Indirect speech is speech describing what someone has said without using a direct quote.

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from direct to indirect speech

Change this into 'indirect speech': He said, "I had a grandpa who died when he was ninety-seven." Which is right? 1) He said (that) he had had a grandpa who had died when he had been ninety-seven. or ...
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Introducing reported speech- has said/ said

Please consider the following sentences: Jane Smith has said her son cries when she comes back home. Jane Smith said her son cries when she comes back home. Dave Bloggs has told me what ...
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When is “backshifting” optional?

In reported speech, tenses are generally backshifted. If what was said is still true at the time of reporting then back shifting is optional. My question is, if someone doesn't backshift the tense ...
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I asked + present/past tense

Consider the examples: "My name is Ricky." He said his name is Ricky. The tense is not backshifted in #2 because his name is and will always be Ricky. Also consider: Ricky says: "I live in ...
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Why was the indirect speech not used in the following sentence?

The witness said that he heard two bullets being shot before he noticed two men running down the street The sentence contains both, reported speech and sequel of actions. Therefore I believe that ...
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Reported speech word order

I need to convert the following to reported speech: in terms of availability of coming to Germany how much notice do you need? Which one is correct ? When he asked me what was my ...
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“Any” or “some” in indirect questions

If we want to report a question with any, e.g. "Is there any milk in the bottle?", it becomes "if there was milk in the bottle", technically it isn't a question any more. So, should we say "some milk" ...
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When do I have license to use the present tense in a *past* narration?

I am narrating a past series of events; of course, all the verbs are in the past tense. One verb, however, signifies an action that will be complete long after (years after) the moment of narration ...
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Reporting a questions in past tense where the wh- clause replaces the subject

How do I report this question, or any question with a form as described in the title in past tense, like the sentence below: Question: "Who did that?" Reported form: "He asked _____ ."