The comma is a punctuation character that is placed on the baseline and looks similar to a single quotation mark.

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In my example, did I use the comma correctly?

The IV cannot be randomized in this case, but randomization allows for balance between two groups, one on each side of the threshold. Maybe the sentence I just wrote below is better? The IV ...
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109 views

presenting a list followed by a verb, should the semi-colon be used?

Consider the sentence We consider how different strategies; (1) running, (2) hiding and (3) fighting affect the mating success of bears. Is the above sentence grammatically correct with the ...
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71 views

Comma in “The key objective is X, with the broader goal of Y”

The key objective of the declaration is to create guidelines, with the broader goal of facilitating international mobility of students. Are there any rules that govern the placement or ...
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85 views

In my example, do I need a comma before which?

The linear fit fails to fit the age profile because it does not really account for the changes in arrests rate which implies a large bias.
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1answer
2k views

In my example, comma or no comma before the word respectively?

In the graph for all arrests, and DUI arrests, the effect of the MLDA is about 125 and 50 increase in arrests rate respectively. I personally think no comma should be put before the word - ...
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61 views

In my example, can I use a comma before the word “thus”?

Graph 4 improves Graph 3 because it shows potentially similar outliers that occur at each birthday, thus this represents our best range of x.
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65 views

Couple of comma-splice questions

He missed one episode of The O.C. and then played catch-up the rest of the season. I have but one dream in life, to own a Harley-Davidson. She swims twice a day, before school and right before ...
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115 views

A sentence with too many commas [closed]

Can someone please explain the following sentence? This perspective provides a primarily pragmatic justification, therefore, for confidentiality, in that any perceived limitations to, or ...
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4answers
112 views

Comma placement

Ok, just for fun, this sentence makes perfect sense when spoken, but in print, where would you put the commas? I say at that that that that that that that refers to is not that that at all.
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2answers
198 views

Scientific writing: comma after “where” while explaining variables?

I am writing a scientific report. Lets say there is an equation, c = a+b where, a is variable1 b is variable2 Is it needed to put comma after "where" here? Also at the end of the equation, is a ...
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1answer
452 views

How do you punctuate the following [closed]

How would you punctuate this phrase? me personally or my friend Would you put commas around personally?
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210 views

Comma in a two-item list?

How would you punctuate list of two items that has the word AND in the title? For example: ... two documents with titles of Power of Attorney and Living Will and Appointment of Health Care Agent. ...
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73 views

When Are There Too Many Commas?

This should be a fairly easy question: When the beginning of a sentence includes a parenthetical phrase, is it necessary to use more than one comma? Take this sentence for example: "But yeah, ...
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76 views

have I correctly recognised the apposition?

Observations from Earth indicate that at the solar surface, the outward magnetic field is the strongest at the polar regions. Is at the solar surface an apposition which the writer has ...
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1answer
39 views

Is a final comma necessary when describing a description?

Sorry, the title is a bit confusing... basically, which of the following is correct? Without a comma: Cory Doctorow, author of Little Brother, the book you had me read during a camping trip which ...
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1answer
449 views

Comma after “after a while”? [duplicate]

Should we use comma after "after a while"? For example, After a while she stopped thinking about him.
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83 views

Phrasing of “this=that” sentence?

What is the best way to phrase and punctuate this type of "this = that" sentence? No noise was detected, indicating that the room was empty. No noise was detected, which indicated that the room was ...
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1answer
51 views

Comma with 'who' in this specific sentence

Can you shed light into this? The coach came to the defence of the player who has been sacked from the team following his differences with the captain. OR The coach came to the defence of the ...
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1answer
59 views

Comma before the word “as” [duplicate]

This is my sentence: The A & P’s regular customers are depicted as "scared little pigs in a chute." Daily, they live the same monotonous existence. Microsoft word insists that there ...
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2answers
90 views

Should I use a comma in this sentence?

I am trying to teach myself punctuation rules. I have this sentence: The Disney version generally considered both racist and sexist portrayed the female characters in stereotypical roles and ...
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57 views

lengthy sentences/second subordinate clause

To further drown him in statistics, amongst all the bowlers who bowled in more than 5 innings away from home in the last 1 year of ODI cricket, Ashwin has the second-worst bowling average after ...
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1answer
532 views

Comma before “and that” in a compound object

You should have known that he is quite adept at what he does and that he has the best conversion rate. You should have known that he is quite adept at what he does, and that he has the best ...
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1answer
99 views

Comma in “still is, and will always remain”

Manchester United still is and will always remain a force despite these setbacks. Do I need a comma after is here? I personally don't think so but would like to be sure.
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3answers
1k views

Robbed off vs Robbed of

Can you please tell me which one of the following two sentences is right, and why? He is robbed off a huge amount of money? OR He is robbed of a huge amount of money? Also, is the comma here ...
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0answers
34 views

Comma usage in a series of three [duplicate]

Which is correct comma usage in the following sentence? It is time to shake, rattle , and roll. It is time to shake, rattle and roll.
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1answer
105 views

Comma after the noun of the Oxford comma?

