Questions about modifiers.

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7
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8answers
658 views

“I wish for a rest now”: what does “now” modify?

Consider this sentence: I am truly amazed by my success at this diagramming business, but I wish for a rest now. I think that the adverb "now" modifies "rest". But according to the answer page, ...
-2
votes
1answer
36 views

What's it called when you use “with” in a list, but it's not clear which part of the sentence “with” refers to?

This has been driving me mad lately, I'm editing a lot of copy and this is the most common error I've noticed. Here's an example: "Amenities at the inn include a traditional pub with a menu ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Help with creating chained modifiers for a noun [closed]

I want to create a 'chained superlative' for a noun, but I don't know how to properly form and write it. By chained superlative I mean a string of premodifiers (in the following example, all ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

Appositive OK in loose construction / as postmodifier?

I'm wondering about this kind of sentence: The girl would regularly steamroll the boys, the diva of her class. The typical rule for appositives is that because they are adjectival they ...
1
vote
2answers
69 views

“The only factor considered” — no subject?

Is All this goes to show that the strength and presentation of an argument should not be the only factor considered when evaluating proposals and making decisions. grammatically correct? Or ...
5
votes
2answers
83 views

What the heck is “not”, anyway?

Consider the following sentences: Enough are present to form a quorum. Not enough are present to form a quorum. M-W and Wiktionary both label enough as a pronoun in this usage, but they also ...
4
votes
2answers
72 views

Is a dark polka dot necktie dark?

In The Syntactic Phenomena of English, McCawley considers the phrase "a dark blue necktie", and concludes that "blue" in that phrase is simultaneously a noun and an adjective. It modifies the noun ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

“number of people purchasing X” vs “number of people who purchase X” [closed]

I'm confused between a) "number of people purchasing plane tickets" vs. b) "number of people who purchase plane tickets" Is a) okay to use if number of people purchasing tickets is increasing vs ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

On nouns as modifiers

I know that nouns behaving as modifiers should take the singular form. However, I sometimes have problems telling if certain exceptions are possible. In the example below: "I feel trapped in a cycle ...
2
votes
3answers
59 views

Is this misplaced adjective ok, even though it is technically incorrect?

I am writing a technical how-to manual on a hardware/software system, and I've written the following phrase: "To avoid taking up unnecessary storage space on your computer, ..." Looking back at ...
0
votes
2answers
62 views

Which is correct, 'self-employed' or 'self employed'? [closed]

In the sentence Self-employed [or Self employed] farmer Belle Vue has lived in the state of Washington all her life. should there be a hyphen between Self and employed?
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Where to put the possessive “'s” when there is a presence of a modifier?

I'm studying history and as I came across a structural conundrum that I have no idea how to answer. His successor's, Taft, Standard Oil decision suggested John D. Rockefeller's massive oil ...
1
vote
2answers
67 views

“Considering …, the middle-out approach” Is this a dangling modifier? [closed]

I am writing my thesis and I have the following sentence: [Considering its empirical complements together with the complexity, extensiveness and dynamics of the city logistic system,] the ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

I have difficulty using long subject

It is hard to use long noun phrase subject. I hope to make it easy to read. For example, The relation between luminance and pupil area under dynamic condition will be computed. In this case, ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Plural modifying noun

Where can I learn about the English rules for noun phrases in which a modifying noun is semantically plural? We say "Horse trainer," not "horses trainer", even though there is usually more than one ...
3
votes
1answer
165 views

Why do people say “Go down this road” or “Go down this corridor” instead of saying “Go straight” [closed]

I was wondering, when giving directions, is it correct to say "go straight" instead of "go down"? Does down and straight in the context of giving directions mean the same thing?
1
vote
2answers
64 views

Why are “misplaced” modifiers incorrect in some cases and correct in others?

In some cases, phrases don't have to be next to what they're modifying and in some cases they do. For example, "enraged by the ruling" is not considered a misplaced modifier here. James launched ...
4
votes
1answer
502 views

Distinguish between verb+ing as Noun and as Adjective

Verb-ing words can function as nouns, adjective and verbs. Growing plants is my hobby. Growing plants in your back yard need more care. I am growing aromatic plants in my garden. In ...
3
votes
1answer
59 views

Is this really a dangling modifier?

In a paper I recently wrote about Dr. Martin Luther King, jr., I used the sentence: As a black man in the '40s, it was almost unheard of to go to college. Someone suggested to me that this ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Placement of adjective “only”

I have the following sentence and three versions to write it: Ensure string only contains printable ASCII characters. Ensure string contains only printable ASCII characters. Ensure string ...
2
votes
3answers
196 views

Confusion on listing in sentences

"I hate hard candy and olives." When someone says that, does it mean they hate candy and olives that are both hard, or hard candy and non-hard olives? If the latter, then wouldn't "I hate olives and ...
0
votes
2answers
222 views

Use of semi colon in a list with only one “complex item”

I have a list that goes something like this: I am involved in all aspects of these projects: attending client meetings, material selection, compiling information, and most importantly, redesigning ...
3
votes
2answers
321 views

The Order of Modification in English Nouns, Preceding or Succeeding? [closed]

As I don't know the exact linguistic terms, what I mean my "preceding" and "succeeding" in modifying nouns is as follows. Preceding : delicious food, long way, kind person, et cetera Succeeding : ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Adding a modifier to a phrase with a comma

Here is the sentence in question: "...line of performance apparel is perfect for any race, 5k to 50k. " Is that the proper way to modify race? What is this rule called?
2
votes
4answers
276 views

How can this sentence be reworded?

