Questions about verbs in their basic (unmarked) forms, such as “be”, “do”, “have”, or “sit”, sometimes introduced by the particle “to” and other times used by itself.

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Is “to say” in Hamlet's “and by a sleep to say we end” an infinitive or an adverb?

I was trying to identify the word classes of Hamlet's famous monologue "To be or not to be", and I'm really having trouble deciding what word class "to say" in "and by sleep to say we end the ...
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1answer
57 views

infinitive as indirect object

is it possible to use infinitive as indirect object ? for example the sentence ' I persuaded him to go there ' , I guess that 'him' is direct object and 'to go there' is indirect object . is it ...
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1answer
40 views

Adverbial clause modification with an infinitive

Given the sentence I am unable to join you while I am on vacation "While I am on vacation" is an adverbial clause supplying the time when this sentence is true. But, does this clause modify the ...
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0answers
26 views

Regarding the usage of the perfect infinitive is this statement correct?

Is the perfect infinitive being used correctly in this example: I wouldn't want to have kept this document all to myself the whole day knowing perfectly that you need it to work with and give it ...
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2answers
4k views

active voice and passive voice in the infinitive construction

Here are two sentences: That is an interesting question to answer. It is an easy sentence to translate. I am very confused about why we should use the active voice rather than the passive ...
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36 views

Why does this sentence have “to be sold” instead of “to sell”? [migrated]

What he did was he translated stories from all of the major European papers to be sold to other papers. Why the phrase "to be sold to other papers," not "to sell to other papers"?
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3answers
31 views

A question regarding the following usage of the perfect infinitive?

In regards to the usage of the perfect infinitive I've been wondering if it can be used simultaneously with verbs of perception by way of expressing your notion or belief involving either a person or ...
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4answers
108 views

“hope…to win the approval” - help identify parts of speech

I'm confused by this sentence: "Lakesha hopes to win the approval of her mother by switching her major from fine arts to med." I think that in this case hope is intransitive, and I think the ...
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1answer
171 views

Using a perfect infinitive construction to express uncertainty

My sentence: " I needed for her to have called me." The only example that I can find is from google books- title: The Ghost of Samuel Cetawayo" with a similar use of the perfect infinitive: "I had ...
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0answers
29 views

Constructions with verbs that usually take infinitives ('I have to do it.) [migrated]

There are verbs that generally require infinitives after them, like 'have' in the sense of 'have to do sth.' Do these constructions work in a substantially different way than constructions where the ...
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1answer
42 views

Infinitive's Part of Speech in “Scientists have struggled for so many years to find them.”

Is "to find them" an adverbial of purpose or an adverbial of result? In other words, which of the following two sentences is closer to the sentence in the subject line: Scientists have ...
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52 views

Is there any difference in meaning between “We tried to get him to come to church” and “We tried to get him coming to church”? [migrated]

I heard that 'sb1 gets sb2 to do sth' means the doer (sb1) causes the recipient (sb2) to do something one time while 'sb1 gets sb2 to do sth' means the doer causes the recipient to do something ...
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2answers
169 views

Is the expression, “Romney will not to let Obama change the subject” grammatically right?

The article titled, ‘U.S. factors may spare Obama EU allies’ fate’ on Japan Time May 9 issue wraps up with quotes from Mitt Romney and his campaign spokeswoman, Amanda Henneberg; “'The real question ...
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3answers
55 views

Infinitive verses present participle

I often come across this type of thing and wondered if anyone could tell me the correct usage. I have a sentence that reads "As you go through various settings, you will have the option to allow ...
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0answers
20 views

Perfect infinitive in continuous form with an adjective?

Are these sentences correct? "He was rather angry to have been waiting for so long." "He was rather angry to have been made to wait for so long." "He was rather angry having been made to wait for ...
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5answers
23k views

When should a verb be followed by a gerund instead of an infinitive?

