Conjunctions are words used to connect clauses or sentences or to coordinate words in the same clause, such as "and," "but," and "if."

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Why is 'without' sometimes followed by the -ing form of a verb?

Gentlemen, I have a problem with the preposition 'without'. Why is it sometimes used with the ing-form of a verb? Here are a couple of examples: I can stand on one foot without falling. ...
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Is “Next to that” really an alternative to “Additionally” or “Moreover”?

I see many of my compatriots use the phrase "Next to that" at the start of a sentence to mean "Additionally", "Moreover", "Furthermore" or "In addition". The reason for this, I feel, may be that the ...
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32 views

“Indeed” or “However”

If the solar surface, not the center, were as hot as this (20,000,000 degrees Celsius), the radiation emitted into space would be so great that the whole Earth would be vaporized within a few ...
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Overuse of “however” in my scientific writing? [closed]

In scientific writing, I always feel the need to logically connect all my sentences to have a clear logical path between beginning and end of a paragraph, else it is just feels like a list of random ...
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Correct usage of article and conjunction [closed]

what is wrong with the following sentence? An house is not the home, or so they saying goes.
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39 views

How to describe a confusion matrix correctly

In computer science, we a use a thing called confusion matrix for reporting results from supervised machine learning algorithms. It looks like this The image was taken from here. I would like to ...
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Position of conjunctions: Beginning of a sentence Vs Near beginning of a sentence

When should one use conjunctions, such as "therefore" and "nevertheless," at each of the following positions: Beginning of a sentence Near beginning of a sentence. For example: She is to give ...
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58 views

Explanation needed: Why is “and” wrong in this sentence?

It is difficult to predict what kinds of books will be popular in the years ahead, because tastes change and topics either get overexplored and lose their relevance. I have placed the key words ...
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32 views

(conjunction) 'as' in 'at the same time as when'

This happened at the same time as when the window decorations disappeared. I don't know the meaning of 'as' in 'at the same time as when' and the usage of 'as' in this situation. What do you think ...
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The correct grammar of “verb” + “conjunction” + “verb”

I have seen the usage of both versions: I am doing this to get more attention and to seek for opportunities. I am doing this to get more attention and seek for opportunities. Which one is ...
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35 views

What is the grammatical designation of “that” in “…that she may have…”?

The following sentence is the Modern English translation of a line from the Old English poem Judith: He (God) advanced a gracious favour to her, that she may have a steadfast faith. My question ...
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87 views

The meaning of “You cannot go out and hang out with your friends.” [closed]

My mom said "You cannot go out and hang out with your friends." I think there are two possible explanations to this sentence: The first one: It means that I cannot go out and that I ...
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141 views

Starting a Sentence with a Conjunction [duplicate]

My high school English teacher taught us to never start a sentence with conjunctions, but throughout the years I have seen a lot of such usage in academic writings and novels. I have also read various ...
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40 views

'For while …, yet …' : Right quantity and use of conjunctions?

For while the capacity to overcome all opposing sensible impulses can and must be simply presupposed in man on account of his freedom, yet this capacity as strength is something he must acquire. ...
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60 views

Is it Correct To Start A Sentence With a Coordinate Conjunction [duplicate]

This seems to be argued back and forth by my Writing and Reading teachers. Here is the problem. For example I write this sentence: And I went to bed to get some sleep. Just a simple sentence ...
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55 views

Do both sides of the conjunction need to align with the next part of the sentence?

If someone can improve my title, please do. I seem to be missing some vocabulary. I was writing an SO answer and ran into something that has always bothered me. Consider the following sentence: ...
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70 views

Separating two different types with “and”

Recently, I read through this sentence in my book. Limestone is found in association with rocks composed of calcium carbonates or calcium and magnesium carbonates. I want to focus on this last ...
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49 views

Is this the correct preposition? “He has updated the reporting relationship of this position number in the database.”

"He has updated the reporting relationship of this position number in the database." Q: Is "of" the correct preposition to use? Or, should "for" be used instead?
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Is this grammatically correct? “More often than not, I work on teams where I share a pool of work with other colleagues”

"More often than not, I work on teams where I share a pool of work with other colleagues." Is "where" the correct conjunction? Is it correct to use "teams" (plural) in former part of the sentence ...
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85 views

Using “because”, “as”, or “since” when explaining the reason or relevance of something in an adverbial clause?

I have several units of information that I want to put into one, or two well-formed sentences: Our product previously only supported Type-X adapters (which are widely used). A few weeks ago the ...
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1answer
57 views

Should I use a comma before the conjunction in this sentence? [duplicate]

The sentence The movie was loud and the chatter was louder. Should I need to add a comma before the and that joins the first sentence The movie was loud and the independent clause the chatter ...
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51 views

A question on the use of 'since'.

'Since' means throughout the period from a specified point in past time to the present. Can I use it to mean 'throughout the period from a specified point in past time to a specific point also in the ...
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Does the phrase “so long as” have a negative sense?

Can I use neither . . . nor following the phrase so long as? I read this sentence in an article: When I was in college a Marwari friend of mine told me that her parents would be totally open to ...
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48 views

Proper way to say “more and bigger”

I want to communicate (in written language) that "there are more pictures and bigger pictures if you click the link", without writing "pictures" twice and sounding silly. Is the construction "more ...
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How can “for” be classed as a coördinating conjunction in the following instances?

