Conjunctions are words used to connect clauses or sentences or to coordinate words in the same clause, such as "and," "but," and "if."

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Is this an adverbial or a noun clause?

Yet the days crept by, and there could be no doubt that Fluffy was still alive and well behind the locked door. (Harry Potter) Do you call the that-clause as an adverbial clause, or a noun ...
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Clauses, and comma before “nor”

Does this sentence have two independent clauses? I do not like biology nor do I like chemistry. To me the last clause seems dependent, but I find sources that tell me to place a comma before ...
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879 views

Does “or” mean both conditions?

We are ordinary Russian folks playing an English board game and came across this sentence: You may splay your green or blue cards left. We expected that it meant you must choose only one card ...
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“Changing and improving are not always the same thing” or “Changing and improving is not always the same thing”

Are both valid? I think the first is the only option, but I have been challenged on this and I can't explain exactly why the second is wrong. It does make sense, I suppose.
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446 views

Is “tell neither X nor Y” equivalent to “not tell both X and Y” or “not tell either X and Y”? [closed]

Given the sentence "John told neither the boss nor the secretary.", which of the following has the same meaning? John did not tell both the boss and the secretary. John did not tell either ...
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1answer
265 views

“As smart as you may be” means “However smart you may be”?

As smart as you may be, there are always difficult problems making you in trouble. In this sentence does "As smart as you may be" mean "No matter how smart you may be"? So, the first as is a ...
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1answer
2k views

Is “the way how” wrong?

I was correcting an ESL learner who said "It is the way how we write." I realize "It is the way we write" is correct and "It is how we write" is correct, but "It is the way how we write" looks wrong ...
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293 views

Grammaticality of “I have a car, neither does Sara” [closed]

Can we say "I have a red car. Neither does Sara." or must we say "I have a red car but Sara doesn't."? I have read this on a website and they said that the first sentence is incorrect but I don't ...
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2answers
509 views

Should we use “like” as a conjunction?

I know that like is a preposition but why not using it as conjunction? Examples: It's as if I'm walking on air It's like I'm walking on air What is the difference?
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2answers
188 views

Mixing adjective and noun enumerations

I am having trouble writing a seemingly simple sentence. I am organising an event where three kinds of food will be served: hot beverages cold beverages finger food My trouble deals with putting ...
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5answers
10k views

Can you use two “and”s in a sentence?

For example, I like chocolate, vanilla, and lemon and orange ice cream. Indicating "lemon and orange" is a combined flavor, as an item in the list needing an initial and.
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9answers
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Is it “Check and mate” or “Checkmate”?

I found the expression “Check and mate!” in the following sentence describing furious exchange of words between CNN host Piers Morgan and rightwing radio host and anti-gun-control propagandist Alex ...
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3answers
345 views

“Medicine is good when your family gives it to you not when your friend gives you one or when you take it by yourself”

I am editing a 5th grade paper. He has autism as well as some learning difficulties. He wrote: Medicine is good when your family gives it to you not when your friend gives you one or when you ...
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1answer
2k views

Is “even when” a conjunction?

Does even when grammatically work the same as even though and even if work? Or is it more of a time expression? Following the rules is essential, even when it’s difficult. Following the rules is ...
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1answer
272 views

“We have” vs. “we have that” [closed]

In a mathematical context, which of the following options is more appropriate? Since the fact A is true, we have B=C. Since the fact A is true, we have that B=C.
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59 views

'and to' quagmire

Consider: Her goal is to pioneer the idea of gardening in small or urban environments, and to inspire and educate people everywhere to grow their own organic food and live sustainably. The comma ...
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2answers
4k views

Use of “Or”, inclusive or exclusive?

My wife and I are playing a game where you roll dice and move so many spaces in a grid "vertically or horizontally". In the use of English it is very common to say, this or the other when it comes ...
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1answer
207 views

Where shall I put the comma in this sentence?

I'm not sure whether I should write like this: Try A or, a more famous one, B. Or like this Try A, or a more famous one, B. Or try other forms to avoid expression like this. Does anyone ...
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2answers
161 views

How to format “and” or “&” in a three-line header or title [closed]

I need to know which formatting is more appropriate. Should I place the connecting and or & at the end of second line or at the beginning of the third line? Here is what I mean: Lorem ipsum ...
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2answers
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“A, B, C, or etc.” vs. “A, B, or C, etc.” vs. “A, B, C, etc.”

I think correct usages of "and" and "etc." are: A, B, C, and etc. A, B, and etc. But the example usage of "or" and "etc." I found in my dictionary is: A or B, etc. Why it is not: A, ...
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1answer
124 views

Is the “or not” in “whether or not” optional? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: “Whether or not” vs. “whether” I am not sure about the usage of whether. My confusion over it is whether or not is optional. Suppose I have the following sentence: ...
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0answers
27 views

Should there be a comma before ‘and’ with respect to different nouns? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Should I put a comma before the last item in a list? What is the difference between tomato puree, paste, and sauce? OR What is the difference between tomato ...
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3answers
678 views

Usage differences between “than”, “to”, and “over”

I understand that than, rather than, over and to are used to compare things. How ever I am not sure when to use those for specific scenarios. Are these interchangeable? Consider the sentence below: ...
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3answers
347 views

Contexts where a comma means “and”

A comma is commonly used as a short form of the word and in newspaper headlines. In what other contexts is this convention common? This question came to mind as I was trying to parse the following ...
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1answer
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Using “are/is” after a list with “and/or” [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Singular or plural following a list James and Mark are going to help you. Here, I use 'are' because the subject is plural. James or Mark are going to help you. ...
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2answers
397 views

Simple past vs. past perfect

Which is correct to use in the following example, simple past or past perfect? We were completely in the dark after the wind blew the candle out. We were completely in the dark after the wind ...
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“Drag & dropping” or “Dragging & dropping”

"Drag & dropping" sounds better to me, but "Dragging & dropping" has more Google results... Which one is correct and why?
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1answer
2k views

Comma use in “I am passionate about X, whether it be …”

I have trouble telling when I’m overusing commas. My question is if the comma between undertake and whether is needed: I am passionate about the quality of work I undertake, whether it be school ...
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2answers
240 views

Should I use a comma in written instructions?

