Conjunctions are words used to connect clauses or sentences or to coordinate words in the same clause, such as "and," "but," and "if."

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“All but” idiom has two meanings?

Here's two ways I've seen the "all, but" idiom used: "Close all tabs but this one" (Any modern application with a number of tabs might have this as an option.) It means "close all the tabs, but not ...
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1answer
206 views

Comma after a coordinating conjunction preceding a parenthetical at the start of the sentence

Although similar questions have been asked before, I am still not clear as to official or, at the very least, preferred position from punctuation rules point of view on comma after coordinating ...
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1answer
58 views

Substituting how for that

I feel the following sentence would be used by Native speakers but only in highly informal speech in certain areas: In his letter he explains how the book has a great plot and is generally enjoyable. ...
0
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1answer
37 views

“People who” or “people that” [closed]

I am doing homework and I got confused about this phrase when I was writing. I am not a native English speaker. (...) and the only way to do this was taking control of everything and being ...
0
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1answer
78 views

'For while …, yet …' : Right quantity and use of conjunctions?

For while the capacity to overcome all opposing sensible impulses can and must be simply presupposed in man on account of his freedom, yet this capacity as strength is something he must acquire. ...
2
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3answers
2k views

Does “or” mean both conditions?

We are ordinary Russian folks playing an English board game and came across this sentence: You may splay your green or blue cards left. We expected that it meant you must choose only one card ...
0
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1answer
45 views

Comma before a conjunction that precedes an infinitive phrase?

I understand that a comma is used before "and" when the conjunction precedes an independent clause; however, I'm curious if the same rule applies when it precedes an infinitive phrase: "It was my job ...
6
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1answer
250 views

Etymology of “save” in the meaning of “except”, “but”, “unless”

Why does save also mean other than : but or except "We had no hope save one." except for the fact that : only —used with that but, except —used before a word often taken to be the ...
0
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2answers
282 views

Syntax of “not only” + “furthermore”

Can I use not only with furthermore instead of also? Not only is he tall, he is also heavy. Can I say or write: Not only is he tall, he is furthermore heavy. or (and please tell me if this ...
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0answers
27 views

'before' vs. 'until'

Which is more appropriate? I had lived in New York for three years until/before I graduated from college. Perhaps, there may be a more appropriate expression, but if you have to use either of ...
0
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6answers
14k views

If you're starting a sentence with “and” or another conjunction, must you follow the conjunction with a comma?

When I was a kid, I was always told that starting a sentence off with "and" was improper. However, now it seems as if the consensus amongst members of the English cartel is that it is totally ...
2
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2answers
8k views

“As I said” vs. “Like I said”

I was told that saying Like I said isn't grammatically correct although it is used a lot. That we should use As I said instead. Is it true?
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1answer
55 views

the omission of “but” in “not only …, (but also)”

I've seen some topics related to this correlative pair "not only.. but also", but I'm still not quite sure if it's correct to use a comma without any conjunction in this construction. "The American ...
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2answers
33 views

Is “correspondingly” used here correctly?

The importance of Internet access grows each day, correspondingly, web content accessibility too becomes equally important to ensure it meets the needs of users with disabilities. ...
0
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1answer
88 views

Explanation needed: Why is “and” wrong in this sentence?

It is difficult to predict what kinds of books will be popular in the years ahead, because tastes change and topics either get overexplored and lose their relevance. I have placed the key words ...
5
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4answers
441 views

How crazy can “and” be?

After seeing completely insane examples of "and" usage in this question , I realized that I have no clue how to use the word "and" grammatically: How far does the insanity go? Are the following ...
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1answer
42 views

Is 'as' a pronoun or conjunction in these sentences?

As you can see As you know What does these 'as' serve as? Pronoun or conjunction? Thanks!
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2answers
95 views

(conjunction) 'as' in 'at the same time as when'

This happened at the same time as when the window decorations disappeared. I don't know the meaning of 'as' in 'at the same time as when' and the usage of 'as' in this situation. What do you think ...
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2answers
61 views

What is the grammatical designation of “that” in “…that she may have…”?

The following sentence is the Modern English translation of a line from the Old English poem Judith: He (God) advanced a gracious favour to her, that she may have a steadfast faith. My question ...
4
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3answers
579 views

However vs. how ever: one word or two?

I am writing a paper and stumbled upon this sentence of mine. "The output remained consistently poor however the data was/were analysed". "The output remained consistently poor how ever the ...
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0answers
39 views

Should there be a space before and after an ampersand when writing numerals?

How should one write "one and two" in short form - 1&2 or 1 & 2? Are there any particular rules regarding this? In context: You may choose to do Information Technology Units [1&2/1 ...
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0answers
63 views

X was the case, so/but/since/because Y happened [closed]

The car dashed the tree. It was going at over 100mph. A) The blue car was going 100mph, so it dashed the tree. B) The blue car was going at over 100mph, but it dashed the tree. C) The blue ...
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5answers
97 views

The solution of so/but/since and because? [closed]

What do you think about the options of this case, i hav chosen the A", it's a little tricky?
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2answers
214 views

Order of pronouns and proper names in a sentence

Which is correct? Because he reads, Bob knows a lot. or: Because Bob reads, he knows a lot. Assuming the former, the follow-up question is, what happens with "when", "as", "after" and ...
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0answers
49 views

Replacing “and” with comma

EB size and structure is known to influence differentiation potential, and the microwell system provides a robust, efficient method of producing EBs of any size or shape. I've seen many sentences ...
3
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1answer
38 views

Conjunctive adverbs preceded by conjunctions

I've been under the impression that conjunctive adverbs needn't be preceded by a full-ish stop (e.g., a period or semicolon). I don't know where I got that idea, and consequently, as a lover of ...
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How to use conjunction in an object clause?

