Questions about modification of a verb from its basic form

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25
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2answers
4k views

How do you conjugate Early Modern English verbs (other than present tense)?

I was wondering how one might conjugate verbs in early modern English in various tenses. I am aware of the fact that for second person and third person singular specifically, the verb endings are -est ...
22
votes
2answers
2k views

God save the Queen

I was wondering why this expression is not “God saves the Queen”. According to my very first English teacher, when the subject is he, she or it, “to save” is conjugated “he/she/it saves”. Is it an ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Regular vs. irregular verbs

I recall an English teacher explaining that verbs that change vowels during tense changes were called 'regular' and those that added '-ed' in the past tense were 'irregular'. This seemed ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Origin of different past tenses for verbs with the same endings?

Why do we have a situation where the past of "to blow" is "blew", but of "to glow" is "glowed"? And don't say "flew" if you mean "it flowed". The poem Lovers, by Phoebe Cary has many examples of ...
7
votes
2answers
431 views

How do I perform presidential proper noun declension?

I'm unfamiliar with how one approaches the declension of proper nouns, especially as it pertains to presidents, e.g., Jeffersonian. I suspect it's kind of a black art. I need to do this with Coolidge ...
6
votes
3answers
344 views

“That… be” construction

We will make the convention that exact categories be skeletally small. Is this construction (used in a mathematical context) correct? There is something that strikes me as odd in that "be". ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

What is the correct verb that follows “as well as?” [closed]

Which of the following sentences is correct? He as well as they are in the wrong. He as well as they is in the wrong.
5
votes
2answers
1k views

If a noun phrase is made of two noun-like words that conjugate differently, then which conjugation do you use? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: “Neither Michael nor Albert is correct” or “Neither Michael nor Albert are correct”? Is “either you or [third-person]” followed by a ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

It is I who am at fault? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: “It is they who lied” or “it is them who lied?” What rules make “Remember me, who am your friend” grammatical? Which one of these is correct? It is I who am at ...
4
votes
2answers
546 views

Are there any definitive sources for English word forms?

My interest in English grammar began because of learning about the rules of grammar while learning Latin. In inter-language dictionaries, it's common to mention the declension of nouns, conjugation of ...
4
votes
3answers
117 views

Is “lays important groundwork” appropriate usage

As in: "My project lays important groundwork for a future project." Is my usage of 'lays' correct? I'm not sure why I'm hung up on this, it just doesn't sound correct to me.
4
votes
2answers
135 views

Past tense of “to lie” versus past tense of “to lay”

This part I understand clearly: present past past participle ------------------------------- lie lay lain lay laid laid I already understand that and so am not asking how to ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Why is the Elizabethan English incorrect in this quote?

I saw a Geico commercial with Elizabethan verb forms that bothered me because they were being misused: Trick Number 1. Lookest over there! Servant looks Haha! Madest thou look! So endest the ...
3
votes
4answers
4k views

Does English have “plural” verb forms?

A friend of mine and I were having a linguistics argument (actually, this one), and she brought up as evidence the "plural versus singular conjugation" of the past-tense form of "to be", i.e. ...
3
votes
2answers
201 views

“Changing and improving are not always the same thing” or “Changing and improving is not always the same thing”

Are both valid? I think the first is the only option, but I have been challenged on this and I can't explain exactly why the second is wrong. It does make sense, I suppose.
3
votes
1answer
169 views

What purpose does third-person verb conjugation serve or used to serve?

There is one thing in English that doesn't make sense to me: adding 's' (or 'es') to verbs when the subject is a third person. It seems redundant and adds no extra information to the sentence. "I ...
3
votes
1answer
476 views

What is the present participle of “stop, drop, and roll”?

In a verb phrase, such as stop, drop, and roll, how do I conjugate this in the present participle? Stopping, dropping, and rolling? Stop, drop, and rolling?
3
votes
2answers
873 views

English word conjugation rules

I am a programmer whose most recent project involves Natural Language Parsing and I need to be able to conjugate English Verbs and Nouns. I already have a list of Verb Irregulars but I am struggling ...
3
votes
1answer
140 views

How to conjugate verb in relative clause where case changes? [duplicate]

I'm not sure how the following sentence should be built: "She gives a blanket to me, who (am/is/?) cold" I can't come up with anything that sounds right, and I'm not certain there is a right. Can ...
2
votes
5answers
184 views

“Printfing” or “printingf”?

At this point the program starts printfing the pot value. At this point the program starts printingf the pot value. Both sound wrong, and yet... one of them must be used.
2
votes
2answers
4k views

“sunk” or “sunken”?

The boat lies half-sunken in the bay. Sunken is an adjective, right? But in the previous sentence, it seems to be acting as adverb modifying lies. Should the sentence be: The boat ...
2
votes
3answers
844 views

Past participle of “flaw”

According to Wiktionary, the past participle of "flaw" is flawed, and flawn is not mentioned as being a valid alternative. However, the past participle of "draw" is drawn. I know that Modern English ...
2
votes
2answers
180 views

“That … is” or “that … be” [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why have the subjunctive and indicative converged in Modern English? Simple question, should you say "what matters most is that the merger is successful" or: "what ...
2
votes
3answers
290 views

Archaic conjugation of imperative verbs [duplicate]

I'm trying to learn the archaic conjugation (for fun) and I wonder if the imperative verbs in the archaic form can be conjugated with -est for the second person singular (ex: Eatest thy vegetables). ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Conjugating verbs for nouns referring to groups of people [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is staff plural? Frequently when reading tech articles, I see sentences like "Microsoft have released ..." or "Apple have announced ...". This seems wrong to me because ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

