The comma is a punctuation character that is placed on the baseline and looks similar to a single quotation mark.

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“You Guys” or “You, Guys”

O.K., simple rules of using a comma before and after the vocative case state tjhat you write, for example, What do you, Mark, think about the book? But what about “you guys” / “you, guys”? Or, for ...
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34 views

Punctuation and Intonation in Enumerations Occurring in Mathematics

Here, John Lawler writes the following: Commas are not determined by grammar or by which words they follow. Comma indicates a particular intonation. If you would use that intonation in speaking ...
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95 views

“among others” at the end of a sentence

The reading list includes Shakespeare, Chaucer and Milton, among others. Is the comma correct before "among others"?
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46 views

Should one enclose variable names in commata?

In scientific writing, when should one enclose variable names in commas? Take the following example sentences: 1a) "For a set of pixels S, two pixels p and q from S are said to be connected if ...
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100 views

Commas with multiple prepositional (adverbial) phrases at the end of the sentence on the ground of restrictive/non-restrictive modifier

Do we put commas between 2 or more prepositional phrases that immediately follow each other at the end of the main clause if all of them modify/restrict the main predicate differently (e.g. one ...
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30 views

Comma after literature reference citation?

Sorry, I am a German engineer, so my English language skills are quite poor :D. I am writing a scientific paper and I have several sentences as the following example In [1] the definition proposed ...
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44 views

In Figure X, … - with Comma?

What of the following examples is better: In Figure 1, we show that A performs better than B. or In Figure 1 we show that A performs better than B. When looking through a few journals I ...
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33 views

Comma usage and the phrase type

I was doing this online quiz and came across a compound sentence. The first sentence is this: The soccer team celebrated its victory *by going to Disneyland*. My question is what kind of phrases is ...
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55 views

Comma Separating Ordinary Prepositional Phrase Following Object

I was playing a board-game last night with my friends and stumbled on this sentence in the rule book: Each Mine Region your Dwarves occupy is worth 1 bonus Victory Coin, at the end of your turn. ...
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280 views

When is it appropriate to use a comma before “which”, “with”, and “who”?

Is it appropriate to use a comma before which in the following sentence? The group has helped me to make new friends and become more independent, which has increased my self-confidence. Is it ...
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24 views

Comma rule for sentences of the form “I [verb 1], and [verb 2], [direct object of verb 1]”?

Apologies for asking such a basic question, but I couldn't find an answer to the question (neither in here, nor another website). General form of the sentence I have in mind in question title. Here'...
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23 views

Correct comma usage in a list with groups

I am writing a list of features, and am stuck on how to correctly handle the comma usage. There are, essentially, "groups" within the list that are throwing me off. I'm going to be a bit long-winded ...
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28 views

Is comma needed before 'and' in this sentence?

We use comma in lists. Apart from that, comma is needed before and when joining two independent clauses. For example: I want to write, and I have stamps. Here I am clearly joining two independent ...
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47 views

Past Continuous and Past perfect Continuous during a specific time frame

I'm wondering about the correct choice between Past Continuous and Past Perfect Continuous in the following context. "The above factors could provide a timeline of where the political scene was ...
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21 views

six points clear of Jack in fifth place

a. In the most recent rankings, Don sits six points clear of Jack in fifth place. b. In the most recent rankings, Don sits six points clear of Jack, in fifth place. In the second sentence there is ...
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20 views

Should I use commas to delimit a clause that starts with “related to”

I have the following comment in my programming code: pop and store data related to nested objects from validated_data I wonder, should the related to nested objects clause be surrounded by ...
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27 views

Do we use a comma before 'i.e'?

In another answer I read, in two examples, the comma was used once and wasn't used the other time. Is it a personal choice or do we have to follow a fixed rule?
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49 views

Is there a name for the technique of changing the meaning of a word using a comma?

A reader inquired about the name of the effect that I used to illustrate the meaning in the sentence below: Doing nothing repetitively is doing nothing, repetitively. Is there a name for the way ...
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13 views

Must the use of a comma plus “and” be followed by a complete sentence?

As I understand, the use of a comma followed by "and" indicates the conjunction of two complete sentences. For example, "He is strong. Therefore, he is a likely candidate." could be conjoined as "He ...
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34 views

Comma between but and because?

In the following sentence, is the comma after "but" required, appropriate but unnecessary, or wrong? I wanted to check the time, but, because my clock was broken, I couldn't.
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63 views

Why is there no comma between this participle phrase and the main clause

I searched around, and they said that all the participle phrases are happening concurrently with the main clause. Hm, I thought they are consecutively happening, according to http://random-idea-...
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21 views

Where do commas go relating to especially?

Where do the commas go in relating to the word especially in the following sentence: Waking up is such a struggle especially when it is cold. Is there a comma before and after especially or just ...
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42 views

Does the comma make the meaning of the sentence clearer?

Sir Roger Moore exemplifies James Bond's personality, off-screen. My concern is that if there was no comma in the sentence, it would mean something like this: James Bond's personality off-screen is ...
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17 views

Do we need commas after “that” in sentences like “That, I can do” or “That, I have”?

Are commas needed after the word "that" in sentences like "That, I can do", "That, I have" or "That, you may take"? They're exactly the same as "I can do that", "I have that" and "You may take that" ...
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28 views

Should there be a comma before if in this sentence: is if a restrictive element?

