Questions about the structure of grammar

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What is difference between GOT TO and HAVE TO [on hold]

I was searching today on this topic. i found some posts on web according to them 1) I got to go now. 2) I have to go now. these two sentences are same but i wanna confirm that are they ...
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2answers
80 views

Is it ever grammatical to leave out the verb 'to be' between subject and predicate?

In the following sentence there is no verb to be after the subject and before the predicate: Indeed this government - neither their great wealth nor their many supporters will benefit them on ...
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0answers
18 views

Should Google be considered as the ultimate resource for checking sentences? [migrated]

As I did before and based on the suggestions, I do google to find matches for the sentences/phrases I'm doubtful about. Some times, although sentences seem to be correct, there are no (or few) matches ...
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42 views

Unclear grammar of present continuous — is it present continuous?

A clerk taking cash from a customer and not entering it in the cash register. Here's my question: how and when can I use subject + verb + ing without be like the first part in the sentence? For ...
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2answers
64 views

Understanding “Couldn't have got”

Here are two sentences: Sarah hasn't contacted me. She couldn't have got my message. What is the correct meaning of the above? Since Sarah hasn't contacted me, there's a possibility she ...
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5 views

What alternative expression could be considered correct for the following sentence? [migrated]

The message to be conveyed is the following: "When the film is thinner, the width is shorter". Can someone explain to me if the following expression is correct (and if not, why not)? Overall, ...
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1answer
57 views

What is the correct grammatical formation of this paragraph?

I have seen this particular meme trending on a lot of social media platforms of late. I'm wondering what the grammatically correct formation of the meme (phrase) is? The meme in questions reads as ...
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1answer
25 views

Is the use of “Them” right here? [duplicate]

On StackOverFlow, the users who do not put anything in the profile have this displayed. "Apparently, this user prefers to keep an air of mystery about them.". Should it not be him/her? Clarifying ...
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3answers
108 views

Is it correct to use “me” or “I” here? [duplicate]

Thank you for initiating the opportunity for Bob and me to talk.
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13 views

What's correction: for the both of us or for both of us [duplicate]

I look forward to us communicating further, which may lead to great business opportunities for the both of us.
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6answers
479 views

I have no money to buy a bed [with]

BACKGROUND In this question, it was asked why it sounds better to omit 'with' in I have no money to buy a bed (with). whereas 'with' sounds right in I have no ball to play soccer with. ...
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2answers
36 views

Should I be putting the quote symbol every time someone is saying something? [closed]

Serina saw a reflection of light, now with Aron behind her she searched where she had seen the glistening. “What is it?” he asked “I don’t know it’s almost… All the sudden she stopped and screamed ...
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1answer
48 views

Which one is correct: “to have verbed” or “verbing”?

I have two confusing sentences and I am in two minds whether the first or the second is more grammatically correct: He was by far the most knowledgeable person to have commented on the subject, so ...
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2answers
64 views

Difference between “doesn't seem to rain” & “doesn't seem to be raining” [closed]

What's the difference between 'It doesn't seem to rain.' and 'It doesn't seem to be raining.' ? Is it that the first means "the rain didn't occur often", and the second means "it doesn't rain in the ...
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1answer
55 views

Grammatical name/function of “what” in the following sentence

I came across this sentence fragment among the instructions for a writing lab report: "Simply describe what the data that you collected." I feel like it should have an "are" at the end (minimally ...
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2answers
138 views

Is Grammar An Exact Science? [closed]

"Science" might not be the appropriate word but I think it conveys the gist of my question: Is grammar always an agreed-upon, exact process among professionals when identifying usage and parts ...
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1answer
92 views

Is this proper use of present tense?

I understand it's possible to use narrating in present tense in some texts, particularly in essays. In this picture, though, what seems odd to me is sentences like "Albert and Bernard just become ...
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2answers
69 views

Is “switched” always used as a verb?

I was thinking that the word switched could be used as a noun and maybe an adjective too but I might just be making grammar mistakes. Switched in the dictionary only shows up as being a verb! Here ...
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1answer
108 views

Can a sentence be “causative”, if the subject is only implied?

Original text Please _________ by your next of kin. a. section 9 have completed b. have completed section 9 c. have section 9 completed The correct answer is c But for the life of me, I ...
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42 views

understand and comprehend usage

This post is make of a few related questions. Q1. Which structure is more preferred? This method is hard to understand for students. This method is hard to be understood by students. Q2. Which ...
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2answers
57 views

A relative pronoun followed by a transitive verb like “find”

The verb find + it is still valid in this type of sentence? "I've used this type of syllabus which I don't find it suitable" Should i omit the "it" in the sentence?
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1answer
55 views

'he prepared the design' or 'he designed'?

Here are my constructions: While carrying out his engineering project, he prepared the design of wired and wireless network infrastructure and developed the new architectural plans of the ...
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1answer
34 views

'develop' or 'developing' [closed]

Here are my constructions: He has the ability to develop policies, procedures and solutions that improve network disaster recovery and business continuity. He has the ability to developing ...
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0answers
53 views

A “model plane” or a “plane model”: What's the difference?

Which question is correct? If they are both correct, what's the difference between these questions? How do you make a model plane? How do you make a plane model?
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2answers
193 views

SAT grammar question: Why is this “them” incorrect?

