This tag is for questions about the meaning of a longer passage of English.

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Connotation of a sentence in a listening material from TPO

(Here for the original audio source (MP3 file). The part in question begins approximately at 2'18'') This conversation is an excerpt from one listening material in a TPO (TOEFL Practice Online) test, ...
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35 views

How to reformulate 'honor the data'

I have written sentence like this The resulting property models from cooperative inversion honor the geophysical data My Professor wants me to reformulate the sentence, in particular he raised a ...
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55 views

What is the meaning when someone say “it doesn't get much weird than Lynda?”

Lynda made a dance performance, it's very weird and many audiences couldn't understand it. Then a guy made a comment "It doesn't get much weird than Lynda?". What does he mean ? Is that "Lynda is ...
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41 views

vast lived mythology of terror surrounding cancer

Does the bold part mean "disease cancer that has killed a lot of people in modern days, which sounds like mythology but it is reality" Context: The work may offer satiric comment on science’s ...
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73 views

What does 'if' mean in this sentences?

For similar reasons fragile natural states cannot support many, if any, private elite organizations. As the two world wars and the Cold War of the twentieth century illustrate, external violence is a ...
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63 views

What is the meaning of “enormous condescension of posterity” in below context?

Consider the abstract, As the works of dozens of women writers have been rescued from what E. P. Thompson calls “the enormous condescension of posterity,” and considered in relation to each ...
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The meaning of “pure” vs “clear”

So I'd like to express the "clearness" (in sense of elegance) of some spatial shapes (BTW not sure about this phrase, probably "spatial forms" is more correct). I'm going to use either "pure" or ...
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141 views

Meaning of the term “empty use” in the context of modal verbs

I'm reading a book titled Comprehensive High School English Grammar & Composition. The author, who is Indian, says this on the use of the modal verbs can and could: Can is used to express ...
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131 views

Why is 'X notwithstanding' more correct than 'notwithstanding X'?

Source: p 575, Garner's Modern American Usage (3 ed; 2009), by Bryan Garner: notwithstanding is a FORMAL WORD, used in the sense "despite," "in spite of," or "although." E.g., "Notwithstanding an ...
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16 views

Take advantage of this opportunity

I find myself recurrently stopped while writing e-mails for a main purpose (e.g, answering a direct question from a previous mail somebody sent me) and wanting to add a second theme "taking advantage ...
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68 views

what does pi mean?

I've ordered some good from supplier. and before shipping the products he sent me the following: how much is the goods do you want to declare,as i need to make the pi what does pi mean ? pi is a ...
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23 views

What would be “India Run” in this article? Does it have some historic background I can't find?

Once the wind and current systems dominant in the Atlantic came to be known, the square sail was adopted for use on the lateen caravel, giving rise to the “caravela redonda”. or square-rigged caravel, ...
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what does “considers most” mean here?

The United States signed but has not yet ratified the Convention; however, the United States considers most of the Vienna Convention’s rules as representing customary international law. does it ...
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18 views

Correlation to or between

My Brazilian friend wants me to check his PhD abstract in English. The information of gravimetric and topographic surveys shows the shallow nature of ECSMT with ~ 1.4 km deep, there is a strong ...
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36 views

Who are these people in context?

Text came from preface. I should also be remiss if I did not thank the anonymous Delegates for their thoughtful reports and constructive suggestions. Even those who did not much agree with me gave me ...
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22 views

“For only through assiduous repetition is it possible to redistribute skewed tendencies.” | meaning

To set the quote into context here's an excerpt from Hard-Boiled Wonderland and the End of the World by H. Murakami. There was little left to do but lean up against a wall and count the change in ...
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24 views

Does “wealth” only refers to a financial aspect?

For a contest I'm attenting, the organisators uses, in their theme description, the world wealth. I wonder of the meaning of this word... Here is the sentenc where it's used : Europe need to ...
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26 views

Meaning: 'who would then have the effrontery to say, … however …'

I first encountered the sentences below on p 125, The Words We Live By: Your Annotated Guide to the Constitution (2004; but the newest edition dates at 2015) by Linda Monk JD. Here is an online ...
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41 views

What does “create pot's answer” and “get policy on pot” mean?

These two sentences are from The Economist: 1.The legal market has already created pot's answer to the e-cigarette, which reduces damage done by smoke to lungs. 2.Rather than having to take on Big ...
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performative spillage of theater into real life

Does "performative" in "performative spillage" mean "theatrical (in relation to performance and theatre)" or "in action and in practice (in contrast with in speech)"? Context: when, during a ...
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36 views

What does the boldfaced “it” refer to in the context?

From the World Economic Forum's Global Agenda Weekly: The Global Agenda Council on Human Rights developed a new paradigm that recognizes the important, though not exclusive, role of multinational ...
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30 views

using against the edifice the instruments or stones available in the house

What does the highlighted sentence mean? Is it some kind of saying? What is the meaning of "edifice" here? Source: Read the Cultural Other
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living nearby in both actuality and spirit

Does "living nearby in both actuality and spirit" mean both having close thoughts and living in close geographical locations (close cities and countries) ? Context: it is no surprise that ...
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24 views

conjured with a strong element of deliberation

Does the following sentence want to say that "Sadler himself agrees that situationists themselves deliberately impose complications into this conception"? Context: As an implicated party in this ...
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37 views

“à la carte” in the context outside dining

I have seen à la carte several times on a menu which means what it original meant, something separate from a package, you have to pay extra to order it separately. However, this word has gone way ...
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54 views

Unnamed vs Nameless

I've scouted around and found that: Unnamed defined is "not having being given a name" Nameless defined is "not having a name / unknown as to what the name is My main question is what is the term ...
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What is the meaning of active service and active services in the context of corporations?

