An independent clause that refers to a hypothetical situation contingent on another set of circumstance.

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Can conditional sentence be expressed differently? [closed]

This is a very interesting but I could not find any info on the internet. She'd look better with shorter hair. Source I think the above sentence is actually the conditional sentence type 2 which ...
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0answers
43 views

What linguistic structures appear in conditional statements?

I am working on natural language processing and seek to determine if a given sentence is a conditional statement - ex: If I go to the store, then I will spend money. I would have gone to the store, if ...
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1answer
23 views

“Have to vs will have to” in conditional statements

Which tense should be used in the main clause of this sentence? If the learners want to finish their homework, they (have to/will have to) stop being lazy. Since the if-clause is in present ...
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40 views

If you were listening…, you might wonder

This is part of Obama's commencement speech: Which brings me to my third point: Facts, evidence, reason, logic, an understanding of science — these are good things. (Applause.) These are qualities ...
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1answer
32 views

Second Conditional Sentence [closed]

I am learning second conditional sentences and I face with a problem: Which one is correct from these two? 1- What would you do if you lent some money to a friend and she forgets about it? 2- What ...
3
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1answer
49 views

How to interpret “if it be” grammatically?

It looks to me a subjunctive form but not contemporary, so I would like to ask how this is properly interpreted gramatically. In the second conditional “if it were” it is clearly subjunctive, but ...
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1answer
44 views

What part(s) of speech are “or else” and “otherwise” and why is “otherwise” more flexible if it's the same part of speech?

In American English, what part(s) of speech are "or else" and "otherwise" and why is "otherwise" more flexible if it's the same part of speech? Take the following examples: 1a. Clean your room, ...
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2answers
43 views

Is “Unless you had told me about Sue's hair, I wouldn't have noticed it” correct and natural-sounding?

I find it natural to say "If you hadn't told me about Sue's hair, I wouldn't have noticed it", but when if-not is substituted with unless in this specific sentence it sounds weird. I've found a ...
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10 views

Is this an example of a type 2 conditional? Future hypothetical? What tense should the verbs in the sentence be?

A: Yeah, I hadn’t thought about that. Well, there’s another possibility. You could borrow the book from the library. B: Yeah, that would be a good option. It would be free, and I would be ...
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39 views

Past referral in if conditional type 1

I am reading the grammar book "Practical English Usage" by Michael Swan. In the book it stated when we are not talking about 'unreal' situations, we use the same tenses with if as with other ...
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46 views

Usage of conditional in past

I am a non-native speaker, currently reading English fiction to improve my language skills. I stumbled over the following sentence: [...] every creeping sound of the night was magnified, and if ...
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23 views

'When' conditional from question

Could you tell, is it correct to say I'm planning to do (things), when I get the results, meaning I have a plan to do things, as soon as I get results ?
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20 views

What type of conditional is this?

I know about conditional sentences type 2, but I want to know in which category this kind of conditional sentence is placed: If I could go anywhere in the world, I would ...
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1answer
68 views

If that won't happen, we'll have no choice

The decision has been made and we ask for just one thing, an immediate positive intervention of Zaccagnini. If that won't happen, we'll have no choice but to execute the sentence, you understand? ...
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4answers
494 views

Why does this conditional feel wrong?

The following phrase is part of a narrative in past tense. My mind has been going in circles around it, so any help would be appreciated. He sighed and replied quickly, as if he had had only a few ...
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1answer
57 views

Do tenses in conditional sentences conflict with the verb tenses in a sentence?

OK, we all know that “The Past Perfect expresses the idea that something occurred before another action in the past.” Source Example 1. Mary had studied English before she moved to New York. — ...
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40 views

Have vs Have been

If Jim had taken Sandra to a romantic film, she wouldn't have been so frightened. If I hadn't missed the train, I wouldn't have been late. If she had known the address, she would have been able to ...
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27 views

Conditionals in the past [closed]

If I have a conditional sentence of type 1, let`s say, "If it works out he will be awarded" how will it sound in the past, as if reported? Is it correct to say: "[Everybody thought that] if it worked ...
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2answers
24 views

To condition the entry on

I'm looking for the most natural way of saying that someone will agree to something if their demands are met and I'm not sure if each of these phrasings would sound grammatical and natural for the ...
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1answer
162 views

“If a son strike his father” - shouldn't it be “strikes”?

I am reading The Code of Hammurabi translated by Robert Francis Harper. Many times there are sentences in the format "if one do this, some action shall be done". Here's an example: If a son strike ...
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13 views

sequence of tenses in conditional mood

If I ruined this relationship, I would kill myself because I wouldn't be able to forget about the love I had lost. I would like to know whether "had lost" is correct. Maybe "have lost" would be ...
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2answers
37 views

Incorrect usage of unless

Why can't the conditional I would go to bed if I wasn't waiting for a phone call be transformed thus I would go to bed unless I was/wasn't waiting for a phone call A student asked me why ...
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2answers
48 views

What is this type of unwarranted assumption called?

If Jim is taller than Susan, all tall people are named Jim. In this condition the protasis has an apparent relationship with the apodosis, but regardless of whether protasis is true or false, it has ...
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1answer
62 views

why do we use “were” instead of “was” in second conditional sentences?

I have usually noticed that often in second conditional sentences "were" is used instead of "was". After trying to understand some concepts I couldn't understand its reason .I will be glad if you guys ...
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5answers
1k views

Why do we say “I would appreciate it if you paid in cash,” but not “I will appreciate it if you pay in cash”? [closed]

In the dictionary, I found this example (Source): I would appreciate it if you paid in cash. Clearly, this is the conditional sentence, type 2 which expresses something that is impossible in ...
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2answers
64 views

Fourth type of conditional (past and possible)?

