An independent clause that refers to a hypothetical situation contingent on another set of circumstance.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

-3
votes
0answers
165 views

First, second and third conditional [migrated]

I found this sentence in my workbook: If you were a king, what'd your wife be called?" Why was the ‘second conditional’ used here? That situation is completely impossible, so I think, it ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Why is the “were” placed ahead? [duplicate]

Loosely speaking, the mode is the highest bump, the median is where half the area is to the right and half is to the left, and the mean is where the histogram would balance, were it a solid object cut ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

I wish I would and sequence of tenses

Let us suppose we want to say that we want to resume practicing a language before we forget it absolutely. So we will say: I wish I would resume ... before ... And what after before? Can we use the ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

What is the difference between 2nd and mixed conditional?

Could someone explain the difference in meaning between these two forms of conditional? 1.If I had time, I would be there. 2.I would have been there if I had time.
0
votes
2answers
53 views

Conditional sentence about something that has happened in the past but we have no clue how it happened

Let's imagine that yesterday there was a match between England and Brazil. I want to say a conditional sentence about the result of yesterday's match, but I don't know the result of the match. If I ...
-1
votes
1answer
85 views

“You look like your brother” or “Your brother looks like you”? [closed]

My friends are always saying stuff like, "You look like your brother ," or "Your brother looks like you." My brother is 4 years younger than me and I really can't see the resemblance; but it got me ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

How to use “was” in conditional sentence?

I have read that in conditional sentences he\she\it is used with "were",not with "was",but in Agatha Christie's book I sow "if he was right..." Is it mistake? UPD: as per request the full sentences ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

How to paraphrase “You had better…” with the use of conditional (if)?

I've try to explain my question on an example. I've got following sentence: You had better correct that source code. How to rewrite it with the use of conditional or if statement? I would like to ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

The use of "were- should- had” at the beginning of sentences instead of “if”

Conditionals in English are usually formed by using if with normal word order; but for the three past (subjunctive) forms were, should, and had, it is also possible to express the conditional through ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

When two or more dependent clauses are used?

I want to explain my problem with the following sentence: No one knows if the excited stammerer knew of the earlier word, or simply made a mistake or if the story was just a clever marketing ploy ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Unreal Conditional and Subjunctive [duplicate]

I have read that in using unreal conditionals, irrespective of personal pronouns, it mandatory to use subjunctives to form verbs. " If Jack was playing they would probably win " - if I am correct, ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

using “if” - when to use present tense, and when to use past tense?

As a native speaker of English, these two sentences sound acceptable to me: A full refund can be claimed if the school fails to provide a textbook. A full refund could be claimed if the ...
6
votes
1answer
86 views

What's the truth about the subjunctive and conditional statements, anyway?

I have generally (I would say always, but I'm not sure I always thought this) supposed that in English, uses of the subjunctive are quite limited. They include desires, judgments, etc. ("I desire that ...
0
votes
2answers
188 views

“I like to” vs. “I'd like to”

When making a polite request, people often use the phrase, "I'd like to [SOME REQUEST]". But I also see the form, "I like to [SOME REQUEST]". For example, a former boss would arbitrarily interchange ...
1
vote
1answer
221 views

Meaning and use of “would have to be” in this sentence

I'm a beginner of English and really appreciate that you can help me learn more. I noticed a sentence: I think all the girls in the anime are awesome, but my favorites would have to be Nozomi and ...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

Conditional sentence type (if + subj. + simple past, subj. + simple present be + subj. complement)

A colleague asked me for an identification and explanation of a conditional sentence. I got as far as confirming that it is conditional and indicative (rather than subjunctive), but I am having ...
0
votes
0answers
103 views

Which is correct “was” or“ were”? [duplicate]

It's hard to imagine a pine tree wishing it was an oak. It's hard to imagine a pine tree wishing it were an oak. Which is correct sentence?
1
vote
1answer
70 views

Using “should” in a conditional sentence

I have a question about certain conditional sentences. Specifically with these rules: If + present = future For example: "If I win the lottery, I will go to France." If + past = conditional ...
0
votes
0answers
62 views

A Question on Shakespeare's use of conditionals [duplicate]

The following is a big question, but I am really confused by the use of conditional in this Shakespearean excerpt. From The Taming of the Shrew, Act I, Scene I: 142 I am agreed; and would I ...
4
votes
1answer
151 views

Which dialects of English consider “would” to be a polite form of “will”?

My recent trip to India exposed me to many sentences using "would" as a polite substitute for "will", as in Please make sure to leave on time. The last bus would depart at 8PM. Thanks for ...
5
votes
2answers
282 views

If and Whether - or not? Interrogative and Conditional words

It's clear to me that in some situations, "if" works but "whether" does not: 1a) If it rains, I shall take my umbrella. 1b) Call me if rain is predicted. Also some where only "whether or not" will ...
2
votes
2answers
244 views

“Would you mind if I smoked here?” — Conditional or not?

(1) Would you mind if I smoked here? Is (1) a conditional (i.e., a sentence containing a conditional clause)? Or is the if-clause complement of the verb mind? EDIT I feel the need to make it ...
1
vote
4answers
448 views

Using a present tense verb in an “if” clause, followed by the main clause

Is it possible to have a present tense verb in a sentence like this: If you resign now, you'd feel sorry later. Or must you always follow the second conditional format, arriving at a sentence ...
1
vote
3answers
114 views

Does good grammar offend?

I'm not a grammar nazi in my native language, and SURELY nor in the language I learn (English). And I think, when a person is expressing thoughts, he or she shouldn't think about grammatical ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

“Supposing Jane ______ with us, what would you do?”

