Conjunctions are words used to connect clauses or sentences or to coordinate words in the same clause, such as "and," "but," and "if."

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When should you use “then” and when “than”?

As far as I know, then is used in a conjunction and in time-related sentences; than in all other cases. I believe that these are correct: Because I'm older than she, I should be the first chosen; I ...
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Oxford comma before “or”?

Is the Oxford comma restricted to the use of "and"? Or can/should it be also applied in sentences with "or"? I would choose physics, mathematics or biology. I would choose physics, ...
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420 views

Why would you call “before” a preposition when it precedes a clause?

I'm new here & don't know all the etiquette & ins & outs, but I have a question about something posted in another thread. Modern grammar, however, recognises that prepositions can take ...
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Can 'But', 'And', or 'So' be used to start a sentence? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is it really incorrect to start a sentence with “and”? Is there any valid rule discouraging the use of a certain word to start a sentence? Usage of “And” in the beginning ...
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463 views

How should I understand this “that” clause?

The following sentence is from an article of Harry Frankfurt who is a professor from Princeton University: It must be part of the point of saying that humbug is "short of lying," that while it has ...
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178 views

“Conductive to achieving” or “Conductive to achieve”?

So there is the sentence: "The current environment is not conducive to achieving the best results" The usage of "to verb+ing" is very confusing. What is the difference between "to achieving" and "to ...
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398 views

Comma issue: noun of direct address in the middle of the sentence after conjunction

Another nitpicky comma question that I hope you will help me to resolve. How does one need to punctuate the noun of direct address (or vocative) in the middle of the sentence that goes directly after ...
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541 views

Two imperative clauses joined by coordinating conjunction taken as a conditional

I would be inclined to parse the sentence "Nobody move and nobody get hurt" as two commands: Nobody move. Nobody get hurt. In other words, this is equivalent to "Nobody move or get hurt" (for ...
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How commonly is “but” used in sentences?

Usually, whenever I post a question on Stack Overflow, I have a habit of using the word but excessively. Is there an alternative word can I use?
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209 views

Comma usage with compound sentences

Rule 101 of compound sentences is that a coordinate conjunction must be accompanied by a comma most of the time when joining independent clauses, yet I stumble across sentences all that time that seem ...
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9answers
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Is it “Check and mate” or “Checkmate”?

I found the expression “Check and mate!” in the following sentence describing furious exchange of words between CNN host Piers Morgan and rightwing radio host and anti-gun-control propagandist Alex ...
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4answers
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Can one conjugate and use 'suicide' as a verb?

I don't remember ever seeing suicide used as a standalone verb. I've always seen it as commits suicide or committed suicide. Can you conjugate and use suicide by itself?
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“Either A, or B, or both”

I want to say that it's possible that at least one of {A,B} is true, and possibly both of them are true. Is it correct to phrase it as "either A, or B, or both are true".
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How crazy can “and” be?

After seeing completely insane examples of "and" usage in this question , I realized that I have no clue how to use the word "and" grammatically: How far does the insanity go? Are the following ...
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What does “but” imply in this sentence?

From the very second paragraph of "Foundation" by Isaac Asimov: There were nearly twenty-five million inhabited planets in the Galaxy then, and not one but owed allegiance to the Empire whose seat ...
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1answer
62 views

Use of “and” and “or” in lists when intent is to dissallow all items

Sometimes it is unclear to me whether "or" or "and" should be used in a list. For example I have seen the following lease agreement: The dwelling may not be used for illegal activities: including ...
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is there a rule that simple coordinator “and” is changed for “or” in negations?

For instance: Sally can play the guitar and the piano. Martin can't play the guitar or the piano.
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Is there any difference between ‘wondering whether that hadn’t been Cedric’s plan’ and ‘wondering whether that had been Cedric’s plan’?

I’m thinking a 'whether' clause with a negative sentence means the speaker thinks the situation is less likely. However, I can’t find any explanation in dictionaries at hand. For example: He ...
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4answers
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Overuse of “however” in my scientific writing? [closed]

In scientific writing, I always feel the need to logically connect all my sentences to have a clear logical path between beginning and end of a paragraph, else it is just feels like a list of random ...
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1answer
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Is it correct to use the conjunction “or” more than twice in one sentence?

For an example is it correct to say: You may use X or Y or Z or even something else. And what is proper punctuation for such example in case it is valid.
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368 views

Repetition of hyphen in shared prefixes [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Can a hyphen be used without anything on the right side? I'm trying to discuss types of semiconductor, there is P-type and N-type. Assuming my hyphenation is correct, ...
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2answers
525 views

Use of ‘or’ when it means ‘and’ in negatives [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How does negation affect the use and understanding of “or” and “and” If I want to negate a sentence such as I like beer and whiskey. [Most ...
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4answers
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Commas after Conjunctions

So we've already discussed at length whether it's okay to start a sentence with a coordinating conjunction, and it's pretty clear that it is (and I've already done it in this sentence). But (there we ...
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2answers
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Can we use “not either” instead of “neither”?

