Questions about English dictionaries

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What is a word for “to state facts as opinion”?

Stating opinions as facts is called dogmatism. Then what is stating facts as opinions called? example sentence: They __________ on the statistics so that the statistics fit their own agenda.
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0answers
35 views

How do I find Oxford/Merriam Words by Year?

Is there a way to search for when a word become an official word? My guess is that words that have been around "forever" were part of early unabridged English dictionaries. For modern history though, ...
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0answers
30 views

Is there a word list with common words only? [migrated]

I'm writing some computer software to automatically generate randomised word lists from the official SOWPODS dictionary, which contains more than 267,000 words. After writing the software and ...
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0answers
40 views

Is there a word for someone who treats their opinion as fact? [duplicate]

Thought that's what dogmatic meant but apparently it's not. Is there a word that describes this?
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1answer
56 views

Are dictionaries using 'big data'?

Traditionally (and roughly) dictionaries are written by teams of editors who gather large corpora, identify new words or new word usages, examine how those words are used, and then assign parts of ...
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1answer
196 views

In phonetic writing, what does italics mean?

The word government is supposed to be pronounced guhv-ern-muh nt See here http://www.dictionary.com/browse/government?s=t
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61 views

How do you pronounce these Greek letters in English dictionary definitions?

Dictionary definitions for the English language usually have the word spelled out in Greek letters to indicate how the word is pronounced phonetically. Examples highlighted: What are these Greek ...
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1answer
52 views

Are there any English words that contain a number or symbol? (excluding hyphenated words) [duplicate]

I realize these would probably be neologisms or maybe trademarks, but are there some obvious example "words" to use that contain a number or symbol? (eg 0123456789!@#$%^&*() For the purpose of ...
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1answer
47 views

Is it correct for an author to decide the level of restriction of a words definition?

For example the word "religion" is defined as : The belief in and worship of a superhuman controlling power, especially a personal God or gods And also: 1.1 A particular system of faith and ...
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3answers
71 views

Hyphenating “process” in the meaning “series of actions” in AmE

Where to break the word "process" at the end of a line in the meaning "a series of actions" in US English? Dictionaries disagree on this (or I am misinterpreting what they say): Merriam-Webster ...
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4answers
99 views

How to chose the meaning of a word from many meanings [closed]

To increase my vocabulary, I collect words from my daily study and then find them in the Cambridge dictionary. But one word has many meanings. It is sometimes hard to memorize all of them, and it is ...
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1answer
46 views

List of English word subjunctives

I'm working on a word cloud application and thought it would be useful to group different forms of the same word together. For example, "rides", "ride", "riding", and "rode" would all be grouped as "...
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1answer
23 views

Help with “Rush the net”

It didn’t feel any more disjunctive than seeing Suzanne Lenglen rush the net in a full-length dress in say, 1916. Hey guys! I did not get meaning of "rush the net" exactly. Any idea? Thanks a ...
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43 views

Is it Possible to Learn Indo-Proto-European?

Is there a reputable and/or notable dictionary that lists all the words in Proto-Indo-European that can be translated to their literal equivalent in Modern English?
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1answer
47 views

Why are headwords in some dictionaries, such as Oxford's, hyphenated?

Why are headwords in some dictionaries, such as Oxford's, hyphenated? It doesn't seem to break words down into morphemes (hyp-no-tize only has two morphemes) or into syllables (eas-ily has three ...
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1answer
89 views

Where can we find a list of English words classified by frequency of use? [closed]

I need at least the first 10 000 most commonly used words, but more would be better. It’s not a problem if the list is a little imprecise.
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2answers
55 views

Is weary a common portmanteau of “wary” and “leary”? [closed]

In a comment on a different SE-page, someone misspelt (or intentionally used a different word?) wary, using weary instead: Someone else jokingly pointed this out, the original commenter then ...
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1answer
46 views

What would “in modern colourless use” mean in a dictionary definition?

While looking up the various senses of "while" in the Oxford English Dictionary, I came across the following: [B 2 c.] In modern colourless use: At the same time that, besides that, in addition to ...
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39 views

Word for a book that describes translations

I am looking for a word that is used to describe a book that contains one-to-one translations of words from one language to another. For example, a chinese-english dictionary is one of these types of ...
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2answers
173 views

Is there a kind of “official” dictionary for the English language?

Context On languages having an Academy (I know it's not the English case thanks to this SE site) it's usual that those academies edit and maintain a kind of official dictionary for that language. ...
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113 views

Do we have any English dictionary that shows precisely both letters and diacritics?

Dictionary uses IPA to depict the sound. However, most of them do not include diacritics, and thus it is very hard for learner to distinguish the sound. See this quote from Wiki IPA symbols are ...
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2answers
835 views

Proper term for “surity..??” [closed]

What's the proper word for "surity or sure-ness". E.g. "It's a surity that it will happen". I know "assurance" can be used. But is there an even closer term for this..?
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2answers
86 views

Do dictionaries use polysemes in definitions without sufficiently explaining which sense/s is/are involved?

I want to know if the definitions grouped in a dictionary are stated in unequivocal language. e.g. Wax has the following definition: [literary] become larger or stronger. his anger waxed – Is ...
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53 views

Does OED (and other major dictionaries) use the label “Slang” or only “Informal”?

I was just looking at some slang words in dictionaries. Surprisingly they are all (that I could find) labelled "informal". I couldn't find any labelled "slang". Same deal in other major dictionaries....
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1answer
54 views

Is there a dictionary with phonemic transcription for different dialects? [duplicate]

Sometimes I am not sure how a Northerner says "Winter is coming". I searched on the Internet but nothing showed up. I wonder if you know there is a dictionary (online or offline) that simply contains ...
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78 views

About how many words of four letters are there in English?

