A noun formed from a verb by the addition of -ing.

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Simple or perfect form of gerund [closed]

I just wondering if the meaning of the following sentences are equivalent? I know the difference between past and perfect tenses. So I'm just trying to ask if I can use first sentence instead of the ...
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287 views

“-ing” verb + gerund

I am aware that some verbs require the use of a gerund in certain constructions like "to avoid doing something". However, does this rule extend to the case that avoid is also used in an -ing form? ...
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100 views

Use of preposition 'to'

I hope to understand the use of the preposition to gerunds and the overall structure of the following sentence. Normally the use of to is to specify a destination or a purpose but here the way it is ...
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284 views

Responsibility, the Gerund, and the Perfect Aspect

In the process of answering this question on ELL, I hit upon something I can't explain. The sentence in question is: Who is responsible for leaving the window open? I think anyone hearing that ...
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198 views

In «In addition to *his being a great writer*,» what is «his being a great writer»?

Is that a gerund-like construction? A noun phrase? What kind of part of speech is that? I apologize in advance if there is some thread that already deals with this issue, but since I don't really know ...
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422 views

something is capable of to be p.p. or being p.p.? [closed]

Manual: small, helpful book capable of being carried in the hand. What is the difference between to be carried and being carried in this sentence?
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Is it necessary to use “the” before using verb+“ing” in specific contexts?

I am confused with whether it is necessary to use the before verbs in certain contexts. Like: The milking of a cow is not a painful process at all like you think. I am afraid it has never been ...
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3k views

“Ambitious to [infinitive]” vs. “ambitious about [gerund]”

What is the correct preposition to use with ambitious? I am ambitious to achieve success. I am ambitious about achieving success.
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123 views

“by winning” vs “by her winning” or “of her win”

I have a dilema, here's a little excerpt: Anna, an accomplished classical musician, was encouraged by her winning the prestigious award .... plans to launch a new album. Sounds really wrong. ...
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651 views

Should there be a gerund or a noun in front of the preposition?

(a) The rise of price of goods burdens the people. (b) The rising of price of goods burdens the people. (c) The ban of plastic bags is a good way to reduce environmental problems. ...
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34 views

Is a deverbal noun with at least two adjectives plural, or can it be?

Is a deverbal noun with at least two adjectives plural, or can it be? An example sentence (from research regarding medical monitoring of vital signs): Continuous and automated monitoring is... ...
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49 views

Mass measuring vs Measuring mass

I have a table of Measuring Equipment, which is NOT in English. There is a column called Parameter Measured, where the following is specified: Refractive index measuring Mass Measuring Optical ...
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43 views

Why did the author use “muttering” instead of “mutters” in this sentence?

"He wanders away from the group, muttering something about fingers and toes." - The hunger game, Mockingjay. And can you give me the name of this grammar structure? Is it short form of relative ...
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72 views

“predicting” or “prediction of”?

What is the difference between "can be used for prediction of user behaviour" and "can be used for predicting user behaviour"? I like the second version more since it's shorter and without a ...
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1answer
121 views

In what (semantic) context might “REFUSE” be used with a gerund complement?

I know that, prescriptively speaking, that the verb "refuse" is supposed to be followed by an infinitive. For example: The parents refused to buy the dangerous toy for their kid. Since language ...
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208 views

“Informing” — Gerund instead of Verb+Object?

I think if we take informing as a noun in this sentence, it should be fine. What are your views on the grammaticality of the following sentence? He left me without informing.
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209 views

“spent a lot of money to buy a house” vs. “spent a lot of money buying a house”

He spent a lot of money to buy a house. He spent a lot of money buying a house. In my head both of the sentences are correct. What's the difference between these sentences?
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105 views

How to use a gerund with 'my' in a sentence? [duplicate]

I am trying to say, "this led to my working as a research assistant with ...". I think something's awry in this phrase. Am I right?
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125 views

Is this a correct usage of a gerund?

I have already used structures such as "I don't like him singing the song" or "I don't like his singing the song". It dates back to years age when I learned it. So I wonder if I can use the following ...
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Why is it that “I called for confirmation that …” but “thank you for confirming that …”?

For example, it sounds natural to use the noun form in this sentence: This morning the hotel called for confirmation that I will stay there. But in this sentence it sounds better to use the gerund: ...
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111 views

Why do we use the gerund of begin but not end when discussing a range?

In colloquial speech, one often hears the use of the beginning and the end to denote a range, but you rarely hear them paired in the same form or or the opposite pairing: ie begin and ending, begin ...
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1answer
3k views

“Recommend to have” vs. “recommend having” [duplicate]

I am writing my bachelor dissertation and several times Microsoft Word has corrected me from "to have" to "having". One of the sentences, for instance, goes like this: The author recommends to ...
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953 views

“Committed to build” vs. “committed to building”

If this were a mere tagline, not a complete sentence in a full paragraph, which would be more correct? Committed to build a better world Committed to building a better world
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Why is “doing” used here instead of “to do”?

