The comma is a punctuation character that is placed on the baseline and looks similar to a single quotation mark.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

10
votes
5answers
142k views

Punctuation for the phrase “including but not limited to”

This is my first question on this stack exchange. I'm hoping this kind of question is welcome here, and excuse my ignorance, but my confusion evident below is exactly why I am a Software Engineer ...
0
votes
1answer
96 views

Can a declarative, independent clause be considered an introductory element?

Consider this question: Are you going to the birthday party? I know that the following response can be punctuated correctly in at least two ways: "I hope so. I have already bought a ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Commas when explaining what another sentence “says”

I was editing some text for an open source math book today, and came across this sentence: The previous 8 axioms have basically said "these numbers are all natural numbers." This next and final ...
-2
votes
2answers
46 views

Should I use a comma in this sentence [closed]

Should I use a comma before can As a further research the relation of whether a firm has adopted IT framework and the number of failed IT investment projects, can be empirically examined.
3
votes
3answers
337 views

comma with phrases that use “yet”

I am using a sentence of the following form in a formal document. This paper shows strong, yet very circuitous, analysis. The sentence is expected to express that the analysis is strong but ...
2
votes
0answers
79 views

Are commas needed to set off the word “then” in the following sentence? [closed]

What, then, could be more wonderful than to have a faithful friend?
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Comma between attribute tuples [closed]

Consider the following sample sentence: Peter is pretty tolerant and mostly good-humoured, free-spirited and good to talk to. I want to say that Peter has all four attributes ("tolerant", ...
1
vote
2answers
469 views

A and B and C and D (comma)

There is a sentence: I am grateful to Mr. White for A and B[,] and to Mr. Black for C and D. Should I put a comma before "and to Mr. Black" or not?
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Is it best to use a comma following an inline address? [duplicate]

Is it proper to include a comma at the very end of an inline place address? Also, in case it is relevant, the sentence is the title of an article. For example: Examples of cross-gene ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Comma before adverbials

A friend asked me about a comma in the following sentence: The project took place in several centers between January and February. Should there be one between centers and between? I really am not ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

Is Ann Patchett married to her dog? [closed]

In a short review on the occasion of the release of her new book in paperback, This Is The Story of a Happy Marriage, by Ann Patchett, the New York Times reviewer wrote: These sparkling personal ...
17
votes
2answers
58k views

When ending a list with “etc.”, should there be a comma before “etc.”?

When listing items and ending the list with "etc", should there be a comma before "etc."? E.g. red, green, blue, etc. or red, green, blue etc. Related question, though this one involves ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

May a comma be placed before a subordinating conjunction following a list in order to avoid ambiguity?

Example with nonsensical language, but relevant syntax: The authors have emphasized (a) how to study the skrill, (b) where to chip the transom and (c) how children ask questions, in order to ...
0
votes
2answers
106 views

Comma usage: City and State / Full Date [duplicate]

Can we eliminate the comma after "2014" and "Indiana" below? The year and state are not parenthetical, and besides, the comma slows down the flow of the sentence. I think the two sentences below are ...
0
votes
2answers
37 views

Comma in “Experiencing P as well as Q, changed D”

Experiencing both sides of the X versus Y argument as someone who used both as well as both sides of the A versus B argument as a professional, altered my view of C. Is the last comma in this ...
-2
votes
2answers
95 views

comma after wh word phrase [duplicate]

Do we need a comma in the following sentence? What encourages me more to do that [,] is that I am interested in science.
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Comma use in a list where all the items are new [closed]

Which one is appropriate: 1) He was given a new bat, ball, and glove. 2) He was given a new, bat, ball, and glove 3) He was given a new bat, a new ball, and a new glove.
0
votes
1answer
116 views

When to use Comma before coordinating conjunctions?

So I understand that serial comma (the one used before and/or) is used only when we have 3 or more items to be separated using and/or. What exactly is the rule that governs where to add comma before ...
2
votes
2answers
53 views

Should there be a comma before “if” in this sentence?

"I was home-schooled in middle school, if that counts." I think that without the comma, the sentence implies that the speaker was home-schooled in middle school only if "that" counts, whereas with ...
2
votes
1answer
257 views

Two pairs of items and three times and. How to put the comma?

I'm just proofreading my thesis a last time and I stumbled upon the following (I'm nonnative english speaker): To describe the flow of two fluids with saturations S and T and pressures P and Q, we ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Take vs taking - Which is more appropriate here?

Having a small confusion between the following sentences: "Enigma combines organic and electronic sounds, and takes you on a mystical journey..." OR "Enigma combines organic and electronic sounds, ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

Issue with the subject-verb agreement in the nonrestrictive clause?

Reading was very important to John's parents, both of them firsts in their families to go to college. Is the nonrestrictive/relative clause "both of them firsts in their families to go to ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Commas in a hyphenated series

I would like to make a statement to the effect of: The coating contains durable wind-, rain-, and chemical-resistant compounds. Can someone please provide guidance on the proper use of commas in ...
2
votes
2answers
32k views

“Especially” and commas

I'm curious about the correct usage of commas in the following sentence: "Secondary electron emission from metallic and especially dielectric surfaces is a fundamental process of great technological ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Usage of comma and articles

I am not sure if the usage of comma and articles are correct in the sentence below. More specifically: is the comma justified in '... a Master of X degree, from XYZ ...' does 'a Master of X degree' ...
-2
votes
2answers
70 views

Fragments and Full Sentences.