I was trying to determine about how many words there are in English, with four letters. (Ideally, excluding "s" plural, so cats and dogs would not be included.) Does anyone have any concrete ...
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122 views

How do emojis sort in a dictionary? [closed]

Oxford Dictionaries Word of the Year 2015 is… 😂 AKA the 'Face with Tears of Joy' emoji. Where will they file this in their dictionary? Have the people at Oxford made a large mistake, or ...
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34 views

Difference between Collocational Dictionary and Idiomatic Dictionary and Expressions Dictionary

I am happen to be a hard seeker of different expressions and/or word combinations meanings. so I came across collocation dictionary and idiomatic and expressions dictionaries. is there a difference ...
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2answers
143 views

What is this word in 19th century dictionary? [closed]

I was reading a passage from P. Austin Nuttall's 1869 book, Dictionary of Scientific Terms, and from what it looks like, in both the PDF and Page images views, the word seems to be pseudostella. ...
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5answers
441 views

Where did the phrase 'Uh Oh' come from?

Uh oh is defined as something you say when you made a mistake, or when something is going wrong or a bad thing is about to happen. An example of a time when you would say "uh oh" is when you ...
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2answers
141 views

Usage of the word 'Cachet' [closed]

When I was about 10-15 years younger, I lived near a club named Cache. It was pronouced like 'sachet'. I assumed at this time that this was the spelling of what is defined as 'Cachet'. Also, I ...
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1answer
57 views

Is “prayerlike” a word? [closed]

It's included the Merriam-Webster dictionary. I'm just curious if it is acknowledged as a proper form of "prayer."
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2answers
238 views

Is there any grammar rule for the usage of the re- prefix?

I've read carefully this question posted 4 years ago: Adding "re" prefix You can't use the prefix re- in any verb. Rebe, rebelieve, rehave, etc. However there are plenty of verbs that use ...
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2answers
177 views

Resources for native Anglo-Saxon vocabulary building. [closed]

Are there any dictionaries or thesaurus' out there that specialize in native English vocabulary, that is to say, real English words that are not of foreign (Latin, French, or Greek) origin? It's ...
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3answers
150 views

Does there exist a subset of words which can be used to define all others?

All words in the dictionary are defined by using other words. Has there been any research that has traced these definitions down to a subset of the English language which can define the rest of it? I'...
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1answer
129 views

What is the best dictionary for learning a contemporary American accent? [closed]

I’m using the Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary (18th edition, 2011). I know how IPA phonemes work and can also fathom American notations. So, which dictionary would best help a rookie to learn ...
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1answer
116 views

Antonym of 'helper'?

This is my question. If 'helper' means 'someone who helps', then what is 'someone who got helped'? Whom does the helper help? Is there any term to define it? Thanks!
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67 views

Where can I get a collection of “word spectrums”?

I understand that the The Oxford American Writer's Thesaurus includes "word spectrums" (see illustration below) for a number of words. Is there another source for such type of data? That is, I want ...
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3answers
760 views

Dictionary form - oneself vs. yourself

My colleagues and I are working on something and we have to frequently reference English dictionaries. We use all of them, Merriam-Webster, Oxford, Cambridge, Longman, the works. Anyway, we came ...
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1answer
76 views

In Apple's Dictionary app, what is the name of these characters?

I have been using Apple's dictionary app on my Mac, could someone tell me what the formal name of the characters are next to word 'Causation' in the screenshot and what is their purpose? http://i....
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1answer
150 views

Which English to use in Portugal: British or American? [closed]

I'm not sure this is the right place to ask this, but any help is appreciated. I'm Portuguese, but I also use English for my work. For that, I use dictionaries in my computer. My question is: which ...
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1answer
73 views

Proper usage of “engendered”

"His actions engendered a revolution in the Capitol." This sounds a bit off to me. But going by the dictionary meaning, this is legal and correct. Is this correct in terms of readability and ...
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1answer
118 views

word for widestly (adverb of widest)

I am going to paraphrase this sentence: It is one of the mostly used methods in .... and I want to replace mostly with widest, but it is an adjective, not an adverb: It is one of the ...
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1answer
64 views

Categorized dictionary of the English language [closed]

What dictionaries are there available which offer some kind of classification of words into different categories? I am looking for a free alternative to WordStat. I would like to use the ...
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3answers
3k views

What's the difference between “archaic” and “obsolete” in dictionaries?

I have come across both of these terms when searching words via google. Is there a difference between these two terms, or is it just a case of one dictionary prefering one term over another?
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3answers
375 views

bemustached versus mustached

I’ve just read an article in The Huffington Post in which the phrase “bemustached 26-year-old” was used: Sex and sword swallowing beg some pretty obvious comparisons, but the similarities aren’t ...
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3answers
229 views

“come on as” versus “come across as”

Would you say that both sentences sound correct? On the whole, I think you came ON as sincere and credible, and your soft-spoken demeanor, laced with a dash of wry humor, was quite charming. On the ...
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4answers
417 views

On the duplicity of “peruse” [duplicate]

The following are the two main definitions of the verb peruse that the editors at Merriam-Webster.com have put forward: : to look at or read (something) in an informal or relaxed way : to ...
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3answers
479 views

What does the semicolon in the dictionary definition of a word mean?

Many dictionaries use a semicolon in a meaning for a word. For instance for the word impertinent I have seen: "outside the bounds of proper speech or behaviour; impudent; insolent; saucy" Then ...
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1answer
138 views

What's the earliest reference to a non-article word that still exists today?

Assuming around 1800 is "par" for "earliest mention" of an English word by most of our esteemed GR (GR: General Reference) text, is this for any particular reason strongly cut off at that time? I'm ...