An independent clause that refers to a hypothetical situation contingent on another set of circumstance.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

1
vote
1answer
27 views

What type of conditional is this?

I know about conditional sentences type 2, but I want to know in which category this kind of conditional sentence is placed: If I could go anywhere in the world, I would ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

“Have to vs will have to” in conditional statements

Which tense should be used in the main clause of this sentence? If the learners want to finish their homework, they (have to/will have to) stop being lazy. Since the if-clause is in present ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

difficult questions in English grammar about if-clauses and introductory-there

I have two questions and I really need answers. If he (won/had won) the cup after he had played the match, I'd have been happy with him ...about this sentence, I'll make it easy for you: ...
0
votes
2answers
53 views

Trying to understand the sentence: “doesn't” vs “will not” [closed]

While doing an exercise, I came across the following sentence: If a Carl doesn't come to the party, I'll be really upset. Shouldn't be it like this? If a Carl will not come to the party, I'...
8
votes
2answers
6k views

Using “will” after “if”

I've been told that native-speakers don't ever use "will" after "if", and that saying it this way is a not-native style. So from the film (Harry Potter, pt5) I noticed a line that confused me. Look ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

“Whatever it costs, it doesn't matter” - Conditionals with “whatever”

What is the usage of whatever? Can I both use 'noun' and 'SVO' after 'whatever'? Whatever the motivation , haphazard clinical practice led to death. Whatever it costs, it doesn't matter. ...
2
votes
2answers
71 views

“If someone would” - construction

I have just read a passage from an adapted version of the Arabian Nights (translated by Lang): "The rest is still more wonderful," replied Scheherazade, "and you would say so, if the sultan ...
0
votes
2answers
54 views

Simple past vs. past subjunctive in 'if' clauses

I understand the usage of the past subjunctive but I'm confused whether I should use it in these kind of cases, because it sounds so stilted when I say it: 'If I [had/were to have] money, I'd go ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

3rd conditional + inversion

So I know that the following sentence is correct: "Had I known about that, I wouldn't have talked to her." However is this one correct too? "I wouldn't have talked to her had I known about that." ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

What linguistic structures appear in conditional statements?

I am working on natural language processing and seek to determine if a given sentence is a conditional statement - ex: If I go to the store, then I will spend money. I would have gone to the store, if ...
0
votes
1answer
83 views

If that won't happen, we'll have no choice

The decision has been made and we ask for just one thing, an immediate positive intervention of Zaccagnini. If that won't happen, we'll have no choice but to execute the sentence, you understand? ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

If you were listening…, you might wonder

This is part of Obama's commencement speech: Which brings me to my third point: Facts, evidence, reason, logic, an understanding of science — these are good things. (Applause.) These are qualities ...
-2
votes
1answer
34 views

Second Conditional Sentence [closed]

I am learning second conditional sentences and I face with a problem: Which one is correct from these two? 1- What would you do if you lent some money to a friend and she forgets about it? 2- What ...
3
votes
1answer
53 views

How to interpret “if it be” grammatically?

It looks to me a subjunctive form but not contemporary, so I would like to ask how this is properly interpreted gramatically. In the second conditional “if it were” it is clearly subjunctive, but ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

What part(s) of speech are “or else” and “otherwise” and why is “otherwise” more flexible if it's the same part of speech?

In American English, what part(s) of speech are "or else" and "otherwise" and why is "otherwise" more flexible if it's the same part of speech? Take the following examples: 1a. Clean your room, ...
0
votes
2answers
51 views

Is “Unless you had told me about Sue's hair, I wouldn't have noticed it” correct and natural-sounding?

I find it natural to say "If you hadn't told me about Sue's hair, I wouldn't have noticed it", but when if-not is substituted with unless in this specific sentence it sounds weird. I've found a ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Is this an example of a type 2 conditional? Future hypothetical? What tense should the verbs in the sentence be?

A: Yeah, I hadn’t thought about that. Well, there’s another possibility. You could borrow the book from the library. B: Yeah, that would be a good option. It would be free, and I would be ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Past referral in if conditional type 1

I am reading the grammar book "Practical English Usage" by Michael Swan. In the book it stated when we are not talking about 'unreal' situations, we use the same tenses with if as with other ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Usage of conditional in past

I am a non-native speaker, currently reading English fiction to improve my language skills. I stumbled over the following sentence: [...] every creeping sound of the night was magnified, and if ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

'When' conditional from question

Could you tell, is it correct to say I'm planning to do (things), when I get the results, meaning I have a plan to do things, as soon as I get results ?
3
votes
2answers
240 views

Use of “would” (conditional) in 'If you go to the jungles in Africa, you would see a lot of animals.'

Can one use "would" as the conditional in this sentence? Example: If you go to the jungles in Africa, you would see a lot of animals.
5
votes
3answers
620 views

Future tense usage: “When you see it …”

I wonder why the phrase is "When you see it you will shit brix," and not "When you will see it you will shit brix." Is the version with two will incorrect? What grammar rule says that you should not ...
3
votes
5answers
31k views

Difference between “when” and “if” in a sentence

I was doing a grammar activity and filling in sentences when I came across the instruction: "fill in when or if." I was wondering, since these two can be used in a lot of same sentences, what is the ...
4
votes
1answer
163 views

“If a son strike his father” - shouldn't it be “strikes”?

I am reading The Code of Hammurabi translated by Robert Francis Harper. Many times there are sentences in the format "if one do this, some action shall be done". Here's an example: If a son strike ...
7
votes
4answers
496 views

Why does this conditional feel wrong?

