Conjunctions are words used to connect clauses or sentences or to coordinate words in the same clause, such as "and," "but," and "if."

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Subordinating Conjunctions and Conjunctive adverbs

Is there way to identify which words are Subordinating Conjunctions and which are Conjunctive adverbs, or do we need to memorize it? Both seems similar to me Subordinating Conjunctions: Although, ...
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Conjunctions or Interrupting phrase

Are both correct and are their meanings the same? This is the reason, therefore, that you should buy the house. This is the reason; therefore, you should buy the house. One is interrupting phrase, ...
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Is “posit Pluto not a planet” a valid rendering of “posit that Pluto is not a planet”?

The fragment "posit Pluto not a planet" is particularly awkward, but would "posit tomato a fruit" or "posit tomatoes as fruits" be any better as a rendering of "posit that tomatoes are fruits"?
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What expression was used in English that “however” and others replaced around 1750?

Prompted by the questions about "despite"/"in spite of" on ELL and EL&U I played in N-gram for in spite of, despite even though, although, however. After 1750 there is a sharp rise in most of ...
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singular or plural noun after connecting two or more things by and

I was writing an email and there was a sentence PersonA has joined t1, t2 and t3 teams My question is should it be teams or team and the end? What is the rule of thumb?
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Use of “is” versus “are” in a particular case [duplicate]

I need some help, because this is confounding me. I have the following sentence: "The second column of leaves are to be submerged in distilled water (set DS)." When I run this sentence through ...
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2answers
876 views

Can we use “not either” instead of “neither”?

Can we use "not either" instead of "neither"? For example, given that… I don't like football I don't like basketball … which of the following are correct? A. I like neither football nor ...
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54 views

What is the meaning of “read of”? [closed]

I saw this phrase in a sentence. Here it is: He read of the room that was prepared at the palace at Rheims for the use of Queen. What does it mean?
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102 views

Conjunctions coordinating vs subordinating

I have a question about the conjunction so. ABeka, which is an advanced homeschool curriculum, classifies the conjunction so as a subordinating conjunction. The book states that it is used to join ...
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48 views

I need help with commas and conjunctions

Is it correct to add a comma before but in the sentence below? An explanation as to why this sentence is correct or incorrect would be appreciated. If you have a weak stomach, I would not ...
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28 views

I need help with punctuation while using conjunctions

Do the two sentences below need a comma before "and"? If so, why? 1 "Juanita is brilliant and Shalimar has a pleasant personality." 2 "Use your credit cards frequently and you'll soon find yourself ...
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Oxford comma before “or”?

Is the Oxford comma restricted to the use of "and"? Or can/should it be also applied in sentences with "or"? I would choose physics, mathematics or biology. I would choose physics, ...
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Comma issue: noun of direct address in the middle of the sentence after conjunction

Another nitpicky comma question that I hope you will help me to resolve. How does one need to punctuate the noun of direct address (or vocative) in the middle of the sentence that goes directly after ...
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253 views

Comma usage with compound sentences

Rule 101 of compound sentences is that a coordinate conjunction must be accompanied by a comma most of the time when joining independent clauses, yet I stumble across sentences all that time that seem ...
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1answer
75 views

where should I place conjunction in the sentence? [duplicate]

I have a problem with the placement of conjunctions in a sentence. (Especially when I am writing an academic article.) In many articles, writers place the conjunctions in the middle of sentence. ...
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172 views

Why is 'while' sometimes a synonym of 'whereas', and sometimes of 'although'?

The north of the country is mountainous while the south is flat. = The north of the country is mountainous whereas (although would be incorrect) the south is flat. The north of the country ...
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141 views

Repeating “the” with each item separated by “or” [duplicate]

If we have several items to mention, which should be separated with or, is this correct to use the for each one? Could it be possible to use one "the" to distribute among them? For example, which of ...
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3answers
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use of a comma before the conjunction “plus”

Sweet children enjoy sprinkles on top of ice cream sundaes, plus the syrups at the bottom of the dish. Would this be correct without the comma?
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How to interpret confusing statements involving either/or/not? [duplicate]

I have a simple problem basically I am unable to understand the meaning of some questions involving or/not, and using comma with and. I have the following questions:- 1.Whats the meaning of, say , ...
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64 views

Do dependent clauses have to have subjects?

I am studying for a test and am confused about one point. In my book, there is one rule that states Independent, (FANBOYS) Independent. This shows the general rule that you can connect independent ...
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145 views

“Curious as to who” vs. “curious of who”

I'm curious as to who you are. I'm curious of who you are. The person is anonymous and I'm just wondering who it is.
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Contract interpretation

To be eligible for holiday pay the employee must meet the following requirement: the employee must have worked the last scheduled day before, and the first scheduled day after a holiday except when ...
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“here” as a conjunction in a sence?

Is it correct to use "here" as a conjunction in written English? For example: In comparison to first-generation devices, here, the system is built from digital components. Thank you.
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What are the title capitalization rules for rarely used prepositions like “down”, “up”, “off”, etc.?

