A noun formed from a verb by the addition of -ing.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
4answers
68 views

“spent a lot of time to shop” vs. “spent a lot of time shopping”

She spends a lot of time to shop. She spends a lot of time shopping. Are both of these sentences grammatically correct and do they have the same meaning?
1
vote
1answer
68 views

“spent a lot of money to buy a house” vs. “spent a lot of money buying a house”

He spent a lot of money to buy a house. He spent a lot of money buying a house. In my head both of the sentences are correct. What's the difference between these sentences?
-2
votes
0answers
24 views

What difference between Passive and Passive with gerund [closed]

Example: "We heard of the house being sold" (gerund in passive indefinite) and "We heard of the house was being sold" (passive past continuous)
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Simple or perfect form of gerund [on hold]

I just wondering if the meaning of the following sentences are equivalent? I know the difference between past and perfect tenses. So I'm just trying to ask if I can use first sentence instead of the ...
-1
votes
0answers
26 views

Difference between “of preventing” and “for preventing”

I was wondering if these two sentences can both be regarded as grammatically correct: Even though possibilities of preventing your identity from being stolen are limited... Even though ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Gerunds - Should they be a word class of their own? [duplicate]

I'm a bit astonished about the long discussions in the post How can I prove a word is a noun? I admit that there a certain problems, especially with gerunds. Smoking cigarettes is unhealty. In ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Why is gerund not used in this sentence?

I read a sentence in Fox news: "If they are able to exploit it, that is say break it open and potentially analyze it and categorize it this will give them a great deal of information about how ...
2
votes
2answers
75 views

What's the plural of “picking up”?

I'm writing in the context of ice skating. This is the sentence I wish to construct: There will be many falls, but serious injuries are rare, and picking ups are easy. "picking up" is the ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Temporal Clause for Past Participle

I was wondering if there is a difference between reduced temporal clause with gerund and reduced temporal clause with past participle, and which one is used in formal setting? For example: Sentence ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Subject of gerund phrase [duplicate]

Me getting a hangover is nothing like her getting a hangover. - I'd rather contemplate you singing than him singing. Is this grammatically correct?
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Gerund vs infinitive paraphrase

Is there any difference between these two sentences: "The Democrats tend to increase taxes, discouraging rich people from voting for them" "The Democrats tend to increase taxes, which discourages ...
3
votes
1answer
96 views

Is there a better term for “perfect infinitive”, “perfect participle” or “perfect gerund”?

BACKGROUND There are grammar terms such as 'present perfect' and 'past perfect' as in: She has learned English for 10 years. [present perfect] She had learned English when she was little. ...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

Gerund form of the verb after “I should've lied instead of” [closed]

So would I say "I should've lied instead of telling the truth?"
0
votes
1answer
64 views

What is difference between “using” and “by using”?

Sometimes both "using" and "by using" seem to have the same meaning. Am I wrong? For example, compare the sentences below: "On-screen keyboards allow people with mobility impairments to type data ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

How to use a gerund with 'my' in a sentence? [duplicate]

I am trying to say, "this led to my working as a research assistant with ...". I think something's awry in this phrase. Am I right?
0
votes
0answers
33 views

possessive-before-gerund: “him sleeping with” or “his sleeping with”? [duplicate]

Did gypsies cut off man's penis in revenge for him sleeping with one of their girlfriends? Shouldn't that be his sleeping? Is the possessive-before-gerund rule still a rule on both sides of the ...
7
votes
3answers
532 views

What is a gerund? A noun or a verb? 'His smoking upset me’

I've been studying the Huddleston and Pullum book for four months now. So far only one thing confuses me: the identity of gerund. Is it a noun or a verb? His constant smoking upset me. smoking ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

Is this a correct usage of a gerund?

I have already used structures such as "I don't like him singing the song" or "I don't like his singing the song". It dates back to years age when I learned it. So I wonder if I can use the following ...
0
votes
1answer
167 views

Clauses of purpose: “for + -ing” or "to-infinitive [duplicate]

In the following sentence, how should the clause of purpose be introduced? In addition to normal maintenance, there are additional costs associated with interventions that may be required to ...
6
votes
4answers
938 views

Beginning a sentence with a gerund?

My teacher recently marked on my paper not to use a gerund to start a sentence. I have been told by teachers in the past to use that format to vary sentence structure. It seems to make the paper flow ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

Dedicated to producing vs dedicated to the production - use of gerund in place of noun

- A factory famous for the production of. . . - A factory famous for producing . . . - A farm dedicated to the cultivation of . . . - A farm dedicated to cultivating . . . - The firm focused on the ...
3
votes
2answers
110 views

Using 'better' as an adverb before a gerund

I recently used the following headline in a document: Better Managing Your Health Means Better Managing Your Life My boss wrote back that "better managing" is not grammatically correct. She's wrong, ...
-1
votes
2answers
165 views

Why must the infinitive be used after “I am qualified to”?

I am not able to understand why the infinitive must be used after "I am qualified to". For example I am qualified to teach. Does not to play the role of preposition in this sentence? If the ...
-1
votes
2answers
177 views

going + ing vs going + infinitive, when use which?

In the middle of a conversation I should use which of the follow sentences: Tomorrow, I'm going climbing. or Tomorrow, I'm going to climb. I did a deep search and I found these similar ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

“Jesus is a coming” - what's the exact grammatical role of the “a” before the gerund? [duplicate]

I've noticed that in the common use of English, namely in songs, there is also an extra redundant(?) "a" before a gerund, such as in a gospel song I heard Jesus is a coming (this particular ...
0
votes
2answers
220 views

Gerund: Difference between “knowledge” and “knowing” [closed]

In these days I find out something about The Gerunds and now i want to know what's The difference between these nouns “knowledge” and “knowing”? And which one on is Gerund? Clearing: in my language ...
2
votes
4answers
557 views

Can I use the word “promise” with gerund?

