The comma is a punctuation character that is placed on the baseline and looks similar to a single quotation mark.

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Take vs taking - Which is more appropriate here?

Having a small confusion between the following sentences: "Enigma combines organic and electronic sounds, and takes you on a mystical journey..." OR "Enigma combines organic and electronic sounds, ...
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1answer
101 views

Issue with the subject-verb agreement in the nonrestrictive clause?

Reading was very important to John's parents, both of them firsts in their families to go to college. Is the nonrestrictive/relative clause "both of them firsts in their families to go to ...
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59 views

Commas in a hyphenated series

I would like to make a statement to the effect of: The coating contains durable wind-, rain-, and chemical-resistant compounds. Can someone please provide guidance on the proper use of commas in ...
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2answers
31k views

“Especially” and commas

I'm curious about the correct usage of commas in the following sentence: "Secondary electron emission from metallic and especially dielectric surfaces is a fundamental process of great technological ...
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1answer
65 views

Usage of comma and articles

I am not sure if the usage of comma and articles are correct in the sentence below. More specifically: is the comma justified in '... a Master of X degree, from XYZ ...' does 'a Master of X degree' ...
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64 views

Fragments and Full Sentences.

"Popular museum located in an old warehouse." Is this a complete sentence? I feel it could become one by changing it to "A popular museum, located in an old warehouse."
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37 views

The use of a comma, bracket or nothing?

Firstly, as far as I am aware, 'unjustifiability' is not an actual English word. However, is it ok to use it within the contexts of a philosophy essay? The The Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy on ...
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1answer
53 views

When should I use a comma before the word “who”? [duplicate]

Should I use a comma before the word who? This sentence is confusing me: I made this blog because I want to help all of the other people who have problems that are similar to mine. If I did ...
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176 views

Does the following need a comma? “You must post 'precautions for usage, etc.' where applicable.”

This is for a poster regarding the treatment of dangerous chemicals in a lab. I have the generally feeling that after the "etc." there should be a comma, and I'm not sure if 1) it is necessary and 2) ...
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3answers
181 views

past perfect tense and comma usage in Churchill's book

I'm reading a book called "My early life" by Winston Churchill. "I was working in the saloon of the Indiaman, and had reached an exciting point in my story." 1) why did he put comma before "and had ...
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2answers
7k views

Comma after To at the beginning of a sentence

I am just writing my master thesis and I am unsure whether to place a comma in sentences starting with "To". Here are some examples: To be able to improve the performance[,] it is important to ...
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55 views

where should the comma be if the clause is not independent?

I have heard this about the comma before and. Generally speaking, you want to use a comma in sentences made of two independent clauses connected by one of the following seven coordinating ...
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4answers
3k views

Complete the job, as directed. There is a comma. why?

The following sentences both say that you have been directed to do a job: Complete the job, as directed. vs Complete the job as directed. But which of the two sentences above will assert ...
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1k views

When should I use a comma before a prepositional phrase?

Can someone please give me some examples of when I should and should not use a comma before a prepositional phrase? These are some of the sentences that I am having trouble with: These are the ...
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2answers
89 views

Comma usage and sentence elements

appologies if this is a very simple question, but your help would be appreciated. I asked a question a couple of days ago regarding the usage of comma within sentences. I have been reading various ...
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1answer
65 views

“Knows an awful lot about the Dark Arts, Snape”

He teaches Potions, but he doesn't want to—everyone knows he's after Quirrell's job. Knows an awful lot about the Dark Arts, Snape. From time to time I stumble upon this type of speech with ...
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2answers
90 views

Comma in “Hello Michael” [duplicate]

Should comma be used in sentences like "Hello, Michael" / "Hello Michael" ? For example, there is a wikipedia article Hello, sailor (with comma), but it mentions two different books, a band, and two ...
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29 views

Comma? “Dance until dawn at Festive then receive a VIP experience at Escape Spa.”

"Dance until dawn at Festive then receive a VIP experience at Escape Spa." Should I use a comma before then?
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44 views

Comma use before “as”?

I'm writing an essay and I was wondering if I would put a comma here before as: Reputation is based on integrity and wisdom as your ability to demonstrate probity would gain you favor among many ...
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2answers
71 views

Comma usage while explaining a single word

Consider the following sentence: The French word entrailles means inward. Is it advisable to surround entrailles with commas in this case like this? The French word, entrailles, means inward. Or ...
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69 views

Comma usage in sentence

In the following example, should a comma be used after the word* mouth*? A bumblebee flew into Peter's open mouth is the independent clause, and I believe that if a dependent clause or phrase comes ...
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2answers
240 views

Does this sentence require a comma somewhere?

Mark Twain understood that lampooning a bad idea with humor was the most effective criticism. I just can't help but feel there's a comma in there somewhere, but I can't figure it out!!
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1answer
88 views

.comma / surprising / capitalization [closed]

I'm not a native English speaker, and I have specific concerns about the following text: After starting my education in Veterinary Medicine and beginning to know diseases and issues that cause ...
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2answers
118 views

Is a comma required between two independent clauses in a compound sentence?

A colleague in our department has written a comma assessment for our students. One of the sentences in the assessment is Instead the topic became one of contention and before dinner was over she ...
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3answers
100 views

Should I use comma, or dashes, or braces here?

