An independent clause that refers to a hypothetical situation contingent on another set of circumstance.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

1
vote
1answer
913 views

What is the correct way to construct a conditional sentence with “would”?

I was told several times that a conditional sentence with the following structure is incorrect: If I would do this, then he would do that. Rather it should be: If I do this, then he will do ...
-1
votes
1answer
231 views

A conditional with present tense vs. the subjunctive?

I may just be in my own head, but I'm trying to figure out how these two sentences differ: If you walk down the street, you'll see an oak tree. If you were to walk down the street, you'd see ...
3
votes
2answers
364 views

“when” + conditional sentence + tense

1: She said she would do it when she came home. 2: She said she would do it when she comes home. Which is correct, and why?
3
votes
3answers
237 views

“If it was not cold, I would like more” — conditional

Now I'm having hard time on something. I ate something yesterday and it was cold. Now grammatically, it must be If it was not cold, I would like it more. But I feel like it does not sound right, ...
0
votes
1answer
583 views

Conditional statement

On Facebook, Libyans started inviting each other to something like random gift giving event on the occasion of Feb, 17, in Libya. It is a very good idea. Giving a gift to somebody else you don't know ...
0
votes
4answers
512 views

If I Were You and You Were I

These are song lyrics, so there's poetic license--yes. However, it raises a grammar question that some friends and I have wondered about for years. Song goes: If for a moment I were you, and you ...
1
vote
3answers
207 views

Saying about many related events in the future

My question relates to these questions : Conditionals in the future Future tense in conditional clauses “If I go..” vs. “If I will go..” referring to the future About two mutually related, future ...
2
votes
3answers
662 views

Second conditional when making plans for the future: “If it rained tomorrow, I would go to the cinema.”

If it rained tomorrow, I would go to the cinema. If it didn't rain tomorrow, I would go to school. Which conditional is the best for this use case? Is it correct to use the Second ...
-2
votes
3answers
575 views

Usage of “even if” [closed]

Could you please suggest me the usage of "even if" in the English sentence? For example, is the following statement correct grammatically? Even if this approach scale for a large number of ...
5
votes
3answers
395 views

“Even were he not to…”

I am currently reading "Do androids dream of electric sheep?" by P.K. Dick and I have come across a grammatical structure I don't quite understand. The excerpt is the following (no spoilers, don't ...
0
votes
3answers
560 views

Can I always use “unless” interchangeably with “if not”? [closed]

I have been bothered by the question whether 'unless' and 'if not' can be used interchangeably. I think they can have the opposite meaning, but I am not sure. Could you support my opinion with some ...
0
votes
1answer
3k views

“If I was to” vs. “If I were to” [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: “If I was” or “If I were”. Which is more common, and which is correct? If I was to sum up my computer knowledge in one word, it would be “destitute”. If I were ...
-1
votes
2answers
226 views

Is this sentence using tenses correctly? [closed]

If such stage was completed based on un-signed English financial statements (USEFS), the doer is to initial all pages of the USEFS. Is the above sentence grammatically correct with two different ...
8
votes
4answers
977 views

Usage of 'had been' or 'were'

I was doing an exercise. I completed the sentence as following. If you were my child, I would have demanded that such an irresponsible teacher be fired. But the answer given in the book is ...
8
votes
2answers
467 views

Is this an imperative sentence?

Is this sentence an imperative sentence, or does it have conditional meaning? You hang around with riffraff like the Weasleys and that Hagrid, and it’ll rub off on you.
4
votes
4answers
8k views

“If I didn't have” vs. “if I hadn't had”

Can someone please tell me if these sentences are correct? I prefer number one. Here I am trying to talk about a past condition that didn't actually happen because the person had the example sentences ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

When is “will” used in an “if” clause?

Given the following sentences that use will in the if clause (which is seldom with if-clauses and therefore, I'm not sure they all are even grammatical or not). If you will/would kindly lend me ...
4
votes
0answers
47 views

Contrary-to-fact conditionals usage error [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: “If I would have lost you” vs “If I had lost you” My question is about a usage error involving contrary-to-fact conditionals. Instead of something like this: If I knew ...
3
votes
5answers
186 views

Right tense for conditional event in nondescript time?

What is the right tense to describe an event that might have occured, be occuring or occur in the future, if (not) for something that happened in the past? Unike, in the examples, which anchor the ...
1
vote
2answers
84 views

Is “if zoomed out” a complete clause?

Consider the following: The picture loses its quality if zoomed out far enough. I found many instances of this on Google, but I dont see any subject in the if clause and I wonder if it's correct ...
3
votes
2answers
247 views

Perfect tenses in conditionals

Why does one sometimes use the perfect tense in conditions of the first type? Say, I will do something if you have done something. I did something when he had done something. instead of, ...
1
vote
1answer
352 views

'Should xxx to be' vs 'Should xxx'

When is it fine to drop to be when should precedes it? For example: It should prove to be successful. vs It should prove successful.
6
votes
3answers
271 views

Conditionals with multiple verbs

I'm an ESL teacher. Normally I teach lower intermediate but I also teach a mixed level grammar review class. I pride myself on being able to explain things clearly but today I found myself in THREE ...
-1
votes
1answer
373 views

Native speakers and the use of conditional statements

I often hear people say that native English speakers don't make grammatical mistakes. But I don't understand the use of conditional statements as most people don't really pay much attention to the ...
-1
votes
2answers
108 views

Should the statement after “then” be followed with modals?

