An independent clause that refers to a hypothetical situation contingent on another set of circumstance.

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“If a son strike his father” - shouldn't it be “strikes”?

I am reading The Code of Hammurabi translated by Robert Francis Harper. Many times there are sentences in the format "if one do this, some action shall be done". Here's an example: If a son strike ...
0
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0answers
11 views

sequence of tenses in conditional mood

If I ruined this relationship, I would kill myself because I wouldn't be able to forget about the love I had lost. I would like to know whether "had lost" is correct. Maybe "have lost" would be ...
0
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1answer
86 views

Second Conditional in English

I would like to know the difference between the following two sentences: If I had money, I would have gone to the USA. If I had money, I would go to the USA. Which of the above two would you ...
2
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2answers
30 views

Incorrect usage of unless

Why can't the conditional I would go to bed if I wasn't waiting for a phone call be transformed thus I would go to bed unless I was/wasn't waiting for a phone call A student asked me why ...
9
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2answers
5k views

“Will have” vs. “Would have”

By the end of the year, I would have attended this school for five years. Of course, the "most" correct way of writing this would be: By the end of the year, I will have attended this school ...
1
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2answers
43 views

What is this type of unwarranted assumption called?

If Jim is taller than Susan, all tall people are named Jim. In this condition the protasis has an apparent relationship with the apodosis, but regardless of whether protasis is true or false, it ...
3
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1answer
42 views

why do we use “were” instead of “was” in second conditional sentences?

I have usually noticed that often in second conditional sentences "were" is used instead of "was". After trying to understand some concepts I couldn't understand its reason .I will be glad if you guys ...
0
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1answer
80 views

Confusion about how to use condition type 1 and 2

Ok, the condition type 1 predicts a possible future event: If this thing happens, that thing will happen. The condition type 1 expresses a counterfactual situation with a present or future time ...
4
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5answers
1k views

Why do we say “I would appreciate it if you paid in cash,” but not “I will appreciate it if you pay in cash”? [closed]

In the dictionary, I found this example (Source): I would appreciate it if you paid in cash. Clearly, this is the conditional sentence, type 2 which expresses something that is impossible in ...
0
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2answers
57 views

Fourth type of conditional (past and possible)?

I learn that there are 3 types of conditional sentences: Type 1 (present and possible): If I have money (and it's possible one day), I will donate. Type 2 (present and impossible): If I had money ...
1
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1answer
42 views

“If someone would” - construction

I have just read a passage from an adapted version of the Arabian Nights (translated by Lang): "The rest is still more wonderful," replied Scheherazade, "and you would say so, if the sultan ...
0
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1answer
28 views

having done the paperwork [closed]

I wanna tell someone that I would like to do something before finishing the paperwork, which one is correct: 1- I would like to start, even before having the paperwork done. 2- I would like to start, ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

3rd conditional + inversion

So I know that the following sentence is correct: "Had I known about that, I wouldn't have talked to her." However is this one correct too? "I wouldn't have talked to her had I known about that." ...
3
votes
1answer
104 views

Why are the “first conditional”, “second conditional”, and “third conditional” so named?

I have learned a lot about the first, second and third conditionals, but something that always crossed my mind is why they are called 1st, 2nd and 3rd. Does anyone have an explanation for this? ...
3
votes
3answers
78 views

Can anyone tell me if the use of the word “would” makes this sentence conditional/hypothetical?

So, me and some others got into a little debate about this and I found some really good information on here, and wanted to get some good expert opinions. I have 2 questions about the following ...
2
votes
3answers
166 views

Verb tenses and types [closed]

I believe that the verb tenses in: She will cry to think that I would leave her are: future simple, infinitive, past (of "will"). Am I correct please?
3
votes
1answer
51 views

Usage of the phrase, “when this” when referring to a condition

Consider this statement. The maximum number of solutions is given by the formula, x * x. For example, consider the case, x = 2, when this maximum is 4. I thought there is a minor ambiguity in the ...
-2
votes
1answer
51 views

Use of will in condition clauses [duplicate]

I've got following sentence in a visa application form: You are not required to provide a medical certificate or Chest X-ray Certificate if you will be in New Zealand for less than six months. ...
2
votes
3answers
159 views

I wouldn't work if I wouldn't get paid [closed]

I would like to know if I can say, "I wouldn't work, if I wouldn't get paid." My question is can I use would twice in a sentece to express something imaginary or I have to stick to would & were. ...
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votes
2answers
33 views

what will be the time of a second conditional sentense? [closed]

what is the time difference between these two sentences? If I knew her name, I would tell you If I had known her name, I would have told you. As far as I know the effect of both ...
0
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2answers
53 views

Is this sentence correct? (Tense)

Conditionals seem to be a pretty basic unit of grammar, but this sentence nevertheless got me stuck: The experts were felt to have little hope of reducing the differences, even if an ...
2
votes
3answers
141 views

Non-conditional IFs [closed]

So I've heard some (I don't know what to call) non-conditional Ifs, and I've been trying to figure it out how they work. It's not like the first time I get troubles with conditional sentences, I ...
0
votes
3answers
79 views

Is this type of conditional sentence used by native speakers?

I was wondering if any native speaker used the following type of conditional sentence: If my mother-in-law was coming tomorrow, I would have spent all day cleaning the house. By the way, the ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

“would” in main clause

Could someone justify why the sentence below is correct grammar, according to many? "I would appreciate it if you would send me the money" Why not "sent" instead of "would send"? Sounds like a ...
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5answers
2k views

If I Were You and You Were I

These are song lyrics, so there's poetic license--yes. However, it raises a grammar question that some friends and I have wondered about for years. Song goes: If for a moment I were you, and you ...
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votes
2answers
149 views

“If I had had money, I [would give/could give/would have given] you…” [closed]

I wish I had had money. If I had had money... I would have given you... I would give you... I could give you... Which one is correct? Please let me know.
1
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3answers
73 views

Conditional sentence - first & second

What is the difference between first conditional and second conditional? 1) if i know her, I will tell you 2)If i knew her, i would tell you how somebody can use the second conditional at the time ...
1
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1answer
52 views

Is it necessary to use 'then' in the second/main clause of a conditional sentence?

