This tag is about how the grammar works: different grammatical usages, how they can be used, or what they mean.

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2
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1answer
62 views

Redundancy: If they should

Today’s horoscope on New York Daily News says (the link may be broken after tomorrow): If they should find out something before you had a chance to tell them, it could cause real friction. How ...
2
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1answer
47 views

Omission of 'for' with various quantified time intervals: influence of verb

I came across these two examples, given to illustrate 'a case' where the inclusion of the preposition for is considered optional in the paper "Acquisition of Preposition Deletion by Non-native ...
2
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1answer
91 views

Can an -ing or -ed clause be seen as a relative clause?

I'm confused with reducing clauses. I need help to understand reducing clauses in English. For example: The amount of goods transported by train totaled about 70 tonnes. I think the full ...
2
votes
1answer
117 views

Correct usage of “help” and parallelism

I want to combine "A helps B to Verb1." and "A helps C to Verb2." into one sentence. However, "A helps B Verb1." and "A helps C Verb2." are also correct sentences. ("to" can be omitted.) So, my ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

What's the appropriate way of integrating the expression “full stop” into a written sentence?

What's the appropriate way of integrating the expression "full stop" into a written sentence? For example: The USS Enterprise isn't just a great "Galaxy Class" starship, it's a great starship - ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Reported speech of future time clauses

How should we report sentences including "future time clause?" We will have dinner when your father gets home. Do we have to change the tense of 'future time clause' or leave it in the original ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Customer Technical Support or Technical Customer Support?

I am part of a customer support team. When answering a new email request from a customer I start my reply with an introduction: Hi, John Doe here from the [What-goes-here?] team at ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

use of being in a sentence

What is the grammatical reason for the following use of the word being? Thank you for willing to come : (wrong, I know) Thank you for being willing to come : (right) But what is the ...
1
vote
1answer
146 views

“over the period of” or “over the period”?

Which one is correct? I visited four countries over the period of 2010 to 2014. or I visited four countries over the period 2010 to 2014.
1
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1answer
97 views

Are there rules governing pre- and/or post-modification of noun groups by participial adjectives?

Which of the expressions "supplies needed" and "needed supplies" is / are correct? Have we now received all the needed supplies? Have we now received all the supplies needed? Is there a ...
0
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1answer
33 views

How to say *develop a long term career*?

I have finished my studies and I want to start my career at a company. I want to express that I am searching for a position where I can work the next years of my life, so no limited 2 years contract. ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Differences of “supposed to be” and “supposed to be having”

What does this sentence mean: "I am supposed to be having my physics class in the science building." Also, what is the difference between this sentence and "I am supposed to have my physics ...
0
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1answer
96 views

“We are finished” vs. “We have finished”

Is "we are finished" grammatically correct? I thought it would be more correct to say "We have finished".
0
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1answer
47 views

Camera calibrated to/into/? optimal settings

I am trying to figure out what the correct preposition would be (and why): Camera calibrated to/into/? optimal settings Thanks
0
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1answer
72 views

usage of “constitute” and “thankful”

A senior researcher has single-handed[ly] constituted one of the most comprehensive collections of field recordings. I have three questions, two pertaining to usage and one to grammar:  1. ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Shall I put the adjective behind the noun in this case?

"Function" means the performance of something, so it is on a level different from "project".(self-made) Here what I mean is that the two words are on different levels, the first may refer to ...
0
votes
1answer
184 views

maybe you don't already know that/maybe you don't know it yet

are there any differences between these two construction? I've heard a native speaker say 'maybe you don't already know that'. The context implied that if I didn't know that thing, then he would ...
-1
votes
1answer
50 views

Is this proper use

I was watching the movie Man of Steel and in it is this passage: "There's only one way this ends Cal; either you die, or I do." Now this sounds wrong to me. There's two outcomes. "There's only on ...
-1
votes
1answer
37 views

last summer or the last summer?

I've read Essential Grammar in Use Raymond Murphy's book. some page of the book was told me: Do not use "the" with: television breakfast/lunch/dinner next/last + ...
-1
votes
1answer
112 views

Usage of “however”

In the below sentence, the word however is used at the end. New genome editing techniques—in particular the CRISPR system Church and his team are using—offer new hope, however. In 1987 Japanese ...
-1
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1answer
61 views

Is the saxon genitive missing in the song title “Hells Bells”?

I am confused by title of song by AC/DC: Hells Bells. Shouldn't it be Hell's Bells (meaning "bells from hell") or Hells' Bells (meaning "bells from hells")? Or is it just a slack language common for ...
-1
votes
1answer
165 views

use of “also” vs. “and also”

In the following, which is better to write between two sentences: ". Also" or ", and also" : Another drawback in the convenient setting is that operational vector fields do not have integral ...
-1
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1answer
38 views

Is the phrase, onto the platforms below… essential, as I feel the sentence doesn’t flow?

Is the phrase, onto the platforms below… essential, as I feel the sentence doesn’t seem to flow? The waiting room at Leipzig Central Station was cold. Even the stuttering coal fire burning in a ...
-1
votes
1answer
39 views

Is “The reason is so…” redundant?

I know one should never use The reason is because, but does the same apply to The reason is so? It would make sense, because when someone asks you "Why (insert question here)?" , it's common to ...
-1
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1answer
51 views

reduced relative clause

Could anyone please look at the following sentences and tell me if the reduced version is acceptable, and if any any difference exists between the full and reduced versions? Thank you a) ...
3
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0answers
31 views

The use of the Present Simple within a short period of time

Help me understand how idiomatic this usage of the Present Simple is. Usually, PS conveys repeated actions within relatively long (or almost unlimited) time frames. For instance, “The sun rises in the ...
2
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0answers
44 views

is the phrase 'accelerate success' proper english?

