The comma is a punctuation character that is placed on the baseline and looks similar to a single quotation mark.

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Commas to separate a dependent clause or not?

I'm writing about a player playing a game and probabilities. I tried to cut down the sentence, so don't concentrate too much on the sense rather than the commas. Would you write my sentence like this ...
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1answer
70 views

Should I use comma after i.e. clause?

Automatic translation of classes to relations requires every regular, i.e. non-subclass and non-association classes to have a primary key. Automatic translation of classes to relations ...
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1answer
66 views

Punctuation to ensure that both objects are meant

In addition, a weak interaction between light and matter in free space renders the observation of many QED e ffects, like e.g. quadrature squeezing [3] or the phase shift [4{7] of a single ...
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53 views

Do I need a comma?

Note that I'm supposed to use Oxford comma. Now do I need a comma at the place of the question mark? When such change adversely affects the system, vulnerability increases[?] and a banking ...
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1answer
47 views

Example of too few commas(,) in an introductory phrase?

This sentence popped up as correct on a website: "Even though I enjoyed myself at the expensive dinner and most of my friends were in town to see me, I left." I'm no grammarian, so I turn to you all ...
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1answer
42 views

Commas for essential appositives – “the subreddit /r/LanguageTechnology”, or “the subreddit, /r/LanguageTechnology”,

The answer is from user YourWelcomeOrMine from the subreddit /r/LanguageTechnology/. I instinctively wanted to put a comma between “subreddit” and “/r/LanguageTechnology”, but ...
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1answer
244 views

Oxford Comma Conventions

According to the Wikipedia page for the Oxford Comma, "Use of the comma is consistent with conventional practice" and "Use of the comma is inconsistent with conventional practice." Did the Oxford ...
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1answer
91 views

how to use comma in the first line of Cover Letter

May I ask a question? is one of the sentence below correct? "Dear Dr. James, Department of History Chair, and Selection Committee," "Dear Dr. James, Chair of Department of History, and Selection ...
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2answers
382 views

Do you separate an imperative after a conjunction by a comma?

I want you to go and ask him the price, but don't tell him I sent you. Is this a main clause followed by a coordinating clause (imperative)? Pour the vodka into the glass, and add orange ...
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59 views

When is a comma appropriate when using “that is”

Is there a better way of structuring the following? In the first instance, efficiency needs to be evaluated; the most efficient choice, that is, the choice that minimises unnecessary ...
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1answer
165 views

“along with the rest of us” at the end of a sentence

Considering this sentence: They will have to adapt to it along with the rest of us. ... I feel like I want to insert a comma before "along" for emphasis. However, I think it's formally incorrect, ...
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3answers
72 views

Comma usage in a complex series

I have the following caption title: Fig. 5. Measured small-signal gain, input return loss, and output return loss vs. frequency of C-band HPA. This is equivalent to (a), (b), and (c) vs. (d) ...
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311 views

Comma usage in the phrase “Oh my God”

While reading the satirical novel A Confederacy of Dunces, I was struck by the protagonist's habit of expressing his vexation with the phrase "Oh, my God." I don't recall seeing a comma inserted into ...
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2answers
129 views

As fast as Or As fast

He is as clever if not cleverer than his brother. Ranjeet is as fast as or perhaps faster than Rohit. Are both these sentences correct? As per Wren And Martin High School English Grammar ...
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1answer
52 views

Verb question and use of am versus is

Is it correct to say: . . . and she like I am happy that. . . . or would you say: . . . and she like I, is happy that. . . . Microsoft Word spellchecker lets either of these be used.
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2answers
158 views

Comma after location?

Does the following sentence have a comma or not? Why? In the picture(,) you can see that the flowers were blooming. Is there a difference to these sentences? In the car(,) you can see that ...
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1answer
81 views

Where to learn about commas (academic/mathematical writing in particular)

I have recently tried to learn how to place commas properly when writing in English, but I experienced a great difficulty in finding some good material on the subject. My goal is to be good (or at ...
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1answer
128 views

comma before subordinating conjunction “where”

I have three examples where I am confused about comma usage with the subordinating conjunction 'where': a) The primal algorithms broadly correspond to implicit congestion control mechanisms where ...
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2answers
138 views

Use of commas around 'as such'

Our algorithm is based on a sparse representation framework, where an l0 norm optimization is used based on an OMP algorithm. It works well with one single snapshot and as such, our algorithm has ...
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1answer
77 views

Punctuation use for separating lists between “between” for clarity

What is the best way to punctuate the following two sentences so the reader is not confused? 1) For transfers between station A and shelf B AND processing device and automated stocker, use chain Q. ...
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1answer
53 views

Comma position with citation [closed]

This question regards Vancouver referencing, though I suppose the issue could really arise regardless of what is contained in the in-text citation. Consider the sentence: As dogs are mammals they ...
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1answer
84 views

Figuring out what's wrong with the sentence

I took a quiz given in the BBC magazine. it had the following sentence. The Queen arrived at the castle with the King by her side, in a dress adorned with hand-sewn embroidered dragons. please ...
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1answer
197 views

When using ellipsis to omit list items, is a comma required after the last item before the ellipsis or not?

Which, if any, format do you consider preferable? "10, 11, 12, ... 19, 20." "Violet, Indigo, ... Orange, Red." -OR- "10, 11, 12 ... 19, 20." "Violet, Indigo ... Orange, Red."
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1answer
60 views

Is there always a comma befor and after a year in a sentence? [duplicate]

What is the correct punctuation of comma usage for this sentence - I began my general studies in June 2010 at OTC in Springfield, Missouri.
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1answer
88 views

When do I use a comma in this sentence?

