A noun formed from a verb by the addition of -ing.

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Telling present participles and gerunds apart

"I have started swimming." This could mean I have just started moving my arms. Or it could mean that I have enrolled in swimming classes. To my mind one interpretation is a present participle and the ...
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1answer
48 views

“It's hard to find a good path to taking this mission on”. Why “taking”

So the sentience is "It's hard to find a good path to taking this mission on", I wonder why it is "to taking it on" not "to take it on", is "taking" using as a gerund? Can I say "It's hard to find a ...
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1answer
42 views

Distinguishing between gerund and participles

I've learned so far that Gerund can be used in 6 cases: Subject, Object, Subject complement, Object complement, Object of preposition and Object of possessive. Participles are used as adjective such ...
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1answer
76 views

If I have a list after a single gerund, do I use “is” or “are”?

Below is my sentence. I'm pretty sure the word "knowing" is a gerund, but please correct me if I'm wrong. I assumed that the only subject is "knowing" and that the linking verb should be "is", but ...
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1answer
29 views

Two gerunds with “requires” or “facilitates”

I have a student who is trying to write a scientific paper - her text is littered with a particular sentence construction that I find very awkward to read, but I'm not sure how to describe it to her ...
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37 views

Chinese character “denoting” or “used to denote” black color?

How to say the following phrase correctly: a Chinese character denoting OR used to denote black colour? Context Furthermore, due to the etymological analysis of a Chinese character denoting black ...
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31 views

dependent vs depended vs depending [migrated]

Low rainfall isn´t depended/dependent/depending on heat. P.S. This is from my exam. And there´re many doubts about the question. Personally I think that both depended and dependent are suitable. But ...
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63 views

THE taking the bull by the horns

There is "taking the bull by the horns" and "the taking of the bull by the horns" is not incorrect. But may there be "the taking the bull by the horns"? That is to ask, does the direct object the bull ...
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1answer
86 views

When double “l” is considered American English?

I'm struggling with "enroll" and "enrollment". Both answers (this one and this one), given to this question, as well as Wikipedia seems to be suggesting, that double "l" is more common in British ...
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1answer
39 views

-ing verbs after comma

I need to know if the usage of the gerund form in the following sentence is correct: The relations between the countries cold due to the piercing statements by the President in 2007, criticizing the ...
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1answer
50 views

When to use a gerund or an infinitive after “is”?

How does one know when to use a gerund or an infinitive? states a 90% rule, but I'm more interested in the remaining 10%. This British Council page states Sorry, there isn’t a rule. You have to ...
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44 views

Another question about gerund vs infinitive

I'm little confused in rules about gerund. Which phrase is correct and why? If all of them are correct - what's the difference? A good way to keep in touch with old friends is using social networks....
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60 views

preposition + genitive vs non-genitive subjects + gerund

I was wondering which of the following phrases are correct? "without their having to learn" or "without them having to learn"? Any help is highly appreciated.
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1answer
59 views

Why is “attention payment” incorrect?

I have been wondering why some people think that "attention payment" is an accepted phrase. The argument is that you "pay attention", therefore you can learn "attention payment". This sounds incorrect,...
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33 views

Gerund and Participles

I need your expert skills to solve this confusion regarding the use of gerund and participles. Here is the sentence Standing in the shallow end, he would practice his arm movements. I want to know ...
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57 views

Does the word ‘not’ modify verbs beforehand or afterward?

I have had some trouble recently with the word not, and people being confused by my use of it. I suppose I made some incorrect logical connection with it. A friend and I were discussing the placement ...
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1answer
89 views

Double Consonants in Gerund

Is there any rules regarding gerund that tell when to double the consonant of a word and when not to? I'm a little bit confused regarding this matter. Based on this link there are words that can be ...
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1answer
50 views

Adverbial clauses or Gerunds! Which one is this?

In my King James Bible, I have found some words which look like Gerunds but they really are not, or at least they don't make sense when they get turned into nouns. Take a look at these examples: ...
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3answers
73 views

When to use the gerund form of a verb after “to”?

I would like to understand when to use the gerund form of a verb after "to." I had in my mind that every verb used after "to" was in its infinitive form, like for example: It is hard to play the ...
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33 views

'lead to someone doing something' OR 'lead to someone's doing something'

Under the entry lead (v.), Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English (5th edition) lists: lead to someone doing something example: His actions could lead to him losing his job. However, ...
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43 views

Is the gerund correct with “whether”? [closed]

After pressing it shows a message box asking whether the user wants to take a picture with the device, or better attaching a picture from the device's gallery. I am not sure about the gerund or what ...
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1answer
38 views

Use of -ing in certain sentences [closed]

The following sentence is very common in employment and reply letters: I look forward to hearing from you soon. I wonder why "to hear" must not/cannot be used instead. What's the rule behind the ...
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53 views

Gerund vs noun— which to use in title

This issue of gerunds vs noun always puzzled me and in this particular case made me wonder. I actually am translating my thesis title into English and am not sure as to use gerund or noun. So which ...
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1answer
55 views

Gerund before prepositions [closed]

I read a sentence like this Negotiating for dummies I know that a gerund is after a preposition, so why in this sentence a gerund "Negotiating" is before a preposition "for" Thanks for reading
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1answer
47 views

Parallelism in a sentence regarding transitive verbs, gerunds, and objects

I'm trying to write this sentence, but something doesn't seem right: Walloopp.com is the place to discover, collaborate, and create what's next. The first two are just options for actions on the ...
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30 views

Gerund (help doing/help in doing)

