Questions about verbs in their basic (unmarked) forms, such as “be”, “do”, “have”, or “sit”, sometimes introduced by the particle “to” and other times used by itself.

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35 views

“without their having to learn” or “without them having to learn”?

I was wondering which of the following phrases are correct? "without their having to learn" or "without them having to learn"? Any help is highly appreciated.
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3answers
36 views

Infinitive verses present participle

I often come across this type of thing and wondered if anyone could tell me the correct usage. I have a sentence that reads "As you go through various settings, you will have the option to allow ...
2
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3answers
27 views

A question regarding the following usage of the perfect infinitive?

In regards to the usage of the perfect infinitive I've been wondering if it can be used simultaneously with verbs of perception by way of expressing your notion or belief involving either a person or ...
2
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0answers
46 views

“going to die” vs “to die” [migrated]

My SO from Japan contemplates two phrases: "We are going to die eventually." "We are to die eventually." Why does sentence 1. sound more correct? Is sentence 2. correct at all?
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2answers
23 views

'Expect to' as an expression of excitement?

In a recent test we asked students to write a sentence expressing their excitement at a future activity. We gave an example sentence using 'looking forward to'. One student wrote "I'm expecting to ...
2
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1answer
20 views

Is `limited to viewing` correct in this context? Your account is `limited to` viewing only the first 100 pictures

As the title says, is limited to correct in that context? Let's say for instance that Facebook offers free and paid account and Facebook only allows free account to view the first 100 pictures of ...
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0answers
13 views

“celebrating” or “to celebrate”?

The following sentences are the same except the bold parts. Which of the following sentences sounds natural to native speakers of English? A, B or both? A: Farmers who are growing rice for profit ...
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0answers
21 views

Verbs used as infintives

I want to go home. We come to help him. He was the first guy in our crowd to marry. Why "to go" is use as a noun vs. "to help" is used as an adverb vs. "to marry" is used as an adjective?
2
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1answer
58 views

Using too many 'to's in a sentence?

This may be more of a stylistic question than anything else, but I'm hoping for some general rules about using the word 'to' in a sentence and when it might be used too many times. For example, I'm ...
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1answer
89 views

Omitting verbs, is it correct?

I wonder if I could omit the second 'visit' in such sentence: You have to visit all the places, which she wants to (visit) Would it be correct? Thanks in advance :)
4
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1answer
69 views

What is the rule for two verb tenses in one sentence? [closed]

Example: I heard the bomb go off. Why is the first verb in the Past tense and the second in the Present tense?
0
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1answer
52 views

infinitive as indirect object

is it possible to use infinitive as indirect object ? for example the sentence ' I persuaded him to go there ' , I guess that 'him' is direct object and 'to go there' is indirect object . is it ...
1
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1answer
65 views

To + verb, bare verb or verb + ing in noun phrases [duplicate]

I've asked this around and I'm RACKING MY BRAIN trying to figure it out. Which one is the correct verb form in the following sentence? The craziest thing I've ever done is go / to go / going ...
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1answer
80 views

Infinitive instead of gerund, specifically after 'require'

I use Grammarly Chrome extension to validate my texts in English. And with some sentences I keep seeing the error message "Infinitive instead of gerund". I'm not sure if this is an appropriate error ...
0
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1answer
37 views

Difference between using a gerund and using to + verb root

As an objective (or subjective). "Being a teacher" vs "to be a teacher". What is the difference between gerund and 'to' + verb root ? My dream is being a teacher. My dream is to be a teacher.
-1
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1answer
24 views

Is this a valid construction using the the perfect infinitive

Is it correct to say " In order to have been". I understand that without context the general meaning may be difficult to interpret, but could this even be used as a valid construction with the ...
2
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1answer
55 views

Can an infinitive phrase be equivocal in its function in a sentence?

I have found the following sentence as an example of an infinitive phrase used as an adjective, however, it seems to me that it could also be taken as an adverb of purpose. Jane bought a radio to ...
4
votes
2answers
169 views

I have a bodyguard in order to protect myself

I have a bodyguard in order to protect myself. I was told that I cannot have a stative verb in the required condition: I have a bodyguard But I don't understand how "I need to study in ...
0
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1answer
98 views

Correct verb patterns for the verb 'recommend'? [duplicate]

Which of the last three verb patterns apply to the verb 'recommend'? I recommend that you wait. (present subjunctive, American usage) I recommend that you should wait. (substitute for present ...
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1answer
64 views

To do something is something - what use of the infinitive is this?

I teach English and a student of mine recently came out with the following sentence: She thinks that to become a marketing manager is the opportunity she seeks for. I thought this was a curious ...
2
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1answer
84 views

Important to learn is this stuff

This song is fun to sing. This pizza is too hot to eat. Is the infinitive there considered a complement of the predicate adjective?
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1answer
35 views

I want to know usage of infinitive as adverb

for example. she lived to be ninety what does that sentence mean? Is it meaning of "she lived in order to be ninety" or "she lived and just became ninety"? I have learned it as she lived and ...
1
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1answer
74 views

Not sure if this is correct or not: “the ability to be able to”

The sentence: Problems are an inevitable part of life, and one could argue that happiness is not the absence of problems, but rather the ability to be able to deal with them. Is it to be ...
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4answers
132 views

“It is better to X than to Y” - the structure of a difficult comparative sentence

Take the following sentence: It is better to underestimate your abilities and overestimate your risks than to go in a direction that actually involves more uncertainty than you can justify. For ...
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1answer
34 views

Adverbial clause modification with an infinitive

Given the sentence I am unable to join you while I am on vacation "While I am on vacation" is an adverbial clause supplying the time when this sentence is true. But, does this clause modify the ...
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1answer
92 views

To Infinitive or Not Infinitive

I am wondering if the lack of infinitive "to+have" in the section highlighted below raises any flags for anyone. People have been taught have faith and to trust — or not have faith and not to ...
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2answers
86 views

Split infinitives [duplicate]

Was taught in grammar school that this was taboo (1950's, South Africa). Today the split infinitive seems to be the standard in the USA. Changing standard? It's always even that way in the US? What ...
10
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5answers
666 views

How to use the infinitive in this sentence?

