Questions related to geography.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
2answers
80 views

Another word for “kisses” or “slightly touches” or “barely makes contact”

I'm specifically trying to find the perfect word for this phrase I'm adding to Wikipedia: Oman's Musandam peninsula kisses the gulf at the Strait of Hormuz. But kisses really isn't the right ...
3
votes
1answer
70 views

Why do we say “Eastern Europe” but “East Asia”?

My girlfriend, who is not a native English speaker, asked me this yesterday: why are some geographical regions prefixed with the nouns North, South, East and West, but others are prefixed with the ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

What category of words do “Rural/Urban” come into? [duplicate]

I'm trying to categorise the words Urban/Rural/Suburban etc. I liked the term "rurality" but turns out that isn't an actual word I think, and "neighbourhood type" doesn't really seem to fit the bill. ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Capitalisation of geographical entities in lists

I cannot seem to find an agreement on the proper capitalisation of geographical entities that use common nouns as part of their full name. Specifically my example is: ...was found in the ...
1
vote
1answer
120 views

Accepted way to abbreviate cities that have “Saint” in their name

My first question here, so I'm not sure if this OT or not, so please bare with me. Background: I don't live in US. I'm working with some data that I'm pulling from Adwords. Sometimes, I'm getting a ...
1
vote
0answers
119 views

Do I so often encounter simple past for past participle (e.g., “I have went,” “what was did to her”) because of where I am or when?

Since moving to small-town northern Minnesota (USA) two dozen years back to teach English, I have noticed a lot of instances in spoken language where the simple past is used in lieu of the past ...
1
vote
2answers
61 views

How to phrase a worldwide location in English?

I have an online form where a user would usually submit a specific location in a field, e.g. Moscow, Berlin, New York, Paris. But sometimes there is no specific city location, for instance for a ...
5
votes
1answer
620 views

How should I parse the name of the UK? [closed]

I've grown up in the UK and always considered that it is a United Kingdom of four countries: the three countries on the island of Great Britain and the country/province1 of Northern Ireland. ...
9
votes
2answers
153 views

Why do we say County Durham?

In Ireland all the counties are expressed as 'County....' followed by the name, e.g. County Kerry, County Galway, County Clare etc. This equally applies to the six counties north of the border, County ...
0
votes
2answers
44 views

Capitalize “state?” [duplicate]

Do you capitalize the word "state" when saying, "In Washington State, individuals who are unemployed may apply for treatment through DSHS."
0
votes
2answers
969 views

Where in the world does “a lift” mean “a ride in the car”?

In the United States and Canada, when someone asks you for "a lift" or you offer "a lift", you are speaking about riding in a car with them. However, in England and other places, a "lift" is an ...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

Do Australians say “down north”?

I noticed some maps from the southern hemisphere are "reversed" with the south pole on top. Which makes me wonder, are there places in the southern hemisphere where the concept of "down" is presumed ...
2
votes
2answers
91 views

How do I refer to a geographical area outside Britain (use article or not)

I am not a native English speaker. In a scientific paper I'm writing, I refer to geographical areas in Belgium: Kempen, Hageland. In Dutch, an article is used when referring to these areas: "in de ...
22
votes
2answers
2k views

Meaning of suffix '-sex' in 'Sussex, Middlesex' [closed]

I know that Sussex and Middlesex are in England. It looks to me as if there is a pattern in names. What does the suffix -sex mean? Where does it come from?
1
vote
1answer
148 views

Adjective relating to Great Britain and Ireland

Is there an adjective meaning “from or pertaining to the British Isles” (or if you prefer “from Great Britain, Ireland or surrounding islands”, or “from the Atlantic Archipelago”, or whatever floats ...
2
votes
0answers
749 views

Where can I find a list of colloquial abbreviations for cities? [closed]

I'm seeking a list of commonly used abbreviations for US cities (and also European cities, but let's start with the US). When I say abbreviations, that could be anything from 2 letters or more that ...
2
votes
1answer
919 views

What are the associations of the word “Heights” in a city name? [closed]

