Indirect speech is speech describing what someone has said without using a direct quote.

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Mixing past and present tense

Today while reading the newspaper I found two sentences with the opposite pattern of tense usage. Sentence 1 (Indirect speech) : A senior police officer said that the cumulative rents paid for some ...
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from direct to indirect speech

Change this into 'indirect speech': He said, "I had a grandpa who died when he was ninety-seven." Which is right? 1) He said (that) he had had a grandpa who had died when he had been ninety-seven. or ...
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Introducing reported speech- has said/ said

Please consider the following sentences: Jane Smith has said her son cries when she comes back home. Jane Smith said her son cries when she comes back home. Dave Bloggs has told me what ...
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When is “backshifting” optional?

In reported speech, tenses are generally backshifted. If what was said is still true at the time of reporting then back shifting is optional. My question is, if someone doesn't backshift the tense ...
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I asked + present/past tense

Consider the examples: "My name is Ricky." He said his name is Ricky. The tense is not backshifted in #2 because his name is and will always be Ricky. Also consider: Ricky says: "I live in ...
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Reporting a questions in past tense where the wh- clause replaces the subject

How do I report this question, or any question with a form as described in the title in past tense, like the sentence below: Question: "Who did that?" Reported form: "He asked _____ ."