1
vote
2answers
86 views

How should one punctuate “upper right most”?

For upper right most, I’ve seen it written upper-right most, upper-right-most, and with no hyphens at all. What makes the most sense to me is upper rightmost, but it’s hard to tell that upper right ...
1
vote
2answers
93 views

Is the first hyphen in “Anti- and pro-American”, “bi- and tri-monthy”, “country- and state-specific” correct? [duplicate]

Those prefixes "Anti", "bi" etc would look odd as separate words, but then, even complete words like "country" or "state" ending with a dangling hyphen look odd. So what is the correct rule for this? ...
1
vote
2answers
134 views

Usage of hyphen when naming colors

When is it appropriate to use a hyphen when naming colors? For instance Blue-green has a dash but Teal blue does not. Is there some general English rule that applies?
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Land cover, land-cover, or landcover?

In literature, I often see landcover, land cover, and even land-cover. Land cover seems slightly more prevalent than the others. Which is correct? Land cover is the material covering the Earth's ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

What is the proper hyphenation of “and a half” in the context of age? [duplicate]

I'm trying to write "3 and a half year old," as in, "He is a 3 and a half year old dog". I know a hyphen or two is supposed to go in there somewhere. Per Ways to write "2000 year old" , ...
0
votes
2answers
107 views

Would you insert any hyphens in these?

Are hyphens needed in these? If so, where would you insert them? Joel applied for the assistant store manager position. (Not: assistant-store-manager position, right?) Joel was enrolled in ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

“All X-related things” / “All things X-related” / “All things X related”?

My French origins (probably?) would have me intuitively write “all X-related things”, but it seems usage favours the construct “all things X-related”, or even without a hyphen: “all things X related” ...
1
vote
2answers
208 views

How to punctuate a range of hyphenated numbers? [duplicate]

What is the best way to punctuate a range of hyphenated numbers, e.g., sections 12-3 through 12-7? EDIT: Just to reply to those who marked this as a duplicate, I really fail to see how the post that ...
0
votes
2answers
563 views

The use of hyphen in consecutive compounds [duplicate]

I am not that punctuation-savy, so I have one question for my research title. Currently it is Social crowdfunding: individual- and project-related determinants of success. Empirical ...
3
votes
1answer
217 views

Approximating Fancy Punctuation

Is it ever okay (or acceptable in modern casual usage) to approximate an ellipse glyph '…' with three full-stops '...' or spaced full-stops '. . .'? The textbooks say you shouldn't, ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

How to use hyphens appropriately when listing multiple hyphenated terms?

If multiple hyphenated terms share the same latter half, and I wish to list them without repeating that latter half, how should the hyphens be placed? For example: I will be investigating control ...
4
votes
1answer
604 views

Hyphenation or blending

Are there any rules when to write a set of two (or more) words or abbreviations forming a name of some entity as separate, when to hyphenate, and when to stick them together? These are my findings ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Proper punctuation of “three to five page essay” [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to write dashes in “a 2-4-room-apartment”? Which is the best way to write the quotation in the Question Title using numbers? 3–5-page essay 3 to 5-page essay 3–5 ...
2
votes
1answer
634 views

Using hyphen and quote marks in composed term? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: When is it necessary to use a hyphen in writing a compound word? I want to write a term composed out of multiple words, and I would like to know whether I have to use ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

What's the double hyphen after greetings in emails?

I usually see just format in the emails I receive daily: Hello Dorian-- I'm calling you in regard with the something... Thanks, I see comma after the greetings too but I am not sure ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

husband-and-wife team or husband and wife team? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: When is it necessary to use a hyphen in writing a compound word? Referring to a sentence from an online magazine: "Lonely Planet was started in 1975, when the British ...
3
votes
1answer
382 views

In “type of guy” constructions, do you use hyphens or not? For example [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: To hyphenate or not? "Did you see this silly poll? It says that if I were a superhero, I would be Captain America." "Really? I don't know; I see you as more of a ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Use of hyphens when writing repeated compound words that have common parts

In my native language, Norwegian, one uses hyphens when stating two or more copulated compound words that has common parts (words). In a thesis I'm working on, should I write test specimens, test ...
1
vote
4answers
7k views

How do hyphens modify the meaning of “n-month-old”?

I see three different ways of hyphenating the phrase "six month old". Six-month old: A six-month old poses with a machine gun owned by supporters of the Free Syrian Army. Six-month-old: ...
2
votes
1answer
267 views

Parentheses vs. commas vs. hyphen or dash in a list of people

In a list of people published in a bulletin, which is correct? We continue in prayer for: Amy B.(cancer), T. Jones(nephew of Tim), Lillie (on the death of her brother), Sally(Nursing Home), ...
8
votes
4answers
438 views

Can word-hyphenation ever be semantically significant?

I was prompted by this question (difference between ecosystem and eco-system) to wonder whether word-hyphenation can ever be semantically significant. My gut instinct is to say that since hyphenation ...
3
votes
2answers
271 views

Repetition of hyphen in shared prefixes [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Can a hyphen be used without anything on the right side? I'm trying to discuss types of semiconductor, there is P-type and N-type. Assuming my hyphenation is correct, ...
2
votes
1answer
786 views

More dastardly dashes: what are the 'horizontal bar' and 'figure dash' characters for? [closed]

Having read another excellent answer regarding the use of horizontal line-like characters, I'm interested to know the meanings of the horizontal bar and figure dash. In the other answer linked above, ...
1
vote
0answers
80 views

Is it appropriate to use a hyphen in compound adjectives? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: When is it necessary to use a hyphen in writing a compound word? I've searched the web and "English Language & Usage", but am having problems finding the answer to ...
9
votes
2answers
601 views

Multiple hyphens in a word

Is it allowed to have multiple hyphens in one word? I want to use the word semi-self-sustaining in the sentence However, the ability to produce semi-self-sustaining stations is possessed by up ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

“n-degenerate” or “n degenerate”?