"Popular museum located in an old warehouse." Is this a complete sentence? I feel it could become one by changing it to "A popular museum, located in an old warehouse."
0
votes
3answers
37 views

The use of a comma, bracket or nothing?

Firstly, as far as I am aware, 'unjustifiability' is not an actual English word. However, is it ok to use it within the contexts of a philosophy essay? The The Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy on ...
-1
votes
1answer
55 views

When should I use a comma before the word “who”? [duplicate]

Should I use a comma before the word who? This sentence is confusing me: I made this blog because I want to help all of the other people who have problems that are similar to mine. If I did ...
0
votes
1answer
196 views

Does the following need a comma? “You must post 'precautions for usage, etc.' where applicable.”

This is for a poster regarding the treatment of dangerous chemicals in a lab. I have the generally feeling that after the "etc." there should be a comma, and I'm not sure if 1) it is necessary and 2) ...
1
vote
3answers
184 views

past perfect tense and comma usage in Churchill's book

I'm reading a book called "My early life" by Winston Churchill. "I was working in the saloon of the Indiaman, and had reached an exciting point in my story." 1) why did he put comma before "and had ...
4
votes
2answers
7k views

Comma after To at the beginning of a sentence

I am just writing my master thesis and I am unsure whether to place a comma in sentences starting with "To". Here are some examples: To be able to improve the performance[,] it is important to ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

where should the comma be if the clause is not independent?

I have heard this about the comma before and. Generally speaking, you want to use a comma in sentences made of two independent clauses connected by one of the following seven coordinating ...
34
votes
4answers
3k views

Complete the job, as directed. There is a comma. why?

The following sentences both say that you have been directed to do a job: Complete the job, as directed. vs Complete the job as directed. But which of the two sentences above will assert ...
-1
votes
1answer
1k views

When should I use a comma before a prepositional phrase?

Can someone please give me some examples of when I should and should not use a comma before a prepositional phrase? These are some of the sentences that I am having trouble with: These are the ...
0
votes
2answers
91 views

Comma usage and sentence elements

appologies if this is a very simple question, but your help would be appreciated. I asked a question a couple of days ago regarding the usage of comma within sentences. I have been reading various ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

“Knows an awful lot about the Dark Arts, Snape”

He teaches Potions, but he doesn't want to—everyone knows he's after Quirrell's job. Knows an awful lot about the Dark Arts, Snape. From time to time I stumble upon this type of speech with ...
0
votes
2answers
101 views

Comma in “Hello Michael” [duplicate]

Should comma be used in sentences like "Hello, Michael" / "Hello Michael" ? For example, there is a wikipedia article Hello, sailor (with comma), but it mentions two different books, a band, and two ...
-1
votes
1answer
29 views

Comma? “Dance until dawn at Festive then receive a VIP experience at Escape Spa.”

"Dance until dawn at Festive then receive a VIP experience at Escape Spa." Should I use a comma before then?
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Comma use before “as”?

I'm writing an essay and I was wondering if I would put a comma here before as: Reputation is based on integrity and wisdom as your ability to demonstrate probity would gain you favor among many ...
0
votes
2answers
74 views

Comma usage while explaining a single word

Consider the following sentence: The French word entrailles means inward. Is it advisable to surround entrailles with commas in this case like this? The French word, entrailles, means inward. Or ...
0
votes
2answers
75 views

Comma usage in sentence

In the following example, should a comma be used after the word* mouth*? A bumblebee flew into Peter's open mouth is the independent clause, and I believe that if a dependent clause or phrase comes ...
1
vote
2answers
258 views

Does this sentence require a comma somewhere?

Mark Twain understood that lampooning a bad idea with humor was the most effective criticism. I just can't help but feel there's a comma in there somewhere, but I can't figure it out!!
-1
votes
1answer
92 views

.comma / surprising / capitalization [closed]

I'm not a native English speaker, and I have specific concerns about the following text: After starting my education in Veterinary Medicine and beginning to know diseases and issues that cause ...
0
votes
2answers
124 views

Is a comma required between two independent clauses in a compound sentence?

A colleague in our department has written a comma assessment for our students. One of the sentences in the assessment is Instead the topic became one of contention and before dinner was over she ...
0
votes
3answers
105 views

Should I use comma, or dashes, or braces here?

Should I enclose 'red and blue' inside comma, or dashes, or braces? He spent several days wandering and collecting flowers (red and blue), and analyzed the results to prove his point. OR ...
3
votes
1answer
173 views

Should a serial comma be used when mimicking Victorian-era British text?

I am editing a manuscript that mimics the style of late 19th-century British writing. To what extent were serial commas used during this time period?
-1
votes
1answer
52 views

What does the comma before the conjunction “or” mean in the following sentence (i.e. “…Software, or to create a business…”)?

What does the comma before the conjunction "or" mean in the following sentence (i.e. "...Software, or to create a business...")? You have no right to resell our Content or media from any source, as ...
-2
votes
3answers
82 views

Comma Usage Question [duplicate]

I have the following sentence. Is my commma usage appropriate, or should it be placed within the quotation marks? On cultural awareness day in first grade, when asked what nationality I was, I ...
1
vote
2answers
86 views

“By the time …”, does this need a comma afterwards? [closed]

I came across this sentence in a book: "By the time he died Faraday had helped to create..." Don't you think you should put a comma after "died"?
0
votes
1answer
44 views

A comma after well

In the headline "Dread working out? Well we love it!" Isn't there a comma after "well"? Shouldn't it read "Well, we love it!"