A hyphen is a symbol used to join two words or two syllables of a single word together. It is not to be confused with dashes or the minus symbol, as these are all longer than the hyphen and serve different purposes in language.

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acceptable options when dropping and including hyphen in some phrases?

There are many commonly used phrases where hyphen is implicit and it's common to drop the hyphen. p1: computer based approach p2: computer-based approach p1 is where the hyphen is implicit and is ...
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42 views

“5-min” video vs “5 min” video vs “5min” video

Example: Paul and Jake discuss the Frame Timing API in this 5-min video: … Which character (if any) should be put between the number and the word “min”?
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39 views

“Stockmarkets” vs. “stock markets”

I am having trouble with the difference between stockmarkets and stock markets — or should it be stock-markets? In some articles it is introduced as stockmarkets, but that term is not found in ...
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44 views

Hyphenation of SI prefixes

I constantly see variations in the hyphenization of words containing SI prefixes. Nano-, micro-, milli-, etc. But when is it proper to ditch the hyphen, and when should it be included? For example, ...
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2answers
29 views

multiple words connected using multiple hyphens or one?

There are many topics here related to multiple hyphen use, which seems to depend on various factors. human-voice controlled system human-voice-controlled system human voice-controlled ...
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46 views

Hyphenating measurements [duplicate]

A construction that I have been seeing a lot lately that seems surprising to me is "The 8-foot-long bridge ...," with two hyphens. It seems surprising to me (or maybe I'm just noticing it) that ...
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47 views

Use of a hyphen with the word “based”

I'm checking a technical paper submission and came across the phrase We propose spherical Gaussian based approximations to calculate this analytically. and wondering if this needs a ...
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15 views

Hyphenation quesiton: “latex gloved hands” or “latex-gloved hands” [duplicate]

Is it appropriate to use a hyphen between 'latex' and gloved' in the sentence: "We put our latex gloved hands in the center of the circle?"
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37 views

How would you hyphenate a 4 word phrase?

The context is "...how self-uncertainty affects attitudes toward non-group-identity-affiliated topics, such as..." For some more context, "group identity" is a phrase in psychology. So my two thoughts ...
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59 views

proper grammar of multiple numbers ordered sequentially specifying different things

I have a sentence submitted to me from someone else that says One case (8 - one lb. boxes) of... What is the proper grammar to say eight one pound boxes? I'm not sure what the best format is for ...
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44 views

Capitalization of hyphenated words with corresponding acronyms?

There is a related question here, though I am specifically interested in words that have a corresponding acronym. i.e. do the capitalization rules change on first and/or subsequent use of a term ...
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26 views

Is “whitespace” one word or two? [duplicate]

I tend to write "whitespace" to talk about any negative space in type (in particular, the characters that cause it in ASCII & Unicode). However I have also seen it written "white-space" and ...
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51 views

Does the word “nonfunctional” need a hyphen? [closed]

When analysing problems in computer science one often derives two kinds of requirements: functional requirements, and other requirements that are not functional. Usually, the other kind of ...
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2answers
84 views

Use of apostrophe in adjective phrase containing a possessive

I work and write for a tech company that has created many first-in-the-world technologies. In press releases, I often write something like “[Company name] today announced another world’s first with ...
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2answers
45 views

In a regular sentence, I could add more information by using dashes - like this - or commas ,like this, but what if I want to do that in a list?

I'm writing a story where only certain people know something about my MC. I list the people like this: Only my coaches, my best friend - Alicia, who’s also my cousin -, and her parents. I add ...
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49 views

Using hyphens in numbers (British English)

I heard that there is some recent rule which says that you shouldn't hyphenate numbers such as "twenty-two". Is this true?
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59 views

What is the correct way to use hyphens when saying “eight to ten week cycle”? [duplicate]

A friend has asked about this and so far most seem to believe the best answer is: At the end of an eight- to ten-week project period, the team reports their findings and recommendations to their ...
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1answer
57 views

What does this correction mark mean? (A vertical dash through a hyphen, along with vertical parentheses)

I spoke with a teacher about an essay I wrote recently. We talked through certain parts which couldn't be described by squiggles and dots in red ink. This helped me, but I'm having difficulty now with ...
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1answer
35 views

If I hyphenate first-order conditions should I also hyphenate higher-order conditions?