Can we use "not either" instead of "neither"? For example, given that… I don't like football I don't like basketball … which of the following are correct? A. I like neither football nor ...
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1answer
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Using “respectively” with “and” vs. “or”

Is it acceptable usage to use "or" with "respectively", or is it possible only with "and"? Example: If the light changes from red to blue or from blue to red, you must catch or throw the ball, ...
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The suffix -hood

I am using the suffix -hood as both base and suffix to derive poetical meaning in an interplay of the words "...child and adult hood." Though this may offend the ear of the modern day reader, I ...
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[clause in simple tense], rather than [verb in -ing form]

Consider the following sentence from wikipedia. Many people embrace their fetish rather than attempting treatment to rid themselves of it. When I read it, it flows naturally.But when I analyze ...
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Proper usage of “is” and “are” when specifying multiple nouns

This is one thing I never really bothered looking into, but have always been unsure of. punching, kicking, slapping or slashing [is/are] strictly prohibited That's what I'm trying to determine. ...
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4answers
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Usage of a comma before “and” in a fairly complex sentence

How would I punctuate the following sentence: Furious, John strove to catch Jim by the shirt so that he might throw him against the wall, but once more, Jim was too quick. Where I'm getting ...
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1answer
256 views

When a sentence contains both “not” and “or”, which one has priority?

I am changing a piece of text which current reads: Payment not deducted to also include the situation where payments are withheld. The suggested revision of text given to me is Payment not ...
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382 views

“Drag & dropping” or “Dragging & dropping”

"Drag & dropping" sounds better to me, but "Dragging & dropping" has more Google results... Which one is correct and why?
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1answer
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A Question On Relative Pronouns & Conjunctions

I came across this quote from the movie RocknRolla: Oh, beauty is a beguiling call to death and I'm addicted to the sweet pitch of its siren. That that starts sweet ends bitter, and that which ...
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Nothing lasts forever, [so | nor] do we?

Like the title may already suggest, I am wondering if "so" or "nor" would be right in place for refering that something is (not) like stated in the main sentence. What do you think?
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Where did the “&” character come from, and why is it here? [closed]

I’m sorry if this was asked a million times before, but neither Google nor the ELU site has helped me out. I’m wondering: What’s the reason behind introducing this character? What’s the difference ...
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What does the complementizer “that” accomplish in terms of style?

I've always refrained from using words that weren't necessary to conform with grammar rules and didn't add to the meaning of a sentence. Being a fan of brevity, I don't use the complementizer that ...
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1answer
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Non-Adverbial “as is”

I know the common adverbial usage of "as is" as in, Leave it as is. As a non-native English speaker I found a strange-to-me but common English usage of non-adverbial "as is" and sometimes also "as ...
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1answer
170 views

Is there any difference between “like” and “as”?

Why is it not right to say: He speaks like his father does. But it’s quite correct to say: He speaks like his father. He speaks as his father does.
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Using “as much as” at start of sentence

Is it correct to use "as much as" at the start of the sentence? For example: As much as I like cricket, I like football. Is it correct? I didn't find any reference which suggest to use it that ...
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3answers
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When to use the words “how” and “that”

I wrote this sentence: Tyray also thought about how he would see Darrell’s dead face. However, I remember my teacher telling us the distinction between how and that, and that how is often used ...
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441 views

Mixing adjective and noun enumerations

I am having trouble writing a seemingly simple sentence. I am organising an event where three kinds of food will be served: hot beverages cold beverages finger food My trouble deals with putting ...
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'and to' quagmire

Consider: Her goal is to pioneer the idea of gardening in small or urban environments, and to inspire and educate people everywhere to grow their own organic food and live sustainably. The comma ...
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1answer
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Is “not only… but as well…” grammatical?

I was given a text to read by my teacher which contains the following sentence: Speaking a foreign language one can not only read the papers, magazines and original books by outstanding writers, ...
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985 views

Use of “if”/“whether” [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: When are “if” and “whether” equivalent? I was told that one can use if in constructions like: ... if A, then ... But that whether should be ...
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Contract interpretation

To be eligible for holiday pay the employee must meet the following requirement: the employee must have worked the last scheduled day before, and the first scheduled day after a holiday except when ...
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Capitalising “for” depending on the usage in the title?

Prepositions are not capitalised in titles. Subordinate conjunctions are capitalised. The word “for”, as per Oxford, is mostly a preposition but can also be a conjunction (I assume subordinating ...
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Precise meaning of “fourfold”

I got into a disagreement with someone about the meaning of the word "fourfold." His contention is that it means up to four times as many whereas my contention is that it means four times as many, no ...
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Ambiguity of “or”

I have these two sentences: We can get ammonia by treating ammonium salts with caustic soda or sodium hydroxide. We can get ammonia by treating ammonium salts with lime water or calcium ...
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2answers
792 views

Is a comma before a conjunction optional, or old? (not talking about lists) [duplicate]

I have been corrected several times recently for putting a comma before a conjunction in a sentence (splitting phrases, not items in a list). To each their own style guide, but my understanding was ...
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How to punctuate “A and B and C” properly if “B and C” form a set

Given that "A" is one set and "B" and "C" are another set, how should the following phrase be punctuated correctly? A and B and C
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Grammaticality of “that that” [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How do you handle “that that”? The double “that” problem “I don't think that that can be done” Better use of “that that” — or not ...