An independent clause that refers to a hypothetical situation contingent on another set of circumstance.

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Conditional sentences. Punctuation in the main clause which is a compound sentence

If event A happens, event B will happen, and event C might happen. Do I need to put a comma before "and?"
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4answers
455 views

Present tense and conditional tense in a stated past tense

I have a question about using past and conditional tenses in a context that refers to something told in the past. I think I’ve seen both forms used in films/books, etc., but I'm not sure about it ...
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49 views

Verb tenses and types

I believe that the verb tenses in: She will cry to think that I would leave her are: future simple, infinitive, past (of "will"). Am I correct please?
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1answer
209 views

The use of "were- should- had” at the beginning of sentences instead of “if”

Conditionals in English are usually formed by using if with normal word order; but for the three past (subjunctive) forms were, should, and had, it is also possible to express the conditional through ...
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1answer
33 views

Second conditional for the past?

I've just come across the following sentence: If you were born 50 years earlier, how would your life be different now? Wouldn't it be more precise to say: If you had been born 50 years ...
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2answers
53 views

The third conditional questions

Today while speaking to a colleague of mine I said "Had you studied well, you would have cleared the exam ". I was rebuked for not using the third conditional correctly. I was told that the correct ...
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3answers
90 views

Is it correct to say “if you (will not come) by tomorrow ,let me know”

Which one is correct?: if you (will not come) by tomorrow ,let me know if you (do not come) by tomorrow ,let me know I have read posts here about using "will" in the if clause.in this answer Is ...
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0answers
32 views

Is it OK to use imperative after a conditional?

Is it allowable to use imperative after an "if" clause in past tense, e.g If you told your secret to anyone, don't ask him/her to be quiet.
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2answers
423 views

Inverted conditional sentence using 'can' and 'will'

On this page in Wikipedia!, it states for first conditional sentences: The condition can also be expressed using the modal verb should. This form can be used to make an inverted condition ...
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1answer
38 views

Mixed conditional usage

I want to combine two unreal conditions using mixed conditional. Two unreal conditions are in the past and in the present. I made this : If I had not been absent that day, I may study at Harvard ...
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2answers
89 views

'I thought I would …, once it is/was'

Which verb should be used in place of "is" which is currently used in condition in the following sentence: "They thought that subsequent contributions to the joint venture would be made into the ...
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1answer
57 views

Correct grammatical form for a conditional statement describing a habit in the past

Let's say I want to describe a habit in the past (something that happened many times over and over again) in the form of a conditional statement. Is the following sentence grammatically correct? ...
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1answer
67 views

the use of “were to” to mean “suppose” or “imagine”

Is it okay to use the counterfactual subjuntive verb phrase, "were to" with the present tense of a main clause? I thought that "if subject + were to + verb" should be used with "would" or "could" in a ...
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1answer
1k views

First conditional with “would” instead of “will”

Consider the following sentence with a first conditional: If it rains tomorrow, I will go to the cinema. All the examples of first conditionals that I found use "will" instead of ...
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1answer
44 views

When two or more dependent clauses are used?

I want to explain my problem with the following sentence: No one knows if the excited stammerer knew of the earlier word, or simply made a mistake or if the story was just a clever marketing ploy ...
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2answers
76 views

Is “were I you” archaic?

Would the following usage be considered archaic? Were I you, I would ask her for a date.
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3answers
280 views

Why is “till” used in this expression: “If we don't leave till after lunch…”?

If we don't leave till after lunch we'll be cutting it very fine. I understand it to mean: "If we don't leave after lunch, we'll be cutting it very fine." (In the event of our not leaving ...
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1answer
81 views

Dropping “then” in “If” statements [duplicate]

As an Example, I want to refer to this Wikipedia article where there are many conditional sentences. Some of them drop the "then", some of them use it. When I change that (drop it where it was used or ...
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2answers
53 views

Third conditional

I'm getting familiar with the third conditional, and there is a site where I read this: It's used to describe a situation that didn't happen, and to imagine the result of this situation. What ...
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2answers
114 views

How to paraphrase “You had better…” with the use of conditional (if)?

I've try to explain my question on an example. I've got following sentence: You had better correct that source code. How to rewrite it with the use of conditional or if statement? I would like to ...
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1answer
76 views

Does an inverted protasis mean just plain “if”, or does it mean “even if”?

When the first part of a conditional’s if-clause is inverted and the if consequently dropped, is the missing if just a plain old “simple if”, or is it more of an “even if”? For example, in this ...
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1answer
33 views

'Were' or 'are' in the conditional tense?

I am not sure how a sentence I want to write should be written: I would choose the apple in the case where an unknown number of apples were to be stored in the box. I would choose the apple ...
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1answer
93 views

Is the question “If you didn't break the vase, who did?” a conditional sentence?

My problem is that I was taught (I think wrongly) that whenever a conditional sentence refers to past, there should be past perfect tense in the if clause, as in example 1. Example 1: If you ...
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2answers
86 views

When to use “Do you mind…?” and when “Would you mind…?”

I know that "Would you mind… ?" (the Present Conditional) is more polite than "Do you mind…?" (the Simple Present), and also, that they have to be completed this way: "Do you mind if I do sth?/Would ...
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1answer
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Why is there “was” instead of “were” in this conditional type 2? [closed]

Why is "was" used here while there must be "were"? If the foe-caster made the correct observation and the campaign was successful,....... conditional type-2
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2answers
8k views

“If not for you” meaning

Today I have encountered a phrase: If not for you, I would be poor. I would think it is like "if there were not you", is it like that? On the other hand, how would I say the following as the ...
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1answer
57 views

How to use “was” in conditional sentence?

