The comma is a punctuation character that is placed on the baseline and looks similar to a single quotation mark.

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infinitive/comma/sentence fragment question

Cabs can drive people anywhere, but cannot be hailed at, or below Jon Street and Frank Street. My question is should there be a comma after anywhere? Is but a conjunction in this case? I am not ...
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4answers
2k views

Is there supposed to be a comma when the word “had” is used 4 times in a row?

There's a particular sentence which I've been pondering over: All the faith he had had had had no effect on the outcome of his life. Some people seem to think there's supposed to be a comma ...
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2answers
64 views

Is it appropriate to use a colon in this situation?

For example: I did a quick search and found the following, but I am still confused: List item 1 List item 2 etc. Is it appropriate to still use the colon after adding the statement , but I am ...
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1answer
150 views

Is it correct to join two complete sentences with a comma without coordinating conjunction?

1) If, for whatever reason, you don’t think the quoted price is legitimate, please kindly inform us of your target price. Our sales teams would be glad to work around your budget. 2) If, for whatever ...
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3answers
84 views

Punctuation of a dependent clause for strong emphasis

Which of the sentences below is correct if I want to strongly emphasize that the pencil is not is not white? This is a black instead of a white pencil. This is a black, instead of a white, ...
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2answers
91 views

“Although, the causes of…” or “Although the causes”?

I'm correcting something which my friend wrote. He wrote about incidents that had occurred while working in a mine, and stated that although the cause of each incident may have been different, they ...
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1answer
252 views

Can we use **In which** or/and **By which** at the beginning of the sentence

I am wondering if it is accepted to use In which or/and By which or any other similar phrase at the beginning of the sentence and then use a comma. For example: ""Thus, only the hardware-based ...
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2answers
123 views

Comma and dash introducing a list

Is it right to put a comma before the dash that introduces a series? As the mentor of the original five interns, — Meredith, Cristina, Alex, the runaway Izzie, and the now dead George — Dr. ...
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1answer
406 views

“You are right; I'm sorry” — semicolon or comma?

You are right; I'm sorry. You are right, I'm sorry. Do we use the semicolon or comma? A full stop works. Two independent clauses so perhaps the semicolon should be used.
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1answer
95 views

Comma before a verb

Altimeter Group provides research and advisory for companies , enabling them to pursue new opportunities and business models. Is the comma before enabling necessary and right in the above ...
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1answer
158 views

Comma after introductory discourse marker

When beginning a sentence with "well", do you put a comma after it? Well, you know I was wrong. Well you know I was wrong.
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5answers
2k views

How do you punctuate a list of titles and names?

I want to write a sentence that has a list of descriptive terms and then names, but I'm unclear as to how to do it... Herman my brother, George my nephew and I went to the market. If I put ...
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2answers
509 views

Are commas considered superfluous in legal documents?

I'm in the process of purchasing a house and reading through the contract, I can't find a single instance of the comma. (As if legalese wasn't hard enough to read already!) This includes the ...
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1answer
92 views

Comma after quotation in parentheses [duplicate]

I have a quote in parentheses, and I was wondering whether the comma should go inside the quotation marks or after the closing parenthesis: Now, with weapons like Laser Lipstick (“gives a whole ...
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1answer
33 views

Removing a comma from a comma-parenthesized subclause

I have written the following: The credentials, checked by the gatekeeper, take the form of... But my wife says that "it would read better without the first comma". Is what she suggests allowed ...
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1answer
203 views

Commas between interjectional elements [duplicate]

If one wanted to say something like no commas: Hello Pete, how are you? or commas: Thanks, Julia, this will be helpful! would he need commas separating the different elements in the ...
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2answers
121 views

“in case of” + “respectively”

I would like to write something like: In cases of the A and B models, the run-time analysis of the algorithm is shown in Figures X and Y, respectively. I mean: A model -> Fig X B model ...
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1answer
112 views

Correct usage of commas and semicolons [closed]

I am writing an essay to attempt help my friends be themselves and stop worrying about what everyone thinks of them. I am trying to make sure I use punctuation correctly. And I was wondering if I'm ...
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1answer
259 views

How can I explain a word used in a previous sentence?

I am defining a "thing" with an adjective. Example: X is a small y. Then I want to give a clean and simple explanation for the adjective small --because it can mean several things and I want to ...
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1answer
215 views

Commas in a complex sentence

Modern English words, then, concerning more complex and theoretical, rather than utilitarian, ideas (astronomy, poetry and epistemology) can generally be found to be of Romance origin, whereas more ...
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3answers
138 views

A comma before that

I have come across the following sentence in Advanced Grammar in Use by Martin Hewings (Unit 100 Inversion (2)) So dangerous did weather conditions become, that all mountain roads were closed. ...
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3answers
2k views

Is the phrase “combined with” or “coupled with” a nonessential phrase?

Is the phrase "combined with" or "coupled with" a nonessential phrase? For example": Her neat work combined with her pleasant nature makes her a pleasure to teach. Should it be "Her neat work [comma] ...
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1answer
52 views

Is this comma usage correct? [closed]

When we hear about eating disorders, such as binge eating, anorexia, or bulimia, I usually don't know about it.
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1answer
84 views

Comma in cases? (Maths)

In maths we sometimes want to show that a quantity can obtain different values depending on what case we consider. We call this cases. I cannot draw it here for you because LaTeX is not enabled ...
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2answers
102 views

Separating sentences with a comma

Should two different sentences with subject and predicate be separated with a comma? Self documenting code is not your thing I get it. This is so obviously homework it hurts. Is there a ...
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2answers
6k views

When writing large numbers, should a comma be inserted?