How can for be classed as a coördinating conjunction in the following instances? I cannot give you any money, for I have none. He deserved to succeed, for he worked hard. Blessed are the merciful, ...
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He stayed while she talked / was talking to her?

He stayed while she talked to her. He waited while she was talking to her. Are both correct? What is the difference?
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Etymology of “save” in the meaning of “except”, “but”, “unless”

Why does save also mean other than : but or except "We had no hope save one." except for the fact that : only —used with that but, except —used before a word often taken to be the ...
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132 views

Determining if “than” is used as conjunction or preposition

"than" can be used as a conjunction and as a preposition. I want to be able to tell for any given sentence containing "than" which grammatical function it has in that sentence. My current ...
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114 views

Why can 'so' be a conjunction, but not 'hence', 'therefore', 'thus', …?

While so can be an adverb or a conjunction, as the latter, it can mean 'therefore': see ODO Definition 1. Yet why did ^synonyms of so fail to become conjunctions as well? ^Footnote: 'hence', ...
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126 views

reporting past simple tense [closed]

Choose: He said that while he was watching television, the light (went/had gone) out. Some people say that past simple tense doesn't change in indirect speech, but my teacher says that the direct ...
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156 views

“in addition” in the middle of a sentence

Which one is correct? X, in addition to Y, is the main reason that ... X, in addition to Y, are the main reasons that ...
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2answers
162 views

Subjunctive mood - what is the tense of the verb following a conjunction?

Which verb is correct? If the world were perfect, workers would wear respirators even when dust levels were/are low. "If the world were perfect" is an impossible condition/situation, which makes ...
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81 views

Using “and” vs “or” in a list

This has really been bothering me. Which of these is the most correct? I am against twabulation except in the cases of delivery, attack, and colorization of a twibble. I am against ...
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69 views

Ending a clause with “but”

In an office email, I am trying to write a qualifying clause while leading into an exception to that clause in the same sentence. While this is an office email, and therefore informality is somewhat ...
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63 views

Conjunctive usage with negative imperatives: i.e., 'and' and 'or.' Don't eat and drink on the bus vs. Don't eat or drink on the bus

I tried searching for conjunctive usage within negative imperatives but was unable to find any results. I may have just used the wrong search string. My question is as follows. In the following ...
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Repeating determiners: “the X and (the) Y”

I have a problem with the use of "the" after "and" where you would basically be connecting words. For example, which of the following is better: The table and the chairs? The table and chairs? ...
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Grammatical number for nouns, separated by 'or', in an interrogative?

Let S denote a singular noun and P a plural. Then in an interrogative, how do you determine the verb's grammatical number? I recollect that I read a claim, possibly on ELU, that in a declarative ...
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87 views

Even though versus Even so [closed]

I cannot understand why we cannot use "even though" instead of "even so" or vice versa. For example : I know her English isn't very good, but even so I can understand her. ( original sentence) ...
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Can I use “lest” in the following sentence?

I am not a native English speaker/writer, but I am working on a technical thesis written in English. To me, for some unknown reason, it feels natural to write the following: However, the ...
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Correct use of the superlative degree [closed]

Kindly tell me whether I used the superlative degree correctly in these two sentences: He enjoyed all the sweetest and         most charming scenery. He enjoyed all the sweetest and the most ...
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Doing two things at once without conjuction

Are the following sentence, for two things going on at once, grammatically correct? Tom is doing laundry singing a song. It is not easy to go to school working part-time. I saw an accident riding my ...
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92 views

Is Ann Patchett married to her dog? [closed]

In a short review on the occasion of the release of her new book in paperback, This Is The Story of a Happy Marriage, by Ann Patchett, the New York Times reviewer wrote: These sparkling personal ...
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Using co-ordinating conjunctions

My question is about the following sentence. Punctuation omitted. If the man comes back and I am home I will arrest him In the sentence there is one dependent subordinate clause and two ...
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461 views

..until the issue will be resolved. WILL?

I always thought you cannot use a future tense after "until" or "unless". But recently, in a very famous IT system, I found the following: An estimate of how much work remains until this issue ...
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235 views

Writing two sentences or using “which” as a conjunction

I am writing a scientific article and I asked my self several times, which of the following examples is better style: One approach for getting from one place to another one is driving a car. A car ...
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434 views

Is it correct to use “or” in place of “and/or”?

Consider the following sentence: A project is a large and/or complex undertaking. To me, the expression “and/or” seems redundant since in formal logic “or” implies ...
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Need help identifying subject in sentence with a conjunction

Currently, I am involved in a disagreement as to interpreting the grammatical meaning of the following sentence: “Restores 10% of Att as HP in battle.” Given that “Att” and “HP” are nouns (with ...
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Starting a book with this sentence, is it ok? [closed]

I'd like to start a book with a sentence like this: This book is about X, so why should it start with Y? In fact, the book is already written, but I'd like to get the first few pages absolutely ...
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Meaning of “or” in “working on applications to sell or for any other purpose”

A licence reads: If you are an individual working on your own applications to sell or for any other purpose, you may use the software to develop and test those applications. I'm having ...
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What does the comma before the conjunction “or” mean in the following sentence (i.e. “…Software, or to create a business…”)?

What does the comma before the conjunction "or" mean in the following sentence (i.e. "...Software, or to create a business...")? You have no right to resell our Content or media from any source, as ...