symbolic units that connect a linguistic form with meaning

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6
votes
3answers
373 views

“That… be” construction

We will make the convention that exact categories be skeletally small. Is this construction (used in a mathematical context) correct? There is something that strikes me as odd in that "be". ...
3
votes
2answers
167 views

Who is Greek president vs Who is THE Greek President

Saw this in a quiz on Stuff. Surely the word "the" should be in there somewhere? But I get the feeling I've heard things like "US President Barack Obama" instead of "The US President Barack ...
13
votes
2answers
4k views

What is the difference between a phrase and a clause?

What is the difference between a phrase and a clause? I tried looking this in dictionary but can not identify the difference. It would be great if I could get an example and formula of what makes a ...
7
votes
3answers
938 views

“just because… doesn't mean…”

It appears to me that the construction "just because… doesn't mean…" isn't used in literature at all. Is its use limited to colloquial speech and informal writing? Note that while some people seem to ...
7
votes
1answer
4k views

Root + “-ophone” construction to describe speakers of a language

I've long used the terms anglophone and francophone to describe English and French speakers respectively, but I recently found myself about halfway through a sentence where I needed a similar term for ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

Attributive and predicative position of an adjective

I have some difficulty understanding the position of adjectives. In English I have to put the adjective before the referred name (e.g., I'm an Italian man). In some languages (as Italian or Ancient ...
4
votes
4answers
392 views

verb or adjective in “The blue page is *stapled* to the red page”?

Consider the following sentence. The blue page is stapled to the red page. Although "stapled" is (apparently) past-tense, nonetheless the above sentence is clearly expressing something about the ...
3
votes
2answers
384 views

“there were enough room” or “there was enough room”

Which is the correct verb, should it be singular or plural? 1.) "There were enough room." or 2.) "There was enough room."
2
votes
2answers
451 views

“would rather” + subject + past subjunctive

What is the difference between: The company would rather each employee be provided with ID card. The company would rather each employee were provided with ID card.
1
vote
3answers
726 views

use of “is” or “are”

Which is correct? 1.) Attached are our compensation plan, an independent contract agreement, and a W9. or 2.) Attached is our compensation plan, an independent contract agreement, and a W9. I ...
97
votes
10answers
8k views

Is there a word for a person with only one head?

Reading this article by the fantastic Douglas Adams I came across this interesting quote: ‘[I]nteractivity’ is one of those neologisms that Mr Humphrys likes to dangle between a pair of verbal ...
1
vote
1answer
245 views

“that one consider” or “that one considers”? [duplicate]

I have a question to ask regarding this quote. In the formation of a marketing strategy, it is imperative that one considers the marketing mix, also known as the 4Ps – product, price, place, and ...
7
votes
1answer
4k views

Difference between “subsequently” and “consequently”?

When studying and reading course material in "softer" sciences that are descriptive the word "subsequently" appears in a way like "and subsequently" ...what does it mean, disctinct from "consequently" ...
4
votes
3answers
32k views

Is “Please be reminded to …” a valid construction?

I received an email today with the following sentence: Please be reminded to bring your basketball gear in. He was subsequently made fun of by a co-worker: 'Please be reminded' - Will you be ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

Is “Just because X doesn't mean Y” a grammatical sentence? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Sentence Construction: “Just Because … Does Not Mean” “just because… doesn't mean…” I'm wondering if "Just because X doesn't mean Y" is a grammatical ...
1
vote
3answers
460 views

Criteria used to determine if a “Chinese inch” is an “inch”?

This is a follow-on question to "Term for construct in which adjective completely changes the meaning of its following noun?" Is a "Chinese inch" an "inch" or something entirely different in which ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

Term for construct in which adjective completely changes the meaning of its following noun?

I would like the terminology for, and information regarding, a specific type of adjective-noun construct. It consists of noun preceded by an adjective that completely/radically changes the meaning ...
0
votes
1answer
109 views

Rhetorical questions with “used to”

The phrase someone used to is used to talk about habits in past. A year ago, I used to (not) do stuff. Now I was wondering about a particular kind of question. They are kind of rhetorical and ...
0
votes
1answer
979 views

I am looking forward to …? (followed by a Gerund)?

I know, that I am looking forward to hearing from you. is correct. But I am not sure, if this holds also for other verbs? So is I am looking forward to taste your cookies. or is I ...