The comma is a punctuation character that is placed on the baseline and looks similar to a single quotation mark.

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“Hi, Joe,” versus “Hi Joe,” [duplicate]

The salutation "hi, Joe," often does not have a comma after "hi." "Hi" is not a modifier like "dear." It is not part of a person's title. "Hi" is an interjection and is normally set off with commas. ...
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1answer
44 views

Is a comma necessary here? [duplicate]

Can I insert a comma in this sentence like this: "Consequently, the type of the vehicle they are using can be specified as well as if they are walking or stationary somewhere." Or is the sentence ...
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1answer
281 views

Active and passive verb with different prepositions for same object - commas?

I've got a sentence like this: A will impose B on and further be affected by C The two verbs have nothing in common, they both just put A in some relation to C. As C is quite long I don't want ...
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1answer
47 views

Particpial phrases containing different nouns

is it possible to use participial prepositions in the following sense, or am I creating a dangling modifier. Moreover, is the punctuation correct? Considering his broken leg, Peter was not able to ...
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1answer
1k views

Proper comma usage for multiple city/country pairs

I want to write a sentence with three city/county pairs. I normally use a comma between a city/country like so: I live in Sydney, Australia. But what is proper when describing three places? I ...
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5answers
3k views

Which type of comma is used here?

I was reading a book called "The Penguin Guide to Punctuation" by R. L. Trask. It seems that the book doesn't explain all the uses of comma. It says "There are four uses of the comma, called the ...
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2answers
3k views

…Capital letter after period(s)?

Excuse my terrible English knowledge, but I have been wondering this for some time already: What is correct for the next phrase?: And he was there. alone. sad. and crying... or And he was ...
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3answers
427 views

Comma after 'is'? [duplicate]

Is it correct to place a comma after 'is'? Please, no recast. The question is, where do we get the money to pay for it?
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63 views

Comma usage - am I working with coordinate adjectives or cumulative adjectives?

I've been trying to figure out if this slogan requires a comma: Simple, streaming music. versus Simple streaming music I did some reading on comma rules here and here, but I'm still a bit ...
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1answer
100 views

Larry Trask says commas should not come after dialog tags - do you agree? [closed]

Larry Trask says: "[A] quotation is set off by quotation marks and nothing else. A sentence containing a quotation is punctuated exactly like any other sentence apart from the addition of the ...
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15 views

Commas between the word “or” in a lone series

I suppose a comma should be used following each such "or" in the following question. Yes? It reads: "You two no-accounts, or stereo thieves, or clowns, or whatever you are, should know by now that ...
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1answer
65 views

Ergative with Because [closed]

Are these punctuated correctly and is the parenthetical reasoning for each valid and sound? She's not running for class president, because she is scared. (= comma before "because" means she is not ...
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3answers
79k views

Comma before “including”?

Does this sentence require a comma before including? He has written on a range of moral issues including poverty, globalization, and euthanasia.
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1answer
834 views

comma before “though” when ending a sentence — is it necessary?

Two Oxford dictionaries contradict each other (see below). In your opinion, is it necessary to use a comma before though when it ends a sentence? Oxford Dictionary of English I was hunting ...
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1answer
442 views

Comma or no comma before “in part because”?

"Running outdoors burns about five percent more calories than running on a treadmill, in part because there is greater wind resistance outdoors." I was taught that you shouldn't put a comma before ...
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1answer
81 views

Essential and non-essential: grammatical or subjective?

When deciding what should be set off by commas in a sentence, do the words “essential” and “nonessential” mean grammatically nonessential/essential or nonessential/essential to the meaning of the ...
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0answers
10 views

… for the reaction to, and prevention of, waste, loss and theft. (Commas correct?) [duplicate]

Is the comma correct after "to" and after "of" as shown below? Should a serial comma be inserted after "loss"? I cannot rephrase. Herb is responsible for the reaction to, and prevention of, waste, ...
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3answers
258 views

Illegal Comma to Enhance Clarity [closed]

A while back, I coined a well-known InfoSec rule: AviD's Rule of Usability: "Security at the expense of usability, comes at the expense of security." Recently I received a comment pointing ...
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1answer
86 views

Parenthesis and apostrophes

If there is a noun, then parenthesis or a comma, where should a 's go? For example: The dog (who was very big)'s ears perked up. or The dog's (who was very big) ears perked up. or The ...
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91 views

“Oxford” comma with adjectives

Suppose you have some coordinate adjectives modifying a noun. E.g. "the cold, tired, hungry dog." You could rewrite this as "the cold and tired and hungry dog" but would these "the ...
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2answers
157 views

FANBOYS comma with ellipsis of subject

In the sentence There he remained for six years, but he still dreamt of a television career. I have a comma before the but, which I believe follows the FANBOYS rule. If I omit the second he, ...
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3answers
49 views

Is the comma usage proper in this sentence?

As a result, I am able to be understanding and accommodating to the people that I work with, including clients, which I believe is an important asset for a professional to have. I wanted to make ...
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4answers
157 views

Should there be a comma in 'a 30-day, money-back guarantee'?

Is a comma needed in the following phrases? 30-day, money-back guarantee 90-day, no-risk trial If so, why? If not, why not? I've seen them written both ways — with and without the comma ...
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2answers
64 views

Are these commas a proper way to indicate pauses in speech?

One site was a community of computer technicians, and the other, our government’s. I checked for answer in the usual list of comma rules.
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1answer
144 views

When is it okay not to put a comma, where the rule may normally apply?