If there is a problem, you need to communicate it. vs. The question is that is there a difference between the two phrases? If yes, then what is it? Both of them seem correct. So what is ...
1
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2answers
71 views

conditional tenses

please can anyone help me analyse the tenses in this conditional sentence: "If we did not stay up so late, we would not be so tired." What's the tense of "did not stay up" here? It's not past ...
8
votes
5answers
7k views

“If I knew you're coming I wouldn't have come”

Is the statement If I knew you're coming I wouldn't have come correct? Should we use If I had known you're coming, I wouldn't have come instead? Please consider American-British ...
0
votes
1answer
86 views

double subjunctive in conditional clause

I came up with a question while reading a poem by Duhamel: "If I were the kind who made promises, I'd probably begin by saying..." So, why made and not "makes"? Is it strictly necessary to use the ...
1
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1answer
3k views

'Would' and 'might': differences and usage

Let us suppose that a hurricane is expected tomorrow in the place you are visiting. Would it be better that you say either "I think it would be better to leave early." or "I think it might be better ...
0
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1answer
35 views

The meaning of inference conditional form

I'm studying conditional forms, and as I understood most of the time the if clause did not happen, for example in If I had prepared for the interview, I wouldn't be so nervous, so it means that I did ...
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2answers
61 views

'd hate to be vs. 'd hate being [closed]

Which of the following two structures is grammatically correct? Why? I'd hate to be questioned by the FBI. I'd hate being questioned by the FBI.
3
votes
2answers
77 views

Can “should” be used to mean “if” and used to mean “would” in the same sentence?

It's grammatical to use "should" like "if": Should you need me, call. I'll be available should she ask for me. Should my mother call, let her know I'll be back shortly. It's also ...
0
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1answer
18 views

Time in conditional clause

I've gone through a lot of rules on conditional sentences in English and couldn't find the answer. What time should I use in the following comment to a source code? # Rebuild databases if ...
3
votes
2answers
78 views

What type of conditional is this? “If Julie went to the party last night, she definitely saw what happened.”

I really cannot understand why the sentence is correct and what type of conditional it is. If Julie went to the party last night, she definitely saw what happened. Other examples that confuse me: If ...
1
vote
1answer
236 views

Is “will/would” and “am/was going to” equivalent? [closed]

Please consider the following conditional statement: If I would eat my lunch, I would remain healthy. Some people say that the "would" after "If I" should be omitted for the following reasons: 1.) ...
0
votes
3answers
100 views

First Conditional reported speech [closed]

If you want to come, call me before 5:00. Which one is correct? He said if I want to come to call him before 5:00. or He said if I want to come I will call him before 5:00.
1
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1answer
341 views

What tense should be used when present/past perfect is used?

Here is my sentence of which I am having some troubles ascertaining the grammatical correctness: I think that Rachel has told Brady that Bert would admit to the judge what he has taught about ...
1
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2answers
118 views

The third conditional questions

Today while speaking to a colleague of mine I said "Had you studied well, you would have cleared the exam ". I was rebuked for not using the third conditional correctly. I was told that the correct ...
0
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1answer
44 views

Degree of Potentiality: Would vs. Should: Which indicates a greater possibility?

People in my new workplace hold that "should" is less definitive than "would," for e.g., in the sentence: Commodity prices could be depressed in 2016 due to oversupply, which should pressure power ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the difference between these conditionals?

It's often said that non-native speakers have a poor understanding of the English tenses. I'm not one to disagree, but on the whole I've always thought tenses weren't that hard, until I got to the ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Question about conditional

I'm referring to Benidorm, Season 2, Episode 1 (Jacqueline): This structure: If it were me who had picked up that ******, I wouldn't have come back. This sentence sounds (and looks) strange. ...
1
vote
3answers
69 views

Subjunctive Mood in Second Conditional - Inversion

The sentence If I were you, I wouldn't do this One can add emphasis to the sentence, by saying Were I you, I wouldn't do this However, I noticed that in everyday English people tend not ...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

Is a past tense protasis necessarily hypothetical when followed by an apodosis with “would have”?

Is a protasis with a verb in the past tense necessarily interpreted as a hypothetical condition when followed by an apodosis with "would have" + past participle? For example, is the sentence If ...
2
votes
2answers
452 views

I wish you would have died… vs. I wish you had died [duplicate]

I was watching an episode of the Arrow TV series and I came across the following sentence: Tommy (to Oliver): I wish you would have died on that island. I know Americans tend to use ...
8
votes
4answers
586 views

Is “I would understand everything you said if you said it in Portuguese” correct?

"I would understand everything you said if you said it in Portuguese." Is it any kind of conditional? And if it is, can you tell me which one? As I wrote this I had the feeling that it ...
2
votes
2answers
36 views

Is it possible to use “should have” in a conditional sentence type 3?

I know it's possible to say: If I had studied more, I wouldn't have failed my exam. Rules given in some Russian student's books let me say: If I had studied more, I shouldn't have failed my exam. ...
3
votes
2answers
71 views

Use of conditional tense/sujunctive mood

I am discussing with a friend (over email) the pros and cons of various interview styles. At some point in the email I write: "Ideally the candidate will demonstrate X." Then in the next ...