...
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1answer
241 views

Plural modifying noun [duplicate]

Where can I learn about the English rules for noun phrases in which a modifying noun is semantically plural? We say "Horse trainer," not "horses trainer", even though there is usually more than one ...
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1answer
16 views

Some Sentence and Comma [closed]

Whatever the degree of integration, teaching autistic children effectively will require more funding, to train both specialist and mainstream teachers. Why do we need comma after "funding" and ...
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2answers
36 views

Funny modifiers

How would you rewrite this funny modifier: Freshly painted, Jim left the room to dry. Does this sentence mean that he left the room for something else, and he left the room to dry? How would you ...
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1answer
32 views

“Science committee” vs “Scientific committee”

Is Science Committee correct and/or more accurate than Scientific Committee? I'm in a committee at a science lab where we organize events to promote the research done in-house. The committee is a ...
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2answers
61 views

“high-quality” vs. “quality”

This appeared in the NYT the other day: "...creating a quality product is challenging." I've always been under the impression that one should say "high-quality" or "low-quality" or have some ...
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1answer
64 views

'Well' after: How to use 'well after' in a sentence? [closed]

She waited till well after midnight. What does well after signify here? There are 51 definitions of well at the Merriam Webster Dictionary. It is not immediately obvious which one applies here. ...
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6answers
269 views

In structures such as 'football manager', is 'football' a modifier or a complement of the head noun?

I thought I'd post this as it illustrates a problem often encountered on ELU. In structures such as 'football manager', is 'football' a modifier or a complement of the head noun? I've seen ...
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1answer
38 views

Does the “rule of the last antecedent” apply to casual conversation?

The Supreme Court recently decided Lockhart v United States using the rule that a limiting clause or phrase . . . should ordinarily be read as modifying only the noun or phrase that it ...
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2answers
64 views

“0/the lazy/clever Peter”: definite article with modified proper names

In some grammar book I read: The use of articles with names of persons modified by adjectives is varied. In most cases no article is used with names of persons modified by the adjectives old, young, ...
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0answers
40 views

In “thin green candle”, can these adjectives be considered cumulative?

I have read that coordinate adjectives can be separated by commas, since both modify the noun, and cumulative adjectives cannot, since the first noun modifies the combination of the last adjective and ...
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1answer
130 views

Putting descriptive words in reverse order

There are sentences like this. He was a calm and nice person. He talked with vaguely old and British expression. I always thought that since "calm and nice" is not a phrase, it came ...
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1answer
867 views

Degrees of comparison for words ending in “-ly”

Would you make a word ending in -ly positive, comparative, or superlative? I'm sort of leaning towards positive at the moment, and if the answer is positive, would you put more and most for ...
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2answers
2k views

How do you modify an adverb with another adverb?

This is the case I have in mind. I wish to express that impact acted in a way that was severely adverse. It impacted her severely adversely. The proposed text above doesn't feel right at all, ...
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0answers
62 views

Nowhere near and nowhere close to

I am so confused about which is modifying which. In the sentence below: It was nowhere close to being done. Nowhere: An adverb modifying close It's the farthest I could get. I don't know if ...
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3answers
33k views

Should “two weeks vacation” be “two weeks' vacation” (possessive)?

I've always understood that the phrase "two weeks" usually turns to "two weeks'" when used as a modifier -- as in "I'm giving my two weeks' notice" or "I get two weeks' vacation" ("two weeks' holiday" ...
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1answer
101 views

I have difficulty using long subject

It is hard to use long noun phrase subject. I hope to make it easy to read. For example, The relation between luminance and pupil area under dynamic condition will be computed. In this case, ...
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4answers
216 views

Can “Christmas” be used as an adjective?

I was just wondering whether I can write Christmas-colored stockings Christmas can be a modifier like Christmas gift, but can it be used as an adjective?
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5answers
80 views

Dangling or Misplaced Modifiers: the use of adverbs

When you say: I earn fifty dollars a week scarcely. I know this is not correct. It doesn't sound right and you can't apply an adverb to "a week" because it doesn't make sense and that's not the ...
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1answer
34 views

Is there a dangling modifier in this sentence?

"The expression constantly changes while watching it". We are talking about a picture here and this sentence is supposed to mean "while smb. is watching it", "it" refers to the expression. Is it ...
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1answer
21 views

What does the term “scheduled” modify in the following sentence:

For the purpose of this article, a pre-approved absence is defined as a scheduled vacation day, personal day, compensatory day or an excused sick day.
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8k views

Hyphen or no hyphen when modifying an adjective with a quantity?

I have a sentence which has an object that is described with an adjective: We need to inform our interested patrons of this change. If I modify "interested" with "more" or "less", do I connect ...
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1answer
25 views

Is there a rule for what we can turn into a compound modifier/adj?

