The comma is a punctuation character that is placed on the baseline and looks similar to a single quotation mark.

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Punctuating a sentence containing em dashes within commas [duplicate]

I always find myself writing sentences that contain clauses within clauses, and I can never decide what the right way to punctuate this is. I'm not specifying what kinds of clauses because they could ...
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1answer
194 views

Comma between two compound list items (“A and B, C and D”)

In an ACT Sample test, the correct answer is "I share many of the same hopes and fears, dreams and disappointments." Needing a pause isn't a solid enough argument for the ACT. What rule are they ...
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260 views

I am not sure whether to put a comma after “so”, which is at the beginning of a sentence

Some people say since "so" is a transitional word, it should have a comma after it like all the transitional words have. And some say if "so" is there for logical continuity, then no comma should be ...
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2answers
88 views

comma/comma-splice in “inexpensive, but effective, resources”?

Is comma needed here? "inexpensive, but effective, resources" Can comma splices be used instead of "that" and "and" here? It is clear, X destroys homes, businesses.
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5answers
756 views

Comma before “or” when it introduces synonym or explanation

This Grammar Tip of the Day: The rule: Place a comma before "or" when what follows it means the same as what precedes it. confirms what I understand about using a comma before the word or — ...
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2k views

Use of commas around 'as such'

Our algorithm is based on a sparse representation framework, where an l0 norm optimization is used based on an OMP algorithm. It works well with one single snapshot and as such, our algorithm has ...
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45 views

When citing a paper and describing its purpose, is it correct to use a comma to describe the contents?

My question is in regards to the following sentence and has two parts: Bitcoin is a clever solution to the Byzantine Generals Problem[2], which describes the issue of trusting data transmitted ...
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106 views

Phrasing of “this=that” sentence?

What is the best way to phrase and punctuate this type of "this = that" sentence? No noise was detected, indicating that the room was empty. No noise was detected, which indicated that the room was ...
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82 views

Comma with 'who' in this specific sentence

Can you shed light into this? The coach came to the defence of the player who has been sacked from the team following his differences with the captain. OR The coach came to the defence of the ...
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2answers
10k views

Comma before “although”, or is it a matter of style?

I know it technically isn't correct, but to me it just looks awkward without it. For example (just reading through a friend's gig review): The videos were surprisingly hard hitting, although ...
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197 views

References to words in comma separated clause

Is this sentence grammatically correct? It seems to me that, since many of the speakers are in high-demand, some of them may not stay for the entire conference. As I understand it, if we remove ...
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2answers
7k views

Should I use commas or semi-colons in this multi-item list within a sentence?

In the following sentence, I am listing multiple areas of study. Should they be separated by commas or semi-colons? "In my exposure to this field so far, I have come to appreciate just how ...
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Comma in “Don't you wish your girlfriend was grammatically correct like me?”

I saw this: "Don't you wish your girlfriend was grammatically correct like me?" I'm wondering should it be: "Don't you wish your girlfriend was grammatically correct​, like me?"
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Usage of 'and' with commas [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Comma before last item in a list I grew up learning British English rules and we were taught that while using commas to list or enumerate items, there should never be a ...
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5answers
21k views

When does a comma change the meaning of a sentence?

Match the two sentences with their meaning: 1) I had a discussion with a friend and a programmer. 2) I had a discussion with a friend, and a programmer. Meanings: a) I talked to a ...
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6answers
561 views

Are these commas placed correctly?

This is the sentence from a newspaper: Gu Kailai, wife of a Chinese politician at the centre of a major scandal, did not deny murdering a British man during her one-day trial that ended on ...
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3answers
3k views

Use of comma after “and” in “obsolete and, frankly pathetic”

Is the comma after the word and in this sentence correct? Social networks made having friends obsolete and, frankly pathetic.
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6answers
18k views

If you're starting a sentence with “and” or another conjunction, must you follow the conjunction with a comma?

When I was a kid, I was always told that starting a sentence off with "and" was improper. However, now it seems as if the consensus amongst members of the English cartel is that it is totally ...
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4answers
879 views

Are commas properly used in “He who can, does. He who cannot, teaches.”?

George Bernard Shaw said, "He who can, does. He who cannot, teaches." Are commas properly used in these sentences? In my mind, the comma in each sentence improperly separates the noun ("he") from the ...
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3answers
7k views

Comma placement: “Hi, my name is Joe and I work in a button factory.”

Will someone please tell me where commas should go in the following sentence: Hi, my name is Joe and I work in a button factory.
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5answers
4k views

Punctuation around the word “OK” at the end of a sentence

If a sentence ends in "OK", and the sentence is a request, usually there is a comma before the OK and a question mark after it. The comma signifies a pause, correct? What if there was no pause, then ...
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3answers
172 views

Help me I just got in trouble with direct address comma at work

I write stuff like this: Karen, our team can help you. However, in this case I wrote: Karen, Mike and Joe can help you. I was trying to tell Karen that Mike and Joe could help her. ...
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267 views

Should there be a comma or a colon here?

His latest album is Foo featuring his band, Bar. His latest album is Foo featuring his band: Bar. Which is the more appropriate way to punctuate the sentence?
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2answers
895 views

Can “;” be used to replace the word “but”?

