The comma is a punctuation character that is placed on the baseline and looks similar to a single quotation mark.

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291 views

Comma before a participial phrase

I have two cases. a) He sent me a letter written in English. b) I was given a cup made in China from my friend. I personally think sentence (a) should be non-restrictive since there is only ...
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13 views

The difference between “Thanks John” and “Thanks, John” [duplicate]

My question is about the difference between "Thanks John" and "Thanks, John". I think that all answers assume that John is a person being addressed, in which case explanations about the placement or ...
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1answer
60 views

I need help with comma with conjunction

Should there be a comma before "and" in the sentence below? The reason why I ask is because I think that the sentence below has committed a comma splice, but I am not completely sure. Can someone ...
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2answers
244 views

placement of descriptive clause in the sentence?

S1. X can be done to handle the unsavory practice by Y, which limits growth. S2. X can be done to handle the unsavory practice, which limits growth, by Y. In this sentence the descriptive ...
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3answers
31 views

'Implied subject' independent sentences and commas

I've been reading Strunk and White's The Elements of Style, in which this rule is outlined: Place a comma before and or but introducing an independent clause. Examples: The early records of the city ...
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2answers
32 views

Comma usage and properly identifying clauses in sentence

I cannot figure out whether or not I need a comma between the word "cigarettes" and "according" in the following sentence: More college students are using marijuana daily than smoking cigarettes ...
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2answers
7k views

Usage of “yet” and comma

Which of the following sentences is correct? In other words, do I need the comma before the word "team"? By using this plan, we are keeping a limited, yet strong and great team. By using this plan, ...
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35 views

Comma or semicolon after an independent clause ending in 'though'

In this sentence: The exterior of the building wasn't what made it special, though, it was the people inside. should the second comma be a semicolon, or is it correct just the way it is?
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64 views

With a direct quote—placement of a comma separating dependent and independent clauses: inside the close quotation mark or after the citation?

I have been looking for the answer to this for some time. I get close, but never find the exact answer (or question for that matter). In the following sentence, should the comma fall after ...
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1answer
66 views

Punctuation before and within an adverb clause

I have a sentence which includes two independent elements connected by 'and' within an adverb clause. Do I still place a comma before the and? Ex: Jett's dad died when he was seven and his little ...
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4answers
156 views

How to punctuate a sentence starting with “what.”

This has probably been asked before but I can't find a search term that finds it. Is the punctuation correct in the following sentence: What, are you not hungry? I could write it as two ...
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2answers
25 views

Can or have a comma before it if it starts a dependent clause?

For example, "All I had to do was step out of my comfort zone, or in this case, be pushed out of it." OR "All I had to do was step out of my comfort zone or in this case, be pushed out of it." I ...
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52 views

AE/Scientific language: When to use a comma before “which”

I'm struggling with the question whether to put a comma before "which" in many instances. While the general rule is "if the content after which is necessary to understand the rest of the sentence, put ...
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1answer
35 views

Commas and nicknames

I want to know, do you have to use a comma after a nickname WITH a name? Like would it be "Rose darling, how are you?" or "Rose, darling, how are you?" I'm curious to know what is the correct way to ...
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2answers
325 views

Origin of the “triple comma” or “comma ellipsis”

Occasionally I see someone write out sentences,,, like this,,, with exactly three commas. The first time I saw it I thought it was a personal idiosyncrasy, but I've seen it enough times now that I ...
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22 views

Comma after literature reference citation?

Sorry, I am a German engineer, so my English language skills are quite poor :D. I am writing a scientific paper and I have several sentences as the following example In [1] the definition proposed ...
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1answer
21 views

Comma use in complex title

This, as put forth by Marc Cyr in his essay titled “Randall Jarrell’s Answerable Style: Revision of Elegy in ‘The Death of the Ball Turret Gunner[,]’[,]” is likely Jarrell’s intent. Where should ...
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2answers
42 views

When should 'viz.' be followed by a comma?

Some Latin abbreviations as 'i.e.' and 'e.g.' are always followed by a comma. For the Latin abbreviation 'viz.', sometimes it is followed by a comma, sometimes it is not. What is the rule for ...
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2k views

Using a comma — or other punctuation — at the start of a line

I was always told that, when writing on a page, you should always make sure never to start a new line with a comma. E.g. The man was tired , so he went to bed. Is this an actual rule, or ...
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15 views

In Figure X, … - with Comma?

What of the following examples is better: In Figure 1, we show that A performs better than B. or In Figure 1 we show that A performs better than B. When looking through a few journals I ...
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2answers
84 views

Simple past or simple present?

Pikachu strolled along the street blissfully unaware of what lay ahead. or Pikachu strolled along the street blissfully unaware of what lies ahead. I feel like I should use the simple ...
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0answers
10 views

Must the use of a comma plus “and” be followed by a complete sentence?

As I understand, the use of a comma followed by "and" indicates the conjunction of two complete sentences. For example, "He is strong. Therefore, he is a likely candidate." could be conjoined as "He ...
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1answer
37 views

Usage of commas and colon in sentence containing lists, and additional clauses

I've used this site to my benefit in the past, and now I have my own question. I have looked through some of the answers (although I admit not every one as I am short on time) and cannot find what I ...
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2answers
35 views

Appropriate comma usage when demonstrating two different words that describe something

I'm writing a research paper on the Quakers, a religious group that arose in the 1600's. Anyways, I was writing a sentence and I can't figure out the correct comma usage: The “Inward Light” was ...
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2answers
23 views

Comma after an object

Can you, please, consult me. Do we need a comma before a verb in sentences like this? On the left menu item, select the needed device group.
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24 views

Comma between but and because?