Consider the following: The music was perfect for a windows-down, summer's-day car ride. Is this sentence grammatically correct? The hyphen usage looks particularly odd, but since they are being ...
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2answers
46 views

ambiguity of antecedent of participle modifier in a GMAT question

Below is a GMAT sentence correction question, regarding the proper usage of "include". \begin{question} As an actress and, more importantly, as a teacher of acting, [Stella Adler was one of the ...
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1answer
78 views

Term for words that are modified by prefixing the word with “a” (e.g. anew, aplenty)

It occurred to me that there are quite a large number of words - many of them archaic - that are existing words prefixed with the letter 'a' to create a new word. For example: anew, aplenty, atwitter, ...
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0answers
170 views

Is “away” an adverb in “He ran away”. Also, is it an Object?

Is 'away' the object of the verb 'ran' in: I ran away ... or is it an adverb modifying the verb 'ran'? It seems to be obligatory, which may indicate that it's a phrasal verb as ODO has a ...
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1answer
218 views

Is “responsible” a gradable or a non-gradable adjective?

Is responsible a gradable adjective that can be modified with too? E.g., "He is too responsible".
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3answers
291 views

Are absolute phrases adverbials?

Can we say all absolute phrases function as "adverbials" modifying the subject+verb of the sentence that they are attached to? For example: Her determination stronger than ever, Nexisa resolved ...
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2answers
47 views

to phrase… where is the noun it modifies?

She is not a person to fear. She is not a person to be feared. It is fine to use both forms, but I cannot catch the definite difference between them in meaning. Also, why is it OK to use ...
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2answers
44 views

What does an adjunct modify?

Does an adjunct always modify the noun or can it modify the verb, too? For example: He talked about me [in a hateful way]. I don't think that saying "in a hateful way" modifies him would be ...
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1answer
43 views

What does C modify in “A of B that C”? “A” or “B” or “A of B”? Are there some rules?

I have sentences as follow, I want to know what the "that", "while", and the second "that" subordinate clause modify? The goal is to find short descriptions of the members of a collection that enable ...
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0answers
60 views

Participle phrase at the end of the sentence

When participle phrase comes at the end of the sentence, it usually modifies the subject. 1 He smiled nervously with a chocolate in his hands, thinking that the end has come. Here, participle ...
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2answers
48 views

Modifiers of pronouns

Someone new Anybody else Something good I've never thought about it, but why does the adjective follow the noun it modifies? Is there a technical term for this?
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1answer
49 views

Which clauses with phrases

Can which clause modify participle phrases? Which clause is usually used for summarizing or explaining the clause before it. 1 His wife was stunning, which was always his pride. 2 I left ...
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59 views

Noun (date) as modifier - comma after year needed?

I know that we should always add a comma after the year if the date format is like September 15, 2015. But I've also read that if the date is used as an adjective, there should be no comma. In these ...
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2answers
1k views

“The peasants were the least free of all people, bound by tradition and fettered by superstitions.”

Does this sentence need to be broken up by a semi colon, conjuction, or a period? Is there a modifier error here as well? The peasants were the least free of all people, bound by tradition and ...
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1answer
80 views

Preposition phrases: “for many days in a cocoon” / “in a cocoon for many days”

Are both sentences correct, or is one of them wrong grammatically ? 1) After eating, they rest for many days in a cocoon. 2) After eating, they rest in a cocoon for many days. I can't figure out ...
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101 views

Noun as modifier—singular or plural? [duplicate]

Which one is correct? statistical models for process monitoring Statistical models for processes monitoring.
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97 views

“Hush puppies, if you've never heard of them, are a fried cornmeal dumpling.”

In this sentence, what does the subordinate clause "if you've never heard of them" modify? It doesn't seem like it modifies the verb "are" because it's not a condition for the hush puppies to be a ...
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1answer
48 views

Can I omit “which was”?

In this sentence, can I omit "which was"? "Leaning forward, he looked at his right hand, which was wrapped in thick, white bandages."
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1answer
86 views

What is the second clause modifying?

I went to swimming pool three times a week through out my childhood, Monday, Tuesday, and Friday morning practices that were exhausting but fruiful. I simply cannot find the clause "a ...
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1answer
131 views

Appositive OK in loose construction / as postmodifier?

I'm wondering about this kind of sentence: The girl would regularly steamroll the boys, the diva of her class. The typical rule for appositives is that because they are adjectival they ...
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2answers
174 views

“the below-identified person”: Term for this style and any style guides regarding

Are there any technical terms to specifically describe the two styles (A and B) below? Also, are there any prescriptive style guides that say which is preferable? My own preference is for style B ...
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3answers
718 views

Indefinite Article Preceding Noun “Wind”

It's common to say "a gentle wind", but is it OK to say "a wind"? I just noticed that there's a novel named "A Wind in the Door", in which case I guess "A" could be used here due to the modifying "in ...
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1answer
69 views

Can a participle phrase modify a clause?

It is generally taught that participial/participle phrases function as adjectives modifying a noun (or pronoun). In a sentence such as: A major accident occurred on our bus's route to school, ...