Conjunctions are words used to connect clauses or sentences or to coordinate words in the same clause, such as "and," "but," and "if."

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Do the tug of war rules have a typo? (“Or” vs. “nor”)

The Official Tug of War Rules (link is PDF, here is Google quickview link) say: The rope must not be less than 10 centimetres (100 mm), or more than 12.5 centimetres (125 mm) in circumference... ...
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Is using “and/or” recommended for formal writing, or is it frowned upon?

Is using "and/or" allowed in formal writing? If not, is there general way to represent the OR binary operator with as little space as possible in written English?
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What is the proper usage of “not only… but also”?

I'm trying to figure out how to use "not only... but also" properly. Basically, my goal is to combine two clauses by using "not only". For negations, I've figured out two styles that both sound ...
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What rules determine the apostrophe placement in “ham 'n eggs” and similar expressions?

In expressions such as "ham 'n eggs", the conjunction 'n appears to replace and, yet there is only one apostrophe to indicate the missing a and none for the missing d (i.e., no "ham 'n' eggs"). Is ...
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“Me and my wife” or “my wife and me”

Which is correct: me and my wife or my wife and me? The sentence in which this is used is Ms. Smith informed me and my wife that she was afraid of being accosted.
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Can I use “lest” in the following sentence?

I am not a native English speaker/writer, but I am working on a technical thesis written in English. To me, for some unknown reason, it feels natural to write the following: However, the ...
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4answers
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What does “if and when” mean, and is it the same as “when and if”?

Rather than trying to describe my beef with this idiom, I will give a bunch of successively objectionable examples. None of these are taken from real life. As I see it, if (and when) both "if" and ...
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Use of “because of”

In high school, the teacher told me that because is used to answer “why” question, as below: Why you are you using my shoes? I am using your shoes because I like them. However, the use ...
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What does this archaic use of “fear never but you” mean exactly?

In Emerson's famous essay Self-Reliance there's this sentence: Fear never but you shall be consistent in whatever variety of actions, so they be each honest and natural in their hour. I guess ...
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“So long as” vs. “as long as”

Which phrase is more formal — "so long as" or "as long as"? Example: So long as Google Voice allows free long distance in North America, I will use it. As long as Google Voice allows free ...
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When should we use proximity rule in “either/or”, and “neither/nor”?

According to this link, if at least one of the nouns involved is plural then it should take the plural form of the verb. Otherwise, it should take the singular form of the verb. But in the last part ...
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4answers
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Can I use “but” at the beginning of a sentence?

For a while, using but to start a sentence was largely frowned upon. But, I think it is possible to use but at the beginning of a sentence, as long as it isn't overused. Am I right?
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Usage of “for” in this passage

Non-native speaker here. Be kind :) From TLOTR Book 1, Chapter 7, "In the house of Tom Bombadil" 'Let us shut out the night!' she said. `For you are still afraid, perhaps, of mist and ...
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745 views

Because vs. due to with adjectives?

I know that because of modifies verbs, whereas due to modifies nouns. However, what do I do if I see something like: We find that X is better than Y in most cases, due to lack of support for Y. ...
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How should I understand “Although” in this sentence?

The following is an excerpt from a passage in Scientific American: Paleoanthropology has come a long way since Georges Cuvier, the French natural historian and founder of vertebrate paleontology, ...
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Omission of “and” in headlines

What is this phenomenon called? Is it common in all English-speaking countries?
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Is it mandatory to use a comma before a coordinating conjunction uniting the two independent clauses in a compound sentence?

My friend and I had an argument about whether this sentence required a comma: I understand where you're coming from but I disagree. My friend insisted that there should be a comma before "but": ...
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Is “Next to that” really an alternative to “Additionally” or “Moreover”?

I see many of my compatriots use the phrase "Next to that" at the start of a sentence to mean "Additionally", "Moreover", "Furthermore" or "In addition". The reason for this, I feel, may be that the ...
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Concessive “as much as” and “much as”. Which came first?

Related: "Much though" vs "much as", Use of 'Much as' [closed], Using “as much as” at start of sentence Consider the following two variations: As much as I hate to admit it, I cannot swim. ...
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315 views

Need help understanding phrases of the form “x if y”

I regularly find myself confused by phrases of the form "x if y". For example, in the 2010-10-22 issue of his newsletter, Paul Thurrott writes: Well, if you're Wall Street Journal technology maven ...
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Etymology of “save” in the meaning of “except”, “but”, “unless”

Why does save also mean other than : but or except "We had no hope save one." except for the fact that : only —used with that but, except —used before a word often taken to be the ...
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Use of 'as' instead of 'because'

Is the use of 'as' in place of 'because' considered to be poor grammar/style? For example I cannot come with you as I am too busy instead of I cannot come with you because I am too busy
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“Can’t help but” vs. “can help but”

Is "can’t help but" considered to be a confused mix of the expressions "can but" and "can’t help"? If not, what is the difference between "can help but" and "can’t help but"?
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Is there a symbol for “and/or”?

I am wondering if there is a symbol or glyph to represent the conjunct "and/or". I doubt there is a formal, de jure symbol (i.e., found in any manual of style or dictionary), but I cannot even find ...
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“The larger of A and B” or “the larger of A or B”

I was wondering which one is more correct between "the larger of A and B" and "the larger of A or B". I use the former, but I saw in IRS instruction for Form 1040: In most cases, your federal ...
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Can one conjugate and use 'suicide' as a verb?