Is it OK to use comma space followed by "whereas" in an object clause like the following sentence? Experiments showed that H and K cells were highly sensitive to sugar, whereas P cells were ...
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2answers
45 views

Should the 'or' come at the end of the first line or beginning of the second?

I'm working on a webpage that has a form on it where the user can type into a box, or pick some options instead to fill it for them. If I am writing about a choice of options, and splitting that over ...
2
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4answers
449 views

Conjunction Puzzle: Is this clause dependent or independent?

Third grade teacher here. I plan to teach students to distinguish between simple, compound and complex sentences — but only if I can demonstrate a clear and meaningful difference between the latter ...
0
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2answers
12k views

Using “as much as” at start of sentence

Is it correct to use "as much as" at the start of the sentence? For example: As much as I like cricket, I like football. Is it correct? I didn't find any reference which suggest to use it that ...
2
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3answers
92 views

Compound-Complex Comma Usage

I couldn't find this question on here, and I've tried scouring the Internet, but to no avail. It's quite possible I'm just not searching with the appropriate keywords. The question is regarding comma ...
28
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11answers
7k views

Can a sentence start with “Because”?

In my grade school days, I recall a teacher proclaiming to the class: You should never start a sentence with the word "Because". Of course, I've since seen lots of examples to the contrary, and ...
0
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2answers
61 views

Are these wordiness defects cases of syntactic pleonasm?

While critiquing a certain document, I noticed frequent instances of a kind of wordiness. Whereas I could have simply corrected each instance, I wanted to cite for the writer a general rule for ...
6
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1answer
125 views

Commas with nested subordinate clauses both of which are restrictive (essential to the meaning)

I have been grappling with the question below for a while now, so hope that you can shed some light on it. Do we need the first comma (the one in brackets below) in the restrictive nested ...
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1answer
42 views

'Immediately' used not as an adverb, but as a conjunction

I'm sure that I've heard (not read) someone use the word immediately in a sentence in the same way that we would use "when" or "as soon as", and I would like to know if this is correct? Here's an ...
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6answers
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Does “either A or B ” preclude “both A and B”?

In mathematics, "A or B" includes "A and B". Does "either" mean "A or B but not (A and B)" or does it include the possibility of "A and B"? The context might be mathematics, formal logic or ordinary ...
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1answer
31 views

“In” and “and” when describing a relation

I recently noticed this in various titles of things (books, articles, etc.): Language and the brain Technology and society These make sense and are grammatical, but why not use in in ...
2
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2answers
4k views

What part of speech is “unless” in the following sentence?

Unless disciplined, a dog becomes a household pest. Is the use of unless in this sentence correct? It sounds to my naive ear to be fine, but I always think of unless as a conjunction, which does ...
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0answers
46 views

“There is” or “There are” followed by a conjunction

I recently wrote the expression: There is a X in Y and a Z in W... When I received the galley proof on the paper in which I wrote this, it had been changed to: There are a X in Y and a Z in ...
7
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2answers
240 views

Is “Next to that” really an alternative to “Additionally” or “Moreover”?

I see many of my compatriots use the phrase "Next to that" at the start of a sentence to mean "Additionally", "Moreover", "Furthermore" or "In addition". The reason for this, I feel, may be that the ...
0
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1answer
58 views

Why is 'without' sometimes followed by the -ing form of a verb? [closed]

Gentlemen, I have a problem with the preposition 'without'. Why does it modify verbs into the continuous tense? Here are a couple of examples: I can stand on one foot without falling. Why not ...
0
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2answers
59 views

“Indeed” or “However”

If the solar surface, not the center, were as hot as this (20,000,000 degrees Celsius), the radiation emitted into space would be so great that the whole Earth would be vaporized within a few ...
3
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4answers
266 views

Overuse of “however” in my scientific writing? [closed]

In scientific writing, I always feel the need to logically connect all my sentences to have a clear logical path between beginning and end of a paragraph, else it is just feels like a list of random ...
2
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1answer
75 views

How to describe a confusion matrix correctly

In computer science, we a use a thing called confusion matrix for reporting results from supervised machine learning algorithms. It looks like this The image was taken from here. I would like to ...
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3answers
73 views

Separating two different types with “and”

Recently, I read through this sentence in my book. Limestone is found in association with rocks composed of calcium carbonates or calcium and magnesium carbonates. I want to focus on this last ...
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3answers
59 views

Position of conjunctions: Beginning of a sentence Vs Near beginning of a sentence

When should one use conjunctions, such as "therefore" and "nevertheless," at each of the following positions: Beginning of a sentence Near beginning of a sentence. For example: She is to give ...
7
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2answers
596 views

Because vs. due to with adjectives?

I know that because of modifies verbs, whereas due to modifies nouns. However, what do I do if I see something like: We find that X is better than Y in most cases, due to lack of support for Y. ...
5
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4answers
12k views

Is there a symbol for “and/or”?

I am wondering if there is a symbol or glyph to represent the conjunct "and/or". I doubt there is a formal, de jure symbol (i.e., found in any manual of style or dictionary), but I cannot even find ...
2
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2answers
150 views

The correct grammar of “verb” + “conjunction” + “verb”

I have seen the usage of both versions: I am doing this to get more attention and to seek for opportunities. I am doing this to get more attention and seek for opportunities. Which one is ...
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2answers
451 views

such as something vs. such something as

The original one: From the view point of outstanding teachers such as John... From the view point of such outstanding teachers as John ... From the view point of outstanding teachers such John as... ...