I am doing documentation for a web application issue and I'm not sure how best to word what I'm trying to say: "This appears to work no longer in any web browser." "This appears no longer to ...
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1answer
109 views

What part of speech is the word “to” in “Alice likes to dance”? [closed]

Annie likes to dance What part of speech is the word to? Reopen note: Merriam Webster lists it as a preposition and gives the following definition: 8 —used as a function word to indicate ...
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5answers
198 views
+500

How does the to infinitive work with adjectives like “wrong” and “wise”?

You were wrong to pick that car I was wise to go home that day. I can't quite explain how the to-infinitive modifies the adjectives here. It's similar to sentences like "It's nice to see ...
2
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1answer
250 views

The role of infinitive in this sentence

I have a question on this sentence "It is a profitable thing, if one is wise, to seem foolish." -Aeschylus What role does to seem play in this sentence. I think it is an infinitive. But does it ...
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1answer
30 views

Repeating (or not) “to” after certain verbs

I googled it but I couldn't find the answer... maybe I didn't seek it in the proper way. My question is if "to" must be repeated in sentences such as the following ones: In the past, women ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

Is there a difference between an adverb and an adjectival complement?

Consider the example: I am happy to wait. In some publications, the function of the infinitive is called 'adverb'. In others, it is 'complement of adjective'. Is there a difference in the naming of ...
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1answer
33 views

infinitive usage in complex sentence [duplicate]

which one is correct? An evaluation of the Cronicle interface suggests that Cronicle helped the participants to find data accurately. or An evaluation of the Cronicle interface suggests that ...
2
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1answer
59 views

Is the infinitive at the end of “I did whatever I wanted to do” necessary?

In a statement such as "I did whatever I wanted to do," or "I wore whatever clothes I wanted to wear," are the infinitives "to do" and "to wear" necessary? Is it improper to say "I did whatever I ...
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2answers
226 views

“look forward to” vs. “do not look forward to”

Why the sentences "We look forward to < noun> ..." and "We do not look forward to < verb>..." are both correct ? A < noun> has to be used in the first and a < verb> has to be used in the ...
0
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3answers
101 views

Meeting you and to meet you? [closed]

What is the difference between these two versions: I look forward to meeting you. I look forward to meet you. They seem very similar and exchangeable to me as I am a non-native speaker.
0
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4answers
98 views

“hope…to win the approval” - help identify parts of speech

I'm confused by this sentence: "Lakesha hopes to win the approval of her mother by switching her major from fine arts to med." I think that in this case hope is intransitive, and I think the ...
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3answers
79 views

Who would address the issue this fall?

The White House framed the announcement from the world’s two largest polluters as a move to position the countries as leaders in the fight against climate change ahead of a landmark U.N. conference ...
0
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1answer
43 views

Can an infinitive phrase itself be used as a proper sentence?

I found 1a on a Jr. High EFL listening test. Is the punctuation here in 1a acceptable in this context? 1a) There are many things I have to do on Saturday. To clean my room and to water my garden. ...
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2answers
36 views

Correct usage of phrase “about + to”

I'd like to know whether the usage of 'about to' is correct in these sentences: I'm about to hate you. and I'm about to start hating you. Are either, or both, of these examples wrong?
3
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1answer
373 views

Watch the sun go down [duplicate]

In the sentence: I'd like to watch the sun go down why there is no "to"? Why not: I'd like to watch the sun to go down
2
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1answer
75 views

How does the word “to” function with an infinitive?

I've gone through all the questions and answers on infinities and although they explain whether or not an infinitive should be marked or bare with certain words, nowhere can I find an explanation as ...
2
votes
1answer
178 views

Using a “to-infinitive” after coordinating conjunctions (e.g., “and”) or not?

I am wondering whether the "to" should be repeated after a coordinating conjunction or not. For example, a) [...] practical examples to round up the learning experience and provide the tools for ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Usage of “to spend” instead of gerund [duplicate]

In the following sentence, although a gerund would be preferred, is the usage of "to spend" correct? "Do you really think it's worth it to spend hundreds of pounds on video games?"
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2answers
47 views

Want + Present Participle or Infinitive? [duplicate]

I want people to enjoy the show. or I want people enjoying the show. Is it possible to use both?
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1answer
135 views

Why 'doing' after 'look forward to'?

Normally, 'I want to do something', 'nice to meet you', that the verb always be its normal status. But why 'look forward to doing'?For example, I am looking forward to seeing all of the great ideas ...
0
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1answer
787 views

“dedicated to helping people ” or “dedicated to help people” [closed]

I have this sentence: I'm a volunteer in an organization that is dedicated to helping people find answers about life in the Bible. or it should be I'm a volunteer in an organization that is ...
0
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1answer
69 views

Usage of “so to” in the place of “to” as part of infinitive construction

Example: We make wine by hand in small lots and taste the wines constantly so to profit from its constant change. I would normally drop the "so" and phrase it like "we do it to profit" Are both ...
0
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3answers
66 views

The police officer ordered the gunman (to) drop his weapon

(1) The police officer ordered that the gunman drop his weapon. (2) The police officer ordered the gunman to drop his weapon. I think these mean virtually the same. Perhaps, the act of ...