Questions about modifiers.

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In “thin green candle”, can these adjectives be considered cumulative?

I have read that coordinate adjectives can be separated by commas, since both modify the noun, and cumulative adjectives cannot, since the first noun modifies the combination of the last adjective and ...
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24 views

The word “example” as noun modifier [on hold]

Is the use of "example" as a noun modifier generally acceptable, e.g. "see the example diagram" ?
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31 views

Nowhere near and nowhere close to

I am so confused about which is modifying which. In the sentence below: It was nowhere close to being done. Nowhere: An adverb modifying close It's the farthest I could get. I don't know if ...
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1answer
47 views

“0/the lazy/clever Peter”: definite article with modified proper names

In some grammar book I read: The use of articles with names of persons modified by adjectives is varied. In most cases no article is used with names of persons modified by the adjectives old, young, ...
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5answers
60 views

Dangling or Misplaced Modifiers: the use of adverbs

When you say: I earn fifty dollars a week scarcely. I know this is not correct. It doesn't sound right and you can't apply an adverb to "a week" because it doesn't make sense and that's not the ...
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4answers
204 views

Can “Christmas” be used as an adjective?

I was just wondering whether I can write Christmas-colored stockings Christmas can be a modifier like Christmas gift, but can it be used as an adjective?
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34 views

Is there a dangling modifier in this sentence?

"The expression constantly changes while watching it". We are talking about a picture here and this sentence is supposed to mean "while smb. is watching it", "it" refers to the expression. Is it ...
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1answer
23 views

Is there a rule for what we can turn into a compound modifier/adj?

Consider the following: The music was perfect for a windows-down, summer's-day car ride. Is this sentence grammatically correct? The hyphen usage looks particularly odd, but since they are being ...
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2answers
42 views

ambiguity of antecedent of participle modifier in a GMAT question

Below is a GMAT sentence correction question, regarding the proper usage of "include". \begin{question} As an actress and, more importantly, as a teacher of acting, [Stella Adler was one of the ...
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76 views

Term for words that are modified by prefixing the word with “a” (e.g. anew, aplenty)

It occurred to me that there are quite a large number of words - many of them archaic - that are existing words prefixed with the letter 'a' to create a new word. For example: anew, aplenty, atwitter, ...
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127 views

Is “away” an adverb in “He ran away”. Also, is it an Object?

Is 'away' the object of the verb 'ran' in: I ran away ... or is it an adverb modifying the verb 'ran'? It seems to be obligatory, which may indicate that it's a phrasal verb as ODO has a ...
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2answers
38 views

to phrase… where is the noun it modifies?

She is not a person to fear. She is not a person to be feared. It is fine to use both forms, but I cannot catch the definite difference between them in meaning. Also, why is it OK to use ...
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2answers
36 views

What does an adjunct modify?

Does an adjunct always modify the noun or can it modify the verb, too? For example: He talked about me [in a hateful way]. I don't think that saying "in a hateful way" modifies him would be ...
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1answer
20 views

What does the term “scheduled” modify in the following sentence:

For the purpose of this article, a pre-approved absence is defined as a scheduled vacation day, personal day, compensatory day or an excused sick day.
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1answer
29 views

What does C modify in “A of B that C”? “A” or “B” or “A of B”? Are there some rules?

I have sentences as follow, I want to know what the "that", "while", and the second "that" subordinate clause modify? The goal is to find short descriptions of the members of a collection that enable ...
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50 views

Participle phrase at the end of the sentence

When participle phrase comes at the end of the sentence, it usually modifies the subject. 1 He smiled nervously with a chocolate in his hands, thinking that the end has come. Here, participle ...
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2answers
42 views

Modifiers of pronouns

Someone new Anybody else Something good I've never thought about it, but why does the adjective follow the noun it modifies? Is there a technical term for this?
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1answer
44 views

Which clauses with phrases

Can which clause modify participle phrases? Which clause is usually used for summarizing or explaining the clause before it. 1 His wife was stunning, which was always his pride. 2 I left ...
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0answers
42 views

Noun (date) as modifier - comma after year needed?

I know that we should always add a comma after the year if the date format is like September 15, 2015. But I've also read that if the date is used as an adjective, there should be no comma. In these ...
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1answer
69 views

Preposition phrases: “for many days in a cocoon” / “in a cocoon for many days”

Are both sentences correct, or is one of them wrong grammatically ? 1) After eating, they rest for many days in a cocoon. 2) After eating, they rest in a cocoon for many days. I can't figure out ...
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1answer
84 views

Noun as modifier—singular or plural? [duplicate]

Which one is correct? statistical models for process monitoring Statistical models for processes monitoring.
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2answers
91 views

“Hush puppies, if you've never heard of them, are a fried cornmeal dumpling.”

In this sentence, what does the subordinate clause "if you've never heard of them" modify? It doesn't seem like it modifies the verb "are" because it's not a condition for the hush puppies to be a ...
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40 views

Can I omit “which was”?

In this sentence, can I omit "which was"? "Leaning forward, he looked at his right hand, which was wrapped in thick, white bandages."
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1answer
114 views

Putting descriptive words in reverse order

There are sentences like this. He was a calm and nice person. He talked with vaguely old and British expression. I always thought that since "calm and nice" is not a phrase, it came ...
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1answer
53 views

Can a participle phrase modify a clause?

It is generally taught that participial/participle phrases function as adjectives modifying a noun (or pronoun). In a sentence such as: A major accident occurred on our bus's route to school, ...
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31 views

Function of a specific phrase in a sentence

In the following sentence, what is the function of "not, as one might assume, in English"? For example, is it some type of clause that modifies "wrote"? The Irish author Samuel Beckett originally ...
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66 views

Isn't this an illogical comparison?