Is it possible to use gerund after the verb "promise"? For example, in the sentence "He promised cleaning the window. I'd prefer to say: He promised to clean the window. But today I was told that this ...
0
votes
4answers
107 views

“In” + gerund: “Pip joins the procession in carrying the casket”

Pip joins the funeral procession, planned out by Mr. Trabb, the tailor, in carrying Mrs. Joe’s casket through town. Is this sentence grammatically correct? One of my teachers proofread my work, ...
1
vote
2answers
932 views

Can I use 'drenching' to mean 'being drenched'?

I understand 'drench' means to soak or get wet. Can I say 'I'm drenching in the rain' to mean that I'm standing in the rain and getting soaked by it? I mostly see 'drenching' being used only as a ...
0
votes
1answer
160 views

“Curious to learn” vs. “curious to learning”

I know that in case of "looking forward to" I have to use the gerund form. So e.g. I am looking forward to hearing from you. Now I am not sure about this sentence: I am always curious to ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

“planning the” vs. “planning of”; “producing the” vs. “producing of”

I cannot find an explanation for the use of gerund + of, such as: planning of our future vacation; producing of sound; etc., —versus the same without of. I prefer without of. Which is ...
1
vote
2answers
651 views

Why is it that “I called for confirmation that …” but “thank you for confirming that …”?

For example, it sounds natural to use the noun form in this sentence: This morning the hotel called for confirmation that I will stay there. But in this sentence it sounds better to use the gerund: ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Clinton becoming the first woman president would be … or Clinton's becoming the first woman president would be [duplicate]

The following ia a quote from CNN News: A Gallup poll Friday showed that 18% of Americans surveyed said Clinton becoming the first woman president would be "the best or most positive" thing about ...
0
votes
2answers
213 views

Adding “-ing” to a verb ending with a pronounced “e”

When a verb ends with a "e" that is pronounced, do you get rid of the "e" when you add "-ing"? For example, would you say "His karaoking last night was really unique", or "His karaokeing last night ...
4
votes
2answers
371 views

Do the -ing and to-infinitive “verbs” that follow catenative verbs always take the grammatical function of “noun”?

I'm wondering whether or not the verb form that follows a catenative verb has the grammatical function of a noun or of a verb, and whether or not it depends on the first catenative verb. "I like to ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

A question about “to becoming” [duplicate]

Would this sentence be correct? Being scared is the first step to becoming free. The more I look at it, the less clear it becomes.
-1
votes
1answer
49 views

gerund/possessive usage quandary [duplicate]

He did not appreciate the men taking charge of the project. vs. He did not appreciate the men's taking charge of the project. If sentence 2 is technically correct it seems awfully silly and ...
0
votes
1answer
258 views

In “can hear singing”, is “singing” a verb or a gerund?

In this sentence is singing a verb or a gerund? Look at the children whom you can hear singing.
1
vote
3answers
273 views

Infinitive of purpose or “for verb-ing”

The chambers inside the pyramid were closed (to/for) visitors (to clean and repair/for cleaning and repairing). Which is the correct alternative in both the brackets, and why? Please explain in ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Should the preposition 'by' be used before all the gerunds if there are more than one? [duplicate]

Is this grammatically and syntactically correct? … by a) studying and b) helping – or should it be: … a) by studying and b) by helping
-1
votes
1answer
79 views

Why do you “devour” a prey? [closed]

In seventeenth-century France, private and public opinion portrayed the physician as a vulture of greed, circling the sick and dying, battening off the suffering of the afflicted, and ...
0
votes
2answers
86 views

Why do we use the gerund of begin but not end when discussing a range?

In colloquial speech, one often hears the use of the beginning and the end to denote a range, but you rarely hear them paired in the same form or or the opposite pairing: ie begin and ending, begin ...
1
vote
2answers
79 views

Use of preposition 'to'

I hope to understand the use of the preposition to gerunds and the overall structure of the following sentence. Normally the use of to is to specify a destination or a purpose but here the way it is ...
3
votes
3answers
263 views

Gerund ending in -ings?

Examples: Savings Shavings Drippings Are these gerunds? I found some resources (below) that don't seem to provide definitive answers. Page 57 Page 320
0
votes
2answers
155 views

Please help me understand when to use -ing on a verb

There are two questions I'm struggling with. (1) That I have little interest in art is not the fault of my parents, taking me to art exhibits and galleries from the time I was ten years old. ...
0
votes
2answers
71 views

“Is there living in space?” vs “Is there life in space?” what is the rule or convention?

My Russian-speaking friend recently used this one in asking me a question: "do you think there is living in space?" while using the gerund "living" in place of a noun. To me it sounds horribly ...
1
vote
2answers
530 views

usage of the verb to bridge in “Bridging someone to something”

My friend suggested a tag line for our project: "Bridging you to your dream higher education online" and I have doubts that "bridging you to smth." is a proper word usage. I've never heard this ...
0
votes
1answer
161 views

Incorrect gerund to simple past conversion?

I'm a non-native speaker of English, so this might or might not be something very basic. Nonetheless, it's baffling me and I'd love some help. A friend of mine wrote this sentence in a story for ...
0
votes
2answers
96 views

A gerund or use a regular noun?

Which one from the below is correct or more natural? One of my greatest strengths is critically analyzing. One of my greatest strengths is critical analyzing. One of my greatest ...
1
vote
1answer
188 views

Responsibility, the Gerund, and the Perfect Aspect

In the process of answering this question on ELL, I hit upon something I can't explain. The sentence in question is: Who is responsible for leaving the window open? I think anyone hearing that ...