I learn that there are 3 types of conditional sentences: Type 1 (present and possible): If I have money (and it's possible one day), I will donate. Type 2 (present and impossible): If I had money ...
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33 views

having done the paperwork [closed]

I wanna tell someone that I would like to do something before finishing the paperwork, which one is correct: 1- I would like to start, even before having the paperwork done. 2- I would like to start, ...
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88 views

Can anyone tell me if the use of the word “would” makes this sentence conditional/hypothetical?

So, me and some others got into a little debate about this and I found some really good information on here, and wanted to get some good expert opinions. I have 2 questions about the following ...
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1answer
114 views

Why are the “first conditional”, “second conditional”, and “third conditional” so named?

I have learned a lot about the first, second and third conditionals, but something that always crossed my mind is why they are called 1st, 2nd and 3rd. Does anyone have an explanation for this? ...
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1answer
54 views

Use of will in condition clauses [duplicate]

I've got following sentence in a visa application form: You are not required to provide a medical certificate or Chest X-ray Certificate if you will be in New Zealand for less than six months. ...
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3answers
192 views

I wouldn't work if I wouldn't get paid [closed]

I would like to know if I can say, "I wouldn't work, if I wouldn't get paid." My question is can I use would twice in a sentece to express something imaginary or I have to stick to would & were. ...
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2answers
62 views

Is this sentence correct? (Tense)

Conditionals seem to be a pretty basic unit of grammar, but this sentence nevertheless got me stuck: The experts were felt to have little hope of reducing the differences, even if an ...
2
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3answers
151 views

Non-conditional IFs [closed]

So I've heard some (I don't know what to call) non-conditional Ifs, and I've been trying to figure it out how they work. It's not like the first time I get troubles with conditional sentences, I ...
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1answer
55 views

“If someone would” - construction

I have just read a passage from an adapted version of the Arabian Nights (translated by Lang): "The rest is still more wonderful," replied Scheherazade, "and you would say so, if the sultan ...
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“would” in main clause

Could someone justify why the sentence below is correct grammar, according to many? "I would appreciate it if you would send me the money" Why not "sent" instead of "would send"? Sounds like a ...
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2answers
264 views

“If I had had money, I [would give/could give/would have given] you…” [closed]

I wish I had had money. If I had had money... I would have given you... I would give you... I could give you... Which one is correct? Please let me know.
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3answers
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Conditional sentence - first & second

What is the difference between first conditional and second conditional? 1) if i know her, I will tell you 2)If i knew her, i would tell you how somebody can use the second conditional at the time ...
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1answer
58 views

Is it necessary to use 'then' in the second/main clause of a conditional sentence?

If there is a problem, you need to communicate it. vs. The question is that is there a difference between the two phrases? If yes, then what is it? Both of them seem correct. So what is the ...
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2answers
39 views

what will be the time of a second conditional sentense? [closed]

what is the time difference between these two sentences? If I knew her name, I would tell you If I had known her name, I would have told you. As far as I know the effect of both ...
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2answers
73 views

conditional tenses

please can anyone help me analyse the tenses in this conditional sentence: "If we did not stay up so late, we would not be so tired." What's the tense of "did not stay up" here? It's not past ...
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1answer
94 views

double subjunctive in conditional clause

I came up with a question while reading a poem by Duhamel: "If I were the kind who made promises, I'd probably begin by saying..." So, why made and not "makes"? Is it strictly necessary to use the ...
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3answers
86 views

Is this type of conditional sentence used by native speakers?

I was wondering if any native speaker used the following type of conditional sentence: If my mother-in-law was coming tomorrow, I would have spent all day cleaning the house. By the way, the ...
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1answer
47 views

3rd conditional + inversion

So I know that the following sentence is correct: "Had I known about that, I wouldn't have talked to her." However is this one correct too? "I wouldn't have talked to her had I known about that." ...
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1answer
38 views

The meaning of inference conditional form

I'm studying conditional forms, and as I understood most of the time the if clause did not happen, for example in If I had prepared for the interview, I wouldn't be so nervous, so it means that I did ...
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2answers
78 views

'd hate to be vs. 'd hate being [closed]

Which of the following two structures is grammatically correct? Why? I'd hate to be questioned by the FBI. I'd hate being questioned by the FBI.
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2answers
87 views

Can “should” be used to mean “if” and used to mean “would” in the same sentence?

It's grammatical to use "should" like "if": Should you need me, call. I'll be available should she ask for me. Should my mother call, let her know I'll be back shortly. It's also ...
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1answer
20 views

Time in conditional clause

I've gone through a lot of rules on conditional sentences in English and couldn't find the answer. What time should I use in the following comment to a source code? # Rebuild databases if '...
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2answers
89 views

What type of conditional is this? “If Julie went to the party last night, she definitely saw what happened.”

I really cannot understand why the sentence is correct and what type of conditional it is. If Julie went to the party last night, she definitely saw what happened. Other examples that confuse me: If ...
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1answer
309 views

Is “will/would” and “am/was going to” equivalent? [closed]

Please consider the following conditional statement: If I would eat my lunch, I would remain healthy. Some people say that the "would" after "If I" should be omitted for the following reasons: 1.) "...
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143 views

First Conditional reported speech [closed]

If you want to come, call me before 5:00. Which one is correct? He said if I want to come to call him before 5:00. or He said if I want to come I will call him before 5:00.