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20
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1answer
2k views

He died [as?] a broken man

He died a broken man. One of my students came across this sentence in an article, and a quick search for "he died a * man" yields a plethora of similar ones. I'm fairly certain this sentence is ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

How do I determine subject and subject complement in “A side-effect is the spread of commercialese to other domains.”?

Consider this example: Commercialese is an instrument of art, designed to enrich and invigorate our language—surely you will all agree with this—, and we should encourage newcomers to learn ...
9
votes
3answers
3k views

Recommend someone

I'd like to ask about the use of the verb "recommend" in the following sentences: We'd recommend you to book your flight early. The plumber recommended me to buy a new water heater. The ...
7
votes
3answers
158 views

Verb-Subject Order

Is it optional to front the verb in sentences like the one below when an adverbial precedes? In the film, appear two more girls who think that Dallas is quite rude. I have already checked the ...
7
votes
2answers
198 views

When should we use an adjective instead of an adverb after verbs(main verb)?

Here's the SAT sentence that raised my curiosity: Strong wind, sweeping almost unchecked over great distances, is a prime component of the grassland climate. Although I know the sentence above ...
6
votes
2answers
625 views

Participial clause?

On ELL a user has asked how to parse the emphasized -ing form in this sentence from Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone: Harry swung at it with the bat to stop it from breaking his nose, and ...
5
votes
5answers
1k views

Is this an objective complement or adjective phrase?

In ‘catch me off guard’, is the ‘off guard’ an objective complement or adjective phrase that modifies ‘me’? My Great Uncle Algie kept trying to catch me off guard and force some magic out of me ...
5
votes
2answers
695 views

how to understand “as ~ as ever”

Nosey Flynn was sitting up in his usual corner of Davy Byrne's and, when he heard the story, he stood Farrington a half-one, saying it was as (1) smart a thing as (2) ever (3) he heard. (James ...
5
votes
3answers
186 views

Is there any difference between ‘it’ and ‘so’ as a complement of ‘she looks’?

D’you – d’you want to go to the ball with me?” said Harry. Why did he have to go red now? Why? ”Oh!” said Cho, and she went red too. “Oh Harry, I’m really sorry,” and she truly looked it. ...
5
votes
4answers
270 views

‘Who/whom’ vs. ‘he/him’: how to figure out which to use

The accepted (and highly upvoted) answer to the question in the question What’s the rule for using “who” and “whom” correctly? states that the easiest way to find out whether to use who or whom is to ...
4
votes
4answers
228 views

Complement of digress?

Is there a verb that means "to return from a digression"? The best I can think of is a phrase like "Getting back on topic, . . ."
4
votes
1answer
792 views

Why do these verbs take bare infinitives?

[a] It makes the tree grow. [b] I never heard him speak. I’m wondering why causative and sense verbs (make, hear) license bare infinitives for their complement, instead of taking to infinitives? ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

“Heard me [infinitive]” vs. “heard me [present participle]”

"Heard me [infinitive]" vs. "heard me [present participle]" At that time, you wouldn't have heard me talk about it. At that time, you wouldn't have heard me talking about it. At ...
3
votes
5answers
411 views

“There was a man known as the 'Toe Suck Fairy'” — is “there” a complement?

To me, man is the subject and it has two verbs — was and known —, making there a complement. My teacher argued that the verb is "was known".
3
votes
4answers
429 views

Is this a predicative adjunct?

At breakfast on Thursday she bored them all stupid with flying tips she'd gotten out of a library book called Quidditch Through the Ages. –– Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone As far as ...
3
votes
2answers
4k views

What is an adjectival complement in English?

How can one determine what an adjectival complement is in an English sentence? Are there are any subcategories to this classification? I'd love concrete examples, to help me better understand this ...
3
votes
2answers
208 views

Why adjective can be placed after “eat” as in “garlic can be eaten raw”?

Edit note: This question with some good answers does not explain (or ask) why it is an adjective that's used as opposed to an adverb in this type of construction: Is this an objective complement or ...
3
votes
2answers
139 views

Why can I vary the position of the noun phrase only in certain sentences?

It is possible to say this: It formed inside him an ambition to teach his students all the more. I brought the "inside him" to the front of the noun phrase "an ambition to..." since the ...
3
votes
3answers
320 views

What is the usage of “in it fat” in this sentence?

I found this sentence: It has in it fat, which gives energy. I can't figure out the usage of the part "in it fat". Can anyone kindly explain it or maybe give some examples please?
3
votes
2answers
937 views

Can adjectives make adjuncts modifying verbs?

Her teeth gleamed white against the tanned skin of her face. It seems ‘white’ is an adjunct modifying gleamed, while it’s not a complement for it’s not necessary to complete the meaning. But I’m ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Complement or object?

I saw him cross the road. Is cross the road the object of saw? Or is it the complement of him?
3
votes
1answer
49 views

Questions about adverb phrases (or prepositional phrase working as complements)

When there are two adverb phrases of same kind, it is recommended to put the more descriptive one in the front. But this people used and in between those adverb phrases. My room was in the ship ...
3
votes
1answer
127 views

Complements and adjuncts

Paul Austen’s novel sold immediately to the author’s eager readers. In the above sentence, which part is the complement and which is the adjunct? I am confused as to whether the adjunct should be ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

adverbs modifying noun phrases and licensing their own complements

[i] Harry looked down at his empty gold plate. He had only just realized how hungry he was. The pumpkin pasties seemed ages ago. (Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone) [ii] Albus Dumbledore ...
3
votes
0answers
292 views

Does a complement phrase always follow a be verb? [closed]

Summary question Is there a formal name for the entire portion of a sentence that is connected to the copula?" Is it "complement"? Background Be verb can be followed by various things: a noun (He ...
3
votes
5answers
422 views

A coffee to go…( for syntax experts)

Could the infinitive phrase "to go" be a complement of the noun phrase "a coffee"?
2
votes
2answers
6k views

Grammatical complements for “allow”

Are any of these verb phrases grammatical? allows the user of modeling and resolving allows the user to model and resolve Which version of the following sentence is correct/better? ...
2
votes
3answers
301 views

To infinitive used after adjective

This question is relatively simple. I don't understand why we never use passive form of to infinitive after the adjective unless the subject is "it". For example: He is difficult to please. ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

Correct or correctly: “I got them all correct / correctly”?