I have read this question: “I like to do (be) something” vs “I like doing (being) something” and I get (although the answer could not be applied to my example) that using "to do" means in general I ...
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'lead to someone doing something' OR 'lead to someone's doing something'

Under the entry lead (v.), Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English (5th edition) lists: lead to someone doing something example: His actions could lead to him losing his job. However, ...
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40 views

“I understand him going back there” [duplicate]

I heard a sportscaster say this. Since gerunds are preceded by possessive pronouns, this would have to be a present participle. (him, who is going back). I do think, however, that the gerund (his ...
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74 views

Is double “l” found in British or American English [closed]

...or why Word 2013, Chrome and other computer programs has this exactly opposite? Nearly every answer and comment to this question clearly states, that double "l" is found in British English (with ...
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Participial as adverbial?

''Solve the questions using what I have taught you.'' ''He showed up wearing a suit.'' ''It is doing a nice job covering up the broken chair.'' ''I broke the law getting you out of jail.'' ''You were ...
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68 views

Can I use a noun phrase with “after” or “before” to talk about specific past events or “past perfect” is required?

I know that gerunds can be used with before or after in the present tense when talking about facts: I always turn off the lights before going to bed. But can I use a gerund with "after" or ...
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65 views

usage of for/ to/ gerund

In this sentence: She had a strange belief that laws are in existence for being violated. Which of these is correct: She had a strange belief that laws are in existence for to be ...
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68 views

Usage of “to spend” instead of gerund [duplicate]

In the following sentence, although a gerund would be preferred, is the usage of "to spend" correct? "Do you really think it's worth it to spend hundreds of pounds on video games?"
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92 views

“Demolishing and rebuilding of house.” — are the -ing words gerunds?

I am working with a local government system into which people submit proposals to modify real estate and the phrasing they use is sometimes somewhat odd e.g.: Demolishing and rebuilding house. ...
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22 views

Using to + gerund and to + invinitive [duplicate]

"I go to school" Because 'to' is a preposition then is it correct to write "I go to watching the movie"? If not, please explain why. Thank you.
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devote herself to caring for poor people vs. devote herself to care for poor people [duplicate]

I came across the following multiple-choice question: She devoted herself to ( ) for poor people. The choices are: caring care be caring have cared As the preposition "to" can be ...
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Dedicated to producing vs dedicated to the production - use of gerund in place of noun

- A factory famous for the production of. . . - A factory famous for producing . . . - A farm dedicated to the cultivation of . . . - A farm dedicated to cultivating . . . - The firm focused on the ...
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“Thank you for your coming” and “Thank you for your understanding” [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: “Thank you for coming” and “Thank you for your coming” The first one seems ungrammatical, as pointed by some of native speakers. But the latter ...
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3answers
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Which is correct, “summiting” or “summitting”?

This form of the word is not very common but does see some use as the present participle/gerund of "to summit" as in "Upon summit(t)ing the mountain we took photos but had to begin our descent ...
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SAT Grammar - Gerunds vs. Parallelism

Hello everyone I was working on the following question: I said the error was A, because it should be how to preserve right? But apparently that is not the error, I cannot seem to find any other ...
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816 views

Infinitive of purpose or “for verb-ing”

The chambers inside the pyramid were closed (to/for) visitors (to clean and repair/for cleaning and repairing). Which is the correct alternative in both the brackets, and why? Please explain in ...
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“… need XXX-ing” vs. “… need to be XXX-ed” [duplicate]

What is the difference between these two expressions? Your hair needs brushing. Your hair needs to be brushed.
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Why is a gerund used after the verb “confess to”

A simple form of the verb is often used after to, but sometimes the simple form is replaced by a gerund. For example: He confessed to having a secret admiration for his opponent. Edwards ...
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Is “Forgive my being late” grammatical?

Is it grammatically correct to write "forgive my being late to this discussion" as an alternative to "sorry that I'm late to this discussion"?
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138 views

“To know X is all I need” vs. “knowing X is all I need” [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How does one know when to use a gerund or a infinitive? Which of the following is the correct form? To know you're interested in my book is all I need to go on ...
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50 views

Can we parse this sentence in two ways?

Being a Maia didn't stop Elendil and Gil-Galad from kicking his butt. As of now, this is an apt comment on this question at SFF (Why does Sauron fear Aragorn if he is a Maia?). I wonder ...
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“In” + gerund: “Pip joins the procession in carrying the casket”

Pip joins the funeral procession, planned out by Mr. Trabb, the tailor, in carrying Mrs. Joe’s casket through town. Is this sentence grammatically correct? One of my teachers proofread my work, ...
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Can “once” and “since” be followed by a V-ing clause?

Consider these examples: Since the board realized that the figures are increasing, they have been searching for a new campaign. Once the board realized that the figures are increasing, they ...
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Verb after preposition

Is it correct to write this: "... rely on emulating techniques"? I must write the emulate verb in gerund because it is preceded by an preposition, right? The whole sentence is: These systems ...
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Is this present participle or gerund? [closed]

Given the sentence: Most people who live and work near Washington, DC, would have trouble imagining dinosaurs walking around the area. Grammatically, what do they call it, ‘imaging’ in this case? ...
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Is the usage “… is/are hurting” from a victim's perspective grammatically correct?

I recall listening to a statement by Obama one or two years ago (also after a shooting incident, most likely) where he remarked something like "... our people are hurting". Since he was referring to ...
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815 views

In “can hear singing”, is “singing” a verb or a gerund?

In this sentence is singing a verb or a gerund? Look at the children whom you can hear singing.