Conjunctions are words used to connect clauses or sentences or to coordinate words in the same clause, such as "and," "but," and "if."

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Pluralization of nouns left out with conjunction

Can a repeated noun be left out in a conjunction? The particular example I am thinking of is a sentence that starts: Element A and element B.... Which I would shorten as: Element A and B... ...
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Is there a suitable conjunction which fits the meaning of “as a continuation of”? [closed]

I want to use it in my thesis. Like secondarily, but I don't want to use that one or similar words, as these specify an order.
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“Bridging X and Y” or “bridging X with Y”?

Which is the correct (or more correct) version of this phrase and why? Bridging ancient wisdom with contemporary science Bridging ancient wisdom and contemporary science.
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Use of a semicolon before and comma after “however”

Several years ago, a previous boss told me to use a semicolon and comma with the word "however". I've always questioned this and would like to know if the following random sentences are using the ...
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1answer
424 views

Is this a relative pronoun or conjunction?

I want to know everything (that) there is to know about you. I chanced to come across ‘expletive there’ in a syntactic textbook. It says in this type of sentences: there is an expletive, to know ...
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4answers
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Can “as soon as” ever mean “immediately after”?

Does as soon as mean "immediately after" in the following sentence? He got home as soon as 2 hours. I know that this could be a tad messy without context, but I found it as an example with the ...
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Meaning of “either”: “not /A or B/” = “not /either A or B/”?

In a positive sentence, "either . . .or" is sometimes used to express an exclusive disjunction. However, what happens when “either” is used in negation, as in sentence two below? Is the meaning the ...
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2answers
1k views

Too many “and”s? Is it grammatically correct?

A friend of mine (a non-native speaker of English) has asked me to check her CV and I'm afraid / ashamed to say, I'm having trouble. Are there too many "and"s in the given sentence? It seems OK to ...
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3answers
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What is the grammatical function of 'since' in this sentence?

What is the grammatical function of 'since' in the following sentence? Four years had passed since his father died.
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177 views

Is this an adverbial or a noun clause?

Yet the days crept by, and there could be no doubt that Fluffy was still alive and well behind the locked door. (Harry Potter) Do you call the that-clause as an adverbial clause, or a noun ...
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6k views

Clauses, and comma before “nor”

Does this sentence have two independent clauses? I do not like biology nor do I like chemistry. To me the last clause seems dependent, but I find sources that tell me to place a comma before ...
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2answers
2k views

Does “or” mean both conditions?

We are ordinary Russian folks playing an English board game and came across this sentence: You may splay your green or blue cards left. We expected that it meant you must choose only one card ...
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174 views

“Changing and improving are not always the same thing” or “Changing and improving is not always the same thing”

Are both valid? I think the first is the only option, but I have been challenged on this and I can't explain exactly why the second is wrong. It does make sense, I suppose.
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615 views

Is “tell neither X nor Y” equivalent to “not tell both X and Y” or “not tell either X and Y”? [closed]

Given the sentence "John told neither the boss nor the secretary.", which of the following has the same meaning? John did not tell both the boss and the secretary. John did not tell either ...
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1answer
325 views

“As smart as you may be” means “However smart you may be”?

As smart as you may be, there are always difficult problems making you in trouble. In this sentence does "As smart as you may be" mean "No matter how smart you may be"? So, the first as is a ...
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1answer
3k views

Is “the way how” wrong?

I was correcting an ESL learner who said "It is the way how we write." I realize "It is the way we write" is correct and "It is how we write" is correct, but "It is the way how we write" looks wrong ...
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2answers
328 views

Grammaticality of “I have a car, neither does Sara” [closed]

Can we say "I have a red car. Neither does Sara." or must we say "I have a red car but Sara doesn't."? I have read this on a website and they said that the first sentence is incorrect but I don't ...
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706 views

Should we use “like” as a conjunction?

I know that like is a preposition but why not using it as conjunction? Examples: It's as if I'm walking on air It's like I'm walking on air What is the difference?
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244 views

Mixing adjective and noun enumerations

I am having trouble writing a seemingly simple sentence. I am organising an event where three kinds of food will be served: hot beverages cold beverages finger food My trouble deals with putting ...
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Can you use two “and”s in a sentence?

For example, I like chocolate, vanilla, and lemon and orange ice cream. Indicating "lemon and orange" is a combined flavor, as an item in the list needing an initial and.
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Is it “Check and mate” or “Checkmate”?

I found the expression “Check and mate!” in the following sentence describing furious exchange of words between CNN host Piers Morgan and rightwing radio host and anti-gun-control propagandist Alex ...
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3answers
352 views

“Medicine is good when your family gives it to you not when your friend gives you one or when you take it by yourself”

I am editing a 5th grade paper. He has autism as well as some learning difficulties. He wrote: Medicine is good when your family gives it to you not when your friend gives you one or when you ...
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Is “even when” a conjunction?

Does even when grammatically work the same as even though and even if work? Or is it more of a time expression? Following the rules is essential, even when it’s difficult. Following the rules is ...
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1answer
360 views

“We have” vs. “we have that” [closed]

In a mathematical context, which of the following options is more appropriate? Since the fact A is true, we have B=C. Since the fact A is true, we have that B=C.
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61 views

'and to' quagmire

Consider: Her goal is to pioneer the idea of gardening in small or urban environments, and to inspire and educate people everywhere to grow their own organic food and live sustainably. The comma ...
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Use of “Or”, inclusive or exclusive?