Some verbs are followed by ing, e.g. I enjoy swimming. We can't say I enjoy to swim. Likewise, some verbs are followed by to, e.g. I decided to make a plan. Which particular verbs are followed by ...
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2answers
253 views

Force someone to do what you want [to] [do]

1) Don't force your friends to do what you want to do. 2) Don't force your friends to do what you want to. 3) Don't force your friends to do what you want. I think 1) is 'Don't force your friends ...
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1answer
96 views

Infinitive instead of gerund, specifically after 'require' [duplicate]

I use Grammarly Chrome extension to validate my texts in English. And with some sentences I keep seeing the error message "Infinitive instead of gerund". I'm not sure if this is an appropriate error ...
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0answers
97 views

For an infinitive functioning as an object, is it necessary that its logical subject should be identical with the subject of the sentence?

Some grammarians claims: when an infinitive functions as an object, its logical subject must be identical with the subject of the sentence. (seen in a book on grammatical analysis) Is it obligatory? ...
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0answers
29 views

Perfect infinitive with modals?

Is the sentence below grammatically correct? "If you went ahead with that plan, you would be thought/considered/believed to have made a big mistake." Thank you
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1answer
54 views

When to use a gerund or an infinitive after “is”?

How does one know when to use a gerund or an infinitive? states a 90% rule, but I'm more interested in the remaining 10%. This British Council page states Sorry, there isn’t a rule. You have to ...
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5answers
310 views

How does the to infinitive work with adjectives like “wrong” and “wise”?

You were wrong to pick that car I was wise to go home that day. I can't quite explain how the to-infinitive modifies the adjectives here. It's similar to sentences like "It's nice to see you" ...
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1answer
48 views

Difference between using a gerund and using to + verb root

As an objective (or subjective). "Being a teacher" vs "to be a teacher". What is the difference between gerund and 'to' + verb root ? My dream is being a teacher. My dream is to be a teacher.
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0answers
44 views

Another question about gerund vs infinitive

I'm little confused in rules about gerund. Which phrase is correct and why? If all of them are correct - what's the difference? A good way to keep in touch with old friends is using social networks....
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1answer
507 views

Why is the sentence “I go to the US for studying English.” wrong?

I heard the sentence "I go to the US for studying English." is wrong. Can the preposition "for" as purpose be used in this case? Could you teach me the reason why this sentence is wrong?
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5answers
21k views

When is “to” a preposition and when the infinitive marker?

I want to see you. I look forward to seeing you. How can one say "to" in the first sentence is an infinitive marker and in the second sentence a preposition when we are given just the following ...
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2answers
45 views

'Expect to' as an expression of excitement?

In a recent test we asked students to write a sentence expressing their excitement at a future activity. We gave an example sentence using 'looking forward to'. One student wrote "I'm expecting to ...
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1answer
451 views

Do “it is time for someone to do something” and “it is time someone did something” mean the same thing? [duplicate]

I know that It is time (understood: for the speaker or for a group of people including the speaker) to do something. and It is time I or we did something. do not mean the same thing: the first is ...
2
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1answer
33 views

Is `limited to viewing` correct in this context? Your account is `limited to` viewing only the first 100 pictures

As the title says, is limited to correct in that context? Let's say for instance that Facebook offers free and paid account and Facebook only allows free account to view the first 100 pictures of ...
6
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5answers
44k views

“Plan to do” vs. “plan on doing”

What are the differences between the following? He is planning to do something. He is planning on doing something. When to use each?
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0answers
16 views

“celebrating” or “to celebrate”?

The following sentences are the same except the bold parts. Which of the following sentences sounds natural to native speakers of English? A, B or both? A: Farmers who are growing rice for profit ...
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0answers
24 views

Verbs used as infintives

I want to go home. We come to help him. He was the first guy in our crowd to marry. Why "to go" is use as a noun vs. "to help" is used as an adverb vs. "to marry" is used as an adjective?
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1answer
87 views

Using too many 'to's in a sentence?