I have read that in conditional sentences he\she\it is used with "were",not with "was",but in Agatha Christie's book I sow "if he was right..." Is it mistake? UPD: as per request the full sentences ...
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1answer
47 views

Why is the “were” placed ahead? [duplicate]

Loosely speaking, the mode is the highest bump, the median is where half the area is to the right and half is to the left, and the mean is where the histogram would balance, were it a solid object cut ...
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1answer
702 views

Meaning and use of “would have to be” in this sentence

I'm a beginner of English and really appreciate that you can help me learn more. I noticed a sentence: I think all the girls in the anime are awesome, but my favorites would have to be Nozomi and ...
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2answers
7k views

“If you were to …” or “If you …” or “If you will …”

If you were to go home you would feel better versus If you went home you would feel better versus If you will go home you will feel better Are all the above correct? Are ...
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1answer
118 views

I wish I would and sequence of tenses

Let us suppose we want to say that we want to resume practicing a language before we forget it absolutely. So we will say: I wish I would resume ... before ... And what after before? Can we use the ...
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1answer
854 views

Subjunctive and conditionals

This is another subjunctive and conditional question. I am interested in the formal, even archaic, uses, not just the modern uses (I am given to understand that the subjunctive is disappearing from ...
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1answer
75 views

What is the difference between 2nd and mixed conditional?

Could someone explain the difference in meaning between these two forms of conditional? 1.If I had time, I would be there. 2.I would have been there if I had time.
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2answers
75 views

Conditional sentence about something that has happened in the past but we have no clue how it happened

Let's imagine that yesterday there was a match between England and Brazil. I want to say a conditional sentence about the result of yesterday's match, but I don't know the result of the match. If I ...
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1answer
357 views

“You look like your brother” or “Your brother looks like you”? [closed]

My friends are always saying stuff like, "You look like your brother ," or "Your brother looks like you." My brother is 4 years younger than me and I really can't see the resemblance; but it got me ...
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0answers
48 views

Unreal Conditional and Subjunctive [duplicate]

I have read that in using unreal conditionals, irrespective of personal pronouns, it mandatory to use subjunctives to form verbs. " If Jack was playing they would probably win " - if I am correct, ...
2
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2answers
3k views

“Would have not” vs. “would not have”

That would not have happened if John had completed his work. That would have not happened if John had completed his work. The former seems correct. The latter doesn't seem incorrect. ...
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1answer
123 views

using “if” - when to use present tense, and when to use past tense?

As a native speaker of English, these two sentences sound acceptable to me: A full refund can be claimed if the school fails to provide a textbook. A full refund could be claimed if the ...
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1answer
113 views

What's the truth about the subjunctive and conditional statements, anyway?

I have generally (I would say always, but I'm not sure I always thought this) supposed that in English, uses of the subjunctive are quite limited. They include desires, judgments, etc. ("I desire that ...
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2answers
506 views

Tense agreement in conditional statements: “I could do whatever I want” vs. “I could do whatever I wanted”

Consider the following sentences: If I had my own place, I could do whatever I want. If I had my own place, I could do whatever I wanted. She said I could do whatever I want. She ...
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3answers
14k views

“If I go..” vs. “If I will go..” referring to the future [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Future tense in conditional clauses Which one is correct? option 1: If I go there, I can meet her or option 2: If I will go there, I can meet her I clearly ...
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2answers
430 views

“I like to” vs. “I'd like to”

When making a polite request, people often use the phrase, "I'd like to [SOME REQUEST]". But I also see the form, "I like to [SOME REQUEST]". For example, a former boss would arbitrarily interchange ...
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0answers
92 views

Conditional sentence type (if + subj. + simple past, subj. + simple present be + subj. complement)

A colleague asked me for an identification and explanation of a conditional sentence. I got as far as confirming that it is conditional and indicative (rather than subjunctive), but I am having ...
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197 views

Which is correct “was” or“ were”? [duplicate]

It's hard to imagine a pine tree wishing it was an oak. It's hard to imagine a pine tree wishing it were an oak. Which is correct sentence?
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1answer
81 views

Using “should” in a conditional sentence

I have a question about certain conditional sentences. Specifically with these rules: If + present = future For example: "If I win the lottery, I will go to France." If + past = conditional ...
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0answers
62 views

A Question on Shakespeare's use of conditionals [duplicate]

The following is a big question, but I am really confused by the use of conditional in this Shakespearean excerpt. From The Taming of the Shrew, Act I, Scene I: 142 I am agreed; and would I ...
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1answer
721 views

Mixed conditional clause type 1-3

I came across the following conditional clause while studying a grammar book published by Oxford: "If you know London so well, you shouldn't have got so hopelessly lost." The writer of the book has ...
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1answer
168 views

Wondering if this mixed conditional is correct or not ( taken from Euronews )

Earlier on his arrival in Warsaw the president had met US and Polish air personnel from a detachment of F-16 fighter jets. Obama also stressed that more sanctions were being prepared against Russia ...
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1answer
175 views

Which dialects of English consider “would” to be a polite form of “will”?

My recent trip to India exposed me to many sentences using "would" as a polite substitute for "will", as in Please make sure to leave on time. The last bus would depart at 8PM. Thanks for ...
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2answers
486 views

If and Whether - or not? Interrogative and Conditional words

It's clear to me that in some situations, "if" works but "whether" does not: 1a) If it rains, I shall take my umbrella. 1b) Call me if rain is predicted. Also some where only "whether or not" will ...