The comma is a punctuation character that is placed on the baseline and looks similar to a single quotation mark.

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7k views

Should there be a comma after 'and'?

This is a bit of a strange question because I know that there should never ever be a comma after 'and.' But what if there's a parenthetical statement/clause-thing right after it? Let me demonstrate. ...
3
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2answers
58 views

What commas rule is used here?

I have a question regarding how the rules of commas apply in a particular sentence. I cannot seem to work out what rules go with the below extract. I understand the two independent clauses rule and ...
2
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4answers
67 views

“), or ,”) in the middle of a sentence? [duplicate]

I think commas are typically placed after closed parentheses and within quotation marks. This creates a dilemma when all three are used together. Example one: You may like snelms (or "snail helms,") ...
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0answers
137 views

Comma after a coordinating conjunction preceding a parenthetical at the start of the sentence

Although similar questions have been asked before, I am still not clear as to official or, at the very least, preferred position from punctuation rules point of view on comma after coordinating ...
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0answers
21 views

Directions for comma use between adjectives as per various sources

I read a lot about when comma should be used between a list of adjectives modifying a noun that follows. There are a lotSo much so that now it all looks like a jumble of which adjectives sound better ...
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1answer
39 views

Are commas needed around “for example”? [on hold]

I need help in determining the proper use of commas. It's an ongoing discussion in my creative writing group. Which is correct: "Take, for example, my aversion to horror films," or "Take for ...
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3answers
31 views

Would I need a comma after the main clause here?

Would I need a comma before the word "as" in this sentence? The word "fear" also takes a new meaning(,) as it comes to represent a more self-centered notion.
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1answer
44 views

Use of comma before which

I have a sentence where I'm unsure about the necessity of a comma before "which": The description is supplemented by practical examples and a documentation of member functions[,] which can be ...
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1answer
161 views

Comma before a participial phrase

I have two cases. a) He sent me a letter written in English. b) I was given a cup made in China from my friend. I personally think sentence (a) should be non-restrictive since there is only ...
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2answers
1k views

How to punctuate sentences like “I'm just calling a spade, a spade.”

I was browsing Area 51 and I saw this comment: I'm just calling a spade, a spade. I'm never quite sure how to punctuate sentences like these where a phrase is repeated back to back, without any ...
6
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1answer
79 views

Commas with nested subordinate clauses both of which are restrictive (essential to the meaning)

I have been grappling with the question below for a while now, so hope that you can shed some light on it. Do we need the first comma (the one in brackets below) in the restrictive nested ...
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1answer
49 views

Commas, prepositions and subordinating conjunctions

I have two questions. Consider the following sentences. "In November I purchased my first car." or "In November, I purchased my first car." And, another example, "During the 1940s there was a ...
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4answers
52 views

Proper use of comma before and after therefore [closed]

Is this right? I, therefore, recommended to him... or I therefore recommended to him...
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2answers
93 views

placement of descriptive clause in the sentence?

S1. X can be done to handle the unsavory practice by Y, which limits growth. S2. X can be done to handle the unsavory practice, which limits growth, by Y. In this sentence the descriptive ...
3
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1answer
38 views

When to put a comma before participial phrase

This site is excellent. Thank you! A Japanese colleague of mine recently asked me to explain to him the rules about comma usage in the following two sentences (taken from an English textbook): "He ...
3
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1answer
45 views

Punctuating a sentence containing em dashes within commas [duplicate]

I always find myself writing sentences that contain clauses within clauses, and I can never decide what the right way to punctuate this is. I'm not specifying what kinds of clauses because they could ...
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0answers
22 views

Comma use in long sentences

I have been working for the subtitles of a movie, and I am not sure if I have placed the correct punctuations or not. The dialogue is about what happens when Fantasies are unleashed on internet ...
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1answer
58 views

Whether to use a comma or not

I have been looking at many company description and I found the following two usages a) We sell a diverse range of products from books to toys. b) We sell a diverse range of products, from ...
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1answer
35 views

Minimal one line self introduction containing name and role/job/title

would it be correct to separate this with a comma? Or is there other punctuation which is more suitable like a colon? I'm neildaemond, an engineer in training. or I'm neildeamond: an ...
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1answer
37 views

Comma or semi colon?

In the following sentence, should I use a comma or a semi-colon after same? The live and staging set-ups are the same, combining PHP, MySQL and Apache to power the websites. or The live ...
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2answers
37 views

3 commas and 1 or, where does assignment go?

"They shall be laid before the bishop and his counselors, two of the elders, or high priests, such as he shall appoint." Is this saying that the bishops' counselors have to be elders but he can also ...
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1answer
65 views

Commas or Semicolons [closed]

Consider this (partial) sentence: Literary devices such as the alliteration in “that they” and “with ‘Why’”, the simile in “the pipes like great serpents”, the assonance in “not known before”, and ...
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3answers
181 views

Comma separating subordinating clauses

I'm a software developer and occasionally write user documentation and project proposals for my boss. I've been running into a punctuation problem recently that I've been unable to solve. I have a ...
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2answers
138 views

Two independent clauses with an introductory element

I keep running into what, in my mind, appears like a problem, and I can't find any informed opinions on it. Working With Words dictates that when you are paraphrasing or indirectly quoting a speaker ...
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1answer
70 views

Is using a comma between this list of quoted text awkward/incorrect? Please help!

Is it correct to list the following examples using quotation marks and a simple space? Or would the example below need a comma in-between? For example, you might choose to say: "Thanks for asking, ...
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2answers
74 views

To comma or not to comma?

