Conjunctions are words used to connect clauses or sentences or to coordinate words in the same clause, such as "and," "but," and "if."

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“If/as/when necessary”

Is there any difference between the following sentences? Please press the bell if necessary. Please press the bell as necessary. Please press the bell when necessary.
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What's the meaning of 'one after the other' in this sentence

An illness to which man is prone to any age, claimed the one who was one after the other abbot, officer, scholar, writer, banker, con artist, magician, infantryman, spy, diplomat, but always claiming ...
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Is using “I don't know that” instead of “I don't know if” grammatically correct?

When asked whether he recognized equal rights of atheists, George H. W. Bush said1: No, I don't know that atheists should be considered as citizens, nor should they be considered patriots. This ...
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Abbreviation for “or the rest” (or “or others”)?

The Latin et cetera, abbreviated etc., is often used at the end of an incomplete, inclusive list of items when it is clear that there are more items than can be enumerated conveniently and there is no ...
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What rules determine the apostrophe placement in “ham 'n eggs” and similar expressions?

In expressions such as "ham 'n eggs", the conjunction 'n appears to replace and, yet there is only one apostrophe to indicate the missing a and none for the missing d (i.e., no "ham 'n' eggs"). Is ...
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I am “adjective” and I am “present continuous” in one sentence

Do I need to use "I am" twice in one sentence, or it is enough to use it only in the beginning? Where does this rule come from? My example: I am fluent in three languages and I am pursuing the ...
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870 views

If a noun phrase is made of two noun-like words that conjugate differently, then which conjugation do you use? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: “Neither Michael nor Albert is correct” or “Neither Michael nor Albert are correct”? Is “either you or [third-person]” followed by a ...
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How do I know when to eliminate the word “that” [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Are there rules about using “that” to join two clauses? I see the word "that" used very frequently in newspaper articles. It usually is used after the word ...
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Repetition of hyphen in shared prefixes [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Can a hyphen be used without anything on the right side? I'm trying to discuss types of semiconductor, there is P-type and N-type. Assuming my hyphenation is correct, ...
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You are all “but” forced to do something instead of something else

What is the grammatical usage of "but" in this sentence? You are all but forced to use them instead of standard C++ Could we ignore "but" and yet convey the same meaning? You are all forced ...
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Using “nor” in a list without “neither”

This is the classic usage of neither/nor: I would neither hide nor run away. But is the following construction grammatical? (More than two choices, no neither) I wasn't going to play dead. ...
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What is the correct conjunction or punctuation for the following sentence?

I have two sentences as follows: We don't know what we should do if the worst case happens. The worse case is when the math teacher does not allow us to use calculators in the test. I want to ...
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Add more adjectives to “[noun] is both [adjective] and [adjective]” structure [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Equivalent of “both” when referring three or more items? Consider this statement: Salads are both tasty and delicious. Is there a natural way to use ...
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2answers
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What is correct in English - “I am sorry it took so long” vs “I am sorry that it took so long” [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Are there rules about using “that” to join two clauses? "I am sorry it took so long" "I am sorry that it took so long" Are both of these sentences ...
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Is it correct that “etc.” can not be used together in a sentence with “for example” and “such as”?

I just read an article from a Chinese website for English teaching which mentions that point. For instance, one can't say: "I can play quite a few musical instruments, for example, the flute, the ...
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When phrases with the same words are combined by “and”/“or”

How are phrases with the same words joined by the conjunctions "and" and "or" to avoid repeating the same ones? If I intend to say sentence 1 below, which of sentences 2 to 5 has/have the same ...
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Does the conversational nature of email allow us to begin sentences with conjunctions? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why is it incorrect to start a sentence with “and”? In grammar school, my English teachers taught me that I should never begin a sentence with a conjunction. ...
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Combination of independent clauses containing quantities

The Zaragoza-Ysleta International Bridge in El Paso, Texas, is one of the 330 ports of entry where customs officials inspect the more than 350 million travelers and 100 million vehicles, trains, ...
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British Railway Stations - How do Brits read railway time tables? [closed]

This question is related to two others referring to "how to speak out loud 24-hour clock times". It has been asked how do English-speaking countries that officially use the 24-hour clock system refer ...
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What is a difference between “what if” and “if”

My English teacher asked me what's the difference between what if and if last week. I can't search anything about that. What only I know is what if is a question sentence. And if is a general(?) ...
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Parse tree of “the ports of Santo Domingo and Cartagena in present-day Colombia”

There is a Wikipedia article with the following line: Drake sailed to the New World and sacked the ports of Santo Domingo and Cartagena in present-day Colombia. Never mind the facts as we might ...
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Whether an omitted “that” should be replaced with a comma in certain situations

Consider a sentence like this: "I'm just letting you know that the meeting is at 6 tonight." It would be pretty common to omit "that" in this sentence: "I'm just letting you know the meeting is at ...
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Can I use “but” at the beginning of a sentence?

For a while, using but to start a sentence was largely frowned upon. But, I think it is possible to use but at the beginning of a sentence, as long as it isn't overused. Am I right?
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What's the pro and cons of using “though” at beginning and at the end of a sentence?