I don't remember ever seeing suicide used as a standalone verb. I've always seen it as commits suicide or committed suicide. Can you conjugate and use suicide by itself?
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“so long as” vs. “as long as”

I just googled the difference between as long as and so long as. The difference has alredy been discussed here. There are, it seems, two contexts for these expressions: lengths and physical ...
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Whether an omitted “that” should be replaced with a comma in certain situations

Consider a sentence like this: "I'm just letting you know that the meeting is at 6 tonight." It would be pretty common to omit "that" in this sentence: "I'm just letting you know the meeting is at ...
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When to use a comma before “and”

I often see people on the Internet using a comma before and in many cases (not adversative cases). Is it ok? In my language it is stricly prohibited to use a comma before an and except for adversative ...
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Should we use “like” as a conjunction?

I know that like is a preposition but why not using it as conjunction? Examples: It's as if I'm walking on air It's like I'm walking on air What is the difference?
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“for” or “because”?

Consider the following fill-in: Mackenzie's clarinet squealed like a startled puppy, __ she hadn't practiced in weeks. because for The presentation I'm looking at indicates "for" as ...
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Using “if” or not in a sentence structure when expressing doubt

I use the following sentence construction a lot. I'm not sure if this is right. I was not aware of any problem until recently I noticed that quite a few of my colleagues used it a little ...
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Commas with nested subordinate clauses both of which are restrictive (essential to the meaning)

I have been grappling with the question below for a while now, so hope that you can shed some light on it. Do we need the first comma (the one in brackets below) in the restrictive nested ...
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Historical frequency of expression “and/or”: Corpus search

What is the historical frequency of the expression “and/or”? I have a feeling that I almost never see it in older texts, but that it is has become exponentially common in the past five or ten years. ...
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“faux conjunction” [closed]

I am looking at a computerized sample question and solution from a university writing improvement center. True or false. The following sentence is punctuated correctly. Carl Jung was born in ...
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XXIII, neither IIIXX nor XIIIX, represents 23. Is it correct grammar?

I want to say that we cannot represent 23 in Roman as both IIIXX and XIIIX. The correct representation for 23 in Roman is XXIII. If I write like this XXIII, neither IIIXX nor XIIIX, represents ...
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However vs. how ever: one word or two?

I am writing a paper and stumbled upon this sentence of mine. "The output remained consistently poor however the data was/were analysed". "The output remained consistently poor how ever the ...
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How crazy can “and” be?

After seeing completely insane examples of "and" usage in this question , I realized that I have no clue how to use the word "and" grammatically: How far does the insanity go? Are the following ...
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Using “though” at the beginning of the following sentence

But during the trip, she hardly spoke with him. In fact, she hardly spoke with anyone in the group. She would just follow us quietly to whereever we went, like a little stray cat. Though she ...
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Is it correct to use “or” in place of “and/or”?

Consider the following sentence: A project is a large and/or complex undertaking. To me, the expression “and/or” seems redundant since in formal logic “or” implies ...
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Referring to oneself and another person at the start of a sentence

Me and Larry had a meeting today. Larry and me had a meeting today. I and Larry had a meeting today. Larry and I had a meeting today. I know the third one is wrong (because it doesn't ...
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On the expression “no [noun 1] or any [noun 2]”

I have often seen the following expressions: [ex.] 1. I have no allergies or any medical issues. 2. John serves a chicken with no sauce or any kind of seasoning. I suspect that such a use is ...
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Is it: My apples and orange are/is wrong?

Simple question: My apples and orange are wrong or My apples and orange is wrong I am not a native English speaker, and I am having some trouble choosing between plural are or singular is ...
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I am “adjective” and I am “present continuous” in one sentence

Do I need to use "I am" twice in one sentence, or it is enough to use it only in the beginning? Where does this rule come from? My example: I am fluent in three languages and I am pursuing the ...
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1answer
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How to use 'as well as' and 'even'?

When I was doing my English homework, I came across this question: In his research paper Dr Brown suggests that snacking, if done properly, makes people healthier and __ helps control weight. A. ...
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Where to insert comma(s)?

Compare these: She tried, and, as expected, failed. She tried, and as expected, failed. She tried and, as expected, failed. She tried and as expected, failed. She tried and (as ...
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Are “should” and “if” interchangeable at the beginning of a sentence? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: A special use of “should”? If "should" comes at the beginning of a sentence, and the sentence is not a question, then can it be replaced with "if?" Is there any ...
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If a noun phrase is made of two noun-like words that conjugate differently, then which conjugation do you use? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: “Neither Michael nor Albert is correct” or “Neither Michael nor Albert are correct”? Is “either you or [third-person]” followed by a ...
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“I would like to ask you that have you”

Someone sent me something and then checked back with me writing: I would like to ask you that have you received my gift? I myself thought this sentence was really uncommon (I have not heard it ...
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Should “vice versa” be treated as an independent clause?

I know "vice versa" more or less means "conversely," but when it is used by itself, should it be punctuated as if it were an independent clause? Dogs don't like cats, and vice versa. or Dogs ...