Conjunctions are words used to connect clauses or sentences or to coordinate words in the same clause, such as "and," "but," and "if."

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use of since in simple,progressive, and perfect tenses

please clarify the use of since in present,continuous, and perfect tenses?. if since is used in these tenses what meaning would it convey?
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What are the title capitalization rules for rarely used prepositions like “down”, “up”, “off”, etc.?

In capitalizing English titles, my understanding is that all prepositions of four or fewer letters should be written lowercase, unless part of a phrasal verb. (I realize that AP style and the Chicago ...
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Is “and” necessary before the last item in the list of things after “such as”? [duplicate]

Could someone tell me whether "and" is necessary in the space: I like different types of fruits, such as apples, oranges, bananas, [and] pineapples.
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27 views

not only, but also

With reference to the principle of balance in the use of "not only, but also", can someone help me judge whether the following is correct: Not only are students encouraged to enhance their ...
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2answers
59 views

Do complex sentences always need a conjunction? [closed]

"At her age, Minggay Awok's only companions were a few charcoal black chickens." Because of "At her age," does this make the sentence complex, or is it still a simple sentence? I do know complex ...
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41 views

Can I begin a sentence with, “Unless, that is …”?

Given a rather long sentence that finishes with something like: ... and therefore, you need not submit that form. Is it allowable to start the next sentence with, "Unless, that is, you .....", or ...
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34 views

Can “as well as” be a conjunction?

Can as well as be a conjunction that connects two independent sentences? The reference to the relevant rules and similar threads would be much appreciated. The training program will be introduced ...
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2answers
69 views

Differences between “how ever”, “although”,“albeit”,

What is differences between "Albeit", "although","howbeit","however","though" and etc?
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62 views

Substituting how for that

I feel the following sentence would be used by Native speakers but only in highly informal speech in certain areas: In his letter he explains how the book has a great plot and is generally enjoyable. ...
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43 views

“People who” or “people that” [closed]

I am doing homework and I got confused about this phrase when I was writing. I am not a native English speaker. (...) and the only way to do this was taking control of everything and being ...
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1answer
52 views

Comma before a conjunction that precedes an infinitive phrase?

I understand that a comma is used before "and" when the conjunction precedes an independent clause; however, I'm curious if the same rule applies when it precedes an infinitive phrase: "It was my job ...
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39 views

'before' vs. 'until'

Which is more appropriate? I had lived in New York for three years until/before I graduated from college. Perhaps, there may be a more appropriate expression, but if you have to use either of ...
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2answers
37 views

Is “correspondingly” used here correctly?

The importance of Internet access grows each day, correspondingly, web content accessibility too becomes equally important to ensure it meets the needs of users with disabilities. ...
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46 views

Is 'as' a pronoun or conjunction in these sentences?

As you can see As you know What does these 'as' serve as? Pronoun or conjunction? Thanks!
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52 views

Should there be a space before and after an ampersand when writing numerals?

How should one write "one and two" in short form - 1&2 or 1 & 2? Are there any particular rules regarding this? In context: You may choose to do Information Technology Units [1&2/1 ...
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5answers
118 views

The solution of so/but/since and because? [closed]

What do you think about the options of this case, i hav chosen the A", it's a little tricky?
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64 views

X was the case, so/but/since/because Y happened [closed]

The car dashed the tree. It was going at over 100mph. A) The blue car was going 100mph, so it dashed the tree. B) The blue car was going at over 100mph, but it dashed the tree. C) The blue ...
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0answers
55 views

Replacing “and” with comma

EB size and structure is known to influence differentiation potential, and the microwell system provides a robust, efficient method of producing EBs of any size or shape. I've seen many sentences ...
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53 views

Conjunctive adverbs preceded by conjunctions

I've been under the impression that conjunctive adverbs needn't be preceded by a full-ish stop (e.g., a period or semicolon). I don't know where I got that idea, and consequently, as a lover of ...
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How to use conjunction in an object clause?

Is it OK to use comma space followed by "whereas" in an object clause like the following sentence? Experiments showed that H and K cells were highly sensitive to sugar, whereas P cells were ...
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2answers
47 views

Should the 'or' come at the end of the first line or beginning of the second?

I'm working on a webpage that has a form on it where the user can type into a box, or pick some options instead to fill it for them. If I am writing about a choice of options, and splitting that over ...
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3answers
112 views

Compound-Complex Comma Usage

I couldn't find this question on here, and I've tried scouring the Internet, but to no avail. It's quite possible I'm just not searching with the appropriate keywords. The question is regarding comma ...
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3answers
655 views

However vs. how ever: one word or two?

I am writing a paper and stumbled upon this sentence of mine. "The output remained consistently poor however the data was/were analysed". "The output remained consistently poor how ever the ...
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2answers
68 views

Are these wordiness defects cases of syntactic pleonasm?