There are lots of cities and other designations with the word "Heights" in the name. Does this refer to something specific? Is it a marketing tactic perhaps? Examples: Hacienda Heights Sterling ...
4
votes
4answers
514 views

Up my street and down the lane [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Do I travel “up” or “down” to London from north of the city? Except where there is obvious difference in elevation e.g. on a sloping road, how do ...
3
votes
1answer
171 views

The Black Country in UK

I have encountered the name The Black Country in old books. From Wikipedia: The Black Country is a loosely defined area of the English West Midlands conurbation, to the north and west of ...
1
vote
3answers
192 views

What terms describe who pays for a meal? [closed]

I have heard the terms go dutch and AA used to mean that, when two or more people eat at a restaurant, each will pay only the price of their own dish. Also treat is used to describe the act of one ...
10
votes
5answers
1k views

Is the term “village” used in North America?

The post Difference between "town", "city" and "metropolis"? describes the usage of terms describing various sizes of cities. In the US, I have never encountered any ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

When to put “River” before or after its name and why?

Unlike mountain names, where "Mount" always precedes its name, e.g. Mount Everest, I've noticed that some rivers have "River" before its name, e.g. the River Nile but others have it after, e.g. the ...
25
votes
15answers
4k views

Generic name for places like village, town and cities

There is the German word Ort or Ortschaft which is a hypernym for places where people live like villages towns cities etc. Is there a correspondent word in English? I don't want to use location ...
1
vote
3answers
3k views

What is a good word to describe a large geographical area [closed]

What is a good word (or a phrase) to describe a large, extensive geographical area, spanning several regions? I am not looking to use this in a particular context, but to help in conceptualizing a ...
3
votes
1answer
688 views

Is Jutland so-called because the region it describes 'juts out' into the ocean?

I know that 'Jutland', a part of Denmark, comes from the Danish 'Jylland', which describes the same region. But was that name just invented at random, or does it come from the verb 'jut', as the land ...
2
votes
1answer
7k views

South vs Southern - difference? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: When is the use of “north” more appropriate than “northern” and vice versa? Are there any differences in meanings of South vs Southern, North vs ...
11
votes
7answers
665 views

Can I use the term 'America' to signify just the United States?

I write legal marketing materials. Does the term 'America' signify Canada + USA + Mexico, etc. to readers abroad or will they know that I'm talking specifically about the USA?
7
votes
4answers
8k views

What is the history and geographic area of the word “finna?”

In St. Louis, I learned of the word, "finna." I know it is slang/contraction for "fixing to." By asking dozens of people, I've learned that it is used by people of many different races and cultural ...
7
votes
3answers
880 views

Why are country names localized and city names not?

As discussed here, names for the same city in different languages tend to be just variant pronunciations. By contrast, a country that is known by (even roughly) the same name in most languages is the ...
42
votes
5answers
10k views

What is a suitable word to describe a place where two rivers meet?

I've googled for a while and on some sites I've found the word "watershed" as the proposed word. Is it the word that best suits it?
4
votes
10answers
1k views

Why does English have city/country names that differ from the local language?

For example: Italy = Italia Florence = Firenze Rome = Roma Venice = Venezia Munich = München Different reasons for different cities? Anglicised for pronunciation? The name changed and English ...
19
votes
5answers
13k views

Using the definite article before a country/state name

The Punjab is a rich state. Is it correct to use the before Punjab?
17
votes
6answers
4k views

Is “the USA” singular or plural?

On the one side, the USA is just one country. Logic says it should be, then, singular, just like the United Kingdom is. Example: The USA owns this domain. On the other side, if I however expand ...
0
votes
1answer
208 views

Any term pertaining to geography, but not to toponymy?

Can you, please, come up with some term that would be directly related to geography, but would have no relation to toponymy?
4
votes
2answers
528 views

How to refer to “mainland Europe”

As a Europhile living in England, it really bothers me when journalists refer to mainland Europe as "Europe". We're in Europe! But I appreciate that it offers a neat shorthand for referring to the ...