Can anyone explain to me what's the exact meaning of "active service" in the context of corporation? Does it mean full-time job? And what are the "active services of a corporation"? Following is the ...
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70 views

“There” as a reference to a previous email?

When you are sending an addendum to a previous email of yours, is it correct to say "As I have mentioned there ...", when you are referring (some part of) the content of your initial email? For ...
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36 views

What is one word to describe someone who plans and manages and whom one consults about a new plant/factory?

I want one word to describe a guy who is a manager, a planner, and a consultant for new startup factories or plants. Can you please help me? Thanks and sorry for bad English.
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45 views

what does this sentence mean?are contradictions insignificant or the playwright?use of commas?

Obviously audiences were in a mood to listen to a playwright ready to fix a remorseless gaze on the contradictions within a personality, even the most insignificant one, a playwright who refused to ...
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39 views

Meaning of “equate to”

Does "equate to" in the following context mean something like "result in", meaning that "in order to describe serious and difficult art we do not need to use a difficult language"? Serious and ...
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48 views

Are both of these sentences correct?

Jack's son told him that he is his son. and Jack told his son that he is his son. Considering that the sentence being said is true (e.g. dad doesn't say that he is the son of his son), are ...
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12 views

What does objective functions mean?

In the sentence "Capital needs to be extended in a way that directly affects objective functions of the decision makers". I'm not clear on what "objective functions means". Knowing the context of ...
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738 views

What's the meaning of “his jaw was set.”

This is a passage from a novel: "No," he said again, standing up straight and wiping his palms on his pajama pants. "We've already got plane tickets." (Both quotes are Neal's) "Neal, I'm ...
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“incorporated into bacteria”

Does "incorporated into bacteria" here mean "inserted into bacteria" or "grown in the form of bacteria"? From the works of Eduardo Kac: The key element of the work is an "artist's gene", a ...
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40 views

an unresolved cycle of fear and the desire for consummation

What does "desire for consummation" mean in this context? Context: The original exhibition’s centrepiece display of sickening body images was mediated through distancing devices – literary ...
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153 views

The meaning of “within the frame” in this sentence

My question is: -Are you planning to have children in the next few years? -Yes, it's within the frame. Is the usage of "within the frame" in this sentence right? I never heard "within the frame" with ...
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meaning of “tentative balance”

when we say "tentative balance of butterflies" what can "tentative" stand for? Does it mean "natural", "experimental", or "unstable"? Context: The painter Madeleine Strindberg uses fMRI scans as a ...
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29 views

…linking the personal to the general and vice versa

Is my interpretation of the following paragraph OK? As, the references of the "which" and its following sentences are not clear enough to me. my interpretation: In the visual arts, viewers subtly ...
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30 views

Meaning of a science journalist excerpt

What is the meaning of this sentence? The glory of the disposition that stops to consider stimuli rather than rushing to engage with them is its long association with intellectual and artistic ...
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73 views

How to interpret 'I will not stop until it is not finished'?

I will not stop until X is not finished. [Edited from source:] 2 means: 3. If X is not finished, I will stop now. Nothing is said about when (or whether) I will start again. 4. If X ...
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77 views

What is the meaning of “in which the sales each force operates” in this sentence?

A friend has asked me to translate this sentence into Persian, but I don't undretsand the bold part.(I wish I knew its previous and next sentences,too, but she has given just this sentence!) Sales ...
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54 views

How to call the first 20 banks of some rating

If we consider banks that are in the first 20 of a rating, what do we call these banks in short? I suppose we can call them "TOP-20 banks". I need this phrase in the sentence. The assets of ...
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52 views

Reading Comprehension GRE

The article “Shock therapy for mental patients will be reviewed” continues the ignorant tradition of demonizing electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in the media (the very use of the ...
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How is 'notwithstanding' governed by some preposition that is the 'subject of the verb'?

Source: p 993 of the book itself (but p 497 of the online viewer with the scroller at the bottom), An Etymological Dictionary of Modern English, volume 2 (1921), by Ernest Weekley: ...
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66 views

'look the worse for'

After a night of profound slumber in Margaret’s bed she looked very little the worse for her fright and her wetting. from Grey Mask by Patricia Wentworth The above expression of look the worse ...
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74 views

What does “did not achieve perfection and never would” mean?

At this point my brain refuses to comprehend this. Astronomers did not achieve perfection and never would, not in a solar system tugged by the gravities of nine planets, scores of moons and ...
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70 views

Way to stick it to

I am watching American comedy, Weird Loners. Mr A is on the phone and talking with headhunter. Mr. A: Jerry (headhunter), come on. I love the salary but these benefits are crap. You call me back ...
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141 views

“This isn't the place for you” meaning?

Would you say that this line is an indirect way of telling someone they shouldn't come/be somewhere? Or if not indirect, maybe some other adjective?
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42 views

Midnight at the Halls or Midnight in the Halls

I was writing a title for an article and I was curious which version of the title would be more grammatically proper: "Midnight at the Halls" or "Midnight in the Halls" It's trying express the fact ...