I often find myself putting excess commas and brackets (parentheses for all you US English speakers out there) into sentences, in hopes of rendering it more 'readable'. The trouble is, I am never ...
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1answer
72 views

Where are the missing commas in the text below? [closed]

For works of art and the finest treasures of the Renaissance period look no further than the beautiful city of Florence. This is the home of the famous Michelangelo statue of David amazing paintings ...
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1answer
884 views

“You are right; I'm sorry” — semicolon or comma?

You are right; I'm sorry. You are right, I'm sorry. Do we use the semicolon or comma? A full stop works. Two independent clauses so perhaps the semicolon should be used.
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0answers
35 views

Usage of Comma required?

I am trying to understand usage of commas while using "and" and "or". Help me with commas in the following. "Let G be a girl name. The G is, Mary if she is going to school and dancing, or Rita if ...
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4answers
1k views

Comma before not

If I have this opposition construction with not like It's all about intimidation(,) not the law. should I place comma before not?
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3answers
61 views

Comma and arithmetics

Should one put a comma before an arithmetic operation? What about long expressions? Example: The final distance is equal to the initial distance plus initial velocity multiplied by time, plus half ...
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2answers
33 views

Serial comma in a list of verbs [closed]

I'm writing a text according to APA standards. The rule regarding serial commas states "Use a comma between elements (including before and and or) in a series of three or more items." Does this also ...
2
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1answer
32 views

The ambiguity of negative imperative

11) Don't just sit there and introduce yourself! 12) Don't just sit around and eat! Is it right that those two sentences eventually convey Don't sit and also don't introduce in #11 and "don't sit ...
7
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4answers
8k views

Usage of “and” and comma when writing numbers UK style

I am trying to understand the rules for writing numbers in words under the UK rules (with "and"). I understand how to write small numbers (up to a few thousands), but I am not sure when to use "and" ...
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2answers
59 views

When is a clause not essential?

I am having trouble figuring out when to use commas to set off "nonessential" information. Sometimes it's obvious: Bob, who is thirty years old, is an alcoholic. But other times I'm not sure: ...
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1answer
56 views

Is there a period after a greeting? [duplicate]

For example, when writing an email to an associate saying Good afternoon, Joel. Or should there be a comma instead of the period?
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2answers
106 views

Where, if anywhere, do commas belong in a “not only… but” sentence in which the “but” clause appears in mid-sentence?

I tried to find this rule explicitly on several grammar sites, but did not find it. A "not only" sentence does not normally need a comma as the "not only" and "but also" are correlative pairs. So ...
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1answer
52 views

comma/comma-splice in “inexpensive, but effective, resources”?

Is comma needed here? "inexpensive, but effective, resources" Can comma splices be used instead of "that" and "and" here? It is clear, X destroys homes, businesses.
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5answers
67 views

Punctuation in a sentence “from A or B to C and even D”

Is there a need for punctuation in the following sentence: "Response time has reduced from weeks or days to hours and even minutes in some cases." More generally, how should one use punctuation in a ...
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0answers
26 views

Is this correct: “Members of the orchestra were hopeful though, on this warm spring evening”?

"Members of the orchestra were hopeful though, on this warm spring evening." Specifically, is the comma in this sentence necessary and correct? Is it correct without a comma also before 'though'?
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1answer
60 views

Commas for parenthetical info when against technicality and ambiguity

I write the following sentence as follows: "The lady spent a few seconds gently patting the two chocobos at the coach, a popular species of avian bred throughout the country". Where does one draw the ...
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1answer
39 views

Do we need a comma to separate these two sentences?

Which one of these sentences is correct? 1 By using this method, they found that sugar is important in diet. 2 By using this method they found that sugar is important in diet. Do we need a ...
2
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1answer
46 views

How to describe a confusion matrix correctly

In computer science, we a use a thing called confusion matrix for reporting results from supervised machine learning algorithms. It looks like this The image was taken from here. I would like to ...
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1answer
27 views

Double perhaps/or perhaps in the same sentence

I'm getting tripped up by the rules on when to use a comma for perhaps in a sentence like this: Perhaps you have..., or perhaps(,) you know of ... I understand that the general rule for starting ...
0
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1answer
31 views

The proper usage of commas? [closed]

If I have some quotes like "Never, never, never give up!" can I put a comma after them? Basically, which one is correct: He said "There is no in between", and I can't agree more! or He said ...
0
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2answers
45 views

Is it appropriate to use “even” in this sentence?

I came across the following sentence in an article: All is fair in love and war, even trying to add a static type system in a dynamically typed programming language. Is the use of "even" ...
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3answers
10k views

Is a comma needed to offset a title?

If I were to try and describe a book called "Book", is this sentence grammatically correct? The book Book by Joe Bob is set in... I was told that this sentence is incorrect, that commas must ...
7
votes
4answers
861 views

Is a comma necessary in “What’s funny, is …”?

In the sentence What’s funny is Cat’s dry humour. Wouldn’t it be better to put a comma after “funny”: What’s funny, is Cat’s dry humour. This question entails a (at the time of writing) ...
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1answer
32 views

Comma before “include:” preceding list: right or wrong, and why? [duplicate]

My first style disagreement with another writer at a new job. I say the comma in the example below is superfluous because there is no introductory or non-restrictive clause. I think the options are: ...
0
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1answer
97 views

Is Word always correct in suggesting either a comma before 'which' or else using 'that'?

In Microsoft Word, the grammar engine in certain situations suggests either placing a comma before which or replacing it with that (and not using a comma). Does the meaning of a sentence ever change ...