The comma is a punctuation character that is placed on the baseline and looks similar to a single quotation mark.

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Commas and sentence structure

I have a question about stringing clauses together. The following is an excerpt from a book called 'Jolie Blon's Bounce' by James Lee Burke: ...I wanted to drive deep into the Atchafalaya Swamp, ...
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206 views

Comma before “or” when it introduces synonym or explanation

This Grammar Tip of the Day: The rule: Place a comma before "or" when what follows it means the same as what precedes it. confirms what I understand about using a comma before the word or — ...
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Does this sentence need a comma? [duplicate]

Over the past months, we have seized several opportunities for liaison. Is the comma in this sentence needed and/or correct? Which rule(s) of grammar apply here, and is there a name for this ...
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58 views

Proper usage of a comma?

I am currently proofreading a research paper for my literature class, and I was unsure if this is an acceptable use of a comma: Profound cultural and religious differences caused Smith to conclude ...
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37 views

Too many commas in this sentence?

I don't know if this sentence is too long, or if it's okay to keep stringing phrases with commas. Any help would be great as my English is not so good. When I was using the toy truck as a reward ...
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Question on lack of comma usage

My English teacher took some points off on a recent paper of mine based on improper comma usage, so I'm coming here for clarification. Here are the examples. The [x]'s indicate where the commas were ...
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56 views

Is a comma the correct punctuation in “Help a thief?”

Recently, one of my friends on Facebook posted this cartoon in which a police officer helps a thief in response to the exclamation "Help a thief!" The contention is that the victim should have used a ...
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Should I capitalize the starting sentence after a greeting that ends in a comma (e.g. “Hello,”)?

Should I open the starting sentence after comma in adressing "Hi," ("Hello,") with capital letter? Hi, Xxxl, Dear Xxx L, let me ... vs. Dear Xxx L, Let me ... In Russian it ...
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62 views

Comma between a double adverbial phrase introducing a sentence

Is a comma required when there are two adverbial phrases introducing a sentence? Like so: One day, after I had my breakfast, the postman came. Or is it fine to omit the first comma? One day ...
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42 views

Punctuation following “My question is…” [duplicate]

Forgive me if this has been asked before (if it has been, I couldn't find it) What punctuation, if any, should I use after "My question is..."? For example, My question is why is ice so ...
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19 views

Comma or no comma in reaffirmation of answer? “____ it is” or “____, it is”

Would sentence 3 get a comma or not? Carrie: What time do you want to get lunch? Corin: How about noon? Carrie: Noon, it is! OR Noon it is! In case it's not obvious, the intention of sentence 3 ...
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27 views

Comma Usage After Locations [duplicate]

What is the official rule when mentioning a city/ state in a sentence? I always thought there was a requirement for a comma between the city and state, however is there also supposed to be a comma ...
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42 views

Is this comma necessary?

I am writing a poem about a coach. Is this comma necessary? Without doubt, one of the best!
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63 views

Do I need to use a comma before “everyone” to set off the vocative? [duplicate]

While I was writing a status update today on social media I decided to do some grammar-learning. The status update was "Happy Labor Day everyone!" and I am now wondering if I should place a comma ...
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2answers
190 views

Do you separate an imperative after a conjunction by a comma?

I want you to go and ask him the price, but don't tell him I sent you. Is this a main clause followed by a coordinating clause (imperative)? Pour the vodka into the glass, and add orange ...
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76 views

When is it appropriate to use a comma before “which”, “with”, and “who”?

Is it appropriate to use a comma before which in the following sentence? The group has helped me to make new friends and become more independent, which has increased my self-confidence. Is it ...
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117 views

Comma in a two-item list?

How would you punctuate list of two items that has the word AND in the title? For example: ... two documents with titles of Power of Attorney and Living Will and Appointment of Health Care Agent. ...
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66 views

“…and who knew?” or “…,and, who knew…” or “…, and who knew…”?

Maybe by joining that religion I'd be able to understand myself, and who knew? Maybe I'd find the meaning of life. Maybe by joining that religion I'd be able to understand myself, and, who ...
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65 views

Comma usage in a complex series

I have the following caption title: Fig. 5. Measured small-signal gain, input return loss, and output return loss vs. frequency of C-band HPA. This is equivalent to (a), (b), and (c) vs. (d) ...
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Should there be a comma after 'and'?

This is a bit of a strange question because I know that there should never ever be a comma after 'and.' But what if there's a parenthetical statement/clause-thing right after it? Let me demonstrate. ...
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Verbs in a list separated by commas

I'm not talking about the basic items in a list (e.g. X, Y and Z), but a list of clauses (I think). Example: I am interested in things like going to this place, going to that place, eating food, and ...
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50 views

Do I need a comma?

Note that I'm supposed to use Oxford comma. Now do I need a comma at the place of the question mark? When such change adversely affects the system, vulnerability increases[?] and a banking ...
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Comma? “Dance until dawn at Festive then receive a VIP experience at Escape Spa.”

"Dance until dawn at Festive then receive a VIP experience at Escape Spa." Should I use a comma before then?
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Do I need a comma after which in this sentence?