My wife and I are playing a game where you roll dice and move so many spaces in a grid "vertically or horizontally". In the use of English it is very common to say, this or the other when it comes ...
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265 views

Where shall I put the comma in this sentence?

I'm not sure whether I should write like this: Try A or, a more famous one, B. Or like this Try A, or a more famous one, B. Or try other forms to avoid expression like this. Does anyone ...
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210 views

How to format “and” or “&” in a three-line header or title [closed]

I need to know which formatting is more appropriate. Should I place the connecting and or & at the end of second line or at the beginning of the third line? Here is what I mean: Lorem ipsum ...
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2answers
2k views

“A, B, C, or etc.” vs. “A, B, or C, etc.” vs. “A, B, C, etc.”

I think correct usages of "and" and "etc." are: A, B, C, and etc. A, B, and etc. But the example usage of "or" and "etc." I found in my dictionary is: A or B, etc. Why it is not: A, ...
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145 views

Is the “or not” in “whether or not” optional? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: “Whether or not” vs. “whether” I am not sure about the usage of whether. My confusion over it is whether or not is optional. Suppose I have the following sentence: ...
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27 views

Should there be a comma before ‘and’ with respect to different nouns? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Should I put a comma before the last item in a list? What is the difference between tomato puree, paste, and sauce? OR What is the difference between tomato ...
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3answers
954 views

Usage differences between “than”, “to”, and “over”

I understand that than, rather than, over and to are used to compare things. How ever I am not sure when to use those for specific scenarios. Are these interchangeable? Consider the sentence below: ...
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424 views

Contexts where a comma means “and”

A comma is commonly used as a short form of the word and in newspaper headlines. In what other contexts is this convention common? This question came to mind as I was trying to parse the following ...
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Using “are/is” after a list with “and/or” [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Singular or plural following a list James and Mark are going to help you. Here, I use 'are' because the subject is plural. James or Mark are going to help you. ...
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2answers
472 views

Simple past vs. past perfect

Which is correct to use in the following example, simple past or past perfect? We were completely in the dark after the wind blew the candle out. We were completely in the dark after the wind ...
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129 views

“Drag & dropping” or “Dragging & dropping”

"Drag & dropping" sounds better to me, but "Dragging & dropping" has more Google results... Which one is correct and why?
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1answer
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Comma use in “I am passionate about X, whether it be …”

I have trouble telling when I’m overusing commas. My question is if the comma between undertake and whether is needed: I am passionate about the quality of work I undertake, whether it be school ...
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2answers
337 views

Should I use a comma in written instructions?

I'm writing a technical user guide for a piece of software and am not sure whether I should be using a comma or not when giving instructions. Which of the following is correct? To add a new item ...
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2k views

Is “since so long” correct?

Because of our negligence towards the issue since so long, ... Am I using this correctly? I want to convey something like 1-2 months ago or since around September.
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If you're starting a sentence with “and” or another conjunction, must you follow the conjunction with a comma?

When I was a kid, I was always told that starting a sentence off with "and" was improper. However, now it seems as if the consensus amongst members of the English cartel is that it is totally ...
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1answer
135 views

Is this 'as' a conjunction?

I guess ‘as’ is a conjunction. If then, is as-clause an adjective clause that modifies ‘Muggle money’? There was a train to London in five minutes' time. Hagrid, who didn't understand 'Muggle ...
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Use of “because of”

In high school, the teacher told me that because is used to answer “why” question, as below: Why you are you using my shoes? I am using your shoes because I like them. However, the use ...
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3answers
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Is saying “but nevertheless…” redundant?

I've heard in many places, educated people saying "but nevertheless...". I think both but and nevertheless have the play the same role. Is their combination, as to emphasize that what follows is ...
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Past Perfect sentences with “before”

I had seen a documentary on the Whydah before we visited it in Providence. Sir Francis Drake had worked for the British Navy before he became a pirate. These two sentences seem quite awkward to ...
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2answers
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And/or in total negation: “Some people are not able to interpret and/or analyze”

In the following sentence, the “and/or” seems odd in a case of total negation: Evidently some people are not able to interpret and/or analyze at that deeper level. Because the sentence says “are not ...
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1answer
137 views

Question regarding usage of “but” [closed]

I have a question regarding the usage of "but". Suppose a person plays cricket. He does not play football. Which of the following is correct? He plays cricket but football. He plays cricket ...
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“For no other reason than” vs. “for no other reason that” vs. “for no other reason than that”

I am looking for a comprehensive analysis of these three constructions: ... for no other reason than X. ... for no other reason that X. ... for no other reason than that X. Which is ...
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But/while/whereas/though/although/however [closed]

While commenting on this question, I wondered what word is most appropriate for the blank here: Each time I do a compare, the marking method changes to highlighting the entire line, __ I prefer ...
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1answer
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I am confused about the use of “that they” in English. When should we use “that”? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Are there rules about using “that” to join two clauses? I have seen the car that they bought. There is more than one option that they can take. Which is ...
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“Hence”, “therefore” and “so” in mathematical proofs

It seems to me that "so" is seldom used in math proofs. Instead, "hence" and "therefore" are used very often, even repeatedly appearing in several sentences in a row. So I wonder if my feeling is ...