In physics, we say that something is "degenerate" when it exists in more than one "equivalent" versions. What is the proper form of saying that there are n versions of X -- that X is "n-degenerate" or ...
3
votes
2answers
112 views

HTTP-port or HTTP port?

Should I use dash in a port name, e.g. http-port, ftp-port, or it's more correct to omit the dash, like "http port", "ftp port"?
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Should “pseudo” words be hyphenated?

While this question talks about the meaning of the word "pseudo", I'm wondering what the rules are for hyphenating words that start with this prefix. For example, would it be correct to call ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

Using hyphenated words in technical writing?

I always get confused when using hyphenated words in my research papers. Is there any specific rule for using hyphenated words? For example, which one of the following is the correct usage of co ...
10
votes
1answer
549 views

Can a hyphen be used without anything on the right side?

From this page: [...] in early parts of this century when it was the most user- and hardware-friendly Linux operating system available [...] Is the user- fragment valid (outside this ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Hyphenation in compound adjectives [duplicate]

Possible Duplicates: To hyphenate or not? When is it necessary to use a hyphen in writing a compound word? When is it appropriate to use a hyphen? In the sentence "Portland is known to ...
0
votes
1answer
152 views

Should “A-Player” Be Hyphenated?

Stupid term, but still: Is it hyphenated or not? Bob was really happy to have hired Alice; she was an 'A-Player' from the world of private equity and would add a lot to the firm.
1
vote
1answer
118 views

Shorebased, Shore-based or Shore Based?

What is the best or correct way to spell this adjective (e.g. shorebased training)?
2
votes
1answer
225 views

Doubly hyphenated words

Consider the word quasi-first-class. Are the hyphens used correctly? Should the two hyphens be of different length to denote the distinction of the hyphenation? Is there a general rule to deal with ...
8
votes
1answer
9k views

Why is it “grandfather”, but “great-uncle”?

I know that there are six forms of this word, but "great-uncle" is most common ("great-aunt" has a similar graph). Why is this, if "grandfather" and "grandmother" are common?
12
votes
5answers
7k views

Is it proper to use a colon followed immediately by a hyphen?

I have seen some writing where people have a list or a figure in writing and they will write something like this: The information is provided in Image 3:- Is that correct? Is this a British ...
23
votes
6answers
13k views

Appropriate dash to use when attributing a quotation?

If I’m citing a poem or quotation, what kind of dash precedes the author’s name? Example: This Business of Printing; which I am heartily tired of, and repent I e’er attempted. . . .           ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Post-hyphenation of split compound words

Assuming that these two words off-topic on-topic must be hyphenated, which of the punctuations in the following sentences is correct? (crucial part emphasized) Regardless of whether it ...
7
votes
5answers
931 views

Using the “ex” prefix on a multiple word subject

What is the proper way to use the "ex" prefix to more than one word? Examples: He is an ex-school bus driver. My ex baseball coach taught me. I am an ex-Fish and Game Warden. ...
1
vote
1answer
116 views

“of the feudal Estates type” or “of the feudal-Estates type”?

In one Wikipedia page I read this definition: The zemsky sobor was the first Russian parliament of the feudal Estates type, in the 16th and 17th centuries. I don't understand, why is there ...
7
votes
4answers
532 views

When and why did the em-dash and the hyphen supplant the semicolon?

It seems to me that semicolons are rarely used today in ordinary English writing - even in newspapers and books. They appear to have been replaced, in many cases, by em-dashes and hyphens (the hyphen ...
11
votes
1answer
802 views

Fractions as phrasal (compound) adjectives

Is there a difference between a written-out fraction that serves as a noun: He gave me one half of his sandwich. and a written-out fraction serving as an adjective: I gave her a one-half ...
2
votes
2answers
9k views

Usage of hyphen in “oft-cited”

The oft-cited first sentence of this work Why would you not just use two words, oft cited?
2
votes
2answers
4k views

When is it appropriate to use a hyphen? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: To hyphenate or not? What is the proper way to spell "side dish"? Is it: "side dish" or "side-dish"? Also, Is it "ham-fried" or "ham fried"? Basically, when do you use ...
7
votes
2answers
7k views

To hyphenate or not?

As a non-native speaker of English and an engineer by training, I always get confused about hyphenation and almost always end up referring to Google every time I need to make that decision. Does ...
4
votes
1answer
400 views

May en-dashes be used in sports scores?

The accepted answer to the authoritative question When should I use an em-dash, an en-dash, and a hyphen? currently has this to say regarding the en-dash: An en-dash is use to connect values in a ...
6
votes
2answers
427 views

What is the difference between `-` and `--` [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: When should I use an em-dash, an en-dash, and a hyphen? Is there any difference between: - and -- or in some cases, a long dash I have seen these two used lots of ...
3
votes
3answers
374 views

How does one correctly use a “-” outside of hyphenation - if at all?

When writing out emails I often find myself replacing semicolons with hyphens or dashes. For example, "Let's meet up at the pub - or would you rather go to a restaurant?" I feel this is wrong, but I ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

Is Hyphen Really the Longer – line instead of the shorter dash - line?

I had a discussion with some people today on hyphen and dashes. They had concluded that hyphen, which is used to link two connecting words (book-bag) is the longer line – instead of the shorter line ...
15
votes
2answers
942 views

How to connect a word and a phrase with a hyphen?

For example, "file system" and "related". Is it "file system-related"? It will appear as if it is a compound of "file" and "system-related", won't it?