It seems to me that the hyphens in "first-order conditions" and "second-order conditions" are correct, but I'm editing an article that also mentions "higher-order conditions" and "lower-order ...
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2answers
62 views

Should “building blocks” be hyphenated? [duplicate]

Should "building blocks" be hyphenated? I am using the two words (or perhaps one word) as a noun. E.g., These axioms serve as the building-blocks of the English language. I understand that ...
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2answers
31 views

How to split a multiple word phrase and another word/phrase [closed]

I work in a global company that with many Japanese people has a general rule to add "san" to the names of people. With so many names from different countries and different order rules it is hard to ...
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3answers
137 views

Is it “re-offend” or “reoffend”? [closed]

I want to know whether there is a hyphen in the word re-offend, or if it is spelt reoffend. I looked in Oxford English dictionary and the word "reoffend" appears, but then I checked Merriam-Webster ...
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37 views

What the correct syllabification for “condolences”?

My word processor soft-hyphenated condolences as condolenc-es. Does this look natural to the eyes of native speakers? I, a non-native speaker, think it should be condolen-ces.
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27 views

Early hyphenation library - 80s - 90s [closed]

I recall back in the late 1980s and perhaps early 1990s a library that was available in a number of forms that achieved excellent hyphenation in many/most languages. I seem to remember it was called ...
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2answers
194 views

How do you capitalize and hyphenate “at a glance” in a title?

I'd like to use the following as a section title: Module At-a-Glance Is it capitalized and punctuated properly?
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51 views

Is this phrase “2- or 4-person” correct? [duplicate]

When listing a numerical hyphenation...,for example "2- or 4-person", does the first number have a unconnected hyphen? What is the general rule?
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18 views

“state lattice-based motion planner” or “state-lattice based motion planner” ? [duplicate]

Which one in the following groups is correct respectively? (1) state lattice-based motion planner state-lattice based motion planner (2) spatiotemporal sampling-based planning method ...
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2answers
115 views

Pronunciation of “-” sign, particularly in Unix commands

While talking about commands for command-line interface, I sometimes need to pronounce how command should be typed, like this one: nc -l -p 1234 I used to pronounce - sign in this context as a ...
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22 views

Separate vs. joined words (hyphen or not) [duplicate]

English is not my native language, and sometimes it's confusing.. Especially uk-english vs. american and hyphens Can someone explain a bit when to use which of these? It's for a global english ...
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405 views

What’s the correct hyphenation in “trying to be a decision maker”?

Which of these three ways of writing it is right: decision maker (a space separates the two pieces) decision-maker (a hyphen separates the two pieces) decisionmaker (nothing separates the two ...
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1answer
130 views

Consistent & accepted style(s) for hyphenating a shade of color used as an adjective for hair?

I'm helping edit a friend's book. Generally, I'm confident with my edits, yet one thing keeps nagging me. I'd appreciate expert guidance. In the book, some characters have shades of brown hair, e.g.: ...
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2answers
86 views

Does one capitalize “Portuguese” when used in a hyphenated adjective? [closed]

When Portuguese is used as part of a hyphenated adjective, does it take an initial capital letter? Just checking on this while proofreading an article. Examples: portuguese-speaking college ...
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1answer
110 views

Are the hyphens necessary in “hard-to-find” or can they go without? [duplicate]

Is it necessary to hyphenate the words "hard-to-find" together when referring to things which have a property of being not readily located? Example: Adam locates hard-to-find items.
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68 views

Is “two-thirds” or “two thirds” correct? [duplicate]

I just recently answered a question related to how much water was filled in a glass. I answered "two thirds" but the answer was wrong because in the key answer book it was "two-thirds". Please tell me ...
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2answers
112 views

How should one punctuate “upper right most”?

