Conjunctions are words used to connect clauses or sentences or to coordinate words in the same clause, such as "and," "but," and "if."

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

26
votes
9answers
100k views

Using a comma before “but”

I was once told by an English professor that a comma should never be used before but in a sentence. For years, I have followed her advice but sometimes I just feel like it just needs to be there. On ...
2
votes
4answers
317 views

Is there any difference in meaning between these sentences?

A: Positive and negative numbers cannot satisfy the condition. B: Positive or negative numbers cannot satisfy the condition. C: Non-zero numbers cannot satisfy the condition.
3
votes
1answer
26k views

“'n'” as an abbreviation for “and” as in “rock 'n' roll”

I wonder if there are other cases where and is abbreviated in writing as in rock 'n' roll.
5
votes
2answers
3k views

Should “vice versa” be treated as an independent clause?

I know "vice versa" more or less means "conversely," but when it is used by itself, should it be punctuated as if it were an independent clause? Dogs don't like cats, and vice versa. or Dogs ...
4
votes
2answers
629 views

Use of “although” with a modifier

Is it grammatically correct to use "although" in a modifying clause, but without a conjugated verb? Example: Although not regarded as nocturnal, the Black Bear of North America is active at night ...
2
votes
1answer
5k views

“Should” cannot replace “if?” [duplicate]

Possible Duplicates: Are “should” and “if” interchangeable at the beginning of a sentence? A special use of “should”? For sentences that begin with ...
3
votes
2answers
356 views

How does negation affect the use and understanding of “or” and “and”

I'm trying to make more sense of how negation effects how a sentence is parsed and understood if and's and or's are used within them. Pop quiz: You are trapped on a bus with a bomb going 50 MPH. You ...
0
votes
4answers
441 views

Confusion with Use of “Though” [closed]

Today I came across this sentence: Though I don't sell photos taken by me it still makes me feel good/appreciated/wanted I want to know exactly what this sentence means. I assumed two possible ...
-1
votes
1answer
387 views

Problem with the usage of “but” [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Specific usage of the word 'but' Interpreting the meaning of 'but' as an implication for exclusion/inclusion “nothing but” vs. “anything but” vs. “everything but” ...
1
vote
2answers
354 views

Grammar: Use of 'that' [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Use of “that” in a sentence Which of the following is correct in British English? 1) There are 100 people going to the party, so I expect it will be a good ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

How to use 'as well as' and 'even'?

When I was doing my English homework, I came across this question: In his research paper Dr Brown suggests that snacking, if done properly, makes people healthier and __ helps control weight. A. ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Can I start a sentence with “because”, whether I am answering a question, or giving a sample of an idea? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Can a sentence start with “Because” I would like to know if the next sentence is right: "Because in this case, both are spelled the same way"
6
votes
6answers
3k views

“The larger of A and B” or “the larger of A or B”

I was wondering which one is more correct between "the larger of A and B" and "the larger of A or B". I use the former, but I saw in IRS instruction for Form 1040: In most cases, your federal ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Better use of “that that” — or not [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How do you handle “that that”? The double “that” problem I sometimes seem to write myself into using 2 thats in succession, as in: "Now that ...
9
votes
5answers
14k views

Is using “and/or” recommended for formal writing, or is it frowned upon?

Is using "and/or" allowed in formal writing? If not, is there general way to represent the OR binary operator with as little space as possible in written English?
10
votes
5answers
11k views

When should you use a semicolon *with* a conjunction?

I know the basics of a semicolon—at least I think I do. Aside from delimiting verbose lists, it separates independent clauses of a sentence. So, if you have two independent clauses in a sentence, ...
5
votes
3answers
24k views

Are “should” and “if” interchangeable at the beginning of a sentence? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: A special use of “should”? If "should" comes at the beginning of a sentence, and the sentence is not a question, then can it be replaced with "if?" Is there any ...
2
votes
2answers
950 views

Can “;” be used to replace the word “but”?

Are these two sentences both correct and equivalent? People say stuff like "all lawyers are liars", but it's not true. People say stuff like "all lawyers are liars"; it's not true. Is ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Use “or” or “nor”? [duplicate]

I've always wondered this but never asked. Given this statement: Energy can be neither created nor destroyed. Should it be or or nor? This is on Wikipedia so they are probably correct in saying ...
17
votes
7answers
102k views

Can “hence” be used at the beginning of a sentence?

Can the word ‘hence’ be used at the beginning of a sentence? For example: Hence, I am not feeling well, I am unable to work.
1
vote
3answers
1k views

Does one differentiate A “from” B, or differentiate A “and” B?

A fecal test cannot differentiate intestinal blood from blood from red meat. -or- A fecal test cannot differentiate intestinal blood and blood from red meat.
4
votes
6answers
7k views

Can “as” ever properly mean “because”?

We often encounter as used to mean because. As we know, as is not merely ambiguous: it’s hexiguous or octiguous. I’m especially uncomfortable when I find the usage in a technical paper1, where ...
28
votes
7answers
25k views

Using “And” at the beginning of a sentence

Since I first learned English, I have been holding this understanding that "and", as a conj. but unlike "but", can only connect two clauses, not two sentences ended with periods. But recently, I ...
14
votes
5answers
11k views

How do I choose between “while” and “whilst”? [duplicate]

When should whilst be used instead of while? For example, should I use the first or the second sentence? They don't do this whilst they do that. They don't do this while they do that. Which ...
5
votes
3answers
4k views

Is it: My apples and orange are/is wrong?

