Conjunctions are words used to connect clauses or sentences or to coordinate words in the same clause, such as "and," "but," and "if."

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Conjunction when one element contains another

I write a paper that defines a certain algorithm on geometric shapes. I have a sentence similar to the following: If the input to the algorithm is connected, convex or rectangular, then its output ...
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How to use “when” vs. “while” on the following occasions?

Please have a look at these sentence pairs: When I worked as a teacher, I met a good friend. While I was working as a teacher, I met a good friend. When I had a dream, I thought ...
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Meaning of “I have three books and CDs”

I have three books and CDs. Does this mean I have three books and three CDs? Or are there three items in total? Are both possible? I am asking for a native speaker's opinion.
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74 views

Enumeration with 'and' [duplicate]

Could you tell me which is correct in the following situation: I have one parrot, its feathers are of different colors. Which is the correct way to speak about the parrot: I have a parrot. It ...
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241 views

Is a comma followed by 'and' grammatically correct?

Is a comma followed by 'and' grammatically correct? For example: This Agreement, and any and all disputes directly or indirectly arising...
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179 views

'but' for contrast and 'but' for opposition

'But' does not mean the same thing in "I like pop music but my parents like classical music." and in "My parents have played a lot of classical music to me but I still don't like it." What is it ...
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Can “neither” be placed at the beginning of the sentence?

Which of the following is grammatical? Trust neither a new friend nor an old enemy. Neither trust a new friend nor an old enemy.
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151 views

Can I use the word “not” after a preposition?

Can I write something like: among people from that country and among people from not I know it can be easily rewritten as: among people that are from the country and among people that are ...
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2k views

“As I said” vs. “Like I said”

I was told that saying Like I said isn't grammatically correct although it is used a lot. That we should use As I said instead. Is it true?
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How to abbreviate “and” when used in a name [duplicate]

How to abbreviate "and" in titles such as "Lavender 'n Fields"?
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163 views

“Do you still want me to do X” vs. “do you still want that I do X”

Which is correct? Do you still want me to do the project for you? Do you still want that I do the project for you?
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648 views

[clause in simple tense], rather than [verb in -ing form]

Consider the following sentence from wikipedia. Many people embrace their fetish rather than attempting treatment to rid themselves of it. When I read it, it flows naturally.But when I analyze ...
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100 views

Conjunction contraction - second “a” and “at”

Which one is correct? Or are both acceptable? *He earned an MD and a gold medal from St James for his dissertation. *He earned an MD and gold medal from St James for his dissertation. *He was ...
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174 views

Poetic syntax with “as” and “so”

Does anyone know how to describe the type of poetic syntax of the line: "As the deer panteth for the water / So my soul longeth after thee" or something to that effect. I'm not sure if this ...
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85 views

Using a comma to avoid using “and”

In my writing I often use a comma and the past progressive tense (I think) to make sentences more concise. For example: The new design was more intuitive and user-friendly, reducing user errors. ...
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1answer
138 views

What does a sentence like “Little if…but…” mean?

I've read it in a news report, "Little if any news will be released during the event(China reform summit), but official news agency Xinhua traditionally issues a dispatch on the last day." Well, I ...
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1answer
376 views

The use of nearly-similar words

I have heard people using two words that are nearly similar or with a subtle difference. The examples include 'each and every' & 'until and unless'. Is it correct to use these words in English? ...
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Using a singular or plural verb after “and/or”

If the subject of a sentence is separated by "and/or", should the verb be pluralized, as with "and", or agree with the rightmost subject, as with "or"? For example: His co-workers and/or his boss ...
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2answers
426 views

“As [adjective] as a [noun]” vs “as [adjective] a [noun] as there”

How does the meaning differ for the following two sentences? Even then, the subject seemed as fascinating a problem as there could be. Even then, the subject seemed as fascinating as a ...
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Why is the sentence “She sighed, and began whispering again” grammatically incorrect?

That's a line from a Twilight book. It's a grammar mistake pointed out by this website. She sighed, and began whispering again. I don't see anything wrong with it. Is the comma the mistake?
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729 views

A question on co-ordinating conjunctions in a compound sentence

A compound sentence is characterized by one or more than one main-clauses joined by a co-ordinating conjuction, as opposed to a complex sentence, which has a main clause together with a dependent or a ...
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Suffered from vs suffered

When should I use from? Example: His company suffered a setback. Vs His company suffered from a setback. She suffered from a heart attack. Vs She suffered a heart attack I realise that sometimes ...
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426 views

Can “nor” be used without “neither”?

I came across this sentence: Cummings Motors, Smith Electric nor our subcontractors can be held liable. Is this a proper use of the word nor? I can understand Neither Cummings Motors nor ...
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4answers
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What's the best way to write nested “and” clauses?

Say I have the following sentence: I went to the store to buy eggs, regular, chocolate and soy milk, apples, and bread. There are two and clauses here, one that describes the kinds of milk I was ...
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Can “once” and “since” be followed by a V-ing clause?

Consider these examples: Since the board realized that the figures are increasing, they have been searching for a new campaign. Once the board realized that the figures are increasing, they ...
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183 views

What's the proper way to refer to the form of a word that's improperly punctuated?