This may be more of a stylistic question than anything else, but I'm hoping for some general rules about using the word 'to' in a sentence and when it might be used too many times. For example, I'm ...
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1answer
114 views

Omitting verbs, is it correct?

I wonder if I could omit the second 'visit' in such sentence: You have to visit all the places, which she wants to (visit) Would it be correct? Thanks in advance :)
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1answer
36 views

I want to know usage of infinitive as adverb

for example. she lived to be ninety what does that sentence mean? Is it meaning of "she lived in order to be ninety" or "she lived and just became ninety"? I have learned it as she lived and ...
4
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1answer
92 views

What is the rule for two verb tenses in one sentence? [closed]

Example: I heard the bomb go off. Why is the first verb in the Past tense and the second in the Present tense?
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1answer
72 views

To + verb, bare verb or verb + ing in noun phrases [duplicate]

I've asked this around and I'm RACKING MY BRAIN trying to figure it out. Which one is the correct verb form in the following sentence? The craziest thing I've ever done is go / to go / going ...
2
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1answer
241 views

Using a “to-infinitive” after coordinating conjunctions (e.g., “and”) or not?

I am wondering whether the "to" should be repeated after a coordinating conjunction or not. For example, a) [...] practical examples to round up the learning experience and provide the tools for real-...
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1answer
26 views

Is this a valid construction using the the perfect infinitive

Is it correct to say " In order to have been". I understand that without context the general meaning may be difficult to interpret, but could this even be used as a valid construction with the ...
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2answers
176 views

I have a bodyguard in order to protect myself

I have a bodyguard in order to protect myself. I was told that I cannot have a stative verb in the required condition: I have a bodyguard But I don't understand how "I need to study in order ...
0
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1answer
159 views

Correct verb patterns for the verb 'recommend'? [duplicate]

Which of the last three verb patterns apply to the verb 'recommend'? I recommend that you wait. (present subjunctive, American usage) I recommend that you should wait. (substitute for present ...
2
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1answer
56 views

Can an infinitive phrase be equivocal in its function in a sentence?

I have found the following sentence as an example of an infinitive phrase used as an adjective, however, it seems to me that it could also be taken as an adverb of purpose. Jane bought a radio to ...
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4answers
47k views

“I like to do (be) something” vs “I like doing (being) something”

This is what I read in an answer to a previous question: Verbs Followed by Either Gerund or Infinitive Sometimes the meaning changes according to the verb used. <…> (dis)like &...
6
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3answers
21k views

“Stop working” vs “stopped to work”

I want to know, is there any difference between "stop + v.(ing)" and "stopped to + v.". These are example sentences. I stop working for a month. vs I stopped to work for a month. I stop watching ...
8
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3answers
2k views

Help identifying an error type “tried to help me learning”

I have a friend from Russia who is trying to learn English and recently used the sentence "He tried to help me learning..." (implied: the English language) It is obviously wrong and I corrected it ...
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1answer
74 views

To do something is something - what use of the infinitive is this?

I teach English and a student of mine recently came out with the following sentence: She thinks that to become a marketing manager is the opportunity she seeks for. I thought this was a curious ...
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1answer
88 views

Important to learn is this stuff

This song is fun to sing. This pizza is too hot to eat. Is the infinitive there considered a complement of the predicate adjective?
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1answer
77 views

Not sure if this is correct or not: “the ability to be able to”

The sentence: Problems are an inevitable part of life, and one could argue that happiness is not the absence of problems, but rather the ability to be able to deal with them. Is it to be ...
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4answers
144 views

“It is better to X than to Y” - the structure of a difficult comparative sentence

Take the following sentence: It is better to underestimate your abilities and overestimate your risks than to go in a direction that actually involves more uncertainty than you can justify. For ...
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1answer
97 views

To Infinitive or Not Infinitive

I am wondering if the lack of infinitive "to+have" in the section highlighted below raises any flags for anyone. People have been taught have faith and to trust — or not have faith and not to ...