A noun formed from a verb by the addition of -ing.

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“… need XXX-ing” vs. “… need to be XXX-ed” [duplicate]

What is the difference between these two expressions? Your hair needs brushing. Your hair needs to be brushed.
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1k views

Why is a gerund used after the verb “confess to”

A simple form of the verb is often used after to, but sometimes the simple form is replaced by a gerund. For example: He confessed to having a secret admiration for his opponent. Edwards ...
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4answers
3k views

Is “Forgive my being late” grammatical?

Is it grammatically correct to write "forgive my being late to this discussion" as an alternative to "sorry that I'm late to this discussion"?
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128 views

“To know X is all I need” vs. “knowing X is all I need” [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How does one know when to use a gerund or a infinitive? Which of the following is the correct form? To know you're interested in my book is all I need to go on ...
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4answers
111 views

“In” + gerund: “Pip joins the procession in carrying the casket”

Pip joins the funeral procession, planned out by Mr. Trabb, the tailor, in carrying Mrs. Joe’s casket through town. Is this sentence grammatically correct? One of my teachers proofread my work, ...
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939 views

Can “once” and “since” be followed by a V-ing clause?

Consider these examples: Since the board realized that the figures are increasing, they have been searching for a new campaign. Once the board realized that the figures are increasing, they ...
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943 views

Verb after preposition

Is it correct to write this: "... rely on emulating techniques"? I must write the emulate verb in gerund because it is preceded by an preposition, right? The whole sentence is: These systems ...
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1k views

Is this present participle or gerund? [closed]

Given the sentence: Most people who live and work near Washington, DC, would have trouble imagining dinosaurs walking around the area. Grammatically, what do they call it, ‘imaging’ in this case? ...
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1answer
320 views

In “can hear singing”, is “singing” a verb or a gerund?

In this sentence is singing a verb or a gerund? Look at the children whom you can hear singing.
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38 views

Should the preposition 'by' be used before all the gerunds if there are more than one? [duplicate]

Is this grammatically and syntactically correct? … by a) studying and b) helping – or should it be: … a) by studying and b) by helping
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64 views

What does “a-building” modify? [duplicate]

"The city was a thousand years a-building." What does "a-building" (in building) modify in that sentence?
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137 views

“I see it moving/move”

Basically what't the difference between these two forms in all regards? What do I use? From my native language I've got this habit to always go gerund.
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347 views

“Attempts to acquaint” vs. “attempts at acquainting”

The research study is an eye-opener and attempts to acquaint/attempts at acquainting us with the problems of poor nations. For me, attempts to acquaint sounds more apt. But I am not sure ...
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66 views

Gerund usage: when can verbs be used as -ing nouns? [duplicate]

I have a question regarding the correct usage of verbs as nouns ending in -ing (I understand that these are referred to as gerunds). Under what circumstance may a gerund be used in place of the verb ...
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34 views

Gerund Separate Words

My friend and I have been debating if adding 'ing' to a word makes it its own word. We said Webster would be the final answer for the debate. A search on Webster though brought back the root word as ...
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2answers
39 views

Is there a form and/or synonym of the gerund “spelling” that can be put into an adverb position such as that of “grammatically”?

That is, how would I go about converting the word "spelling" (as in the spelling of a word) to an adverb that actually sounds right in the blank of "_____-inept"? I'm pretty sure "spellingly" isn't a ...
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1answer
55 views

What is the word for a past-tense verb used like a gerund?

In a comment on this answer to a similar question, the user Kris identifies the concept of "a member of a class to which gerunds belong but itself [is] not a gerund." Is there a word for such a thing? ...
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52 views

Subject of gerund phrase [duplicate]

Me getting a hangover is nothing like her getting a hangover. - I'd rather contemplate you singing than him singing. Is this grammatically correct?
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1k views

Provide to somebody to do/doing or Provide for somebody to do/doing?

I'm writing a letter to my teacher to thank her for letting me put on a party, but I'm confused by these: I would like to thank somebody for your support, guidance and encouragement, and for the ...
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1answer
208 views

gerunds: difference between “on doing”, “by doing”, and “in doing”?

What is the difference between "on doing", "by doing", and "in doing"? A difficult point to French learners of English as in all three cases, you would say "en faisant". Example sentences, taken ...
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2answers
131 views

Participles? Present participles? Are they nouns too? [duplicate]

A participle is just a infinitive verb + ing right? A participle is also used as an adjective a lot of the time right? For ex: "She looks at the rising sun". The present participle here is an ...
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1answer
924 views

I am looking forward to …? (followed by a Gerund)?

I know, that I am looking forward to hearing from you. is correct. But I am not sure, if this holds also for other verbs? So is I am looking forward to taste your cookies. or is I ...
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1answer
368 views

two nouns together

In every case where we find the word anointing(KJV) in the Old Testament it is from a Hebrew word that is a noun. Most of the time it is coupled with the word oil as in anointing oil. If I was ...
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Correct use of “wanting” [closed]

To begin with a clarification: I'm not speaking of "wanting" as in "lacking" (e.g. a box wanting its lid.) Rather, it's about uses like this one: Person A: I want to go with you. Person B: ...
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1answer
32 views

Understanding X/Understanding *of* X: What's the distinction?

