Questions about verbs in their basic (unmarked) forms, such as “be”, “do”, “have”, or “sit”, sometimes introduced by the particle “to” and other times used by itself.

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1answer
46 views

To do something is something - what use of the infinitive is this?

I teach English and a student of mine recently came out with the following sentence: She thinks that to become a marketing manager is the opportunity she seeks for. I thought this was a curious ...
2
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1answer
145 views

Using a perfect infinitive construction to express uncertainty

My sentence: " I needed for her to have called me." The only example that I can find is from google books- title: The Ghost of Samuel Cetawayo" with a similar use of the perfect infinitive: "I had ...
2
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1answer
73 views

Important to learn is this stuff

This song is fun to sing. This pizza is too hot to eat. Is the infinitive there considered a complement of the predicate adjective?
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1answer
24 views

I want to know usage of infinitive as adverb

for example. she lived to be ninety what does that sentence mean? Is it meaning of "she lived in order to be ninety" or "she lived and just became ninety"? I have learned it as she lived and ...
1
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1answer
59 views

Not sure if this is correct or not: “the ability to be able to”

The sentence: Problems are an inevitable part of life, and one could argue that happiness is not the absence of problems, but rather the ability to be able to deal with them. Is it to be ...
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4answers
110 views

“It is better to X than to Y” - the structure of a difficult comparative sentence

Take the following sentence: It is better to underestimate your abilities and overestimate your risks than to go in a direction that actually involves more uncertainty than you can justify. For ...
0
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1answer
25 views

Adverbial clause modification with an infinitive

Given the sentence I am unable to join you while I am on vacation "While I am on vacation" is an adverbial clause supplying the time when this sentence is true. But, does this clause modify the ...
0
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3answers
72 views

“hope…to win the approval” - help identify parts of speech

I'm confused by this sentence: "Lakesha hopes to win the approval of her mother by switching her major from fine arts to med." I think that in this case hope is intransitive, and I think the ...
1
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1answer
80 views

To Infinitive or Not Infinitive

I am wondering if the lack of infinitive "to+have" in the section highlighted below raises any flags for anyone. People have been taught have faith and to trust — or not have faith and not to ...
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2answers
72 views

Split infinitives [duplicate]

Was taught in grammar school that this was taboo (1950's, South Africa). Today the split infinitive seems to be the standard in the USA. Changing standard? It's always even that way in the US? What ...
3
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4answers
32k views

“Plan to do” vs. “plan on doing”

What are the differences between the following? He is planning to do something. He is planning on doing something. When to use each?
0
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2answers
108 views

Infinitive modifier subject or object or depends on context

I gave her medicine to keep from falling sick. Is this sentence right? Intended meaning is that I have a friend who is not feeling well therefore, I gave her medicine so that she will not be ...
10
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5answers
650 views

How to use the infinitive in this sentence?

I am doing documentation for a web application issue and I'm not sure how best to word what I'm trying to say: "This appears to work no longer in any web browser." "This appears no longer to ...
2
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2answers
521 views

What's to do? vs. What's to be done?

In order to ask What should be done? or What should we do? using an infinitival clause, you can readily say What's to be done? or What to do?. (1) What's to do? But I've heard (1) used in the ...
0
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1answer
90 views

What part of speech is the word “to” in “Alice likes to dance”? [closed]

Annie likes to dance What part of speech is the word to? Reopen note: Merriam Webster lists it as a preposition and gives the following definition: 8 —used as a function word to indicate ...
4
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2answers
52 views

How does the to infinitive work with adjectives like “wrong” and “wise”?

You were wrong to pick that car I was wise to go home that day. I can't quite explain how the to infinitive modifies the adjectives here. It's similar to sentences like "It's nice to see ...
0
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3answers
60 views

The police officer ordered the gunman (to) drop his weapon

(1) The police officer ordered that the gunman drop his weapon. (2) The police officer ordered the gunman to drop his weapon. I think these mean virtually the same. Perhaps, the act of ...
5
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5answers
1k views

“to require someone to do something” vs “to require that someone do something”

Professor required his students to return their papers typed. vs Professor required that his students return their papers typed. Which of the examples is correct? Do they have ...
3
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4answers
5k views

Is there a difference between “way of doing something” and “way to do something”?

Is there a difference between "way of doing something" and "way to do something"? It is on purpose that I did not write "a way of doing something" or "the way of doing something" and "a way to do ...
2
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1answer
89 views

Is there a difference between an adverb and an adjectival complement?

Consider the example: I am happy to wait. In some publications, the function of the infinitive is called 'adverb'. In others, it is 'complement of adjective'. Is there a difference in the naming of ...
2
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1answer
227 views

The role of infinitive in this sentence

I have a question on this sentence "It is a profitable thing, if one is wise, to seem foolish." -Aeschylus What role does to seem play in this sentence. I think it is an infinitive. But does it ...
0
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1answer
26 views

Repeating (or not) “to” after certain verbs

I googled it but I couldn't find the answer... maybe I didn't seek it in the proper way. My question is if "to" must be repeated in sentences such as the following ones: In the past, women ...
0
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1answer
26 views

infinitive usage in complex sentence [duplicate]

which one is correct? An evaluation of the Cronicle interface suggests that Cronicle helped the participants to find data accurately. or An evaluation of the Cronicle interface suggests that ...
3
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4answers
4k views

How do I identify “infinitive clauses/phrases” and “subjects”?

In sentences such as the following, there is (as I understand it) an infinitive clause and an infinitive phrase. Which part is the infinitive clause and which part is the infinitive phrase? And what ...
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2answers
105 views

“approach to provide” or “approach to providing”

An energy-efficient approach to provide an optimal solution to this problem. An energy-efficient approach to providing an optimal solution to this problem.
2
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1answer
48 views

Is the infinitive at the end of “I did whatever I wanted to do” necessary?