In capitalizing English titles, my understanding is that all prepositions of four or fewer letters should be written lowercase, unless part of a phrasal verb. (I realize that AP style and the Chicago ...
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Is “and” necessary before the last item in the list of things after “such as”? [duplicate]

Could someone tell me whether "and" is necessary in the space: I like different types of fruits, such as apples, oranges, bananas, [and] pineapples.
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not only, but also

With reference to the principle of balance in the use of "not only, but also", can someone help me judge whether the following is correct: Not only are students encouraged to enhance their ...
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Do complex sentences always need a conjunction? [closed]

"At her age, Minggay Awok's only companions were a few charcoal black chickens." Because of "At her age," does this make the sentence complex, or is it still a simple sentence? I do know complex ...
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980 views

Can I begin a sentence with, “Unless, that is …”?

Given a rather long sentence that finishes with something like: ... and therefore, you need not submit that form. Is it allowable to start the next sentence with, "Unless, that is, you .....", or ...
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191 views

Can “as well as” be a conjunction?

Can as well as be a conjunction that connects two independent sentences? The reference to the relevant rules and similar threads would be much appreciated. The training program will be introduced ...
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400 views

Differences between “however”, “although”,“albeit”, etc

What are the differences between albeit, although, howbeit, however, and though?
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Substituting how for that

I feel the following sentence would be used by Native speakers but only in highly informal speech in certain areas: In his letter he explains how the book has a great plot and is generally enjoyable. ...
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107 views

“People who” or “people that” [closed]

I am doing homework and I got confused about this phrase when I was writing. I am not a native English speaker. (...) and the only way to do this was taking control of everything and being ...
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1answer
112 views

Comma before a conjunction that precedes an infinitive phrase?

I understand that a comma is used before "and" when the conjunction precedes an independent clause; however, I'm curious if the same rule applies when it precedes an infinitive phrase: "It was my job ...
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472 views

'before' vs. 'until'

Which is more appropriate? I had lived in New York for three years until/before I graduated from college. Perhaps, there may be a more appropriate expression, but if you have to use either of ...
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Is “correspondingly” used here correctly?

The importance of Internet access grows each day, correspondingly, web content accessibility too becomes equally important to ensure it meets the needs of users with disabilities. ...
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Is 'as' a pronoun or conjunction in these sentences?

As you can see As you know What does these 'as' serve as? Pronoun or conjunction? Thanks!
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Should there be a space before and after an ampersand when writing numerals?

How should one write "one and two" in short form - 1&2 or 1 & 2? Are there any particular rules regarding this? In context: You may choose to do Information Technology Units [1&2/1 ...
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The solution of so/but/since and because? [closed]

What do you think about the options of this case, i hav chosen the A", it's a little tricky?
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X was the case, so/but/since/because Y happened [closed]

The car dashed the tree. It was going at over 100mph. A) The blue car was going 100mph, so it dashed the tree. B) The blue car was going at over 100mph, but it dashed the tree. C) The blue ...
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Replacing “and” with comma

EB size and structure is known to influence differentiation potential, and the microwell system provides a robust, efficient method of producing EBs of any size or shape. I've seen many sentences in ...
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159 views

Conjunctive adverbs preceded by conjunctions

I've been under the impression that conjunctive adverbs needn't be preceded by a full-ish stop (e.g., a period or semicolon). I don't know where I got that idea, and consequently, as a lover of ...
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How to use conjunction in an object clause?

Is it OK to use comma space followed by "whereas" in an object clause like the following sentence? Experiments showed that H and K cells were highly sensitive to sugar, whereas P cells were ...
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Should the 'or' come at the end of the first line or beginning of the second?

I'm working on a webpage that has a form on it where the user can type into a box, or pick some options instead to fill it for them. If I am writing about a choice of options, and splitting that over ...
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207 views

Compound-Complex Comma Usage

I couldn't find this question on here, and I've tried scouring the Internet, but to no avail. It's quite possible I'm just not searching with the appropriate keywords. The question is regarding comma ...
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However vs. how ever: one word or two?

I am writing a paper and stumbled upon this sentence of mine. "The output remained consistently poor however the data was/were analysed". "The output remained consistently poor how ever the ...
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Are these wordiness defects cases of syntactic pleonasm?

While critiquing a certain document, I noticed frequent instances of a kind of wordiness. Whereas I could have simply corrected each instance, I wanted to cite for the writer a general rule for ...
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Omission of “but also” in “not only …, but also …”

I've seen some topics related to this correlative pair 'not only..., but also ...', but I'm still not quite sure if it's correct to use a comma without any conjunction in the following construction: ...
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Comma after a coordinating conjunction preceding a parenthetical at the start of the sentence

Although similar questions have been asked before, I am still not clear as to official or, at the very least, preferred position from punctuation rules point of view on comma after coordinating ...
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Commas with nested subordinate clauses both of which are restrictive (essential to the meaning)

I have been grappling with the question below for a while now, so hope that you can shed some light on it. Do we need the first comma (the one in brackets below) in the restrictive nested ...
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'Immediately' used not as an adverb, but as a conjunction

I'm sure that I've heard (not read) someone use the word immediately in a sentence in the same way that we would use "when" or "as soon as", and I would like to know if this is correct? Here's an ...