I just got back a paper my teacher had corrected, and she labeled the word 'be' in the following sentence as a 'dangling modifier': How one learns from these experiences will ultimately determine ...
4
votes
2answers
49 views

Approximate values of amount modifiers [duplicate]

This is an area of English that I consistently have trouble with. Consider the following sentences. I have a couple of books on my desk. I have a bunch of books on my desk. I have a number of books ...
1
vote
2answers
75 views

That vs. who for “police”

"After hearing that Ramin’s father was in the shah’s secret police who were responsible for killing millions..." I thought the word would be "who" because police are people, but MS Word corrects is ...
0
votes
2answers
130 views

How to best correct ambiguity of “in the room next to me”?

A common construction in English is: There is a person in the room next to me. However, this is ambiguous because it’s unclear whether the person is in a separate room that happens to be ...
6
votes
4answers
6k views

Which is correct, “sales price” or “sale price”?

I have a list of items with their details such as item name, quantity, purchase price, sales price/sale price, etc. What is more correct to write in the heading, sales price or sale price?
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Help with a modifier: “Combined”

I am hoping for some help with the following statement from a construction contract: The amounts of all subcontracts, provided that such amounts shall include a maximum of 10% mark-up for overhead ...
0
votes
2answers
304 views

Question about “put not your”

An exercise asked me to rearrange the sentence "Put your money not in trust" such that there is no ambiguity to its meaning. At first glance I thought that "Put not your trust in money" sounded right, ...
0
votes
3answers
80 views

“Terrified, John locked the door” — Is the comma necessary?

Which one would sound better? Terrified, John locked the door and switched off the lights. OR Terrified John locked the door and switched off the lights.
0
votes
2answers
128 views

“Napoleon complex” or “Napoleonic complex”? [closed]

Which is correct: "he has a Napoleon complex" or "he has a Napoleonic complex"?
1
vote
1answer
606 views

Degrees of comparison for words ending in “-ly”

Would you make a word ending in -ly positive, comparative, or superlative? I'm sort of leaning towards positive at the moment, and if the answer is positive, would you put more and most for ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

“Of which many” vs “many of which” as parenthetical modifiers

The houses on Canal street, of which many had been damaged in the storm, looked abandoned. Is the modifier "of which many... storm" correct? I know that "on canal street" is a prepositional ...
2
votes
2answers
232 views

What's the difference between a dangling modifier and a gerund phrase?

This was the first sentence of a New York Times article: Petro O. Poroshenko, a pro-European billionaire confectioner, was sworn in on Saturday as the fifth president of Ukraine, promising to put an ...
2
votes
1answer
106 views

judging the intended meaning of the two sentences below

james is max's supposedly Irish ancestor. james is max's supposed Irish ancestor. what can we interpret from these? which is the correct one? I understand that "supposedly" modifies the adjective ...
45
votes
13answers
6k views

Does “so called” have a negative connotation in English?

In some languages the word-by-word translation of "so called" usually has a neutral connotation. E.g. in the Czech language you may very often find a sentence like this (word-by-word translated from a ...
0
votes
1answer
167 views

Is a participial phrase at the end of a sentence a dangling modifier?

In this sentence: John walked outside, carrying a jug of water. Is "carrying a jug of water" dangling? If it isn't, what about the sentence: John walked to the car, carrying a jug of water. ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Dangling modifier in Style Guide?

When writing English, Strunk & White apply. Am I the only one who sees a dangling modifier here? It may be borderline, but how close to the border? In "strict mode", my ears hear: ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Absolute Phrase and 'With'

I've been reading up on absolute phrases recently, and I was wondering if the following construction is grammatically correct: "Jared went to bed with a lot on his mind, each thought brimming with ...
0
votes
2answers
566 views

What part of speech is “run”?

A JobInstance refers to the concept of a logical job run. In the above sentence, is the final word "run" a noun? and which word does the adjective "logical" modify? job or job run? Is the word "job ...
1
vote
1answer
579 views

Participles Modifying Direct Objects

Here's a simple question: Is is possible for a participle -- past or present -- to modify a direct object? "You deserve every ounce of respect garnered." Is this correct? My reasoning is based on the ...
1
vote
1answer
506 views

order of modifiers

A result of two tables JOIN'ed is a cartesian product of the tables to which a filter is applied which selects only those rows with joining columns matching. In the above sentence, which word does ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

How to properly identify adverbial modifiers? [closed]

I do not fully understand what they mean by structure of the adverbial modifier or type. Does 'type' mean the question it answers i.e. where, when, how? Below I listed the adverbial modifiers which ...
0
votes
2answers
109 views

“the below-identified person”: Term for this style and any style guides regarding

Are there any technical terms to specifically describe the two styles (A and B) below? Also, are there any prescriptive style guides that say which is preferable? My own preference is for style B ...
0
votes
2answers
164 views

Are absolute phrases adverbials?

Can we say all absolute phrases function as "adverbials" modifying the subject+verb of the sentence that they are attached to? For example: Her determination stronger than ever, Nexisa resolved ...
-1
votes
1answer
140 views

“Any salary or compensation or experience certificate” vs. “any salary certificate or compensation certificate or experience certificate”

How should I write this? ... shall not be eligible for any salary or compensation or experience certificate if the Trainee fails to co-operate with XYZ for the exit formalities ... shall not ...
4
votes
1answer
197 views

Grammar question about modifiers

I'm not sure if this statement is grammatically correct. It sounds fine, but I'm not sure if the 'with the...' part is right. With the end of the Great War came a great revolution in the ...
1
vote
4answers
152 views

Should there be a comma in 'a 30-day, money-back guarantee'?

Is a comma needed in the following phrases? 30-day, money-back guarantee 90-day, no-risk trial If so, why? If not, why not? I've seen them written both ways — with and without the comma ...