The comma is a punctuation character that is placed on the baseline and looks similar to a single quotation mark.

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5answers
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Punctuation for the phrase “including but not limited to”

This is my first question on this stack exchange. I'm hoping this kind of question is welcome here, and excuse my ignorance, but my confusion evident below is exactly why I am a Software Engineer ...
0
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1answer
76 views

Can a declarative, independent clause be considered an introductory element?

Consider this question: Are you going to the birthday party? I know that the following response can be punctuated correctly in at least two ways: "I hope so. I have already bought a ...
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1answer
31 views

Commas when explaining what another sentence “says”

I was editing some text for an open source math book today, and came across this sentence: The previous 8 axioms have basically said "these numbers are all natural numbers." This next and final ...
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2answers
34 views

Should I use a comma in this sentence [on hold]

Should I use a comma before can As a further research the relation of whether a firm has adopted IT framework and the number of failed IT investment projects, can be empirically examined.
3
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3answers
39 views

comma with phrases that use “yet”

I am using a sentence of the following form in a formal document. This paper shows strong, yet very circuitous, analysis. The sentence is expected to express that the analysis is strong but ...
2
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0answers
35 views

Are commas needed to set off the word “then” in the following sentence? [on hold]

What, then, could be more wonderful than to have a faithful friend?
1
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1answer
40 views

Comma between attribute tuples [closed]

Consider the following sample sentence: Peter is pretty tolerant and mostly good-humoured, free-spirited and good to talk to. I want to say that Peter has all four attributes ("tolerant", ...
0
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0answers
40 views

Use of Oxford comma to separate two words [closed]

I know that Oxford comma is not normally used to separate two words. However, can it be used when I want to indicate that the last of two words or subjects have some property that the last doesn't. ...
1
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2answers
286 views

A and B and C and D (comma)

There is a sentence: I am grateful to Mr. White for A and B[,] and to Mr. Black for C and D. Should I put a comma before "and to Mr. Black" or not?
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0answers
20 views

Is it best to use a comma following an inline address? [duplicate]

Is it proper to include a comma at the very end of an inline place address? Also, in case it is relevant, the sentence is the title of an article. For example: Examples of cross-gene ...
0
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1answer
36 views

Comma before adverbials

A friend asked me about a comma in the following sentence: The project took place in several centers between January and February. Should there be one between centers and between? I really am not ...
1
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1answer
74 views

Comma before a participial phrase

I have two cases. a) He sent me a letter written in English. b) I was given a cup made in China from my friend. I personally think sentence (a) should be non-restrictive since there is only ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Is Ann Patchett married to her dog? [closed]

In a short review on the occasion of the release of her new book in paperback, This Is The Story of a Happy Marriage, by Ann Patchett, the New York Times reviewer wrote: These sparkling personal ...
0
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1answer
22 views

placement of descriptive clause in the sentence?

S1. X can be done to handle the unsavory practice by Y, which limits growth. S2. X can be done to handle the unsavory practice, which limits growth, by Y. In this sentence the descriptive ...
15
votes
2answers
44k views

When ending a list with “etc.”, should there be a comma before “etc.”?

When listing items and ending the list with "etc", should there be a comma before "etc."? E.g. red, green, blue, etc. or red, green, blue etc. Related question, though this one involves ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

comma/comma-splice in “inexpensive, but effective, resources”?

"inexpensive, but effective, resources" Is comma needed in the above? It is clear, X destroys homes, businesses. Can comma splices be used instead of "that" and "and" in above?
0
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1answer
22 views

May a comma be placed before a subordinating conjunction following a list in order to avoid ambiguity?

Example with nonsensical language, but relevant syntax: The authors have emphasized (a) how to study the skrill, (b) where to chip the transom and (c) how children ask questions, in order to ...
0
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2answers
40 views

Comma usage: City and State / Full Date [duplicate]

Can we eliminate the comma after "2014" and "Indiana" below? The year and state are not parenthetical, and besides, the comma slows down the flow of the sentence. I think the two sentences below are ...
0
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2answers
28 views

Comma in “Experiencing P as well as Q, changed D”

Experiencing both sides of the X versus Y argument as someone who used both as well as both sides of the A versus B argument as a professional, altered my view of C. Is the last comma in this ...
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votes
2answers
44 views

comma after wh word phrase [duplicate]

Do we need a comma in the following sentence? What encourages me more to do that [,] is that I am interested in science.
0
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1answer
33 views

Comma use in a list where all the items are new [closed]

Which one is appropriate: 1) He was given a new bat, ball, and glove. 2) He was given a new, bat, ball, and glove 3) He was given a new bat, a new ball, and a new glove.
0
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1answer
39 views

When to use Comma before coordinating conjunctions?

So I understand that serial comma (the one used before and/or) is used only when we have 3 or more items to be separated using and/or. What exactly is the rule that governs where to add comma before ...
1
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2answers
31 views

Should there be a comma before “if” in this sentence?

"I was home-schooled in middle school, if that counts." I think that without the comma, the sentence implies that the speaker was home-schooled in middle school only if "that" counts, whereas with ...
5
votes
3answers
31k views

When should one use the comma versus the semicolon, and vice versa?

I cannot understand the difference between the comma and semicolon. Can you please clarify?
0
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2answers
97 views

Comma between a double adverbial phrase introducing a sentence

Is a comma required when there are two adverbial phrases introducing a sentence? Like so: One day, after I had my breakfast, the postman came. Or is it fine to omit the first comma? One day ...
5
votes
4answers
33k views

Comma before “as well as”

Here is the sample sentence: We have carried out works for private individuals and property developers as well as our own building projects." Should there be a comma before as well as in this ...
2
votes
1answer
188 views

Two pairs of items and three times and. How to put the comma?