Example sentence: The Adventure's of Huckleberry Finn My dilemma: I would like to convey to the writer of the example sentence that the word Adventure's, in its current _____ form, is ...
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167 views

How to punctuate “A and B and C” properly if “B and C” form a set

Given that "A" is one set and "B" and "C" are another set, how should the following phrase be punctuated correctly? A and B and C
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121 views

Have or has in this sentence when talking about “one or the other” [duplicate]

Which of these two sentences is correct english? If you or a loved one has suffered from an injury or: If you or a loved one have suffered from an injury Considering that it is regarding ...
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286 views

Do I need to use a comma before 'but' where the subject is not immediate?

For example, "This doesn't cause any crash but later it can cause unknown memory-crashes." I see here that the subject 'it' is not immediately after 'but'. Do I still need to use a comma before ...
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216 views

Does an adjective apply to both nouns when joined with 'and'?

Can you grab the blue shirts and socks? Is the above sentence stating that both the shirts and the socks are blue? Or only the shirts? At this stage, I am leaning towards the earlier (only the ...
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Do we need another 'as' before safely in “… as quickly and safely as possible”?

Is it correct to say: It is our mission to help you achieve your goals as quickly and safely as possible. Or do we need to put another as before safely?
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Proper usage of “is” and “are” when specifying multiple nouns

This is one thing I never really bothered looking into, but have always been unsure of. punching, kicking, slapping or slashing [is/are] strictly prohibited That's what I'm trying to determine. ...
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ambiguity in understanding

I have some confusion on punctuations such as , ; and conjuctions such as "and", "but" in framing the sentences. In the above sentence, I used the conjunction and to denote that I have doubts on ...
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323 views

As Well As - Tense Change?

Consider a sentence such as the following: The new software was designed to increase programmer productivity as well as reducing the company's total invested cost. Note the two separate ...
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“Either A, or B, or both”

I want to say that it's possible that at least one of {A,B} is true, and possibly both of them are true. Is it correct to phrase it as "either A, or B, or both are true".
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“However” vs. “on the contrary” [closed]

I would like to get some advice on the difference in meaning between the following sentences. It is true that there have been great advances in technology over the last forty years. especially ...
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“And” or “but” in this sentence from CNN?

She may be one of Hollywood's highest-paid women but Charlize Theron is using her star power to help prevent the spread of HIV in her homeland of South Africa. That is a sentence from the ...
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“or” versus “xor” in English [duplicate]

If a said to b "do this or that", would b be disobeying a if it did both? In others words, in English is "or" the same as xor, the exclusive or?
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Using a comma before “and” in a list [duplicate]

I am confused as to when commas are supposed to be used before the conjunction and. This question answers it but I am still a bit confused. For instance the following two sentences: I am ...
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150 views

use of commas with conjunction reduction

I wimped out in answering this question, dropping the commas and going to parentheses in this sentence, because I was not sure of the placement/correctness of commas in this construction. Now I'd like ...
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415 views

Subordinating conjunction following conjunctive adverb

Dogs are usually friendly; however, while eating some are unpredictable. Does "eating" need to be followed by a comma? It appears to me that a comma is necessary because "while eating" functions ...
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“I would like to ask you that have you”

Someone sent me something and then checked back with me writing: I would like to ask you that have you received my gift? I myself thought this sentence was really uncommon (I have not heard it ...
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One or more of A, B, C, [and, or, and/or] D?

In the expression "one or more of A, B, C, [and, or, and/or] D," what is the correct conjunction? Examples of all three choices abound with apparently equivalent intended meaning.
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Difference between conjunctions and prepositions

Conjunctions are usually defined as words that join words, clauses or sentences together. Prepositions are defined as expressing relations between parts of a sentence. However, by expressing ...
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What does “Barack Obama’s real crime is presiding while black” mean?

I thought it’s unusual for me to be able to come to the end of Maureen Dowd’s’ article without any second thoughts on her particular turn of phrases when I’ve read today’s NYT article titled “Reindeer ...
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How to use the “not only . . . but also” construction? [closed]

I’m trying to create the following phrase: It is important not only to ____ but also to ____ in general. But the way I’ve written it above doesn’t sound that good to me. Since I’m not a native ...
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190 views

Comma after conjunction [closed]

Is it necessary that comma should come after every conjunction? For example She ate apple and, banana in breakfast .
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135 views

After this “as”, are there any words omitted?

“He is still out there somewhere, perhaps looking for another body to share… not being truly alive, he cannot be killed. He left Quirrell to die; he shows just as little mercy to his followers ...
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154 views

Is there an instance where 'and' could not replace 'but'?

For instance, I would normally write the following sentence: Many were the dangers arrayed against me, but I had no fear. Is it grammatically incorrect to write instead: Many were the ...
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Is English changing to make “Jack told Jill and *I* to walk faster” acceptable? [duplicate]

Consider: Jack told Jill and I to walk faster. instead of Jack told Jill and me to walk faster. This “mistake” seems to be becoming more and more common, even among TV newscasters or ...