Is the phrase 'accelerate success' proper english? Any suggested phrases to replace if this is not?
2
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0answers
53 views

Can the word “proxy” be used as a preposition?

At the end of a sentence, I want to insert the following (parentheses included): (proxy my parents, of course). E.g., I sent my brother to his room (proxy my parents, of course). But this ...
2
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0answers
80 views

meaning of bare infinitivals

[i] I saw her clean the room. [ii] He helped me do the work. [iii] She made me clean the room.         What makes you think so?         ...
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0answers
122 views

Subject/Complement Agreement. How to describe problem with “The thing is the objects.”

In my ell answer, version 32, I provided the following, problematic, wording (especially bold italic), and I need help to better understand this issue so I can fix my answer:1 The thing is ...
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0answers
14 views

Using localising adjectives + adverbial construction with 'where'

I am wondering whether it is possible to use an adverbial phrase with 'where' to describe words like 'ashore' or 'aground'. Examples: I stepped ashore where the sun was filling with a red ...
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0answers
32 views

“Do you want” vs “Do you not want”

I recently came across a funny picture with these questions: Do you want som drugs? No Do you not want some drugs? Presumably the answear is supposed to be "no" since you always say no to drugs, ...
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0answers
40 views

A few contexts with the Present Simple which make me puzzled

These extracts are taken from an old English text book written by A.S. Hornby. 1) A: You were out very late last night. I know! B: Quite right! I was out until three o'clock. And I had too many ...
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0answers
20 views

Is it correct to ask “Where are we holding in regards to that” when asking about the status of an application or the like

I was asking a banking rep about a recently submitted application for financing - Where are we holding? Is that grammatically correct? For example - I would ask the question - At what stage is the ...
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0answers
61 views

Grammar: Had been + vb or has been + vb

Should I use '' I had been listening to this concert since it started snowing, at seven.'' or ''I have been listening to this concert since it started snowing, at seven.'' I never know when to use ...
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0answers
38 views

Omitting the “I” from “I am” the second clause in a sentence?

For example I've written: "I have an interest in rock climbing and am a member of the mountaineers Society." My friend thinks it has to be: "I have an interest in rock climbing and I am a ...
0
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0answers
17 views

Parallelism between past perfect and present continuous

In the following sentence: Anyone who has stumbled glumly through a British airport recently, trapped in endless queues, will already know the stench of bogus security hanging heavy in the ...
0
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0answers
44 views

Starting a sentence with “In which”

I sometimes see sentences that begin with "In which", but I can't seem to understand the meaning, e.g.: In which James demonstrates the presentation he's been working on. Is this grammatically ...
0
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0answers
36 views

Where to put the adverb in passive sentences?

While writing another question on this site, I was uncertain about placement of adverbs in passive sentences. It shouldn't frequently be used in the context of immaterial things. It shouldn't ...
0
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0answers
30 views

Contrator, contractee… and disease?

On my security card at work is written "Contractor" in big, bold, capital letters. A thought just crossed my mind (as I work for a medical company): If I am the contractor, am I the one passing the ...
0
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0answers
45 views

Why present simple not continuous

I have a few sentences here: A) The instructor explains the diagram to students who ask questions during the lecture. Why are "explain" and "ask" used here in present simple, and not in the ...
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0answers
29 views

All of + possessives

may I ask a question about the correct use of "all of"? As far as understood from a previous post, "of" must be used when followed by a pronoun. What happens with possessives? My example: "beauty in ...
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0answers
27 views

What is the correct usage of “the question of …”

I am currently writing my thesis, which addresses the question of how to do X. However, I am not sure whether the usage of "the question of ..." is correct. I found the following expressions while ...
0
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0answers
63 views

Sentence diagramming trouble with figuring out subordinators and relative pronouns

http://imgur.com/a/dyALV for the pictures. In the diagrams my main concern was figuring out if the use of "that" was under the context of it being a relative pronoun or a subordinator. I have trouble ...
0
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0answers
26 views

Can a declarative, independent clause be considered an introductory element?

Consider this question: Are you going to the birthday party? I know that the following response can be punctuated correctly in at least two ways: "I hope so. I have already bought a ...
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0answers
34 views

“Apply” and the passive voice

I have a sentence like this. I applied this method to the problem. I want "the problem" to be the subject of the sentence. If "this method" were the subject, this might be very easy. This ...
0
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0answers
49 views

looking for appositive that-which phrases

I asked sentences having an appositive that-which phrase like the following sentence in English Language Learners. The insect propagates best near "disturbed land," that which is being cultivated ...
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0answers
134 views

What formal English syntax tree notations are there?

I don't have enough karma to comment on their answer itself, and so I was forced to create a separate question, though this is probably otherwise for the better, anyway. Link to the answer: ...
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0answers
26 views

What part of speech is “Returning” in this title “Returning to Earth.”

How does "Returning" function in this title "Returning to Earth" thanks!
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0answers
75 views

What is the reason for this illogical phenomenon?

Let me give you a few phrases which make me wonder why they are constructed the way they are. For example, it is OK to say 1) What day is it today? But it's not OK to say 2) Today it is Sunday. or ...