I'm just proofreading my thesis a last time and I stumbled upon the following (I'm nonnative english speaker): To describe the flow of two fluids with saturations S and T and pressures P and Q, we ...
0
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1answer
18 views

Take vs taking - Which is more appropriate here?

Having a small confusion between the following sentences: "Enigma combines organic and electronic sounds, and takes you on a mystical journey..." OR "Enigma combines organic and electronic sounds, ...
2
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1answer
64 views

Issue with the subject-verb agreement in the nonrestrictive clause?

Reading was very important to John's parents, both of them firsts in their families to go to college. Is the nonrestrictive/relative clause "both of them firsts in their families to go to ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

What is the correct punctuation to use in the following complex sentence?

Understanding this sentence does, of course, rely heavily on the contextual information provided by my essay. However, I am unsure if I have punctuated this sentence correctly or at all in the right ...
1
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1answer
39 views

Commas in a hyphenated series

I would like to make a statement to the effect of: The coating contains durable wind-, rain-, and chemical-resistant compounds. Can someone please provide guidance on the proper use of commas in ...
1
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2answers
22k views

“Especially” and commas

I'm curious about the correct usage of commas in the following sentence: "Secondary electron emission from metallic and especially dielectric surfaces is a fundamental process of great technological ...
1
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1answer
33 views

Usage of comma and articles

I am not sure if the usage of comma and articles are correct in the sentence below. More specifically: is the comma justified in '... a Master of X degree, from XYZ ...' does 'a Master of X degree' ...
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2answers
34 views

Fragments and Full Sentences.

"Popular museum located in an old warehouse." Is this a complete sentence? I feel it could become one by changing it to "A popular museum, located in an old warehouse."
0
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3answers
27 views

The use of a comma, bracket or nothing?

Firstly, as far as I am aware, 'unjustifiability' is not an actual English word. However, is it ok to use it within the contexts of a philosophy essay? The The Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy on ...
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1answer
25 views

When should I use a comma before the word “who”? [duplicate]

Should I use a comma before the word who? This sentence is confusing me: I made this blog because I want to help all of the other people who have problems that are similar to mine. If I did ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Does the following need a comma? “You must post 'precautions for usage, etc.' where applicable.”

This is for a poster regarding the treatment of dangerous chemicals in a lab. I have the generally feeling that after the "etc." there should be a comma, and I'm not sure if 1) it is necessary and 2) ...
1
vote
3answers
139 views

past perfect tense and comma usage in Churchill's book

I'm reading a book called "My early life" by Winston Churchill. "I was working in the saloon of the Indiaman, and had reached an exciting point in my story." 1) why did he put comma before "and had ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

Comma after To at the beginning of a sentence

I am just writing my master thesis and I am unsure whether to place a comma in sentences starting with "To". Here are some examples: To be able to improve the performance[,] it is important to ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

where should the comma be if the clause is not independent?

I have heard this about the comma before and. Generally speaking, you want to use a comma in sentences made of two independent clauses connected by one of the following seven coordinating ...
34
votes
4answers
3k views

Complete the job, as directed. There is a comma. why?

The following sentences both say that you have been directed to do a job: Complete the job, as directed. vs Complete the job as directed. But which of the two sentences above will assert ...
-1
votes
1answer
51 views

When should I use a comma before a prepositional phrase?

Can someone please give me some examples of when I should and should not use a comma before a prepositional phrase? These are some of the sentences that I am having trouble with: These are the ...
0
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2answers
38 views

Comma usage and sentence elements

appologies if this is a very simple question, but your help would be appreciated. I asked a question a couple of days ago regarding the usage of comma within sentences. I have been reading various ...
1
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1answer
52 views

“Knows an awful lot about the Dark Arts, Snape”

He teaches Potions, but he doesn't want to—everyone knows he's after Quirrell's job. Knows an awful lot about the Dark Arts, Snape. From time to time I stumble upon this type of speech with ...
0
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2answers
47 views

Comma in “Hello Michael” [duplicate]

Should comma be used in sentences like "Hello, Michael" / "Hello Michael" ? For example, there is a wikipedia article Hello, sailor (with comma), but it mentions two different books, a band, and two ...
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1answer
28 views

Comma? “Dance until dawn at Festive then receive a VIP experience at Escape Spa.”

"Dance until dawn at Festive then receive a VIP experience at Escape Spa." Should I use a comma before then?
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Comma use before “as”?

I'm writing an essay and I was wondering if I would put a comma here before as: Reputation is based on integrity and wisdom as your ability to demonstrate probity would gain you favor among many ...
0
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2answers
49 views

Comma usage while explaining a single word

Consider the following sentence: The French word entrailles means inward. Is it advisable to surround entrailles with commas in this case like this? The French word, entrailles, means inward. Or ...
0
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2answers
50 views

Comma usage in sentence

In the following example, should a comma be used after the word* mouth*? A bumblebee flew into Peter's open mouth is the independent clause, and I believe that if a dependent clause or phrase comes ...
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2answers
173 views

Does this sentence require a comma somewhere?

Mark Twain understood that lampooning a bad idea with humor was the most effective criticism. I just can't help but feel there's a comma in there somewhere, but I can't figure it out!!