Would I use a comma as follows or not: The challenging, technical race or The challenging technical race
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43 views

Am I using commas for parenthesis properly here? [duplicate]

I read an article about using commas for parenthesis and I want to make sure that I understand it properly. So can you guys tell me if I am using commas correctly in the following examples? Examples: ...
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45 views

Should there be punctuation before “and” in this sentence?

Perhaps this is a better sample: J, says, “No!” and Page furrows her forehead, and walks with J to the other side of the room. Would either of these be better? J, says, “No!” Page furrows ...
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130 views

Do you use a comma after an exclamation inside quotes?

Mary listens to Joe say, "Hello!", and then he leaves.
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36 views

How do you separate 'and so' from the main part of a sentence?

He has no control over what happens there, and disappointingly so. (in the sense that had he had some control, it would be a lot better) Is the usage of 'and XXXXX so' right? Does it need a comma ...
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1answer
45 views

Comma or semicolon in this particular case!

The nationalities shall mingle, the nights shall sparkle. or The nationalities shall mingle; the nights shall sparkle. Two complete sentences, right? So, I guess they should be separated by a ...
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4answers
74 views

Are these commas correct?

I am unsure about the first three commas in the following sentence: In this paper, I will explain, on the intuitive level, how to use different methods of light polarisation to obtain interesting ...
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1answer
109 views

Is a comma necessary before “for which”?

Is a comma needed in this sentence? Is for which used correctly in this sentence? We define message codes for which security is well defined.
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1answer
290 views

Should there be a comma when you start a sentence with “And”?

Is it okay to use the word "and" right after another sentence, and should I use a comma? "And, as a member of my high school's entrepreneurship club, I participated..." "And as a member of my high ...
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1answer
110 views

Usage of the Oxford Comma with “and”

I was told that this sentence is correct with the usage of a comma before and after the word and. I want to correct my grammar if I am in error. To claim a prize, send a Private Message to me ...
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1answer
33 views

When citing a paper and describing its purpose, is it correct to use a comma to describe the contents?

My question is in regards to the following sentence and has two parts: Bitcoin is a clever solution to the Byzantine Generals Problem[2], which describes the issue of trusting data transmitted ...
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149 views

Comma placement in a sentence like “A small but juicy fruit.”?

How does comma placement work in a sentence with adjectives joined with something like "but"? For example, "A small but juicy fruit." And what about a more complex example, like "A small but juicy ...
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1answer
162 views

comma before “if you will”?

Should I set off the phrase "if you will" at the end of sentence with a comma? I can't seem to find this in any of the grammar and punctuation sites. It seems to be widely used. I come across it in my ...
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1answer
50 views

Overall structure, dashes and commas

The following sentence comes to me a bit intricate: The ultimate responsibility still rests in the hands of Internet users who vote – they, along with the officials elected to serve them, make up ...
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2answers
284 views

Do I use a forward slash or comma for my title and designations?

Do I use a forward slash or comma for my title and designations? I see both uses throughout my industry but which one is the correct usage, or could both be correct? Broker/REALTOR®, CRS®, ABR® ...
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2answers
263 views

Understanding grammatical structure of a sentence using commas

I couldn't understand the use of commas in the second sentence in the following passage and the overall meaning of it. This doubt and the still-harsh tyranny of the materialistic philosophy ...
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5answers
406 views

What's the right punctuation for the following list?

Many cases of animal suicide were discused. A duck drowned itself after the death of its companion. A school of dolphins stranded on a beach with no reason whatsoever. A deer threw itself from ...
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2answers
82 views

No comma preceding quote from a document?

I am a court reporter, and I was recently informed that I should not put a comma before a quote from a document. E.g., in the sentence: John said, "We need to clear this item," the comma after "said" ...
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3answers
225 views

Is a comma required in “Until now X, that it is about time we do Y”?

I am wondering if I should leave the comma in the following sentence: Until now he has been behaving so badly, that it is about time we do something about it.
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4answers
106 views

Roles of commas [closed]

I couldn't understand the role of the commas in the following sentence. While many of his people starve, they write, Mr. Kim “is such a connoisseur that, according to his former chef, every grain ...
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1answer
84 views

“If this, and if that.” With or without Comma?

I’ll appreciate it if you wash the car, and if you take out the trash. Should I use a comma before and, or not?
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2answers
51 views

Punctuation help

I need help with the correct punctuation for the following: Every empty box symbolizes a child's wish unanswered, and a dream unfulfilled. I think the construction of the sentence is more ...
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3answers
50 views

In my example, did I need more commas? [closed]

For example, someone who just turned 21 and is prone to hurt others, might visit bars more often which would increase his probability of getting arrested for assault. Do I need to add more commas ...
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3answers
89 views

Best way to phrase “{x and y} and z”?

I've continually struggled with this sentence arrangement. I have a list of 2 groups, but one of the groups is also a group of 2. Example: "I need help finding turtles and brown and grey foxes" The ...
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2answers
400 views

Should “which percentage” or “what percentage” be used within a sentence?

I have the following paragraph: "The contents of a fish tank with 70 fish, of which 10 percent are goldfish, are added to another fish tank with 130 fish, of which 20 percent are goldfish. After the ...
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1answer
172 views

Dependent clause/ prepositional phrase in second clause with comma

Am I right in punctuating the sentence this way? Joe and Jim walked down the street, and, at the corner, Joe found a nickel. This is just an example. More importantly, I need to know in general case ...