How would one conjugate “to be” in southern middle english? [closed]

Present tense. In particular, how would it have been in London in the mid-14th century?
2
votes
1answer
60 views

Past verb + not

I've found the following constructions with past verbs: They found not the fire. You knew not that. Is this an archaic way? Can we use with "ED" ending verbs, "crossed not the line" or ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

If only he had cycled

To the question, How did you get here? the response was, I bike rode. Why is this incorrect?
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Why are pronouns always given in the same order? I, you, he, etc? [closed]

Not just English Why are pronouns when conjugating verbs always given in the same order. I You He She We You Plural They (or he's and she's depending on the language) Does anyone know?
2
votes
2answers
814 views

We recommend that he provide/provides?

To my ear "We recommend that he provide an appropriate response" sounds better than "provides" what is this tense/construct called and which is right ?
2
votes
1answer
4k views

Archaic conjugation of common verbs?

I'm looking for an online resource to list conjugation of some of most common English verbs (to be, to get, to do, to have etc.) in their archaic (Early Modern) forms. In particular, I'd be interested ...
2
votes
3answers
226 views

'Satire' is to 'Satirically' as 'Parody is to …?

As stated in the title; I'm having a difficult time thinking of the equivalent conjugation. The word "Satire" is to "Satirically" as "Parody" is to ...?
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Second Person Singular conjugation of words ending in Y

I know that most regular verbs would be conjugated in Second Person Singular by adding "est" (Thou makest), and Third Person Singular by adding "eth" (She maketh), but what if the verb ends with a Y? ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

“likes like” vs “like likes”

Which sentence would be correct: The sun like likes the moon. The sun likes like the moon. One of the examples in the Urban Dictionary definition has "Jenna so like likes Tom", so I'm ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Why are modal verbs never used with “has” even when the subject is singular?

Why is it that modal verbs are always used with "have," regardless of whether the subject is singular or plural? For example, you would say "She has been here" and "They have been here," but you would ...
2
votes
1answer
709 views

“Need not be” vs. “Need not to be” [duplicate]

As a native English speaker, I find the phrase "The hammer need not to be large for..." sounds strange to my ears. Instead, I prefer "The hammer need not be large for...". But what is the rule that ...
1
vote
2answers
464 views

What irregular verbs are there in Early Modern English?

Can anyone tell me, or direct me to a site where it would have a list of, irregular verbs in Early Modern English? I understand verbs such as "to be" or "to have", but how many more are there, and ...
1
vote
2answers
100 views

Can I conjugate “acyclic” as “acycle”

I was thinking about the word "acyclic" meaning not having or containing a cycle. Then I thought of the word "bicycle" and wondered if it made sense to call something that an "acycle". As an example I ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

What is the name of the conjugation of “to be” in “Have him be here on time”?

"The good parents have their kids study French" "You're not going to make him eat those veggies" Is that simply the infinitive? Or is it imperative? Or subjunctive? I've been seeing this form around ...
1
vote
1answer
271 views

Shall, third person singular, archaic form

The second person of will and shall are wilt and shalt in the archaic form. The third person singular suffix is -eth, so we get willeth but what about shall? Thank you for your answers!
1
vote
3answers
186 views

how to conjugate verb in dependent clause inside subjunctive mood

In the sentence I pretended that I understood, lest he think I am stupid or deaf. the "he think" part is definitely present subjunctive, but I'm not sure how the "I am" part should be ...
1
vote
1answer
553 views

Which tense should a verb take when parentheses could alter the tense?

In the following sentence I'd like to convey that "I don't know what space an item currently takes up or what space it will take up at some undefined future time". I contracted the sentence using ...
1
vote
3answers
4k views

Which of these sentences using “can” or “could” is better?

If you could increase your number of hours to 48/week, it will help you become a more fluent speaker. If you can increase your number of hours to 48/week, it will help you become a more fluent ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Is this compound noun compose of a group of many things plural or singular? [duplicate]

In the following sentence, I'm not sure whether the noun should be considered plural or singular? A grid pattern of streets (Main, Elm, First) are shown. Or: A grid pattern of streets (Main, ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Past participle form of “exit”?

What's the past participle form of the word exit? Is it exit (irregular, like set)? exited? exitted? On one page I found exited but if that's the case why isn't it exitted (double t) like with the ...
1
vote
2answers
30 views

Usage of 'and' with two clauses

Is this sentence correct: Categorization could help them out with concentration and to get better results. Complete paragraph: Due to fact that prerequisite conditions and educational needs ...
1
vote
2answers
256 views

How does one parse 'woe betide'?

How would one parse the sentence 'Woe betide anyone wearing the wrong colour'! 'Betide' is clearly the main verb, meaning 'happen'; as in 'they waited wondering what might betide'. But clearly ...
1
vote
1answer
113 views

Conjugation of “smite” - unsure of all forms

Smite is an interesting word for which I found a use today. However, my understanding of its conjugation is as follows: I/you smite He/she/it smites We/you/they smite And then "I was smitten ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Pronouns for collective nouns (British and American)

British and American English differ in the way they conjugate verbs for collective nouns: http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=877. For example, an American would probably say "China is winning" ...
1
vote
0answers
118 views

Early Modern English second person present tense when verb ends with st

In EModE you normally would add -st or -est to verbs to conjugate them to the second person singular indicative tense (past and present), but what do you do for verbs that already end in -st or -est? ...