For upper right most, I’ve seen it written upper-right most, upper-right-most, and with no hyphens at all. What makes the most sense to me is upper rightmost, but it’s hard to tell that upper right ...
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54 views

What is anti-money and how do I launder it? [duplicate]

So the phrase "anti-money laundering" has an obvious meaning, referring to something or some process that acts against the laundering of money. However, I find the use of the hyphen slightly ...
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35 views

slip rate dependent friction - hyphen needed?

Should I put a hyphen for friction that depends on slip rate? Possibilities: slip rate-dependent friction or slip-rate dependent friction or slip rate dependent friction The last ...
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2answers
144 views

Confusion over the general rules governing the use of the hyphen in English [duplicate]

I often get confused by the rules for using hyphens. According to this entry from the Oxford Dictionaries web site, I must always use a hyphen in these cases: Hyphens are used in many compound ...
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2answers
48 views

Do we need hyphen in this: graded-reading books?

Is it necessary to have a hyphen in the following phrase? graded-reading books Please my friends you are only hope for me at a last chance salon because my teacher he is not knowing answer.
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1answer
108 views

Nouns constructed out of an adjective and a suffix? [closed]

I experienced a bit of interesting language-building this past weekend. A post about "subtle -isms" (i.e. subtle sexism, subtle racism, etc.) had various commenters who used the phrase "subtle-ism" ...
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3answers
123 views

“A 1000-sqft room” vs. “a 1000 sq. ft. room”

Which of the following is correct? This is a 1000-sqft room This is a 1000 sq. ft. room Or perhaps neither is right and there's a better alternative?
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2answers
214 views

Less-experienced vs less experienced employee

As an Android developer with 3 years of experience, I also help less experienced team members. Do I need to put a hyphen between "less" and "experienced"?
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4answers
818 views

Do I keep myself “up-to-date” or “up to date” on something?

Question is quite straightforward. I want to say that "I keep myself up-to-date on the latest technology". Or is it better "I keep myself up to date with the latest technology"? Thanks
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1answer
185 views

Should one suspend a hyphen when using “two- to three-digit” phrase used as an adjective? [closed]

Example Sally alerted her accountant to four to five digit revenue discrepancies in the budget. Should it be: ...to four to five digit revenue discrepancies or with a suspended hyphen: ...
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1answer
84 views

Use of the en dash instead of the hyphen in compound adjectives

I have the following taken from a paper that I am editing: … proposed a water-filling factor aided search method to solve … My question is related to whether I should use an en dash to connect ...
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1answer
83 views

How do you hyphenate 'branches'?

How do you hyphenate the word 'branches'? I'm intrigued between branch·es and bran·ches.
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1answer
110 views

Non-preemptive? Non-pre-emptive? Emptive?

We can describe something as pre-emptive, no issue there. If something isn't such, how can we write that? Word gives me red squiggles on 'Non-preemptive', but this looks silly with a double ...
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2answers
153 views

Use of hyphens in acronyms

PTP-SD is a type of algorithm. PTP stands for "probabilistic tree pruning" SD stands for "sphere decoding" PTP-SD is a type of algorithm that uses PTP with SD. My question is about the use of the ...
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103 views

Is the first hyphen in “Anti- and pro-American”, “bi- and tri-monthy”, “country- and state-specific” correct? [duplicate]

Those prefixes "Anti", "bi" etc would look odd as separate words, but then, even complete words like "country" or "state" ending with a dangling hyphen look odd. So what is the correct rule for this? ...
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64 views

Is it Game time or game-time? [duplicate]

I'm trying to verify the correctness the following sentence: Game time is Sunday. Is it correct or should it be "Game-time"?