Simple question: My apples and orange are wrong or My apples and orange is wrong I am not a native English speaker, and I am having some trouble choosing between plural are or singular is ...
3
votes
3answers
12k views

Alternative structures for “not only … but also …”?

I'm trying to write this essay and I find myself writing too many "not only ... but also ..." structures. Can you guys help me come up with some alternatives? Basically, I want this kind of ...
7
votes
2answers
900 views

Omission of “and” in headlines

What is this phenomenon called? Is it common in all English-speaking countries?
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Interpreting the meaning of 'but' as an implication for exclusion/inclusion

I often find it difficult to interpret the meaning of but in some of the sentences where it is used to imply exclusion/inclusion. For example: Drink everything you want but alcohol. Also, sometimes ...
18
votes
7answers
17k views

Does “either A or B ” preclude “both A and B”?

In mathematics, "A or B" includes "A and B". Does "either" mean "A or B but not (A and B)" or does it include the possibility of "A and B"? The context might be mathematics, formal logic or ordinary ...
3
votes
5answers
33k views

Is it appropriate to use “and/or” in a sentence, and how else might I achieve this? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Alternatives to “and/or”? Is it okay to say "and/or"? How else might I phrase a sentence like the following? The amount of happiness displayed by the ...
4
votes
2answers
6k views

Singular or plural noun in a sentence after using both in a related conjunction?

Occasionally when I am writing a sentence, I end up in a situation where I do not know whether to use the singular or plural form of a noun because I used both just prior to it in a conjunction. For ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

Where to insert comma(s)?

Compare these: She tried, and, as expected, failed. She tried, and as expected, failed. She tried and, as expected, failed. She tried and as expected, failed. She tried and (as ...
4
votes
0answers
371 views

Why do we use a comma before “and”? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Comma before last item in a list Often times, I find myself writing sentences like the following: "... to integrate four granularities of features: first, second, ...
30
votes
3answers
50k views

“All but” idiom has two meanings?

Here's two ways I've seen the "all, but" idiom used: "Close all tabs but this one" (Any modern application with a number of tabs might have this as an option.) It means "close all the tabs, but not ...
19
votes
3answers
5k views

“to be all but X”

What does "all but" mean in this expression? Today, under pressure from P2P distribution, optical disc piracy in wealthy countries is "all but eliminated" and profit margins elsewhere are slim. ...
7
votes
3answers
5k views

Is it mandatory to use a comma before a coordinating conjunction uniting the two independent clauses in a compound sentence?

My friend and I had an argument about whether this sentence required a comma: I understand where you're coming from but I disagree. My friend insisted that there should be a comma before "but": ...
14
votes
1answer
3k views

The construction of “Known but to God”

The Tomb of the Unknown Solider has the engraving "KNOWN BUT TO GOD", as presumably no man knows his name, but shouldn't it read "unknown, but to God", as the default for everyone is "unknown", with ...
9
votes
3answers
5k views

Specific usage of the word 'but'

The Aesop's Fables translated by George Fyler Townsend book has a line which reads as follows: ... If you had but touched me, my friend, you ... I've seen the word 'but' used this way a couple ...
2
votes
2answers
5k views

What part of speech is “unless” in the following sentence?

Unless disciplined, a dog becomes a household pest. Is the use of unless in this sentence correct? It sounds to my naive ear to be fine, but I always think of unless as a conjunction, which does ...
1
vote
3answers
396 views

How commonly is “but” used in sentences?

Usually, whenever I post a question on Stack Overflow, I have a habit of using the word but excessively. Is there an alternative word can I use?
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Can ‘although’ be used in this way?

We still haven't got a sponsor although the fact that we've written to dozens of companies. What's wrong with ‘although’ in the sentence above?
11
votes
7answers
13k views

When did the word “so” begin to be used to start a sentence?

In the last few years, I've noticed a growing usage of the word "so" to begin a sentence, especially in the context of higher education. For example: Interviewer: "What is the nature of your ...
9
votes
2answers
53k views

Can I use “therefore”, “so”, “hence” and “thus” interchangeably?

I was taught that, at least, 'therefore' and 'so' and can be used interchangeably, one being informal, the other formal. But, even when written, replacing 'so' with 'therefore' doesn't seem correct. ...
2
votes
3answers
13k views

Is “as” used correctly in this sentence?

Young, naive and trusting as I was, I believed every lying word he said. From what I learned, "as" used the way here should mean "though". But if it means "though", the meaning of this sentence ...
3
votes
2answers
726 views

“Julio and I” vs “I and Julio” [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: “My friends and I” vs. “My friends and me” vs. “Me and my friends” Is naming the first person last proper grammar or just proper manners? "Julio and I went to the ...
29
votes
3answers
16k views

Can I use an “if” clause without “then”?

I have the following sentence: If T had still been alive, there is the great possibility that either T or C ... My teacher says that the word "then" must appear after the comma, but I think that ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Use of conjuncts in formal communication via email, letters etc

How much should we use the conjuncts (words like besides, however, nevertheless, otherwise, so, therefore, still, yet, though) in formally communicating via email, verbally etc? Any suggestions in ...
5
votes
0answers
505 views

When do I use “me” and when “I”? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Should I put myself last? I get this mixed up so often. Should I say: Me and Rob are going swimming. or I and Rob are going swimming. I know the latter ...
0
votes
0answers
217 views

“You and I” versus “you and me” [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Which is correct, “you and I” or “you and me”? When I was in primary school, I was advised by my English teacher to use "you and I" instead of ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

Use of the word “that”: [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Are there rules about using “that” to join two clauses? In the following, does the word "that" belong? "He said that we should go fishing."