An independent clause that refers to a hypothetical situation contingent on another set of circumstance.

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2answers
467 views

Correct usage of 'but for'?

Does 'but for' mean: 'If we had X (but we didn't), Y would have been the consequence'? Or can it also mean; because we had X, as a result Y happened? Some different examples of but for: (Case 1) ...
10
votes
2answers
493 views

How does the false-conditional work in “I made sandwiches if you want some”?

This use of "if" has a completely different meaning than its normal conditional meaning. Can someone explain to me how this construction works, and provide other examples of this sort of thing?
1
vote
1answer
419 views

Conditional Subjunctive and Conditional Indicative

I am confused. When should the conditional subjunctive and the conditional indicative be used? Conditional subjunctive: If you were 23 yrs old, you could join the contest. Conditional ...
1
vote
2answers
157 views

Mixed Conditionals

This question is about conditionals If I had money, I would give it you conditional 2 (present tense) If I had money, I would have given it to you conditional 3 (Past tense) But I've ...
0
votes
2answers
199 views

“would” and “will”

which one is correct OR what is the difference between the following sentences: I think the duration of the meeting would be two hours. I think the duration of the meeting will be two hours. ...
0
votes
1answer
794 views

Please check if the sentence is correct [closed]

I would have passed the exam if there was a computer and internet in my house in 70s.
0
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0answers
21 views

I need this question about a conditional clause answered [duplicate]

Today, I Tweeted the following: "If today wasn't a good day, tomorrow is a new day." My friend Tweeted me back, saying, "You should have used 'weren't' instead of 'wasn't'." Which one is correct?
1
vote
2answers
72 views

What type of conditional should I use?

I have the sentence: If you had ever fought with A, you know how important it is not to do B. and I'm not sure if it is really correct. It is supposed to mean, "In case you fought with A in past ...
1
vote
2answers
135 views

Commas After Conditionals

It seems to me that commas for conditionals are falling out of favor. I often see the comma dropped in sentences like: If you get stuck in a passive sentence always ask the question: I would ...
1
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2answers
2k views

would not vs will not vs can not [closed]

I understand about the conditional, and imaginary, tense but if someone implies something will or won't work, which is the stronger or more definite use? Even if he tries, it cannot work Even ...
-1
votes
1answer
2k views

Conditional Type II and Type III

I have been kind of confusing regarding these sentences. Would you please give me any hint or guide about them? 1- If I had eaten breakfast this morning, I would not be hungry now. Is this sentence ...
1
vote
1answer
191 views

zero conditional and first conditional

We use the so-called zero conditional when the result of the condition is always true. What about following situation. Let's say that we have a poorly written application. :) and I complain that it ...
2
votes
1answer
356 views

What is the difference between these conditionals?

It's often said that non-native speakers have a poor understanding of the English tenses. I'm not one to disagree, but on the whole I've always thought tenses weren't that hard, until I got to the ...
1
vote
2answers
132 views

Why is “till” used in this expression: “If we don't leave till after lunch…”?

If we don't leave till after lunch we'll be cutting it very fine. I understand it to mean: "If we don't leave after lunch, we'll be cutting it very fine." (In the event of our not leaving ...
3
votes
2answers
128 views

Should “If I ever had a philosophy” be in the past perfect?

Excerpted from The Hills of Triumph: If I ever had a philosophy with which to govern my social life, even long after learning that social is often at the detriment of personal, it would have been ...
5
votes
1answer
373 views

If I was an airline pilot vs. If I had been an airline pilot 10 years ago

In a comment signed by Martha, she wrote that: "If I was an airline pilot" and "If I were an airline pilot" have different meanings. The latter is the subjunctive case (and presumably what ...
0
votes
1answer
722 views

First conditional with “would” instead of “will”

Consider the following sentence with a first conditional: If it rains tomorrow, I will go to the cinema. All the examples of first conditionals that I found use "will" instead of ...
3
votes
2answers
274 views

Wording an 'If-Then' Statement Tense

I need help phrasing the last part of this conditional sentence (assume I can't change the first conditional statement): If I died tomorrow, I would have wanted to go skydiving. or If I ...
3
votes
2answers
310 views

Tense agreement in conditional statements: “I could do whatever I want” vs. “I could do whatever I wanted”

Consider the following sentences: If I had my own place, I could do whatever I want. If I had my own place, I could do whatever I wanted. She said I could do whatever I want. She ...
1
vote
2answers
406 views

Future Subjunctive

I have a few issues to discuss linked to the Future Subjunctive. 1) Can "If I were you." mean the same as "If I were to be you." In other words, can "If I were you." have the reference to the future ...
1
vote
1answer
739 views

Tense agreement after “if it means that”

I've read that in conditional sentences, tenses don't have to match. Is this true for sentences that contain "if it means"? In the examples below, I'm trying to say something like "I won't write to ...
-2
votes
2answers
171 views

Can I use the 3rd conditional that way? [closed]

Is the sentence given below grammatically correct? Had you born two days later and it would have been difficult to celebrate your birthdays. Is it the only option to use the third conditional to ...
1
vote
5answers
9k views

Difference in meaning: “would have had to be” vs “would have had to have been”

Being a non native speaker, I cannot spot the difference here: He would have had to have been there. He would have had to be there. The only thing that comes to my mind is that in the first case, ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

The verb “should” as a conjunction [duplicate]

Here is the phrase from Wikipedia: CFO Peter Klein has said that Microsoft has no alternate plan should its current mobile strategy fail. Another example: Should Microsoft’s tablet and phone ...
-2
votes
3answers
136 views

Should I insert is/was/were after an 'if'? [closed]

I have the following sentence: if the foo is/was/were a bar and the baz truck a qux, how does the working of a baz relate to coaching? Should it be is/was/were? Searching the internet just ...
10
votes
5answers
2k views

“When I am 18, I will…” or “When I will be 18, I will…” [duplicate]

Should I say: When I am 18, I'll take my driving test or When I'll be 18, I'll take my driving test Which one is the correct sentence?
4
votes
4answers
661 views

Can the Future Perfect be used in a main clause of a conditional sentence that has a stative/non-action verb in the if-clause?