In the following sentence, is the comma after "but" required, appropriate but unnecessary, or wrong? I wanted to check the time, but, because my clock was broken, I couldn't.
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1answer
62 views

Help with comma after coordinating conjunction

When a comma and a coordinating conjunctions are used, both sides of the comma should be independent clauses. However, I have seen many examples in reputable sources where this is not the case. Is ...
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1answer
56 views

Comma before adverbial participial phrases (reduced adverbial phrases) and participial prepositions

Another tricky comma question that has recently popped up in my line work that I have not been able to resolve to my satisfaction. Apologies it's a bit long, but all parts are related and additional ...
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37 views

Why is there no comma between this participle phrase and the main clause

I searched around, and they said that all the participle phrases are happening concurrently with the main clause. Hm, I thought they are consecutively happening, according to ...
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13 views

Where do commas go relating to especially?

Where do the commas go in relating to the word especially in the following sentence: Waking up is such a struggle especially when it is cold. Is there a comma before and after especially or just ...
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3answers
5k views

Is it mandatory to use a comma before a coordinating conjunction uniting the two independent clauses in a compound sentence?

My friend and I had an argument about whether this sentence required a comma: I understand where you're coming from but I disagree. My friend insisted that there should be a comma before "but": ...
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1answer
58 views

Single Comma—how's it being used?

How is the comma being used in this sentence: "But we are not principally concerned here with sentence construction, rather with finding out what makes a proper sentence so that we know where ...
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2answers
55 views

Should I place a comma or “and” between the adjectives “frequent” & “new”?

I have a phrase "Frequent Automatic Renewals". Must there be a comma, or should I separate them with an "and"?
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Should there be a comma after 'I remain' in letter closings? [duplicate]

Lately I've been closing some formal letters and formal messages with this structure: *..........., I remain Truly yours, XYZ* When skimming through Internet I noticed, that in posts from ~2010 or ...
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18 views

Use of punctuation of “First,…”

I am uncertain if and how to punctuate if I use only one sentence for the following idea: We conducted two varieties of an experiment. First, we left used method A. Second, we used method B. Can ...
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70 views
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2answers
2k views

Grammatically, comma or period after “no problem”, “sure”, “okay” and the like

Grammatically, do we put a comma or period after the phrases / words like "no problem", "sure", "okay", and the like, when responding to a request, or there is no grammatical rule and this is purely a ...
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1answer
47 views

Comma or period after “No”

Similar question has been asked before; however, I would like to clarify the convention around "No" as I have not been able to find anything conclusive. Does one put a comma or period after "No", ...
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4answers
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If you're using a quote with a period but do not want to end the sentence, do you keep the period?

For example. If I want to quote a passage from a writing, that says The cake is not a lie. and my sentence is: The book by author states that "The cake is not a lie." however studies show ...
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2answers
39 views

how to punctuate a sentence [closed]

How should this sentence be punctuated? I've run it past all the online grammar checkers I could find and they seem to think all 4 are acceptable. In my house when the heat is off the pipes freeze. ...
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2answers
31 views

Does omitting the coordinating conjunction in a parallelism merit a semicolon? (not only, but also)

Which is correct? "Silicon Valley not only cornered the social media market; it created it." or "Silicon Valley not only cornered the social media market, it created it." I understand ...
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2answers
20 views

how do I list a series of clauses the have the work “and” in them

I'm writing a resume and describing the work I did in a previous job, I "...installed and troubleshooted, designed and built machines, and trained on safety, maintenance and repair." how on earth do ...
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2answers
51 views

How would write this? [duplicate]

In a list, should it be 'A,' 'B,' 'C,', etc., or 'A', 'B', 'C'? Should commas go inside or outside?
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3answers
53 views

The name of this grammar structure

It is a serious, and sometimes fatal, disease that may become epidemic in crowded, unsanitary living conditions. I'm trying to find the name of grammar structure (a very technological term, not ...
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1answer
37 views

When to insert a comma when there are several ands in the sentence

I apologize if this has already been answered somewhere, but I couldn't find it. When there is a series of items or events in a sentence and they are connected by ands, do you need to insert a comma ...
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1answer
38 views

Comma placement before and after names

Comma misuse is nothing to take lightly. It can lead to a train wreck like this: Example: Mark Twain's book, Tom Sawyer, is a delight. Because of the commas, that sentence states that ...
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2answers
55 views

Does a comma go there?

I'm having a hard time figuring out whether or not to use a comma in the type of situation shown in the examples below: Jane was concerned that running by herself she might get mugged. Jane ...
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1answer
63 views

Essential or nonessential sentence element?

He looked at the skies fully saturated with blue paint. or He looked at the skies, fully saturated with blue paint. Is "fully saturated with blue paint" here an essential or nonessential ...
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23 views

Does the comma make the meaning of the sentence clearer?

Sir Roger Moore exemplifies James Bond's personality, off-screen. My concern is that if there was no comma in the sentence, it would mean something like this: James Bond's personality off-screen is ...
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19 views

Is this sentence punctuated correctly? (Comma and semicolon) [duplicate]

"Eventually John noticed that it was midnight; we said Happy New Year, then went back to work." I know the semicolon could also be a period. But is the comma necessary?