While critiquing a certain document, I noticed frequent instances of a kind of wordiness. Whereas I could have simply corrected each instance, I wanted to cite for the writer a general rule for ...
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62 views

the omission of “but” in “not only …, (but also)”

I've seen some topics related to this correlative pair "not only.. but also", but I'm still not quite sure if it's correct to use a comma without any conjunction in this construction. "The American ...
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2answers
289 views

Comma after a coordinating conjunction preceding a parenthetical at the start of the sentence

Although similar questions have been asked before, I am still not clear as to official or, at the very least, preferred position from punctuation rules point of view on comma after coordinating ...
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163 views

Commas with nested subordinate clauses both of which are restrictive (essential to the meaning)

I have been grappling with the question below for a while now, so hope that you can shed some light on it. Do we need the first comma (the one in brackets below) in the restrictive nested ...
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50 views

'Immediately' used not as an adverb, but as a conjunction

I'm sure that I've heard (not read) someone use the word immediately in a sentence in the same way that we would use "when" or "as soon as", and I would like to know if this is correct? Here's an ...
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31 views

“In” and “and” when describing a relation

I recently noticed this in various titles of things (books, articles, etc.): Language and the brain Technology and society These make sense and are grammatical, but why not use in in ...
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58 views

“There is” or “There are” followed by a conjunction

I recently wrote the expression: There is a X in Y and a Z in W... When I received the galley proof on the paper in which I wrote this, it had been changed to: There are a X in Y and a Z in ...
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61 views

Why is 'without' sometimes followed by the -ing form of a verb? [closed]

Gentlemen, I have a problem with the preposition 'without'. Why does it modify verbs into the continuous tense? Here are a couple of examples: I can stand on one foot without falling. Why not ...
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269 views

Is “Next to that” really an alternative to “Additionally” or “Moreover”?

I see many of my compatriots use the phrase "Next to that" at the start of a sentence to mean "Additionally", "Moreover", "Furthermore" or "In addition". The reason for this, I feel, may be that the ...
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2answers
69 views

“Indeed” or “However”

If the solar surface, not the center, were as hot as this (20,000,000 degrees Celsius), the radiation emitted into space would be so great that the whole Earth would be vaporized within a few ...
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4answers
281 views

Overuse of “however” in my scientific writing? [closed]

In scientific writing, I always feel the need to logically connect all my sentences to have a clear logical path between beginning and end of a paragraph, else it is just feels like a list of random ...
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1answer
90 views

How to describe a confusion matrix correctly

In computer science, we a use a thing called confusion matrix for reporting results from supervised machine learning algorithms. It looks like this The image was taken from here. I would like to ...
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Position of conjunctions: Beginning of a sentence Vs Near beginning of a sentence

When should one use conjunctions, such as "therefore" and "nevertheless," at each of the following positions: Beginning of a sentence Near beginning of a sentence. For example: She is to give ...
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94 views

Explanation needed: Why is “and” wrong in this sentence?

It is difficult to predict what kinds of books will be popular in the years ahead, because tastes change and topics either get overexplored and lose their relevance. I have placed the key words ...
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2answers
128 views

(conjunction) 'as' in 'at the same time as when'

This happened at the same time as when the window decorations disappeared. I don't know the meaning of 'as' in 'at the same time as when' and the usage of 'as' in this situation. What do you think ...
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2answers
176 views

The correct grammar of “verb” + “conjunction” + “verb”

I have seen the usage of both versions: I am doing this to get more attention and to seek for opportunities. I am doing this to get more attention and seek for opportunities. Which one is ...
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What is the grammatical designation of “that” in “…that she may have…”?

The following sentence is the Modern English translation of a line from the Old English poem Judith: He (God) advanced a gracious favour to her, that she may have a steadfast faith. My question ...
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1answer
171 views

The meaning of “You cannot go out and hang out with your friends.” [closed]

My mom said "You cannot go out and hang out with your friends." I think there are two possible explanations to this sentence: The first one: It means that I cannot go out and that I ...
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2answers
216 views

Starting a Sentence with a Conjunction [duplicate]

My high school English teacher taught us to never start a sentence with conjunctions, but throughout the years I have seen a lot of such usage in academic writings and novels. I have also read various ...
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1answer
93 views

'For while …, yet …' : Right quantity and use of conjunctions?

For while the capacity to overcome all opposing sensible impulses can and must be simply presupposed in man on account of his freedom, yet this capacity as strength is something he must acquire. ...
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1answer
124 views

Is it Correct To Start A Sentence With a Coordinate Conjunction [duplicate]

This seems to be argued back and forth by my Writing and Reading teachers. Here is the problem. For example I write this sentence: And I went to bed to get some sleep. Just a simple sentence ...
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2answers
67 views

Do both sides of the conjunction need to align with the next part of the sentence?

If someone can improve my title, please do. I seem to be missing some vocabulary. I was writing an SO answer and ran into something that has always bothered me. Consider the following sentence: ...
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3answers
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Separating two different types with “and”

Recently, I read through this sentence in my book. Limestone is found in association with rocks composed of calcium carbonates or calcium and magnesium carbonates. I want to focus on this last ...
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1answer
179 views

Is this the correct preposition? “He has updated the reporting relationship of this position number in the database.”

"He has updated the reporting relationship of this position number in the database." Q: Is "of" the correct preposition to use? Or, should "for" be used instead?
2
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1answer
154 views

Is this grammatically correct? “More often than not, I work on teams where I share a pool of work with other colleagues”

"More often than not, I work on teams where I share a pool of work with other colleagues." Is "where" the correct conjunction? Is it correct to use "teams" (plural) in former part of the sentence ...
2
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1answer
167 views

Using “because”, “as”, or “since” when explaining the reason or relevance of something in an adverbial clause?

I have several units of information that I want to put into one, or two well-formed sentences: Our product previously only supported Type-X adapters (which are widely used). A few weeks ago the ...
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1answer
69 views

Should I use a comma before the conjunction in this sentence? [duplicate]

The sentence The movie was loud and the chatter was louder. Should I need to add a comma before the and that joins the first sentence The movie was loud and the independent clause the chatter ...