Questions about modification of a verb from its basic form

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Archaic verb conjugation: knowest vs know'st

When using the archaic 2sg-present conjugation for English verbs, when would you use the longer form (eg knowest) and when would you use the shorter form (`know'st')? Is it like contemporary English ...
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How to properly use conjugate verbs using -est

Recently I have been confused on conjugating verbs in the 2nd person. I understand the 3rd person, -eth, but -est is a bit odd. example: He flies south / He flyeth south. But 2nd person? You fly ...
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Just how many moods are there in English?

Most sources say that there are just three (indicative, imperative, and subjunctive) and others list several more and are not consistent. All the modal auxiliaries seem to form distinct moods: do ...