In this sentence: Supposing Jane ______ with us, what would you do? The available options for filling in that blank were: would come came will come has come is coming Could I know which is ...
0
votes
2answers
66 views

Usage of the Future Tense with a Conditional containing “unless”

Unless the plane encounters unexpected turbulence, it ------- in Iceland shortly before 5 P.M. In this conditional sentence using "unless", should the blank be filled with: 1) is arriving, 2) will ...
2
votes
3answers
877 views

I recommend vs. I would recommend

I just realized that throughout my life I have interchanged "I recommend that you do X" and "I would recommend that you do X". Is there a difference in their meanings in modern-day usage, or are they ...
0
votes
1answer
611 views

Is it grammatical to use “would” twice in a sentence? Why? Please consider the following examples [duplicate]

Is "would" used correctly in these sentences? I would not be surprised if you would lose. I would not give you the weapon if you would use it to harm others.
2
votes
6answers
98 views

A good sentence for specifying “without considering something” formally

Suppose that someone has done something valuable, but in doing that he has made some kind of cheating. I want to say that if we ignore the cheating, the work is valuable itself. What is an ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Use of would vs will? [duplicate]

What's the different between would and will? For example: How would it be? How will it be? When should I use one vs the other?
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Which is the most appropriate verb tense and mood for this text?

Access or use of this system without authorization or in excess of authorization either express or implied may subject violators to criminal and civil action. On top of that we would probably ...
0
votes
2answers
144 views

Why is it called zero conditional?

What's the meaning of the zero conditional or the first or the second .. Does it mean the form of the verb and what does that exactly mean does it mean infinitive although the present simple is used! ...
1
vote
2answers
60 views

Does “should” imply an opinion? [closed]

If I am given a short story about a situation. Then at the end I am asked: Should this person complete task A? Does that imply that I have to give my opinion and support it from points in the ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

conditional perfect continuous [closed]

If he had not supported me, I would not have been standing here in front of you like this. Is the above sentence gramittically correct or not. Regards, sri.
-1
votes
4answers
119 views

“If you get lonely, I hope you phone me” vs. “will phone me”

Which one is correct? If you get lonely, I hope you phone me any time. If you get lonely, I hope you will phone me any time. A detailed explanation would be fantastic.
5
votes
2answers
567 views

Why is it “could” and not “can” in the famous line: “If a face could launch a thousand ships”? [duplicate]

This is from a song lyric If a picture paints a thousand words, Then why can't I paint you? The words will never show the you I've come to know. If a face could launch a thousand ships, ...
7
votes
4answers
378 views

Present tense and conditional tense in a stated past tense

I have a question about using past and conditional tenses in a context that refers to something told in the past. I think I’ve seen both forms used in films/books, etc., but I'm not sure about it ...
4
votes
2answers
279 views

“If a man write a better book, preach a better sermon…”

There is an old quotation attributed to Ralph Waldo Emerson: If a man write a better book, preach a better sermon, or make a better mouse-trap than his neighbour, tho' he build his house in the ...
2
votes
2answers
104 views

Is there such a thing as a “past subjunctive”?

Is there really such a thing as a “past subjunctive” in English? I actually learned the term “past subjunctive” from my Spanish class. From what I already know, the subjunctive is used with ...
2
votes
1answer
295 views

Transform the conditional sentence beginning with word 'Unless'

I have a sentence and need to transform it to begin with word unless. The sentence is Study hard now or you will regret it later. I am not able to begin this using Unless. My attempts are ...
2
votes
1answer
188 views

Is “I would understand everything you said if you said it in Portuguese” correct?

"I would understand everything you said if you said it in Portuguese." Is it any kind of conditional? And if it is, can you tell me which one? As I wrote this I had the feeling that it ...
1
vote
1answer
407 views

“… if we become friends” or “became” or “were to become”?

"I would feel happy if we become friends." (become) or "I would feel happy if we became friends." (became) or "I would feel happy if we were to become friends." (were to become) Update: or "I ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

Exceptions that allow the use of “will” after “if” [duplicate]

This as what I've been able to establish: The use of "will" after "if" is legal only when any of the following conditions apply: The "will" is used as a verb (equivalent to "want"), for example, ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

Using plural words when mentioning something in general [closed]

I am extremely weak at English grammar. I would like to ask the following sentence: 'To identify the contents of the crates or boxes, packing list will be prepared and attached outside the crates or ...
4
votes
6answers
763 views

Difference between “would have + past participle” and “would + bare infinitive” in the main clause of a past subjunctive sentence

I'm wondering about the difference in meaning, if any, between the two sentences in each of the following examples. Example 1. a. If he was a serious leader, tackling the debt would have been a ...
1
vote
1answer
184 views

Can a remote conditional have “might” in the protasis?

In the Cambridge Grammar of the English Language by Huddleston and Pullum, the authors write: A remote conditional must have a modal auxiliary as the apodosis verb (usually would, should, could, ...
1
vote
0answers
928 views

“If that was/were the case” [closed]

The subject: "We have never voted on ethics and morals." Which is correct? If that was the case If that were the case
0
votes
1answer
98 views

Conditionals (Past Tense)

In terms of conditional sentences, is it correct to say: if you knew why I WAS here, then I wouldn't need to be here. or If you knew why I WERE here, then I wouldn't need to be here. Which ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

What does “Had X not Y” mean? [duplicate]

In this sentence, It should have, had the umpire not been intimidated by the reputation of the man who had come in to bat why "had" is being used here? what is its meaning in the above context? ...
0
votes
1answer
220 views

Grammar: French conditionnel in English?

Could anybody help me here, please? I’d like to know the grammatical form of the verb “can" in the following examples: 18y old Tim is asked by a relative what he’s going to do with his life. ...