"Smallpox may be transmitted by the air in enclosed settings such as buildings, buses, and trains if it carries the virus."
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38 views

Is this a comma splice? “I didn't just win, I beat the boss.”

I was wondering whether "I didn't just win." can function as an independent clause or not. Is it better to use a comma or a semi-colon between the two phrases like this "I didn't just win; I beat the ...
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31 views

Is a comma grammatically correct in this sentence?

Is the comma necessary and/or correct in the sentence: "For approvals, see Change Package Report (CPR)." I think they are not independent clauses, so it is not. I was told by a colleague it was. Who'...
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43 views

Proper use of a comma before a preposition

Experts, after some research, I am still unable to determine if the following is proper: I wanted to see if you could, as they say in the industry, give me a "sanity check" on what I have done. ...
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1k views

Comma after “In [YEAR]” at the beginning of a sentence.

I've looked at a lot of grammar sites and can't find a good answer. What's correct: option 1: In 2008, there was an election and people were elected. option 2: In 2008 there was an election and ...
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33 views

Is a comma needed in this construction “who are practically … they're so …”?

The sentence I'm looking at is this: "I pass by two females who are practically leaking sulfur they're so full of demons." I'm thinking that a comma should be inserted between sulfur and they're ...
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62 views

Comma instead of “that is”

does this sentence need a comma after menu: The hotel’s amenities include a restaurant with an innovative menu complimented by a global wine list.
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58 views

I like X, from the … ,to the … . punctuation help

If I were to make a statement that describes attributes of something across a range such as: What I find great about apples are the variety of colours, from the sweet red ones, to the sour green ones....
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47 views

Comma after “Using this” and “For this case”

I am a bit confused about using (or not) the comma in the following sentences: Using Lemma 1, we can claim that... For/in the first case, we can use... Please I need to understand the rule ...
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41 views

Commas between subject and verb

Apologies if this has been asked before, I don't know the linguistics lingo well enough to find an answer by searching. Which of the following are incorrect, and why? I eat cheese and he bread. I ...
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65 views

Noun (date) as modifier - comma after year needed?

I know that we should always add a comma after the year if the date format is like September 15, 2015. But I've also read that if the date is used as an adjective, there should be no comma. In these ...
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28 views

Where to use commas at the beginning of a letter, when writing to 2 people at the same time?

If I am writing a message to two people, would I use a comma in between their names and then a comma after the second name? Example: This is how I need to start my letter below, but I do not know ...
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2k views

When to use commas before and after of course in a sentence

I'm proofing a blog for someone and I have the following sentence: Companies that use our services want great results, but of course they also need to get value for money. Do I need commas before and ...
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91 views

Comma in a list of people who are members of a committee

I am putting together a list for an event. The list is of people who are part a committee. If the info for each individual was going to be one line, I would put commas between the person's name, title ...
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21 views

I need help with comma

Is a comma needed after the word "but" in the following sentence with the parenthesis? If so, why? Thanks. "he knew he could do anything he wanted to do, but found that there was nothing he wanted to ...
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22 views

Appositives and use of comma

Is it correct to offset the name below by commas? The former Wimbledon champion, Andy Murray, believes he is capable of winning the championship again within the next five years.
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50 views

Should there be a comma before because in this sentence?

Acting DA Madeline Singas loves having Mega around and said that everyone looks at her like another employee, because of the immense impact she has on everyone she encounters. Thnaks
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63 views

Conditional sentences. Punctuation in the main clause which is a compound sentence

If event A happens, event B will happen, and event C might happen. Do I need to put a comma before "and?"
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221 views

Replacing “and” with comma

EB size and structure is known to influence differentiation potential, and the microwell system provides a robust, efficient method of producing EBs of any size or shape. I've seen many sentences in ...
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54 views

Is this correct: “Members of the orchestra were hopeful though, on this warm spring evening”?

"Members of the orchestra were hopeful though, on this warm spring evening." Specifically, is the comma in this sentence necessary and correct? Is it correct without a comma also before 'though'?
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Comma usage - am I working with coordinate adjectives or cumulative adjectives?

I've been trying to figure out if this slogan requires a comma: Simple, streaming music. versus Simple streaming music I did some reading on comma rules here and here, but I'm still a bit ...
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24 views

Commas between the word “or” in a lone series

I suppose a comma should be used following each such "or" in the following question. Yes? It reads: "You two no-accounts, or stereo thieves, or clowns, or whatever you are, should know by now that you'...
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184 views

“Oxford” comma with adjectives

Suppose you have some coordinate adjectives modifying a noun. E.g. "the cold, tired, hungry dog." You could rewrite this as "the cold and tired and hungry dog" but would these "the ...
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814 views

place of comma before “for” when it can be interpreted as “because”

The following sentence is considered correct, "As I turned around, I heard a loud thump, for the cat had upset the goldfish bowl." (taken from https://owl.english.purdue.edu/exercises/3/5/23/answer) ...
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64 views

Can a comma be used to set off a non independent clause?

I was told by "A Pocket Style Manual" that putting a comma between compound elements that are not independent clauses is a misuse; however, I saw this 'misuse' everywhere. For example: The program ...
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Direct Address commas

Hi people I have a doubt. Is this sentence wrong? "Good morning Judy, I see that you have been busy lately," she said. Is the omission of a comma after the words Good morning wrong? Thanks for your ...