Here is a usage and mechanics question that I need help understanding: Change the italicized portion with the best replacement, or choose A if correct. When light from a distant source, ...
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1answer
75 views

What is the second clause modifying?

I went to swimming pool three times a week through out my childhood, Monday, Tuesday, and Friday morning practices that were exhausting but fruiful. I simply cannot find the clause "a ...
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842 views

“I wish for a rest now”: what does “now” modify?

Consider this sentence: I am truly amazed by my success at this diagramming business, but I wish for a rest now. I think that the adverb "now" modifies "rest". But according to the answer page, ...
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1answer
74 views

What's it called when you use “with” in a list, but it's not clear which part of the sentence “with” refers to?

This has been driving me mad lately, I'm editing a lot of copy and this is the most common error I've noticed. Here's an example: "Amenities at the inn include a traditional pub with a menu ...
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1answer
109 views

Appositive OK in loose construction / as postmodifier?

I'm wondering about this kind of sentence: The girl would regularly steamroll the boys, the diva of her class. The typical rule for appositives is that because they are adjectival they ...
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2answers
84 views

“The only factor considered” — no subject?

Is All this goes to show that the strength and presentation of an argument should not be the only factor considered when evaluating proposals and making decisions. grammatically correct? Or ...
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2answers
95 views

What the heck is “not”, anyway?

Consider the following sentences: Enough are present to form a quorum. Not enough are present to form a quorum. M-W and Wiktionary both label enough as a pronoun in this usage, but they also ...
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121 views

Is a dark polka dot necktie dark?

In The Syntactic Phenomena of English, McCawley considers the phrase "a dark blue necktie", and concludes that "blue" in that phrase is simultaneously a noun and an adjective. It modifies the noun ...
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38 views

“number of people purchasing X” vs “number of people who purchase X” [closed]

I'm confused between a) "number of people purchasing plane tickets" vs. b) "number of people who purchase plane tickets" Is a) okay to use if number of people purchasing tickets is increasing vs ...
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1answer
95 views

On nouns as modifiers

I know that nouns behaving as modifiers should take the singular form. However, I sometimes have problems telling if certain exceptions are possible. In the example below: "I feel trapped in a cycle ...
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3answers
72 views

Is this misplaced adjective ok, even though it is technically incorrect?

I am writing a technical how-to manual on a hardware/software system, and I've written the following phrase: "To avoid taking up unnecessary storage space on your computer, ..." Looking back at ...
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2answers
316 views

Which is correct, 'self-employed' or 'self employed'? [closed]

In the sentence Self-employed [or Self employed] farmer Belle Vue has lived in the state of Washington all her life. should there be a hyphen between Self and employed?
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65 views

Where to put the possessive “'s” when there is a presence of a modifier?

I'm studying history and as I came across a structural conundrum that I have no idea how to answer. His successor's, Taft, Standard Oil decision suggested John D. Rockefeller's massive oil ...
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2answers
83 views

“Considering …, the middle-out approach” Is this a dangling modifier? [closed]

I am writing my thesis and I have the following sentence: [Considering its empirical complements together with the complexity, extensiveness and dynamics of the city logistic system,] the ...
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1answer
94 views

I have difficulty using long subject

It is hard to use long noun phrase subject. I hope to make it easy to read. For example, The relation between luminance and pupil area under dynamic condition will be computed. In this case, ...
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1answer
157 views

Plural modifying noun

Where can I learn about the English rules for noun phrases in which a modifying noun is semantically plural? We say "Horse trainer," not "horses trainer", even though there is usually more than one ...
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1answer
345 views

Why do people say “Go down this road” or “Go down this corridor” instead of saying “Go straight” [closed]

I was wondering, when giving directions, is it correct to say "go straight" instead of "go down"? Does down and straight in the context of giving directions mean the same thing?
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2answers
108 views

Why are “misplaced” modifiers incorrect in some cases and correct in others?

In some cases, phrases don't have to be next to what they're modifying and in some cases they do. For example, "enraged by the ruling" is not considered a misplaced modifier here. James launched ...
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1answer
837 views

Distinguish between verb+ing as Noun and as Adjective

Verb-ing words can function as nouns, adjective and verbs. Growing plants is my hobby. Growing plants in your back yard need more care. I am growing aromatic plants in my garden. In ...
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1answer
69 views

Is this really a dangling modifier?

In a paper I recently wrote about Dr. Martin Luther King, jr., I used the sentence: As a black man in the '40s, it was almost unheard of to go to college. Someone suggested to me that this ...
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1answer
80 views

Placement of adjective “only”

I have the following sentence and three versions to write it: Ensure string only contains printable ASCII characters. Ensure string contains only printable ASCII characters. Ensure string ...
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3answers
197 views

Confusion on listing in sentences

"I hate hard candy and olives." When someone says that, does it mean they hate candy and olives that are both hard, or hard candy and non-hard olives? If the latter, then wouldn't "I hate olives and ...
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444 views

Use of semi colon in a list with only one “complex item”

I have a list that goes something like this: I am involved in all aspects of these projects: attending client meetings, material selection, compiling information, and most importantly, redesigning ...
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2answers
554 views

The Order of Modification in English Nouns, Preceding or Succeeding? [closed]

As I don't know the exact linguistic terms, what I mean my "preceding" and "succeeding" in modifying nouns is as follows. Preceding : delicious food, long way, kind person, et cetera Succeeding : ...