I know that it is common to write the number 'ten thousand' as a numeral with a comma delimiting the 10 and the 000 like so: 10, 000 However, I have never seen a comma used for numbers less than ...
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1answer
787 views

where to put the comma between two distinct quote? [duplicate]

Where should I put the comma and the quotes in such a sentence? The comments were significantly focused on my being “engaging, patient and extremely helpful,” “very coherent and ...
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2answers
1k views

Punctuation for a list of names in the middle of a sentence

Under the direction of General Manager, Rian Wagner, a motivated project team, including: Edison Ven, Gary Bon, Justin Bembi, Marco Conch, Leo Bold and Richard Trolo, led the effort to bring the ...
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1answer
90 views

Using a comma to avoid using “and”

In my writing I often use a comma and the past progressive tense (I think) to make sentences more concise. For example: The new design was more intuitive and user-friendly, reducing user errors. ...
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3answers
206 views

Comma after address

Here's an example: Chocolate lovers rejoice! Chocolate lovers, rejoice! To my understanding, the first one says that chocolate lovers are rejoicing and in the second one, we are asking ...
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10answers
2k views

Why is the sentence “She sighed, and began whispering again” grammatically incorrect?

That's a line from a Twilight book. It's a grammar mistake pointed out by this website. She sighed, and began whispering again. I don't see anything wrong with it. Is the comma the mistake?
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1answer
740 views

Constructing long and detailed sentences, and the correct use of punctuation

I've had a browse of some of the questions here on commas and can't see if this has been asked. I have been fastidious about my punctuation and grammar, but find the advent of online social networking ...
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3answers
279 views

What is to use commas and apostrophes?

"Halloween: the one day where we encourage children to accept candy from strangers, go to strangers' homes, and vandalize property and terrorize people if they don't get their own way." Original ...
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1answer
354 views

How should a long sentence with multiple “or”s and commas be understood?

I'm trying to get a proper understanding of exactly what a long, run-on sentence really says. The actual text is from Michigan law, but I'm not seeking a legal interpretation rather a full ...
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1answer
1k views

em dash followed by a comma [duplicate]

I have three cars — blue, red, and green — , two motorcycles, and four bicycles. Is this a correct use of comma after an em-dash? It seems quite weird. How should I use an em-dash and ...
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2answers
143 views

Yet, I or Yet I,?

Which is grammatically correct? Yet I, and my peers, have lots things... or Yet, I, and my peers, have lots of things...
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0answers
16 views

Comma Usage in Dialogue [duplicate]

When I read novels, I've noticed many use a comma if it is followed by words denoting who said the words (like the second example). If what the character said is a full sentence, do we use a comma ...
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2answers
2k views

Any exception with commas before and after “for example”?

I know that usually there should be a comma after "for example" and "for instance" but in the following sentences the commas would seem odd, wouldn't they? While it is common practice to do ...
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2answers
256 views

Punctuation of a list within a list

I'm trying to form a list like the following: I'm interested in new technologies such as web development using various javascript packages including: node.js;meteor.js;backbone.js, contributing to ...
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2answers
93 views

Why is this comma usage incorrect?

I know that this sentence is grammatically incorrect, and I know of a few ways to fix the problem, but I don't actually know why it's incorrect and that bothers me. Climate change is a biological ...
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3answers
76 views

Comma usage in list

Are the commas in the following sentence correct? At the bottom, you can find more quick links to the Charity Commission, and Haringey, Waltham Forest and Enfield council websites.
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4answers
328 views

Difference between using a “-” and a “,” in a sentence

I have noticed that some native english speakers use the "-" sign to explain some additional things in a sentence: eg Sophie is going to the shop - which happened to be around the corner - to ...
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2answers
55 views

Which of these two sentences is (more) correct?

"The average number and total number of dogs and cats are presented in the following table." "The average number, and total number, of dogs and cats are presented in the following table." The table ...
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3answers
3k views

Is there a comma before the word until in the sentence below?

In this sentence: They are not taking their team photograph until Friday at 7:30. On my son’s punctuation test, he did not use a comma after photograph, and his teacher marked this “missing” ...
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2answers
200 views

A and B and C and D (comma)

There is a sentence: "I am grateful to Mr. White for A and B[,] and to Mr. Black for C and D." Should I put a comma before "and to Mr. Black" or not? Thanks in advance.
3
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1answer
105 views

is this an example of the oxford comma? if not, why?

"I'm a self-employed, nerdy queer girl." Is that an oxford comma that's omitted, or something else entirely? If it's something else that's omitted, what is it? Why doesn't the oxford comma apply?
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2answers
79 views

Joining two sentences with semicolon

here is my sentence This makes the best use of balding resistant hair, most of us have at the sides and back of our head. The sentence after the comma does not make sense ALONE. However, ...
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5answers
61k views

Punctuation for the phrase “including but not limited to”

This is my first question on this stack exchange. I'm hoping this kind of question is welcome here, and excuse my ignorance, but my confusion evident below is exactly why I am a Software Engineer ...
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1answer
218 views

Omitting commas in brief statements

In a brief exhortation followed by the name of a sports team, such as "Let's go, Dodgers!" or "Go, Phillies!" is it ever appropriate to omit the comma?
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When should an adjective be followed by a comma?

This happened whenever she was left alone in someone else's home. She'd feel as if she had been put inside a huge, abandoned turtle shell. I don't know why, but I just put a comma in the ...