For example: (1) They have been talking for months. Though there is still no deal. (2) They have been talking for months. There is still no deal, though. Are they equal? Or should one of them be ...
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“Me and my wife” or “my wife and me”

Which is correct: me and my wife or my wife and me? The sentence in which this is used is Ms. Smith informed me and my wife that she was afraid of being accosted.
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Sentence Construction: “Just Because … Does Not Mean”

I've already found an entry on this here. However, it does not solve my problem: I just read an entry on "cross platform" from Wikipedia, in which it wrote: Just because a particular operating ...
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Using “if” or not in a sentence structure when expressing doubt

I use the following sentence construction a lot. I'm not sure if this is right. I was not aware of any problem until recently I noticed that quite a few of my colleagues used it a little ...
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“Advise” vs. “advise that”

... and I want to advise they, too, come for a session. ... and I want to advise that they, too, come for a session. The first is how I first wrote it. Do I need that?
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Use of “so as not to”

Which is correct? The thief carried the knife carefully so as not to cut himself. The thief carried the knife carefully not to cut himself.
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Start a subordinate clause with “thus”

In an academic paper I'm using thus to indicate the conclusion of an argument. Today my professor said that thus should not be used in the beginning of a subordinate clause and suggested to use whence ...
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For as long “as” … ? When is the last as not used? What are the rules?

For instance: For as long as it takes... but For as long we have a future... I know how to use them because I heard them being used, but I don't know whether there is a rule or not.
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Sentences beginning with “so”?

This also came up on either a BBC or CBC science program, but not as a linguistically-oriented discussion. Over the last two or three years I've noticed a lot more people starting a sentence with ...
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Comma before “and”

I read this sentence on an educational website: Now times have changed and you are ready for situations involving forces in two dimensions. Shouldn't there be a comma before and, since the ...
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Usage of “than”

Buying on margin means borrowing money from a broker to buy more securities than can be purchased with one's own money alone. I was wondering if than in the above example is a conjunction or ...
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Can “and” mean “in order to”?

For example, in the sentence I went to town and did some shopping. Can we safely assume this means I went to town in order to do some shopping? In other words, did the person go to town in ...
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“Virtual work and fun environments”

I am trying to write a sentence in English, even though it is not my native language. So I would like to know if it is possible to write Those are virtual work and fun environments. in order to ...
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Should I add a 'that' to this (provided in the body) sentence? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Are there rules about using "that" to join two clauses? In the sentence below, should there be a 'that' after 'realized'? I was feeling really awkward about ...
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How do you make the possessive form with “He and I”-style subjects?

Despite being a native speaker of American English, I cannot find a construction that sounds natural when trying to form a possessive from coordinated subjects including a first person pronoun, like ...
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Where did the “&” character come from, and why is it here? [closed]

I’m sorry if this was asked a million times before, but neither Google nor the ELU site has helped me out. I’m wondering: What’s the reason behind introducing this character? What’s the difference ...
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”See/wonder if +(a negative)” vs. “See/wonder if + (a positive)”

I’ve asked a similar question about ‘wonder if’ before, but I’ll give it a second try to learn more about a difference in nuance between a negative clause and a positive one. Just look at these ...
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When writing instructions, is it OK to leave “and” out of a quick chain of commands?

I'm editing a series of instructions, and I keep stumbling over this issue of whether using "and" in a chain of similar commands is necessary. From the Start menu, select All Programs, then ...
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How do I combine verbs?

Is it possible to shorten verbs which consist of more than one part when they are used together? For example, from the first sentence to the second below. I had gone and had seen the city. I ...
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Usage of “for” in this passage

Non-native speaker here. Be kind :) From TLOTR Book 1, Chapter 7, "In the house of Tom Bombadil" 'Let us shut out the night!' she said. `For you are still afraid, perhaps, of mist and ...
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What does “but” imply in this sentence?

From the very second paragraph of "Foundation" by Isaac Asimov: There were nearly twenty-five million inhabited planets in the Galaxy then, and not one but owed allegiance to the Empire whose seat ...
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“Though” vs. “although”

Can we use though and although interchangeably? Somebody told me that the difference is that though cannot be used at the beginning of a sentence. Is that the rule?
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Repeat the preposition in an “or” phrase, or not?

Which is correct (or better) English: "Choose lace in neutral pastel tones or also in grey or black" "Choose lace in neutral pastel tones, in grey or in black" "Choose lace in neutral ...
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Should I use “with” or “and”?

Jack gave Billy a glass of some drink and asked him to add couple of ice cubes to it. Billy took the glass and went to the kitchen. Moments later he came back with the same glass of drink and some ...
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Is there any difference between ‘wondering whether that hadn’t been Cedric’s plan’ and ‘wondering whether that had been Cedric’s plan’?

I’m thinking a whether clause with a negative sentence means the speaker thinks the situation is less likely. However, I can’t find any explanation in dictionaries at hand. He snapped it shut ...
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Use of ‘or’ when it means ‘and’ in negatives [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How does negation affect the use and understanding of “or” and “and” If I want to negate a sentence such as I like beer and whiskey. [Most ...
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What’s the role of ‘because’ in this conversation?

I’ve lost track of the logical flow of the following conversation between Lucius Malfoy and Harry. And still, behind his back, Dobby was pointing, first to the diary, then to Lucius Malfoy, then ...