Should I enclose 'red and blue' inside comma, or dashes, or braces? He spent several days wandering and collecting flowers (red and blue), and analyzed the results to prove his point. OR ...
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1answer
171 views

Should a serial comma be used when mimicking Victorian-era British text?

I am editing a manuscript that mimics the style of late 19th-century British writing. To what extent were serial commas used during this time period?
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47 views

What does the comma before the conjunction “or” mean in the following sentence (i.e. “…Software, or to create a business…”)?

What does the comma before the conjunction "or" mean in the following sentence (i.e. "...Software, or to create a business...")? You have no right to resell our Content or media from any source, as ...
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79 views

Comma Usage Question [duplicate]

I have the following sentence. Is my commma usage appropriate, or should it be placed within the quotation marks? On cultural awareness day in first grade, when asked what nationality I was, I ...
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77 views

“By the time …”, does this need a comma afterwards? [closed]

I came across this sentence in a book: "By the time he died Faraday had helped to create..." Don't you think you should put a comma after "died"?
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43 views

A comma after well

In the headline "Dread working out? Well we love it!" Isn't there a comma after "well"? Shouldn't it read "Well, we love it!"
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89 views

Comma vs ellipsis in formal writing

Which of the following is the most acceptable construction in formal written English: Think of words like sin, din, bin...the list goes on. Think of words like sin, din, bin, the list goes on. Think ...
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4answers
60 views

About the use of comma in a scientific article

Im writing a PhD research article on psychology. Im describing a number of formulation categories, each of which has been constructed using a particular way of explaining things, we call these ways ...
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341 views

place of comma before “for” when it can be interpreted as “because”

The following sentence is considered correct, "As I turned around, I heard a loud thump, for the cat had upset the goldfish bowl." (taken from https://owl.english.purdue.edu/exercises/3/5/23/answer) ...
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33 views

Comma usage dilemma

What I want to say is that the church would be your hospital, the holy water would be your medicine, and the priest would be your doctor. But since "would be" seems too overused and redundant in the ...
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50 views

Can a comma be used to set off a non independent clause?

I was told by "A Pocket Style Manual" that putting a comma between compound elements that are not independent clauses is a misuse; however, I saw this 'misuse' everywhere. For example: The program ...
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33 views

Is a comma required here or would an “and” or “-” make more sense?

I'm writing on a reward text for a Kickstarter crowdfunding campaign. Is it correct to set a comma in the sentence below or would an and or - make more sense in that context? You'll get your name ...
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2k views

Comma after address

Here's an example: Chocolate lovers rejoice! Chocolate lovers, rejoice! To my understanding, the first one says that chocolate lovers are rejoicing and in the second one, we are asking ...
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75 views

“Problem: solved.” or “Problem, solved.” or “Problem—solved.”

How should one correctly achieve the flow of this short sentence through the use of punctuation? Problem. Solved. In my specific example, I'm writing about how to restore creativity lost to the ...
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110 views

How to know when to use dashes or commas or braces when describing something in the middle of a sentence?

For example, you have a sentence like this: But let’s pluck a word at random from the vocabulary tree: lambaste. Let’s say whenever you encounter this word, the first four letters, l-a-m-b, ...
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83 views

Should there be a colon before a title?

Which of the following sentences has been punctuated correctly: This recommendation is based on a European guideline: Managing Neuropathic Pain. This recommendation is based on a European ...
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40k views

When to use commas in a sentence that starts with “finally”, “additionally”, etc.?

If I have a sentence that starts with additionally, finally, consequently, etc. do I always have to put a comma after it? Or is there a different rule?
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56 views

To use comma or not

What is the difference between these two sentences? I have been told that with the comma the speaker has only one sister whereas without it he could have multiple ones of which one lives in England. ...
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116 views

Comma vs. em-dash

When is it appropriate to use em dashes instead of commas? I have tried commas in this sentence, but it seems too disjointed: I'm going to be here at Zep, just up the road from KO near Howell ...
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76 views

Use of Comma with Clauses

Consider the following sentence: Anna delayed, but did not prevent the rise of the Borg. vs. Anna delayed, but did not prevent, the rise of the Borg. Which is more correct and why? Both ...
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168 views

Can the Oxford Comma be used with a list of adjectives of the same type?

I was wondering if a list of classifying adjectives of the same type could use the Oxford Comma. For example: social, political, and economic problems is it a correct expression? I was checking a ...
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231 views

“…and who knew?” or “…,and, who knew…” or “…, and who knew…”?

Maybe by joining that religion I'd be able to understand myself, and who knew? Maybe I'd find the meaning of life. Maybe by joining that religion I'd be able to understand myself, and, who ...
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3answers
54 views

Is a comma required here?

"During the war David was a pilot in the RAF." This sentence looks OK to me, but would there be any reason for or against putting a comma after "war"?
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2answers
50 views

Is comma usage in this phrase correct?

I have a phrase that reads: Section 8.01, entitled "Polar Bonding in Basic Organic Compounds," provides, in pertinent part, that due to the slight electro-negative bias of Flourine, the ...
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2answers
113 views

Triple Commas not acceptable?

I'm wondering why this phrasing: I spend most days thinking about the future. Hoping that I'm on the right path, I do my best at everything I can. is preferred over this one: I spend most ...
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82 views

Unnecessary commas?

I was just writing this sentence: You can't predict how people are going to react, or what's going to happen, so just make your move, and then observe, and appreciate what happens. And I ...