In this sentence: I will forward the log, when it is complete. Is it permissible to remove the comma? I will forward the log when it is complete. I thought sentences that are plain and can ...
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2answers
141 views

Comma required to avoid syntactical (but not semantic) ambiguity?

Consider this sentence: You may worry about the Fed raising interest rates, or a market meltdown, but these risks should not change your investment plans. Could the comma before "or" be omitted? ...
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2answers
89 views

Correct use of introductory commas [duplicate]

How can you tell if an introductory comma is used correctly? Here is an example. Outside, the rain was coming down hard. I do not know how to tell whether it's correct or not; is there a way to ...
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2answers
2k views

“Happy Birthday sir!” or “Happy Birthday, sir!”?

Which one is grammatically correct? Happy Birthday sir! Happy Birthday, sir! And where should I put "sir" in this sentence? Congratulations for completing another trip around the sun! Also ...
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2answers
188 views

I am not sure whether to put a comma after “so”, which is at the beginning of a sentence

Some people say since "so" is a transitional word, it should have a comma after it like all the transitional words have. And some say if "so" is there for logical continuity, then no comma should be ...
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1answer
86 views

Why are the names of one baby separated by a comma?

When surfing the web I came across this card published by the Prince & Princess of Monaco. It mentiones the names of their twins. But why are the three names of each child separated by a comma? ...
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1answer
300 views

Proper usage of “From abc to xyz” with multiple nouns

Here is an example sentence: "All of my interactions with the community, from the movie that I watched with Joe in his office, to Robert's engaging recitation about songwriting, to my hallway ...
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41 views

If there was a comma after mole, does it change the meaning of the sentence? [closed]

Have you ever been diagnosed as having: growths, lumps, cysts, abnormal moles or skin lesions? Without the comma after mole, I would think that the word 'abnormal' relates to skin lesions also, is ...
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1answer
60 views

Can “to me” be used adverbially?

[...] which, to me, has a strong [...] Provided that the excerpt above is correct regarding the commas, can I omit them? As in: [...] which to me has a strong [...]
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3answers
449 views

Is a comma appended to an ellipsis in the middle of a quotation?

Digging through every ELU question I can find on the matter, I still can’t locate a specific answer to this question of punctuation. Which of these is correct? “Maybe...” I said, injecting an ...
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2answers
485 views

Is this comma use unnecessary or wrong?

I'm an active user of another Stack Exchange site and regularly visit the close vote queue. When a particular filter has been cleared I see the following text: There are no items for you to ...
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6answers
45k views

Should there be a comma after “i.e.”?

If I remember correctly from English class, then one should put a comma after "i.e.", i.e., the Latin abbreviation for id est. But lately I've seen the comma after "i.e." dropped in books. So what is ...
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3answers
52 views

Proper way to use the comma when having a similar items in a list with one exception

What I am trying to say.. The thermal conductivity of a material is dependent on its crystal structure, phase , microstructure and doping level (for semiconductors). What I wrote.. The thermal ...
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2answers
73 views

Do I use a comma or a semicolon after a comma-separated list? [closed]

In the following sentence, should the last comma be changed to a semicolon because of the comma-separated list? Whether your favorite toping is cheese, pepperoni, or sausage, this pizza party is for ...
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1answer
40 views

Too many “and's” [closed]

Is there a way to somehow change this sentence without making it longer? "Our brain is a truly fascinating and complex organ and even though neuroscientists and cognitive scientists are only ...
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1answer
108 views

Use of commas with seemingly dependent clauses

I'd like to know whether or not the following examples are correct in relation to comma usage with independent/dependent clauses. Every time I come across examples to use commas in separating ...
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3answers
311 views

Punctuation using e.g. (or i.e.) and lists of examples

Example: "...folders you want to export e.g., Inbox, Sent, etc. and choose..." I'm wondering if the above sentence fragment is appropriately punctuated. I've recently started using e.g. and am myself ...
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5answers
45k views

Comma before “as well as”

Here is the sample sentence: We have carried out works for private individuals and property developers as well as our own building projects." Should there be a comma before as well as in this ...
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5answers
149k views

Punctuation for the phrase “including but not limited to”

This is my first question on this stack exchange. I'm hoping this kind of question is welcome here, and excuse my ignorance, but my confusion evident below is exactly why I am a Software Engineer ...
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1answer
97 views

Can a declarative, independent clause be considered an introductory element?

Consider this question: Are you going to the birthday party? I know that the following response can be punctuated correctly in at least two ways: "I hope so. I have already bought a ...
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1answer
51 views

Commas when explaining what another sentence “says”

I was editing some text for an open source math book today, and came across this sentence: The previous 8 axioms have basically said "these numbers are all natural numbers." This next and final ...
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2answers
47 views

Should I use a comma in this sentence [closed]

Should I use a comma before can As a further research the relation of whether a firm has adopted IT framework and the number of failed IT investment projects, can be empirically examined.
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3answers
471 views

comma with phrases that use “yet”

I am using a sentence of the following form in a formal document. This paper shows strong, yet very circuitous, analysis. The sentence is expected to express that the analysis is strong but ...
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85 views

Are commas needed to set off the word “then” in the following sentence? [closed]

What, then, could be more wonderful than to have a faithful friend?
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1answer
69 views

Comma between attribute tuples [closed]

Consider the following sample sentence: Peter is pretty tolerant and mostly good-humoured, free-spirited and good to talk to. I want to say that Peter has all four attributes ("tolerant", ...
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21 views

Is it best to use a comma following an inline address? [duplicate]

Is it proper to include a comma at the very end of an inline place address? Also, in case it is relevant, the sentence is the title of an article. For example: Examples of cross-gene ...