I just answered a battery of test questions, and posted the following comment: "I got them all correctly." Should I have said "I got them all correct."?
2
votes
1answer
348 views

Correct usage of infinitives

I am not sure about the usage of infinitives in this sentence: Finally, one of the accused confessed to have forged the director's signature on the report. Could anyone explain correct usage? ...
2
votes
1answer
201 views

Is this that-clause a complement?

In that discomfort, breathing quicklime and tar, no one could see very well how from the bowels of the earth there was rising not only the largest house in the town, but the most hospitable and ...
2
votes
2answers
108 views

“end up” peculiar properties

Just putting together a lexical lesson on making life changes and thought I'd use a sentence with 'end up'. However, when I ran through various sample sentences I noticed that it is quite an unusual ...
2
votes
1answer
305 views

Is this mixture of plural and singular legitimate?

But what is most important for our purposes is that these changes were the signal for the resumption of historical debate on a grand scale, of the kind that had been suspended or driven ...
2
votes
2answers
652 views

Can object complements make any difference to sentences?

I'm reading a grammar book, and I have some questions. A. We ate the fish raw. I want Sue drunk. I prefer the music soft. I like coffee black. We drank the beer cold. This type of ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Important to learn is this stuff

This song is fun to sing. This pizza is too hot to eat. Is the infinitive there considered a complement of the predicate adjective?
2
votes
1answer
101 views

“Find” as a transitive verb

I know that in this example I find it quite hard to do something the verb "to find" must be followed by the pronoun "it". But what if I say One thing I found "it" to get used to doing is… ...
2
votes
2answers
400 views

Are these interrogatives subjects or complements for verbs?

[a] Which is the best choice for the blank? [b] What's the best choice you have made? (TED) Which are the subjects in above respectively? It seems like which in [a] and what in [b] are ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Object complement adjective, or direct object, or?

Jill painted the kitchen rosey red. In this sentence, would red be considered an object complement adjective? If so, what do I do with rosey, since I cannot have an adjective modifying another ...
1
vote
4answers
384 views

Non-finite Adjectival Clause or Adverbial Clause

I came across the following grammatical terms and example sentences on Wikipedia: As an adjectival phrase modifying a noun phrase that is the object of a verb, provided the verb admits this ...
1
vote
2answers
400 views

What does refering to someone as a “garden shed” mean? [closed]

http://youtu.be/a9GgU3hzGGw?t=1m54s In the following video, a talk host watches an acting performance, and refers to the actor as a "garden shed". I've never heard that expression before. I am also ...
1
vote
1answer
424 views

Is the prepositional phrase possibly called a subject complement?

Russet leaves were swept by past winds in heaps. (Original sentence: "Russet leaves, swept by past winds in heaps."— Jane Eyre) ‘In heaps’ can be called as a ‘positional’ complement for ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Gerund phrase…is it really?

Object of Preposition Some people consider my interest in gardening an obsession. (The gerund phrase is “gardening an obsession.”) As I was searching around for the correct use of ...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

In what (semantic) context might “REFUSE” be used with a gerund complement?

I know that, prescriptively speaking, that the verb "refuse" is supposed to be followed by an infinitive. For example: The parents refused to buy the dangerous toy for their kid. Since language ...
1
vote
0answers
100 views

Are copulars considered linking, helping, or auxiliaries?

I'm having a hard time understanding why most people consider the infinitive to be and all of its verb base forms helping verbs. I've consulted multiple English grammar sites and forums, and most of ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

Direct Object or Complement or Something else [duplicate]

She failed to respond. She wanted to smile. She decided to return. She preferred to travel by train. She managed to save a little money. Are the infinitival clauses complements or direct objects in ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Complement of “dealer” or “trader”

What is the complement to a "dealer" or "trader" called? Is the person who sells something to or buys something from the dealer a "customer"? Even when he sells something?
0
votes
2answers
495 views

In the sentence 'She seems nice', is 'nice' a subject complement, verb complement, or both?

In the sentence below, is nice a subject complement, verb complement, or both? She seems nice. According to this page, it’s a type of verb complement; but it also seems to me to fit with the ...
0
votes
1answer
110 views

notion of complement

Liam is very ill. (English Syntax and Argumentation, Bas Aarts) Traditional Grammar says ‘very ill’ as a subject complement. And the book says ‘very ill’ as a complement for verb be. Do I have ...
0
votes
1answer
252 views

complement vs adjunct [closed]

“Funny, isn’t it,” she said, “how the law can have a soft spot like that? No, someone had seen her in the village at the time Robin went missing, so she wasn’t really a suspect. It was decided ...
0
votes
1answer
769 views

Is 'that-clause' an adverbial clause or a complement clause?

"I’m glad that we’ve won the match." An English-Korean dictionary says that-clause above is an adverbial clause. However, from the definition for complement by Oxford - “one or more words, ...