I know that in this sentence we should use ing form (this sentence is an example from test with given answer), but according to dictionaries we should use help in doing something, so why we ommit the ...
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40 views

“I understand him going back there” [duplicate]

I heard a sportscaster say this. Since gerunds are preceded by possessive pronouns, this would have to be a present participle. (him, who is going back). I do think, however, that the gerund (his ...
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1answer
93 views

Infinitive instead of gerund, specifically after 'require' [duplicate]

I use Grammarly Chrome extension to validate my texts in English. And with some sentences I keep seeing the error message "Infinitive instead of gerund". I'm not sure if this is an appropriate error ...
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1answer
46 views

Difference between using a gerund and using to + verb root

As an objective (or subjective). "Being a teacher" vs "to be a teacher". What is the difference between gerund and 'to' + verb root ? My dream is being a teacher. My dream is to be a teacher.
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3answers
60 views

Is the word “beginning” here a gerund or a present participle? [duplicate]

Is the word "beginning" here a gerund or a present participle, and why? On June 22, 1941, the armies of Nazi Germany crossed the Soviet border, beginning a war that would claim the lives of millions ...
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1answer
84 views

Gerund after “ways to”

I'm writing a paper with a colleague and we are unsure if the grammar in our title is correct. I'd like to go with this variant. Multiple Ways to Measuring Alertness My colleague asks if we ...
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40 views

Need help with formation of this title

I am going to write my bachelor paper about how I am going to extend CASE tool transformation of integrity constrains from logical model to physical schema. I am not sure if it is relevant, but my ...
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1answer
144 views

Is “programming” not a noun?

Recently, I was told that the word "programming" in the phrase "programming thoughts" is a verb in the gerund-participle form and that the term "gerund" by itself is obsolete in modern grammar. I was ...
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39 views

Is a deverbal noun with at least two adjectives plural, or can it be?

Is a deverbal noun with at least two adjectives plural, or can it be? An example sentence (from research regarding medical monitoring of vital signs): Continuous and automated monitoring is... ...
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2answers
64 views

Participial as adverbial?

''Solve the questions using what I have taught you.'' ''He showed up wearing a suit.'' ''It is doing a nice job covering up the broken chair.'' ''I broke the law getting you out of jail.'' ''You were ...
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1answer
75 views

Participle and gerund [duplicate]

Barking dogs seldom bite. Barking is a gerund or present participle? His rising early in the morning, helped him score well. His rising early in the morning -- is this a participle clause? Can ...
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26 views

Singular or plural verb with gerund + 3rd person? [duplicate]

Could you please comment the following phrases? Which one is correct (if any)? We believe that having such experience increases your credibility. We believe that having such experience ...
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1answer
54 views

Mass measuring vs Measuring mass

I have a table of Measuring Equipment, which is NOT in English. There is a column called Parameter Measured, where the following is specified: Refractive index measuring Mass Measuring Optical ...
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1answer
151 views

Subject Verb Possessive Gerund problem: “He had me do this” vs “He had my doing this”

I know this sounds awkward, but in sentences such as "He said me being here was wonderful," it's obviously grammatically incorrect to say "me being here." It should be "my being" because we need to ...
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1answer
75 views

Can I say “I am glad hearing from you” or it is wrong? [closed]

I am glad hearing from you. Is it correct? And does it have a real meaning or it doesn't?
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2answers
137 views

Nobody was surprised at John being absent (present participle or gerund?)

Some time ago I learned the difference between Present Participle and Gerund and today I decided to pass any online test to make sure I get it. So, I passed it having made the only mistake which is ...
4
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2answers
173 views

Indirect objects that answer the question “by whom”

Here is a sentence from Chapter Seventeen of Huckleberry Finn. The sentence appears in a grammar worksheet: When I got to the three log doorsteps I heard them unlocking and unbarring and ...
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28 views

“come out”: Verb + ING or To + Verb, and why? [duplicate]

Is "being" in the right form in the sentence below? A lot of such things come out being very, very overvalued or is it... A lot of such things come out to be very, very overvalued
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2answers
138 views

Difference between gerund and present participle [duplicate]

What is the difference between a gerund and present participle? When should we use a gerund and when should we use a present participle ?
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2answers
110 views

“Forget” followed by a gerund [closed]

Since "forget" followed by a gerund refers to the past, which one of the following sentences is correct? " I forgot to lock the door." "I forget locking the door." "I forget having ...
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1answer
76 views

Can I use a noun phrase with “after” or “before” to talk about specific past events or “past perfect” is required?

I know that gerunds can be used with before or after in the present tense when talking about facts: I always turn off the lights before going to bed. But can I use a gerund with "after" or "...
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1answer
86 views

Using gerund verb instead of wh-clause [duplicate]

Someone can help me clearly How to use V-ing instead of WH-clauses? And when should we use it. For example: I talked to him about the bug I got when I run app. Could I convert to: I talked ...
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3answers
108 views

Main verb in a sentence and gerund

In the sentence "Offering her license and registration, Selena sobbed in the driver's seat," offering is not a gerund, right? It isn't a noun and does not act as a subject. That made me wonder if the ...
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2answers
52 views

Can we parse this sentence in two ways?

Being a Maia didn't stop Elendil and Gil-Galad from kicking his butt. As of now, this is an apt comment on this question at SFF (Why does Sauron fear Aragorn if he is a Maia?). I wonder whether, ...
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1answer
42 views

Disturb “the function” or “the functioning” of the device?

I have in my quantum physics lab report The system cannot disturb the function of the device. but my friend proposes The system cannot disturb the functioning of the device. I think the ...