The following phrase is part of a narrative in past tense. My mind has been going in circles around it, so any help would be appreciated. He sighed and replied quickly, as if he had had only a few ...
-1
votes
1answer
63 views

Do tenses in conditional sentences conflict with the verb tenses in a sentence?

OK, we all know that “The Past Perfect expresses the idea that something occurred before another action in the past.” Source Example 1. Mary had studied English before she moved to New York. — ...
1
vote
2answers
4k views

“I like to” vs. “I'd like to”

When making a polite request, people often use the phrase, "I'd like to [SOME REQUEST]". But I also see the form, "I like to [SOME REQUEST]". For example, a former boss would arbitrarily interchange ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Have vs Have been

If Jim had taken Sandra to a romantic film, she wouldn't have been so frightened. If I hadn't missed the train, I wouldn't have been late. If she had known the address, she would have been able to ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Conditionals in the past [closed]

If I have a conditional sentence of type 1, let`s say, "If it works out he will be awarded" how will it sound in the past, as if reported? Is it correct to say: "[Everybody thought that] if it worked ...
0
votes
2answers
29 views

To condition the entry on

I'm looking for the most natural way of saying that someone will agree to something if their demands are met and I'm not sure if each of these phrasings would sound grammatical and natural for the ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

sequence of tenses in conditional mood

If I ruined this relationship, I would kill myself because I wouldn't be able to forget about the love I had lost. I would like to know whether "had lost" is correct. Maybe "have lost" would be ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

Second Conditional in English

I would like to know the difference between the following two sentences: If I had money, I would have gone to the USA. If I had money, I would go to the USA. Which of the above two would you ...
2
votes
2answers
39 views

Incorrect usage of unless

Why can't the conditional I would go to bed if I wasn't waiting for a phone call be transformed thus I would go to bed unless I was/wasn't waiting for a phone call A student asked me why ...
9
votes
2answers
6k views

“Will have” vs. “Would have”

By the end of the year, I would have attended this school for five years. Of course, the "most" correct way of writing this would be: By the end of the year, I will have attended this school for ...
1
vote
2answers
49 views

What is this type of unwarranted assumption called?

If Jim is taller than Susan, all tall people are named Jim. In this condition the protasis has an apparent relationship with the apodosis, but regardless of whether protasis is true or false, it has ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views

why do we use “were” instead of “was” in second conditional sentences?

I have usually noticed that often in second conditional sentences "were" is used instead of "was". After trying to understand some concepts I couldn't understand its reason .I will be glad if you guys ...
0
votes
1answer
85 views

Confusion about how to use condition type 1 and 2

Ok, the condition type 1 predicts a possible future event: If this thing happens, that thing will happen. The condition type 1 expresses a counterfactual situation with a present or future time ...
4
votes
5answers
1k views

Why do we say “I would appreciate it if you paid in cash,” but not “I will appreciate it if you pay in cash”? [closed]

In the dictionary, I found this example (Source): I would appreciate it if you paid in cash. Clearly, this is the conditional sentence, type 2 which expresses something that is impossible in ...
0
votes
2answers
66 views

Fourth type of conditional (past and possible)?

I learn that there are 3 types of conditional sentences: Type 1 (present and possible): If I have money (and it's possible one day), I will donate. Type 2 (present and impossible): If I had money ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

having done the paperwork [closed]

I wanna tell someone that I would like to do something before finishing the paperwork, which one is correct: 1- I would like to start, even before having the paperwork done. 2- I would like to start, ...
3
votes
1answer
118 views

Why are the “first conditional”, “second conditional”, and “third conditional” so named?

I have learned a lot about the first, second and third conditionals, but something that always crossed my mind is why they are called 1st, 2nd and 3rd. Does anyone have an explanation for this? ...
3
votes
3answers
95 views

Can anyone tell me if the use of the word “would” makes this sentence conditional/hypothetical?

So, me and some others got into a little debate about this and I found some really good information on here, and wanted to get some good expert opinions. I have 2 questions about the following ...
2
votes
3answers
168 views

Verb tenses and types [closed]

I believe that the verb tenses in: She will cry to think that I would leave her are: future simple, infinitive, past (of "will"). Am I correct please?
3
votes
1answer
57 views

Usage of the phrase, “when this” when referring to a condition

Consider this statement. The maximum number of solutions is given by the formula, x * x. For example, consider the case, x = 2, when this maximum is 4. I thought there is a minor ambiguity in the ...
-2
votes
1answer
56 views

Use of will in condition clauses [duplicate]

I've got following sentence in a visa application form: You are not required to provide a medical certificate or Chest X-ray Certificate if you will be in New Zealand for less than six months. ...
2
votes
3answers
207 views

I wouldn't work if I wouldn't get paid [closed]

I would like to know if I can say, "I wouldn't work, if I wouldn't get paid." My question is can I use would twice in a sentece to express something imaginary or I have to stick to would & were. ...
-1
votes
2answers
40 views

what will be the time of a second conditional sentense? [closed]

what is the time difference between these two sentences? If I knew her name, I would tell you If I had known her name, I would have told you. As far as I know the effect of both ...
0
votes
2answers
65 views

Is this sentence correct? (Tense)

Conditionals seem to be a pretty basic unit of grammar, but this sentence nevertheless got me stuck: The experts were felt to have little hope of reducing the differences, even if an ...
2
votes
3answers
156 views

Non-conditional IFs [closed]

So I've heard some (I don't know what to call) non-conditional Ifs, and I've been trying to figure it out how they work. It's not like the first time I get troubles with conditional sentences, I ...
0
votes
3answers
89 views

Is this type of conditional sentence used by native speakers?

I was wondering if any native speaker used the following type of conditional sentence: If my mother-in-law was coming tomorrow, I would have spent all day cleaning the house. By the way, the ...