In a statement such as "I did whatever I wanted to do," or "I wore whatever clothes I wanted to wear," are the infinitives "to do" and "to wear" necessary? Is it improper to say "I did whatever I ...
0
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2answers
133 views

“look forward to” vs. “do not look forward to”

Why the sentences "We look forward to < noun> ..." and "We do not look forward to < verb>..." are both correct ? A < noun> has to be used in the first and a < verb> has to be used in the ...
0
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3answers
78 views

Meeting you and to meet you? [closed]

What is the difference between these two versions: I look forward to meeting you. I look forward to meet you. They seem very similar and exchangeable to me as I am a non-native speaker.
0
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3answers
76 views

Who would address the issue this fall?

The White House framed the announcement from the world’s two largest polluters as a move to position the countries as leaders in the fight against climate change ahead of a landmark U.N. conference ...
0
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1answer
39 views

Can an infinitive phrase itself be used as a proper sentence?

I found 1a on a Jr. High EFL listening test. Is the punctuation here in 1a acceptable in this context? 1a) There are many things I have to do on Saturday. To clean my room and to water my garden. ...
1
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2answers
32 views

Correct usage of phrase “about + to”

I'd like to know whether the usage of 'about to' is correct in these sentences: I'm about to hate you. and I'm about to start hating you. Are either, or both, of these examples wrong?
3
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1answer
351 views

Watch the sun go down [duplicate]

In the sentence: I'd like to watch the sun go down why there is no "to"? Why not: I'd like to watch the sun to go down
2
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1answer
51 views

How does the word “to” function with an infinitive?

I've gone through all the questions and answers on infinities and although they explain whether or not an infinitive should be marked or bare with certain words, nowhere can I find an explanation as ...
7
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3answers
9k views

Infinitives with “ought not”

Most of the references I can find about the word “ought” indicate that even when negating it, you should use an infinitive: “You ought not to go there.” That sounds quite bad ...
1
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0answers
95 views

Using a “to-infinitive” after coordinating conjunctions (e.g., “and”) or not?

I am wondering whether the "to" should be repeated after a coordinating conjunction or not. For example, a) [...] practical examples to round up the learning experience and provide the tools for ...
1
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1answer
44 views

Usage of “to spend” instead of gerund [duplicate]

In the following sentence, although a gerund would be preferred, is the usage of "to spend" correct? "Do you really think it's worth it to spend hundreds of pounds on video games?"
1
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4answers
794 views

“thanks to (command)”

A friend who works in business says that she has been hearing a lot of polite commands worded as e.g. "thanks to ask any questions at the end of the presentation" (she has also seen this written a few ...
0
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2answers
42 views

Want + Present Participle or Infinitive? [duplicate]

I want people to enjoy the show. or I want people enjoying the show. Is it possible to use both?
2
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4answers
882 views

Why is the verb used without “-s” in this sentence? [duplicate]

In order to help the system make a better guess of the corner locations,... In this sentence, why is "make" not succeeded by "s"? It seems it is needed!
0
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1answer
104 views

Using an infinitive [duplicate]

"It is imperative that he writes a letter to his sister as soon as possible." In this case, is the correct form write? If so, why?
0
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1answer
84 views

Why 'doing' after 'look forward to'?

Normally, 'I want to do something', 'nice to meet you', that the verb always be its normal status. But why 'look forward to doing'?For example, I am looking forward to seeing all of the great ideas ...
0
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1answer
330 views

“dedicated to helping people ” or “dedicated to help people” [closed]

I have this sentence: I'm a volunteer in an organization that is dedicated to helping people find answers about life in the Bible. or it should be I'm a volunteer in an organization that is ...
0
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1answer
41 views

Usage of “so to” in the place of “to” as part of infinitive construction

Example: We make wine by hand in small lots and taste the wines constantly so to profit from its constant change. I would normally drop the "so" and phrase it like "we do it to profit" Are both ...
2
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1answer
47 views

He happened + infin

I happened to see... In sentences like this, is the infinitive the object of happen? Can happen be transitive?
32
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5answers
19k views

When should a verb be followed by a gerund instead of an infinitive?

Some verbs are followed by ing, e.g. I enjoy swimming. We can't say I enjoy to swim. Likewise, some verbs are followed by to, e.g. I decided to make a plan. Which particular verbs are followed by ...
0
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2answers
95 views

Present perfect VS infinitive verb

I was wondering why the first sentence below (where the verb "have scored" is present perfect form) is wrong while the second sentence (where the verb "to score" is infinitive) is correct. He ...
0
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1answer
715 views

When to use “love to do something” and “love doing something”? [duplicate]

OK, I searched similar questions on http://english.stackexchange.com/ and it seems that people say that to love to do something=prefer to do something to love doing something=enjoy doing ...
1
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1answer
51 views

“After taking a rest, I get ready for job”

Is the following sentence grammatical? After taking a rest, I get ready for job. I think the statement above sounds informal. I'm also unclear as to what it means. Would English native ...
0
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1answer
34 views

participle phrase or to-infinitive phrase

In response to the long-term measures recommended by the School Board, the then Principal initiated the Pledge Day on “Clean LA", to encourage all schools to make the “Clean LA” commitment on ...
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1answer
135 views

What's the origin of the “Dare to …” pattern for slogans?

There are many slogans stated as an imperative of the form "Dare to X", where "to X" is an infinitive phrase. This typically exhorts the listener to do X, without fear or hesitation. It may ...