Consider the following: If you were to buy this, then ask me. Or should it be: If you were to buy this, then you would need to ask me. Is the use of would necessary here? If we go with the ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Different conditional clauses — “if you saw”, “if you were to see”, “if you had seen”

Given the following sentences, what is the difference between the conditional clauses in them? If you saw a lion in a thick forest, what would you do? If you were to see a lion in a thick ...
3
votes
4answers
3k views

“would love/like to” usage?

What is the difference between the sentences "I would love/like to play cricket" and " I want to play cricket." Is there any difference in the moods?
7
votes
3answers
12k views

“It would be better if you drink/drank all the water”

Which one of the following is grammatically correct? It would be better if you drink all the water. It would be better if you drank all the water. The question is, obviously, about the use ...
2
votes
2answers
507 views

Past perfect sentence in “I would have killed the snake if I had hit him…”

Is the following a correct past perfect sentence? I would have killed the snake if I had hit him hard with a stick.
1
vote
3answers
2k views

Conditional: “… would not have been turned …” (is it grammatical?)

I came across the following piece: So sensible, indeed, was the President of the weakness of the excuse, that he sought to make a diversion in favor of the Crown by demanding of M. ...
0
votes
1answer
194 views

“Would have” in the following

Reading a J.K Rowling book, I came across the following: It's only dying a bit later than I would have, because I am never going to the dark side!  Is the would have part compete here or ...
0
votes
3answers
288 views

If-clause with either

Which of these sentences look better? In addition, if the vertices that have outedges to this vertex are more central it will also be more central. or In addition, if the vertices that have ...
2
votes
5answers
764 views

Is it okay to write an if statement just by itself in an email?

Could we write an if statement just by itself in an email? For example: I didn't receive the contract. *So if you could ask her to send me a copy,it would be great.
2
votes
4answers
2k views

Is “if they would do something” correct English?

We were discussing if the following sentence would be proper English: I asked them if they would do me a favour. (A) The meaning is that I am referring to a point in the past where I asked ...
1
vote
3answers
4k views

Would be glad to

I was writing an email and faced the following situation: I am coming to Oxford this summer. If you are still around, I would be glad to hang out with you. Now normally we don't construct the ...
2
votes
1answer
4k views

“If not for you” meaning

Today I have encountered a phrase: If not for you, I would be poor. I would think it is like "if there were not you", is it like that? On the other hand, how would I say the following as the ...
2
votes
2answers
4k views

Usage of “would have been”

In the movie "A Walk to remember" Jimmie's father says the following to his son-in-law who got into medical school. Actually Jimmie is dead when he says, We are proud of you, son. Jimmie would ...
3
votes
3answers
513 views

3rd conditional plus 2nd conditional?

"If you had seen him as a child, you would agree that he is extraordinary." In this sentence, changing the past perfect to simple past strikes me as wrong, and changing the "would agree" to "would ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Using 'would' to talk about past with examples

The following are sentences, I would take the dogs out on a walk. I would have took the dogs out on a walk. I would took the dogs out on a walk. I understood them as follows: Possible action to ...
2
votes
0answers
88 views

if or should to ask possibility? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: A special use of “should”? I have received an email which was starting wih this: Should you have any questions, please call at this number... So could ...
1
vote
5answers
217 views

“I was going to be called Kate if I was a girl”

This is an excerpt from a grammar book by Longman. It was discussing tense and time distinctions and the excerpt is about future time. As you can see in the next example, the reference can be to a ...
4
votes
1answer
272 views

Trouble with second conditionals (with **could**)

"I would do B if you could do A." This is a statement which has been bothering me for quite a while. I come across such statements often and, to me, they make no sense. Could is the subjunctive of ...
1
vote
2answers
539 views

would have and would in non conditional statements

Can we use both would have and would in non conditional past statements? For example: Last year during the summer, I would go home on weekends. past habitual Last year during the summer, I ...
2
votes
3answers
3k views

past perfect + would have + ed-participle / past simple + would + infinitive

Could you clarify difference between sentences: If I had asked people what they wanted, they would have said faster horses If I asked people what they wanted, they would say faster horses ...
0
votes
1answer
487 views

Meaning of sentence with 'would'

The sentence is: What would the people eat? Can it mean "What are the people going to eat?" in future Or, "What were the people going to eat?" talking about future from past Or, both?
1
vote
4answers
596 views

What to use for hypothetically completed future actions

I was talking to a friend where I had to make a hypothetical statement about an activity that was completed in the future. So I came up with the following statements. If he continued college, he ...
-1
votes
1answer
294 views

Can Present Perfect be used for Past Conditional

Does present perfect in conditional only mean future situations? Can it be used for hypothetical future? When I went to Africa, I thought as if I have already been there. If you have studied, ...
1
vote
1answer
589 views

Subjunctive mood: 'was' usage after 'I wish' and 'if only'

SFX Magazine had declared the sentence below as follow: 1) STAR TURN, 2) BEST LINES. I wish Bernard Cribbins was my grandad. Perhaps he would be willing to adopt? Rattigan: “If only that ...
1
vote
1answer
768 views

'Would' and 'might': differences and usage

Let us suppose that a hurricane is expected tomorrow in the place you are visiting. Would it be better that you say either "I think it would be better to leave early." or "I think it might be better ...
1
vote
4answers
221 views

Expressing rumour with the conditional

Is it grammatically correct to report a rumour using the conditional ('would be', 'would have') to express the simple present ('is', 'has')? Supposing that the story is not a confirmed fact regarding ...