In a sentence like: Next to apple, pears, and bananas, a lot of other fruit exists. Is the comma after bananas needed, allowed, or forbidden? And why? Is the same true for descriptions with ...
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3answers
138 views

Help me I just got in trouble with direct address comma at work

I write stuff like this: Karen, our team can help you. However, in this case I wrote: Karen, Mike and Joe can help you. I was trying to tell Karen that Mike and Joe could help her. ...
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93 views

The author writes that he “couldn't understand why…" — a comma needed before the quote?

Usually, if I am writing that a person said something, I would precede the quoted text with a comma, like this: Then he said, "I don't know why it happened." However, in this sentence, an editor ...
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187 views

Does this sentence have too many subjunctives?

Does this sentence have too many subjunctives? If it please the king, let it be decreed that they be destroyed, and I will pay 10,000 talents of silver into the hands of those who have charge ...
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78 views

Writing deadlines

I'm currently using the following date format for setting deadlines: Monday, 27 January 2014, 3 PM My questions are: Should I mention time at the beginning or leave it at the end? Should I ...
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94 views

The use of commas

My friend wrote me an email with the sentence Would the coming Tuesday at 12:15 be okay for you? I immediately thought there should be a comma, somewhere in the sentence. Well he doesn't ...
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124 views

Should there be a comma after “he added” if I'm not quoting?

At my job we usually write something like this: Mr. Smith stated the defendant is welcome to stay at his residence and may receive mail at that address, if necessary. He added he is willing ...
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582 views

Comma usage when but is used between two adjective or adverbs

What is the rule regarding comma usage when but is used between two contrasting adjectives or adverbs? It is a vey interesting, but stupid question, and one that I have had a hard time finding a ...
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1answer
185 views

Active and passive verb with different prepositions for same object - commas?

I've got a sentence like this: A will impose B on and further be affected by C The two verbs have nothing in common, they both just put A in some relation to C. As C is quite long I don't want ...
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1answer
83 views

Should there be a comma after “if X”?

Consider the sentences: If you agree with that, could you suggest us some references? If you agree with that could you suggest us some references? Which one is written correctly? Notice ...
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70 views

Can I add a comma here just for “rhythm”?

I have the following sentence in a technical paper: Recent research has addressed this issue in two important ways: by developing and improving on automatic algorithms and by exploring ...
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303 views

Is a comma before a conjunction optional, or old? (not talking about lists) [duplicate]

I have been corrected several times recently for putting a comma before a conjunction in a sentence (splitting phrases, not items in a list). To each their own style guide, but my understanding was ...
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4answers
133 views

Pauses and Punctuation

My girlfriend and I were discussing the following sentence: "Curiosity and diversity were discouraged, at times, disciplined." I feel that there is clearly a larger pause with the first comma than ...
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3answers
201 views

Plural after comma in complex sentence

What's correct? "The fact that he wears a hat, and recent observations of him in red boots, suggest to me that he has a sense of fashion." OR "The fact that he wears a hat, and recent observations ...
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270 views

Use of commas and or in “either”/“any of” lists of things

Which of the following is "more" correct? Either one, two, or three? Either one, or two, or three? Any of one, two, or three? Any of one, or two, or three? What I am interested in, is the use of ...
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142 views

Comma after “In Italy” at the beginning of the sentence

Is it necessary to put a comma after "In Italy" in this sentence? In Italy, there are many historical art pieces. Could you explane the rule please?
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92 views

Commas with quotes [duplicate]

I read the following sentence1: He rallied the Senate with the plea, “It’s time to change the Senate before this institution becomes obsolete.” I’m wondering whether a comma should be placed ...
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60 views

Comma in “servicing carriers that are committed to participate and willing and able to adjust market share”

Troubling sentence: Name at least two servicing carriers that are committed to participate and willing and able to adjust market share to cover up to 100% of the risk if necessary. Is it ...
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700 views

Is there a comma needed before quotation?

Sam developed an annual sweepstakes promotion entitled “The Free Gas Punt Return Game”. Do I need a comma after entitled or not?
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4answers
4k views

I thought blah blah blah, and I was right. Is the comma correct?

This sentence is bugging me: I knew going in that the orange flavor component of the cake was going to be lacking, and I was right. The comma doesn't seem to be enough, but the semicolon just ...
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4answers
99 views

This requires a comma, correct?

He jumped down, creating a cloud of dust. I think it's just because the sentence is so short that it looks odd with a comma, but grammatically speaking, that comma is necessary, right?
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69 views

Omitting commas around non-critical details

In the sentence His ID card is missing, as well as his dog, Ian, though it's likely no-one will notice the latter. is it appropriate to remove the commas around "his dog, Ian,"? The sentence ...
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369 views

Adjective order: Why is “big” before “beautiful”?

I was reading an English children story to my niece the other day when I came across these phrases said by three different characters: I want a big, beautiful hat! I want a big, ...
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2answers
87 views

Punctuating “waste not, want not”

How do you punctuate a sentence to indicate that the second phrase is contingent on the first, e.g. Waste not, want not? You could read this typical punctuation as meaning "waste not and want not" ...
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3answers
2k views

Do I need a comma before “particularly”?

Do I need a comma before "particularly" in the case below? Thank you very much for your help! Vitamin D has properties against metabolic, neoplastic, and immune disorders particularly breast ...