Do I need commas around "on that morning"? While technically correct (I believe), it just seems like so many commas sounds too choppy if one pauses at each comma. As they passed the cathedral, ...
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38 views

Comma separating subordinating clauses

I'm a software developer and occasionally write user documentation and project proposals for my boss. I've been running into a punctuation problem recently that I've been unable to solve. I have a ...
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3answers
72 views

Comma(s) when starting a sentence with both an introductory element and participial clause [duplicate]

If a sentence is starting with both an introductory element and a participial clause, where do I need to set the comma(s) appropriately? Consider the following versions of an example sentence: ...
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101 views

Do I need to put a comma before every “because”? [closed]

I am correcting a document and was told that I have to put a comma before every occurrence of “because” mid-sentence. Example: This might be because another algorithm was chosen. The ...
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35 views

Can “to me” be used adverbially?

[...] which, to me, has a strong [...] Provided that the excerpt above is correct regarding the commas, can I omit them? As in: [...] which to me has a strong [...]
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Comma after introductory phrases

I am no native speaker and always confused about the comma in introductory phrases, in particular in prepositional phrases. Is there any hard rule when a comma must be set? If I make a google search ...
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60 views

Comma splice proceeded by conjunctive adverb

I'm wondering what the rule is as to where any commas or semicolons would go. (a) and (b) are showing the two sentences that are to be combined, and (a)+(b)[1,2] show the sentences in question. (a): ...
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Comma usage: “In July of 2012 …” or “In July of 2012, …”

Consider the following sentence: In July of 2012 Jesse informed us that she was engaged to be married and asked if she could add her fiancée to the lease, beginning the 15th of August 2012. ...
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33 views

Using “and” in a list with an element already containing “and” [duplicate]

I'm struggling with the following sentence in an APA format paper. I don't like the double usage of and here, but 'supply and demand' is one thing in this context. Is this correct or do I need to make ...
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3k views

Is a comma needed here?

If I were to try and describe a book called "Book", is this sentence grammatically correct? The book Book by Joe Bob is set in... I was told that this sentence is incorrect, that commas must ...
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Punctuation for the phrase “including but not limited to”

This is my first question on this stack exchange. I'm hoping this kind of question is welcome here, and excuse my ignorance, but my confusion evident below is exactly why I am a Software Engineer ...
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Should “So”, “Therefore”, “Hence”, and “Thus” be followed by commas?

Often, I have come across sentences that begin with "So". Should such an usage of "So" be followed by a comma? Are the following examples correct. He is very good at computers. So, I think he can ...
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136 views

How to write a pair of pairs without sounding awkward

I am attempting to write a list of pairs of people, like so: "The pairings are Bob and Jane, Joe and Mary, and Fred and Ashley." This works fine in that the comma lets you know where each pairing is ...
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Do you always have to put a comma before someone's name? [duplicate]

Example: (1) Hello John. (2) Hello, John? (3) How are you today John? (4) How are you today, John? (5) I wish I could John. (6) I wish I could, John. Must there always be a comma before ...
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presenting a list followed by a verb, should the semi-colon be used?

Consider the sentence We consider how different strategies; (1) running, (2) hiding and (3) fighting affect the mating success of bears. Is the above sentence grammatically correct with the ...
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Should there be a comma after this adverbial phrase?

From the moment I saw him I knew this wouldn't work out. OR From the moment I saw him, I knew this wouldn't work out. It just doesn't seem to flow as well in the second version. Which ...
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150 views

Is it correct to join two complete sentences with a comma without coordinating conjunction?

1) If, for whatever reason, you don’t think the quoted price is legitimate, please kindly inform us of your target price. Our sales teams would be glad to work around your budget. 2) If, for whatever ...
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Confused about the comma at the end of a sentence

Examples: We haven't spent much time together(,) recently. I think you're good at dealing with problems. And not only yours—but other’s(,) too.” I always get confused by this. Should ...
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80 views

Using a comma before “and we already have a toaster.” [duplicate]

Which of the following is correct? No gifts please, we don't need any orchids and we already have a toaster. No gifts please, we don't need any orchids , and we already have a toaster.
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529 views

Can “;” be used to replace the word “but”?

Are these two sentences both correct and equivalent? People say stuff like "all lawyers are liars", but it's not true. People say stuff like "all lawyers are liars"; it's not true. Is ...
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Placing a comma after a conditional statement

I've always had difficulties in figuring out where commas should be placed. For example, in a phrase containing a conditional statement, how should I write... If they don't arrive by noon, she'll ...
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3answers
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Parentheses vs. double commas vs. dashes to provide additional detail

When do you use commas and when do you use parentheses to provide more detail about something? For example: The suspect, Tom Wilson, is now being charged with murder. The suspect (Tom Wilson) is ...
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“Terrified, John locked the door” — Is the comma necessary?

Which one would sound better? Terrified, John locked the door and switched off the lights. OR Terrified John locked the door and switched off the lights.
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Using a comma after “that”

I would like to know if you can use "that" with a comma after it. For example: Findings show that, during the initial stages of love, there is increased blood flow to the brain.
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When to use commas in a sentence that starts with “finally”, “additionally”, etc.?

If I have a sentence that starts with additionally, finally, consequently, etc. do I always have to put a comma after it? Or is there a different rule?
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Comma after “first” [duplicate]

Can anyone justify the presence and absence of comma after first in the sentences below? First we’ll create a screen for the user to log in. First, we’ll define the AniJS helper and then ...
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commas in “They are sweet, not sour, grapes”

In the sentence "They are sweet, not sour, grapes.", is the second comma correct, incorrect, or optional?