Say we have two sentences that use understanding as a gerund: Understanding how to open this door is crucial in the event of an emergency. My understanding of physics is woefully inadequate. ...
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1answer
56 views

Temporal Clause for Past Participle

I was wondering if there is a difference between reduced temporal clause with gerund and reduced temporal clause with past participle, and which one is used in formal setting? For example: Sentence ...
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1answer
240 views

“Curious to learn” vs. “curious to learning”

I know that in case of "looking forward to" I have to use the gerund form. So e.g. I am looking forward to hearing from you. Now I am not sure about this sentence: I am always curious to ...
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248 views

Adding “-ing” to a verb ending with a pronounced “e”

When a verb ends with a "e" that is pronounced, do you get rid of the "e" when you add "-ing"? For example, would you say "His karaoking last night was really unique", or "His karaokeing last night ...
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161 views

Please help me understand when to use -ing on a verb

There are two questions I'm struggling with. (1) That I have little interest in art is not the fault of my parents, taking me to art exhibits and galleries from the time I was ten years old. ...
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71 views

“Is there living in space?” vs “Is there life in space?” what is the rule or convention?

My Russian-speaking friend recently used this one in asking me a question: "do you think there is living in space?" while using the gerund "living" in place of a noun. To me it sounds horribly ...
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2answers
81 views

Is this participle or gerund? [closed]

"Disturbed, she consulted her doctor about the symptoms."
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2answers
265 views

'engaged in developing' or 'engaged in the development of'?

XXX is engaged in developing and commercializing therapies for the treatment of Alzheimer's patients. or XXX is engaged in the development and commercialization of therapies for the ...
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1answer
345 views

Meaning of “my having completed my packing” [closed]

I ran into this in a novel: This expedition began this morning almost an hour later than I had planned, despite my having completed my packing, and loaded the Ford with all necessary items well ...
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1answer
505 views

verbs not followed by that clauses

Where can I find a list of verbs like 'to want', which must be followed by an infinitive (other verbs by a gerund), but cannot be followed by a that-clause? I got from your website that there are ...
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169 views

Is Vouchering a valid synonym for “time booking” or not?

I have an ongoing dispute with someone who insists on using "Vouchering" in official documents as a synonym for "time booking" - (as in making entries on a time management system against booking ...
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754 views

why can't I say “ staying alone”

Why can't I say "staying alone" in this sentence: I like playing with my friends but I also like being alone Why not like staying alone?
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1answer
361 views

What term describes this sentence structure with preposition and possible gerund? [closed]

What is the correct grammatical description for this sentence? I need help taking out an old hard drive. I am most interested in whether the verb "take" is a gerund here, and how to describe the ...
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2answers
794 views

“Committed to supporting X” vs. “committed to support X” [duplicate]

I'm trying to edit a speech and found a commonly used phase which I'm not sure if I should amend it or not. The sentence goes like this: [a subject] is committed to supporting [a project]. ...
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3answers
4k views

Which is correct, “summiting” or “summitting”?

This form of the word is not very common but does see some use as the present participle/gerund of "to summit" as in "Upon summit(t)ing the mountain we took photos but had to begin our descent ...
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1answer
37 views

Object pronouns+verbs+ing

As non native speaker of English , I'm having trouble making sense of a structure pertaining to object pronouns. Likelihood of me doing this.... Your plan involves me attempting to prepare ...
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47 views

Gerunds - Should they be a word class of their own? [duplicate]

I'm a bit astonished about the long discussions in the post How can I prove a word is a noun? I admit that there a certain problems, especially with gerunds. Smoking cigarettes is unhealty. In ...
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57 views

Why is gerund not used in this sentence?

I read a sentence in Fox news: "If they are able to exploit it, that is say break it open and potentially analyze it and categorize it this will give them a great deal of information about how ...
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1answer
103 views

What is difference between “using” and “by using”?

Sometimes both "using" and "by using" seem to have the same meaning. Am I wrong? For example, compare the sentences below: "On-screen keyboards allow people with mobility impairments to type data ...
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34 views

possessive-before-gerund: “him sleeping with” or “his sleeping with”? [duplicate]

Did gypsies cut off man's penis in revenge for him sleeping with one of their girlfriends? Shouldn't that be his sleeping? Is the possessive-before-gerund rule still a rule on both sides of the ...
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1answer
232 views

Clauses of purpose: “for + -ing” or "to-infinitive [duplicate]

In the following sentence, how should the clause of purpose be introduced? In addition to normal maintenance, there are additional costs associated with interventions that may be required to ...
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24 views

“Jesus is a coming” - what's the exact grammatical role of the “a” before the gerund? [duplicate]

I've noticed that in the common use of English, namely in songs, there is also an extra redundant(?) "a" before a gerund, such as in a gospel song I heard Jesus is a coming (this particular ...
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1answer
49 views

“planning the” vs. “planning of”; “producing the” vs. “producing of”

I cannot find an explanation for the use of gerund + of, such as: planning of our future vacation; producing of sound; etc., —versus the same without of. I prefer without of. Which is ...
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17 views

Clinton becoming the first woman president would be … or Clinton's becoming the first woman president would be [duplicate]

The following ia a quote from CNN News: A Gallup poll Friday showed that 18% of Americans surveyed said Clinton becoming the first woman president would be "the best or most positive" thing about ...
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2answers
89 views

Why do we use the gerund of begin but not end when discussing a range?

In colloquial speech, one often hears the use of the beginning and the end to denote a range, but you rarely hear them paired in the same form or or the opposite pairing: ie begin and ending, begin ...
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1answer
178 views

Incorrect gerund to simple past conversion?

I'm a non-native speaker of English, so this might or might not be something very basic. Nonetheless, it's baffling me and I'd love some help. A friend of mine wrote this sentence in a story for ...