Are these two sentences both correct and equivalent? People say stuff like "all lawyers are liars", but it's not true. People say stuff like "all lawyers are liars"; it's not true. Is ...
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2answers
42k views

“Especially” and commas

I'm curious about the correct usage of commas in the following sentence: "Secondary electron emission from metallic and especially dielectric surfaces is a fundamental process of great technological ...
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387 views

Usage of a comma in a dedication

Does the dedication "To my beloved John" need a comma after "beloved"?
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Punctuation in “or in other words”

In a Math.SE question, I used the sentence: “some two of these propositions are true and the third one is false”, or in other words, “exactly 2 of 3 propositions are true” Here I used “or in ...
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523 views

Should I use a comma or semicolon to separate these ideas?

I can no longer remember her face, too much time has passed. I can no longer remember her face; too much time has passed.
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195 views

The wooden dock was crowded, everyone excited for the show to start

I read this sentence in a book on writing. "The wooden dock was crowded, everyone excited for the show to start." Isn't this incorrect? If your combining to clauses don't you need to use and? Also why ...
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188 views

“Although, the causes of…” or “Although the causes”?

I'm correcting something which my friend wrote. He wrote about incidents that had occurred while working in a mine, and stated that although the cause of each incident may have been different, they ...
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2answers
3k views

…Capital letter after period(s)?

Excuse my terrible English knowledge, but I have been wondering this for some time already: What is correct for the next phrase?: And he was there. alone. sad. and crying... or And he was ...
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2answers
248 views

Should I place a comma in “I live in London where I work at a coffeeshop”

Should I put a comma between "London" and "where" in the following sentence, or is it acceptable not to include it? I live in London where I work at a coffeeshop brewing delicious coffee.
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3answers
10k views

Starting a sentence with 'About your question, …'

I have noticed myself often starting a sentence like this: About your drawing question, I don't think there is an easy way to draw these shapes. Is it formal to start a sentence that way (formal ...
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7answers
224 views

How to write a pair of pairs without sounding awkward

I am attempting to write a list of pairs of people, like so: "The pairings are Bob and Jane, Joe and Mary, and Fred and Ashley." This works fine in that the comma lets you know where each pairing is ...
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2answers
371 views

Scientific writing: comma after “where” while explaining variables?

I am writing a scientific report. Lets say there is an equation, c = a+b where, a is variable1 b is variable2 Is it needed to put comma after "where" here? Also at the end of the equation, is a ...
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4answers
4k views

Is there supposed to be a comma when the word “had” is used 4 times in a row?

There's a particular sentence which I've been pondering over: All the faith he had had had had no effect on the outcome of his life. Some people seem to think there's supposed to be a comma ...
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5answers
9k views

How do you punctuate a list of titles and names?

I want to write a sentence that has a list of descriptive terms and then names, but I'm unclear as to how to do it... Herman my brother, George my nephew and I went to the market. If I put ...
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1answer
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Using dashes vs. commas in business communications

Having settled into a new job in communications, I am faced with the issue of em dashes. Since I am quite partial to commas but my boss is more partial to em dashes, I can't help but wonder whether ...
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2answers
949 views

Possible grammatical errors in a sentence (comma placement and verb agreement)

There is either one or no errors in the following statement. Every spring in rural Vermont the sound of sap dripping into galvanized metal buckets signal the beginning of the traditional season ...
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4answers
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Comma placement following a coordinating connector

Is there a de jure standard in print media for comma placement following a coordinating connector? The situation is perilous, but if we are prepared to act promptly, there is still one chance of ...
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2answers
585 views

checking parts of speech pattern of this sentence

I wonder if the following sentence is grammatically correct. Foobar is a novel, set in a scenic landscape of farmland and ancient woodland on the banks of the River Foo. I suppose the word "set" ...
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1answer
138 views

Is a comma required between adjectives repeated for emphasis?

When repeating an adjective for emphasis, is a comma required between both words? ... somewhere far, far away ... ... a cold, cold day ... The spell checker on MS Word complains if there ...
2
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1answer
67 views

Ergative with Because [closed]

Are these punctuated correctly and is the parenthetical reasoning for each valid and sound? She's not running for class president, because she is scared. (= comma before "because" means she is not ...
2
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1answer
282 views

Two pairs of items and three times and. How to put the comma?

I'm just proofreading my thesis a last time and I stumbled upon the following (I'm nonnative english speaker): To describe the flow of two fluids with saturations S and T and pressures P and Q, we ...
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1answer
902 views

Is a comma necessary before “for which”?

Is a comma needed in this sentence? Is for which used correctly in this sentence? We define message codes for which security is well defined.
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2answers
1k views

Should “which percentage” or “what percentage” be used within a sentence?

I have the following paragraph: "The contents of a fish tank with 70 fish, of which 10 percent are goldfish, are added to another fish tank with 130 fish, of which 20 percent are goldfish. After the ...
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1answer
150 views

The author writes that he “couldn't understand why…" — a comma needed before the quote?

Usually, if I am writing that a person said something, I would precede the quoted text with a comma, like this: Then he said, "I don't know why it happened." However, in this sentence, an editor ...
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2answers
2k views

Are commas considered superfluous in legal documents?

I'm in the process of purchasing a house and reading through the contract, I can't find a single instance of the comma. (As if legalese wasn't hard enough to read already!) This includes the ...
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618 views

Last I checked, we put commas after appositive phrases

The Official SAT Study Guide, Second Edition's second practice test's writing section contains the following question, with the objective to choose the answer that is most correct. Through his ...
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1k views

How do you punctuate around parentheses?

Which of these punctuation examples is more correct? On December 7, 1941, ("a date which will live in infamy") Japan bombed Pearl Harbor. On December 7, 1941 ("a date which will live in ...