A student asked me this question today about a sentence like: (1) If Canada's population is 40 million, the Canadian economy will have been more dynamic. I was asked if it corresponded, in a future ...
1
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1answer
1k views

What is the correct way to construct a conditional sentence with “would”?

I was told several times that a conditional sentence with the following structure is incorrect: If I would do this, then he would do that. Rather it should be: If I do this, then he will do ...
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votes
1answer
257 views

A conditional with present tense vs. the subjunctive?

I may just be in my own head, but I'm trying to figure out how these two sentences differ: If you walk down the street, you'll see an oak tree. If you were to walk down the street, you'd see ...
0
votes
3answers
505 views

General rules for identifying conditional sentences?

I am trying to identify the subject and object in the following sentence: Come to me, and I'll give you a fight you'll never forget At first, it appeared as if whenever a conjunction appears ...
3
votes
2answers
628 views

“when” + conditional sentence + tense

1: She said she would do it when she came home. 2: She said she would do it when she comes home. Which is correct, and why?
3
votes
3answers
259 views

“If it was not cold, I would like more” — conditional

Now I'm having hard time on something. I ate something yesterday and it was cold. Now grammatically, it must be If it was not cold, I would like it more. But I feel like it does not sound right, ...
0
votes
1answer
758 views

Conditional statement

On Facebook, Libyans started inviting each other to something like random gift giving event on the occasion of Feb, 17, in Libya. It is a very good idea. Giving a gift to somebody else you don't know ...
0
votes
4answers
620 views

If I Were You and You Were I

These are song lyrics, so there's poetic license--yes. However, it raises a grammar question that some friends and I have wondered about for years. Song goes: If for a moment I were you, and you ...
1
vote
3answers
216 views

Saying about many related events in the future

My question relates to these questions : Conditionals in the future Future tense in conditional clauses “If I go..” vs. “If I will go..” referring to the future About two mutually related, future ...
2
votes
3answers
822 views

Second conditional when making plans for the future: “If it rained tomorrow, I would go to the cinema.”

If it rained tomorrow, I would go to the cinema. If it didn't rain tomorrow, I would go to school. Which conditional is the best for this use case? Is it correct to use the Second ...
-2
votes
3answers
686 views

Usage of “even if” [closed]

Could you please suggest me the usage of "even if" in the English sentence? For example, is the following statement correct grammatically? Even if this approach scale for a large number of ...
5
votes
3answers
456 views

“Even were he not to…”

I am currently reading "Do androids dream of electric sheep?" by P.K. Dick and I have come across a grammatical structure I don't quite understand. The excerpt is the following (no spoilers, don't ...
0
votes
3answers
678 views

Can I always use “unless” interchangeably with “if not”? [closed]

I have been bothered by the question whether 'unless' and 'if not' can be used interchangeably. I think they can have the opposite meaning, but I am not sure. Could you support my opinion with some ...
0
votes
1answer
4k views

“If I was to” vs. “If I were to” [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: “If I was” or “If I were”. Which is more common, and which is correct? If I was to sum up my computer knowledge in one word, it would be “destitute”. If I were ...
-1
votes
2answers
238 views

Is this sentence using tenses correctly? [closed]

If such stage was completed based on un-signed English financial statements (USEFS), the doer is to initial all pages of the USEFS. Is the above sentence grammatically correct with two different ...
9
votes
4answers
1k views

Usage of 'had been' or 'were'

I was doing an exercise. I completed the sentence as following. If you were my child, I would have demanded that such an irresponsible teacher be fired. But the answer given in the book is ...
8
votes
2answers
516 views

Is this an imperative sentence?

Is this sentence an imperative sentence, or does it have conditional meaning? You hang around with riffraff like the Weasleys and that Hagrid, and it’ll rub off on you.
4
votes
5answers
10k views

“If I didn't have” vs. “if I hadn't had”

Can someone please tell me if these sentences are correct? I prefer number one. Here I am trying to talk about a past condition that didn't actually happen because the person had the example sentences ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

When is “will” used in an “if” clause?

Given the following sentences that use will in the if clause (which is seldom with if-clauses and therefore, I'm not sure they all are even grammatical or not). If you will/would kindly lend me ...
4
votes
0answers
47 views

Contrary-to-fact conditionals usage error [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: “If I would have lost you” vs “If I had lost you” My question is about a usage error involving contrary-to-fact conditionals. Instead of something like this: If I knew ...
3
votes
5answers
198 views

Right tense for conditional event in nondescript time?

What is the right tense to describe an event that might have occured, be occuring or occur in the future, if (not) for something that happened in the past? Unike, in the examples, which anchor the ...
1
vote
2answers
88 views

Is “if zoomed out” a complete clause?

Consider the following: The picture loses its quality if zoomed out far enough. I found many instances of this on Google, but I dont see any subject in the if clause and I wonder if it's correct ...
3
votes
2answers
264 views

Perfect tenses in conditionals

Why does one sometimes use the perfect tense in conditions of the first type? Say, I will do something if you have done something. I did something when he had done something. instead of, ...
1
vote
1answer
376 views

'Should xxx to be' vs 'Should xxx'

When is it fine to drop to be when should precedes it? For example: It should prove to be successful. vs It should prove successful.