I'm writing a technical user guide for a piece of software and am not sure whether I should be using a comma or not when giving instructions. Which of the following is correct? To add a new item ...
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2answers
1k views

Is “since so long” correct?

Because of our negligence towards the issue since so long, ... Am I using this correctly? I want to convey something like 1-2 months ago or since around September.
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5answers
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If you're starting a sentence with “and” or another conjunction, must you follow the conjunction with a comma?

When I was a kid, I was always told that starting a sentence off with "and" was improper. However, now it seems as if the consensus amongst members of the English cartel is that it is totally ...
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1answer
122 views

Is this 'as' a conjunction?

I guess ‘as’ is a conjunction. If then, is as-clause an adjective clause that modifies ‘Muggle money’? There was a train to London in five minutes' time. Hagrid, who didn't understand 'Muggle ...
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Use of “because of”

In high school, the teacher told me that because is used to answer “why” question, as below: Why you are you using my shoes? I am using your shoes because I like them. However, the use ...
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Is saying “but nevertheless…” redundant?

I've heard in many places, educated people saying "but nevertheless...". I think both but and nevertheless have the play the same role. Is their combination, as to emphasize that what follows is ...
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Past Perfect sentences with “before”

I had seen a documentary on the Whydah before we visited it in Providence. Sir Francis Drake had worked for the British Navy before he became a pirate. These two sentences seem quite awkward to ...
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2answers
159 views

And/or in total negation: “Some people are not able to interpret and/or analyze”

In the following sentence, the “and/or” seems odd in a case of total negation: Evidently some people are not able to interpret and/or analyze at that deeper level. Because the sentence says “are not ...
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1answer
134 views

Question regarding usage of “but” [closed]

I have a question regarding the usage of "but". Suppose a person plays cricket. He does not play football. Which of the following is correct? He plays cricket but football. He plays cricket ...
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1answer
2k views

“For no other reason than” vs. “for no other reason that” vs. “for no other reason than that”

I am looking for a comprehensive analysis of these three constructions: ... for no other reason than X. ... for no other reason that X. ... for no other reason than that X. Which is ...
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But/while/whereas/though/although/however [closed]

While commenting on this question, I wondered what word is most appropriate for the blank here: Each time I do a compare, the marking method changes to highlighting the entire line, __ I prefer ...
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1answer
119 views

I am confused about the use of “that they” in English. When should we use “that”? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Are there rules about using “that” to join two clauses? I have seen the car that they bought. There is more than one option that they can take. Which is ...
3
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2answers
693 views

“Hence”, “therefore” and “so” in mathematical proofs

It seems to me that "so" is seldom used in math proofs. Instead, "hence" and "therefore" are used very often, even repeatedly appearing in several sentences in a row. So I wonder if my feeling is ...
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2answers
104 views

Without, free from, lacking, etc.: Unambiguous total negation with “OR”?

In the following, “does not cause” seems to be clear negation, and total negation requires “or”, therefore: The widget does not cause deformities or cracks However, it is unclear to me whether ...
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1answer
198 views

How to interpret a statement consisting of two ORs?

I found this statement on a newspaper that is the subject of a recent controversy: "no guarantee or loan shall be given or raised by the Government except under the authority of any resolution ...
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1answer
316 views

Proper use of pronouns and conjunctions

Could someone please verify the grammar in this sentence? Particularly the use of 'her' (should it be she?) and the implied 'her' after the and. Should there be a second 'her'? "They sought treatment ...
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0answers
14 views

“Rate, comment, and subscribe” vs. “rate, comment and subscribe” [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Should I put a comma before the last item in a list? In a sentence, when listing a couple — at least three — of things, are you supposed to add a comma before the last ...
2
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0answers
708 views

Can 'But', 'And', or 'So' be used to start a sentence? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is it really incorrect to start a sentence with “and”? Is there any valid rule discouraging the use of a certain word to start a sentence? Usage of “And” in the beginning ...
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1answer
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When should we use proximity rule in “either/or”, and “neither/nor”?

According to this link, if at least one of the nouns involved is plural then it should take the plural form of the verb. Otherwise, it should take the singular form of the verb. But in the last part ...
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The range of attributive

I have a clause from DirectX SDK as below: The position, velocity, and orientation of sound sources and listeners in 3D space are represented by Cartesian coordinates what's the range of world ...
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2answers
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Better way to express “X and [A and B] Y” than “X as well as A and B Y”? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Overusing “and” and how to fix it I often need to express something along the lines of X and Y, where Y is two things, e.g. Cindy owns a boat and [both red and blue] ...
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1answer
168 views

Is “that” required in “It turns out that he has requested”? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Are there rules about using “that” to join two clauses? Should I use the word that or not in following sentence? It turns out that he has requested review from ...