SAT grammar question: There are (more than) 300 million English speakers (in) India, most of (them) acquired English (as) a second language. (No error) The parentheses designate areas where the ...
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1answer
56 views

Interrogative implicit within a sentence

What is the grammatical term for sentences like: Do you know where he lives?" I can’t imagine how he did it." In those sentences we use what is essentially an interrogative sentence (bolded), but ...
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1answer
63 views

Would it be 'meet' or 'have met' in this structure?

If I bumped into someone, who happened to be called John, yesterday, and I am telling someone else of the encounter, would I say: I happened to meet John yesterday. or I happened to have ...
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77 views

Does tense change when the narrator (present) writes about what a person (past) could have said about their time?

Does tense change when the narrator (present) writes about what a person (past) could have said about their time? For example A person who lived during 1790 could truthfully claim that Washington ...
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2answers
131 views

Is this sentence correct:I already have posted the letter [closed]

"I already have posted the letter."Is this correct
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1answer
142 views

Why don't interrogative sentences _start_ with a question mark? [closed]

Not all questions start with Wh- words, so why don't we start a question with a question mark to make it more obvious that it is actually a question? For instance, when I'm reading a book which has a ...
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1answer
38 views

My thesis statement sounds awkward, should I add more commas? [closed]

Thesis statement: " Between both republics, the second republic is more advantageous for interest groups than the first republic because of the continuous increase size of government."
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1answer
55 views

Parse a sentence (from Ratcliff 1990 paper)

A little background: this paper concerns forgetting in neural networks (a computer science concept). The word "activation" might mean the activation (=output) of neuron(s), but since I cannot parse ...
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1answer
37 views

using word “Responsive” correctly? [closed]

I wrote this sentence for my report, but I am not fully comfortable in using "responsive". Can any one check and point out the mistakes? Various constraints relating RGB cameras were found to be ...
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1answer
58 views

How is this sentence to be interpreted?

One thing that bothers me - a lot - reading older English texts, is the apparent tendency of writers to write what appear to me to be sentence fragments. For instance, today I found this old "map": ...
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3answers
123 views

A blinding light / blinding sunlight / a blinding sunlight

"Mornings came and cast a blinding sunlight over everything, and he felt like nothing worthwhile could be accomplished." For some reason, I feel like "a blinding light" is ok, but if its sunlight, ...
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2answers
148 views

Non-standard sentence construction with “there is no”

I have just come across this very unusual construction, in my view at least. Is it correct and if yes, what grammar rules apply here? I would really appreciate it if anyone could help me with this and ...
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2answers
48 views

Chronological order when using “and”?

In a sentence like "At the party, I ate and drank" where the actions are done concurrently, does the order of the verbs show anything about chronological order? For example, in "At the party, I ate ...
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2answers
98 views

'… this good of a wave…'?

I've just been listening to Jeff Clark, the first to surf Mavericks. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-31093276 Around 2:20 he relates a story with Mark Foo, a Hawaiian surfer: The big wave ...
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60 views

semantic difference for the forms: “x of y” vs. “x of the y” vs. “y x”

As a non-native speaker, I have a problem understanding the difference in meaning of the following forms: "… of …" "… of the …" "… …" To be more specific, let me give some instances: "theory of ...
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1answer
45 views

What does “of or”mean in this sentence? [closed]

Of or pertaining to important records or archives.
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2answers
214 views

“was” or “were” – “one of the messages which was/were” [closed]

My question is should I use was or were in the following sentence: ...this is one of the messages, which was/were sent in the space 37 years ago. Which one I should use?
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2answers
98 views

Why does this sentence format only work some of the time?

The sentence, "he took my toy away" can be rewritten as, "he took away my toy." However, "he took me away" cannot be rewitten as "he took away me." The second sentence sounds awkward at the very ...
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7answers
1k views

What is the difference between a part of speech and a syntactic function / grammatical relation?

What is the difference between a part-of-speech and a function? In other words: What is a part of speech. (e.g. noun) What is a grammatical function. (e.g. head, subject) [read "grammatical ...
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1answer
73 views

Sentence Structure 3 [closed]

Do you think that the following sentence structure is correct? "Attach any material you need included". I meant to say "Attach any material that you need to include". I agree it may not be formal ...
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1answer
133 views

A rhetorical question which the author then answers

What is the name of the question which is bold in the following? I want to shift the discipline from physics to biology. Why? Because, … You ask it not because you don't know something, but ...
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1answer
313 views

Leak vs Leakage?

English is not my first language and I'm having trouble using the words "leak" and "leakage". Do they both mean the same thing? or what is the correct grammatical usage of each word? Thank you very ...
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2answers
132 views

Can anyone analyze the sentence structure for me?

I just watched a movie and saw a sentence in it. I can understand it but it is different from any sentence building rule my teacher has ever taught me: Me staring in your dead eye with my hand ...
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1answer
72 views

Time and “look back on” as a phrasal verb

When using this tri-part phrasal verb, i.e., "look back on," what is the length of time it refers to or can refer to? For example, it's common to say: "When John looks back on his childhood, he can ...
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68 views

Is the word order grammatically correct?

Is the word order in the following correct? Mass media representatives will be present for official coverage of the course of the conference
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5answers
206 views

the verb 'declare' without a person who declares

Someone declares that the changes are aimed at combating untimeliness and incompleteness in [name of tax] tax assessment and withholding by tax agents. How would you express the said idea without ...